Carlos aurelio Esplugues

Carlos aurelio Esplugues
University of Valencia | UV · Department of International Public Law and International Private Law

MSC (Edinbrugh), LLM (Harvard), PHD (Valencia)

About

85
Publications
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115
Citations
Introduction
Cross-Border Mediation Securitization and International Trade Control of Foreign Direct Investment
Additional affiliations
March 1998 - present
University of Valencia
Position
  • Professor of Private International Law

Publications

Publications (85)
Article
按西班牙之國內法及國際法上均已明確規範,兒童作為當事人在該國之民事程序中具有陳述意見之權利;然而,法院對於該項原則欠缺明確、統一及一致的理解,涉及實現該項原則之數項議題也日益存在爭議。此一情形對該項原則之有效性將造成非常負面的影響,且可能影響兒童最佳利益之必要維護。本文分析國內法及國際法上有關民事程序中兒童陳述意見權,及西班牙法院實現該項原則之方式,並指明目前存在爭議與(或)誤解的領域。 The right of the minor to be heard in civil procedures involving him or her is very well enshrined in Spanish legislation both national and international...
Article
Resumen: El Reglamento Bruselas II ter supone un paso más en el proceso del fomento de la mediación y de otros medios de resolución alternativa de conflictos en el seno de la UE. A partir de este dato positivo, el Reglamento plantea una pluralidad de interrogantes. Ciertamente, las soluciones diseñadas incorporan un tratamiento innovador, y positiv...
Article
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La libre circulación de inversiones es uno de los mantras que ha caracterizado la modernidad económica. El principio, sin embargo, se encuentra sometido a creciente prevención, en el marco de una visión crítica hacia la globalización en un mundo en pleno reajuste geoestratégico. Una de las manifestaciones de esta tendencia reciente de empoderamient...
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Resumen: Tras años de fomento del libre comercio y de la globalización, las posiciones nacionalistas y unilateralistas comienzan a ganar terreno en la realidad internacional. En este entorno, el recurso a la noción de intereses esenciales de la seguridad del Estado y conceptos similares es usado de forma creciente para avalar la adopción de medidas...
Article
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La crisis que acompaña al arbitraje comercial internacional en la actualidad favorece el recurso a otros mecanismos ADR, como es la mediación. Una institución que facilita a las partes un procedimiento simple, y la posibilidad de alcanzar soluciones aceptables para los implicados. Sin embargo, el análisis de la realidad manifiesta como este apoyo p...
Article
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Las ADR/MASC han dejado hoy de ser mecanismos alternativos a la justicia estatal para pasar a ser entendidas como complementarias a esta, alterando de tal suerte la propia noción de acceso a la justicia. Dentro de esta categoría genérica, la mediación constituye hoy la institución que atrae mayor interés doctrinal y práctico y que, de alguna manera...
Article
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El aumento constante de las inversiones extranjeras durante las últimas décadas ha venido acompañado de un cambio en sus parámetros. El origen de las inversiones varía, como lo hace su naturaleza y destino. La posibilidad de que sectores claves de la economía del Estado receptor acaben en manos de inversores extranjeros, en ocasiones pertenecientes...
Chapter
Foreign Investment and Investment Arbitration in Asia - edited by Esplugues Carlos January 2019
Article
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The process of liberalization of international trade and of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) has constituted a broadly accepted trend during the last few decades and FDI inflows have expanded constantly since the end of the 1980's. However, signs of a certain crisis of the positive and one-way attitude towards international trade and FDI exist nowad...
Book
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At the time of a paradigm change Foreign Investment, Strategic Assets and National Security is a timely analysis of the changing attitude towards foreign investment in major economies, namely the United States of America, the People’s Republic of China, Australia, Canada, and Germany, France and the United Kingdom as representatives of the European...
Book
Full-text available
Cambridge Core - International Trade Law - Foreign Investment, Strategic Assets and National Security - by Carlos Esplugues
Article
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Resumen: Las inversiones extranjeras han aumentado de forma constante en las últimas décadas. Sin embargo, la crisis financiera y el protagonismo de algunas economías emergentes, esencialmente China, están afectando a su vitalidad. No puede hablarse todavía un cambio de tendencia, pero sí se constata una actitud de creciente prevención, cuando no d...
Chapter
Modern societies are very much linked to the idea of litigation. The incessant increase in the level of litigation puts the whole judicial system under pressure because the volume of disputes brought before State courts increases, the proceedings are getting more and more lengthy and the costs incurred by the parties in such proceedings are also gr...
Conference Paper
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This paper, commissioned by the European Parliament's Policy Department for Citizens' Rights and Constitutional Affairs upon request by the JURI Committee, examines the issues arising in the context of cross-border mediation. Cross-border litigation has increased steadily in recent years in Europe as a consequence of the consolidation of the Europe...
Chapter
Modern societies are very much linked to the idea of litigation. The incessant increase in the level of litigation puts the whole judicial system under pressure because the volume of disputes brought before State courts increases, the proceedings become more and more lengthy and the costs incurred by the parties in such proceedings also greatly inc...
Book
By means of the analysis of more than 20 national jurisdictions of different legal and geographical origin this book provides a general understanding of the developments that civil and commercial mediation is currently undertaking across the world. The book combines 25 national reports with a General Report analyzing the major trends in civil and c...
Article
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The Chilean private international Law has a small and scattered, not quite developed, number of rules. This article focuses on the recognition and enforcement of foreign legal judgements and arbitration awards, especially based on the practice adopted by the Supreme Court from 2000 to 2014. The final result of this study questions the current model...
Article
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Bolivia enacted in 201 3 a new Code of Civil Procedure which is due to come into force in August 2014. This new Code provides fresh responses to certain weaknesses and problems generated by the old Code of 1975. Unfortunately, the analysis of those solutions provided by the new CPC as regards international disputes shows the maintenance of relevant...
Article
The State and State courts have been approached for centuries as the almost only available instruments to ensure access to justice to citizens; that is to guarantee the right to an effective remedy before an independent and impartial tribunal previously established by law within a reasonable time. A monopoly for the State in the field of dispute re...
Article
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El presente artículo analiza en profundidad la regulación que la Ley 5/2012, de 6-7, incorpora de la mediación transfronteriza, abordando diversos aspectos esenciales de ésta. La regulación del acuerdo de sometimiento a mediación, el papel de los mediadores, su formación y reconocimiento de su condición, la eventual ley aplicable al fondo del litig...
Article
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State courts face nowadays an enormous workload. Despite recent reforms of civil procedure rules and the huge budgetary effort done by the different EU Member States for years, State courts are unable to provide citizens with a quick, sound, affordable and certain response to their disputes. This directly affects the implementation of the principle...
Article
Modern societies are very much linked to the idea of litigation. A hidden rule seems to exist in the sense that the more advanced a society is the highest level of litigation it suffers. This increase in the level of litigation amounts to a sort of “litigation explosion” that has traditionally been linked to State courts. This explosion is said to...
Article
This article analyzes in depth the regulation set forth by the Act 5/2012, of 6-7 as regards cross-border mediation. The article addresses some essential issues of this institution. Thus, the regulation of the agreement to mediate; the role played by mediators, their training and the recognition of their status; the law applicable to the merits of...
Article
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A new concept of access to justice for the XXI Century is under way. The unability of the State and State courts to provide citizens with a quick, especialized and affordable access to justice has entailed a growing reference to ADR devices worldwide. ADR is not anylonger an alternative to State courts but growingly interacts with them. The new app...
Article
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International Commercial Arbitration if flourishing within the European Union. People refer to it more than ever and, besides, national legislators are enacting new Arbitration Act to the extent that almost all EU Member States have modified the regulation on Arbitration during the last decade. This popularity contrasts with the fact that arbitrati...
Article
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International maritime industry comes out as one of these areas in which the resource to arbitration and other ADR devices have enjoyed a traditional and far-reaching character. Historically, a trend has existed for those disputes arising out of international maritime transport to be referred to arbitration, ousting jurisdiction of national courts....
Article
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The existence of a single market renders cross-border litigation more and more usual. Cases with foreign elements increase widely directly putting the principle of access to justice under pressure. It is not only that the volume of disputes brought before national courts increase due to economic unification. This higher amount of cross-border litig...
Book
La Unión Europea vive momentos de tribulación. Su realidad económica y su futuro político están hoy en duda. Las presentes turbulencias, sin embargo, coexisten con una realidad jurídica espléndida y dinámica que significativamente, además, se encuentra en pleno proceso de expansión. La presente obra aborda desde una perspectiva multidisciplinar las...
Article
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In April 2011 the Spanish Government forwarded a Draft-Bill on Mediation in Civil and Commercial Matters to the Spanish Parliament. This Draft-Bill applied to both domestic and cross-border mediation. It aimed to transpose Directive 2008/52/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21.5.2008 on certain aspects of mediation in civil and co...
Article
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This chapter studies in depth the regulation of Arbitration and Mediation in Spain. The 2003 Arbitration Act is approached in a critical manner both as regards domestic and international arbitration. Besides, the mediation bill draft is also studied.
Article
Spanish Private International Law has undertaken relevant changes during the last decades in many areas. This work approaches them in depth connecting these reforms with the process of harmonization of Private Law and Private International Law in Europe and with the process of codification of Private International Law undertaken by different instit...
Article
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When we think of China we always tend to think of economic issues. Nevertheless there were -and there are- many legal issues involved in the difficult and lengthy process of accession of China to WTO. This article analyzes in depth legal duties embodied in the Act of Accession of China to WTO and their current level of accomplishment and, also, con...
Article
Recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration awards is a very relevant and trendy issue. The article analyzes in depth the existing Spanish case-law regarding the recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitration awards.
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The EU has undertaken a profound process of harmonization of Private Law and Private International Law. Nevertheless, this process encounters relevant problems in relation to the application of foreign law by judicial and non-judicial authorities in Europe. This Report analyzes the current situation in Europe and proposes some measures to be taken...
Article
International Bankruptcy Law is a very trendy topic. Many countries have reformed their national Acts seeking to adapt them to the current economic situation. Also Spain did this some years ago. The New Spanish Bankruptcy Act of 2003 includes some rules on International Bankruptcy. These rules are directly linked to the EU Regulation on cross-borde...
Article
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Provisional measures face a highly sophisticated regulation in Spanish Civil Procedure. The Civil Procedure Act of 2000 considers thems a sort of "third type" process (the "precautionary process" besides the "declaration process" and the "enforcement process.") The article explores the way this process works in practice and differences embodied in...
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The Spanish Arbitration Act of 2003 includes an art. 9.6 dealing with the arbitration agreement in international commercial arbitration. The solution embodied is not clear and, in fact, it creates many relevant problems.
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The European Union has undertaken a long and broad process of harmonization of private international law. This process amounts to a level of cross-border previously unknown. Despite this situation the European Union lacks common rules on application of foreign law by national courts. This entails to several important problems impairing the smooth f...
Article
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Over the past few years, the European Union has undertaken an active and broad process of harmonization of Private Law and Private International Law. Focusing on choice-of-law rules, many diverse areas of law have been influenced by this harmonization, so that today a growing set of common choice-of-law rules exists within the European Union. Never...
Chapter
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I. Introduction - II. Application of foreign law by Judicial Authorities in Europe. 1. Introduction: The factual/legal condition of foreign law before national courts. a. Legal nature of foreign law. b. Factual nature of foreign law. c. Hybrid nature of foreign law. d. Conclusion: the lack of a valid and effective response. 2. The introduction of f...
Chapter
I. Introduction - II. Application of foreign law by judicial authorities. 1. General overview. 2. The "hybrid" character granted to foreign law. 3. The role played by judges and parties concerning the pleading and proof of foreign law. 4. The proper moment to prove foreign law, means and object of proof. a. The proper moment to prove foreign law. b...
Book
This is the first book in Europe dealing in a joint manner with the issue of application of foreign law, both by judicial and non-judicial authorities, in the European Union. It provides a very relevant and exhaustive analysis and will be a highly useful tool for all legal practitioners - lawyers, judges, notaries, land registries, academics, minis...
Article
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International Commercial Arbitration is a flourishing institution in Europe. Almost all EU Member States have enacted new Arbitration Laws during the last decade. Nevertheless, despite this positive situation, some problems exist remain within the EU as regards arbitration. The institution is outside the process of harmonization of Law undertaken i...
Article
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In the last decades we have witnessed a tremendous increase in the resort to arbitration and several other ADR devices for reaching a fair and rapid solution to disputes arising in civil and commercial matters. This trend, which is noticeable both as regards domestic and international disputes,1 is common to almost all western countries. This tende...
Article
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O artigo analisa aspectos fundamentais da nova lei de arbitragem espanhola (Lei 60/2003), que estabeleceu novo regime jurídico sobre o instituto, com a finalidade de oferecer incentivos reais às pessoas físicas e jurídicas para que optem por esta via de resolução de conflitos. A lei adotou o paradigma monista, pelo qual tanto a arbitragem interna qua...
Article
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Quais são as normas da competência judicial internacional em materia concursal, as regras da competição judicial internacional previstas na lei Concursal espanhola e nas soluções recolhidas no regulamento 1346/2000? Na Espanha como é a eficácia dos concursos iniciados no estrangeiro e a eficacia dos concursos “ extra-comunitários”? É possível a ini...
Article
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International Maritime Arbitration is a very trendy and relevant area of law. Internation Maritime Arbitration is a specific sort of Arbitration with its own issues and controversies, many of them highly relevant for international commercial arbitration in general. The article explores in a practical and critical manner singularities existing as re...
Article
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The New York Convention of 1958 on the recognition of foreign arbitration awards is one of the most successful existing Conventions. The great number of countries which are parties to it and its universal scope endorse its success. Though the New York Convention receives a broad application in the world some differences exist in the several jurisdi...
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The Spanish Civil Procedure Act of 2000 tries to solve problems existing as regards the "enforcement proceedings" in Spain. The change with the previous system is big but some problems still exist. This article faces current situations and problems generated and provides an explanation to them.
Article
Sumario: Normas de ordenación del mercado -- Sujetos participantes en el comercio internacional -- Contratación internacional -- Medios de pago -- Resolución de controversias
Article
The use of international arbitration increased over the years as a result of growth in international trade. How the State intervenes in the process concerning the appointment of arbitrators, provisional measures and evidence, and in the enforcement of the judgment after arbitration, is analysed. This State practice is however, difficult to change s...
Article
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International commercial arbitration is based on the existence of a valid arbitration agreement. At the same time, the agreement sets forth the limits of arbitration. The Spanish Act on Arbitration of 2003 includes a highly complex and sofisticated complex regulation as regards the arbitration agreement in International Commercial Arbitration in li...
Article
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The article deals with problems created by the lack of common set of rules on the application of foreign law by judges in Europe. It explores the current situation in Europe, its negative influence on the functioning of the Common EU Rules of PILaw and advances some possibles ways ahead to solve this situation.
Article
Sumario: Planteamientos de partida: los principios de unidad y universalidad y de pluralidad y territorialidad de la quiebra como principios alternativos e irreconciliables sobre los que se articula el régimen jurídico de las situaciones concursales internacionales -- Proyección práctica de la opción en el ámbito de las normas de competencia judici...
Article
Sumario: Régimen jurídico de la contratación en el derecho del comercio internacional -- Contratos en especial: la compraventa y otras operaciones de intercambio; las operaciones bancarias y parabancarias de mediación de los pagos; el transporte de mercancías; los seguros; contratos de cooperación y de distribución -- Resolución de controversias en...

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