Carlos Henrique Corseuil

Carlos Henrique Corseuil
Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada - IPEA

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83
Publications
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690
Citations
Citations since 2017
20 Research Items
259 Citations
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201720182019202020212022202301020304050
201720182019202020212022202301020304050

Publications

Publications (83)
Article
A evolução da escolaridade no Brasil foi significativa, sobretudo para o ensino fundamental, praticamente universalizado entre crianças e adolescentes. Entretanto, para os jovens, a etapa escolar do nível médio é marcada por baixo ingresso ou abandono. Nesse contexto, entender a magnitude do retorno salarial do nível médio é crucial para lançar luz...
Article
O objetivo deste artigo é avaliar a evolução dos componentes da desigualdade salarial no Brasil, especificamente a evolução do retorno das habilidades não observadas, no período 2003-2013. Utilizamos uma metodologia similar a proposta por Cortes e Hidalgo-Pérez (2015), com base em uma hipótese de invariância da dispersão das habilidades não observa...
Article
Este texto analisa os efeitos de mudanças voluntárias da licença-maternidade – por meio do Programa Empresa Cidadã (PEC) – de 120 dias para 180 dias sobre as contratações líquidas e os salários das trabalhadoras nas empresas que aderiram ao programa. Para tanto, foi empregado o método de pareamento com escore de propensão combinado ao de diferenças...
Article
We offer a decomposition for the variance of the current unemployment rate that not only measures the contributions of labour market flows but also of the approximation error embedded in other decompositions that use surrogates for the current rate. Using data for the United States and Brazil, the results for the latter show significant differences...
Article
We offer a decomposition for the variance of the current unemployment rate that not only measures the contributions of labor market flows but also of the approximation error embedded in other decompositions that use surrogates for the current rate. Using data for the United States and Brazil, the results for the latter show significant differences...
Article
Full-text available
Este artigo apresenta os resultados de uma avaliação de impacto do Programa de Geração de Emprego e Renda (Proger) sobre o emprego formal, a folha salarial e os desligamentos sem justa causa. Duas fontes de dados foram utilizadas na avaliação: a Base de Gestão do Sistema de Acompanhamento da Execução do Programas de Geração de Emprego e Renda (BG-P...
Article
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We devise a decomposition for the level of the unemployment rate that allows the assessment of the contributions of the various flow rates in the labor market over different time horizons. In particular, the decomposition allows one to recover the contributions of the flow rates in the long-run projection of the unemployment rate as in the steady-s...
Article
A partir do segundo trimestre de 2014, o produto interno bruto (PIB) brasileiro passou por onze trimestres consecutivos de crescimento negativo, atingindo seu menor valor no quarto trimestre de 2015, uma queda de 5,5%, e apenas no começo de 2017 passou novamente a apresentar alguma expansão. Em fevereiro de 2020, os primeiros casos do novo coronaví...
Article
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This article describes the changes in youth labor market integration due to the sharp change in the economic conditions from 2015 onwards. It considers both quantitative aspects related to changes in the share of (un)employed and qualitative ones related to the type of occupations. Finally, it identifies the determinants for both dimensions of chan...
Article
This paper aims to test empirical implications of the classical Beckerian theory on discrimination against women in Brazil. Specifically, we examine how the relationship between women’s relative employment and firm performance varies with its market power. Using a panel of longitudinal microdata linking information at firm level from a matched empl...
Article
Full-text available
This article analyses the effect of labor turnover on the productivity of Brazilian manufacturing firms between 1996 and 2013. We based our analysis on a theory of learning by doing, where turnover harms productivity by restricting the efficiency gains achieved by workers when they accumulate learning by producing in the same firm. We estimate a le...
Article
Full-text available
This study investigates the effects of changes in firms’ performance on wages across occupations from the extractive and transformation sectors of the Brazilian economy, from 2007 to 2013. We rely on a matching panel data of occupations and industries using data from a Brazilian Administrative File (RAIS) and a Survey of Manufacturing Firms (PIA-Em...
Article
Full-text available
This article aims to test empirical implications of the classical Beckerian theory on discrimination against women in Brazil. Specifically, the contemporary relationship between the relative use of women versus men and the performance, and how this relationship changes with product-market power is examined. The theory is tested using a panel of lon...
Article
Full-text available
Neste artigo, avaliamos o impacto de um programa de treinamento para jovens que ocorre integralmente dentro das empresas participantes. Utilizando métodos baseados em pareamento com escore de propensão e dados da Relação Anual de Informações Sociais (RAIS), investigamos a inserção laboral dos participantes do programa relativamente à dos jovens apr...
Article
The objective of this paper is to evaluate the Brazilian Apprenticeship program adopted at a large scale since 2000. In particular, we investigate whether the program is a better stepping stone to permanent jobs when compared to other forms of temporary jobs. Similar to other apprenticeship initiatives around the world, the Brazilian program trains...
Article
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The frequency of labor inspections in Brazil increased in the late 1990s. In the years that followed, between 2003 and 2007, formal employment expanded significantly in the country. This paper examines whether these city-level changes in labor inspections could be a significant factor contributing to the increase in the number of formal labor contr...
Article
O principal objetivo deste artigo é analisar a evolução da quantidade de elegíveis ao programa de Abono Salarial na última década. Particular atenção é dada à contribuição relativa ao aumento de beneficiários oriunda da valorização do salário mínimo vis-à-vis àquela oriunda da formalização do mercado de trabalho. Para isso analisamos a influência d...
Article
Using a randomized trial, we look at employment and earnings of a youth-training program in Brazil that uses arts- and theater-based pedagogic tools. The evidence we present shows youth benefit in the medium-term from economically large employment and earnings impacts. We find no systematic evidence of broad impacts on socio-emotional skills, altho...
Article
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This paper evaluates the introduction of Brazilian regional and occupational wage floors on labor market performance. We focus on two out of five states that implemented such intervention: Paraná and São Paulo. In each state, we have analyzed the effects of the wage floors for three distinct occupational categories. Our results point that one occup...
Article
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This study analyses the impact of Bolsa Família (a Brazilian conditional cash transfer programme) in the allocation of labour inputs regarding formal and informal activities. The methodology relies on a discontinuity in the programme eligibility rule regarding children’s age to attain the identification of a LATE parameter. Our results suggest that...
Article
This paper provides findings of a small-scale, innovative labor training program that uses expressive arts and theatre as a pedagogical tool. The corresponding life skills training component is combined with a technical component teaching vocational skills. To our knowledge, this is the first paper to rigorously evaluate the effectiveness of a trai...
Article
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This paper investigates the relationship between economic expansion and the degree of formalization for the Brazilian labour market in the recent period. We present a theoretical framework that attempts to explain this relationship through the dynamics of firms hiring strategies. The main predictions are: the share of formal employment rises as the...
Article
Full-text available
Este trabalho tem o intuito de contribuir para a investigação dos determinantes da aceleração no crescimento do emprego formal na última década. As evidências apresentadas apontam que a aceleração se deve a uma reversão na tendência do número médio de empregados por estabelecimento, em contraponto a uma tendência de crescimento constante no número...
Article
This paper will examine the effects of tax incentives for small businesses on employment level evaluating a program with this purpose implemented in Brazil in the 1990s. We first develop a theoretical framework which guides both the de nition of the parameters of interest and their identi cation. Selection problems both into the treatment group and...
Article
The present paper provides empirical evidence compatible with a proposed theoretical framework to explain the joint determination of two components of worker flows: worker replacement and job creation. We show that a negative correlation between job creation and replacement across firms emerges from such a framework. An empirical model is specified...
Article
In this paper we build an integrated framework of the labor market in which worker replacement, job creation and job destruction are decided simultaneously at the firm level, providing a rigorous instrument for the analysis of worker flows. The main features of the model are uncertainty related to worker X firm match quality and search frictions. W...
Article
The present paper investigates the relation between replacement and job creation as proposed by a particular theoretical model of employment dy- namics. As opposed to the standard procedure in the literature, we check whether replacement explains job creation. Another contribution of the pa- per is to propose alternative measures for employment dyn...
Article
Full-text available
An alternative measure for gross job flows, incorporating within plant job reallocation, is proposed. Based on data with detailed information about workers occupation, we report the following results: 1. Most of the stylized facts about job reallocation do not change when we take into account within plant job reallocation. 2. Job creation and job d...
Article
Full-text available
This paper has been developed using a CGE modeling strategy for simulations of Brazilian trade policies that allows the analysis of income distribution impacts of macro shocks with complex and systemic propagation methods. In order to capture the distributive impacts, the model adopts a specific design focused on the separation of production and in...
Chapter
Labor market regulations are invariably introduced with two objectives. The first one is to improve the welfare of the labor force, even at the cost of introducing some degree of economic inefficiency. The second consists of improving efficiency, when external factors and/or other labor market imperfections are present. The first section of this ch...
Article
Full-text available
Brazil underwent a large trade liberalization process in the 1990s. Over the period, manufacturing employment decreased significantly, generating public debate on the need to revert liberalization. This paper aims to identify the actual effect of trade liberalization on employment, separating it from exchange rate movements using a gross job flow a...
Article
Full-text available
Over the 1990's Brazil experienced a massive trade liberalization and wide variation in the real exchange rate. At the same time, employment growth was small and in manufacturing there was a significant reduction in total manufacturing. The main goal of this article is to idntify the effects of the exchange rate and trade liberalization on job and...
Article
Full-text available
Este artigo investiga se a liberalização comercial introduzida no Brasil em fins da década de 1980 afetou as estruturas de emprego e salários. Analisaram-se os dados da indústria manufatureira entre 1987 e 1998, período pré e pós-abertura, e encontraram-se evidências de que tanto a diminuição das tarifas de importação como o aumento dos fluxos come...
Article
Full-text available
This paper examines the structure and direction of developing Asia’s trade over the past two decades. The impacts on developing Asia of the economic slowdown in 2009–2010 in high-income countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), which includes the European Union (EU), Japan, and United States (US) are projected t...
Article
The available estimations about the effect of minimum wage on poverty relies on partial equilibrium analysis. We estimate these effects in Brazil through a general equilibrium framework, dealing with lots of indirect effects of minimum wage. Using a computable general equilibrium model we simulate the poverty level in Brazil if only minimum wage ha...
Article
A distinguish aspect of Brazilian labor market is the enormous wage differentials. In this paper we present a survey about wage differentials determination in Brazil covering articles that deals with wage equation estimations. We report results for roughly 50 articles which covers the relation between wages and the following determinants: Education...
Article
This paper uses micro data from a collection of household surveys conducted in 17 countries in Latin America and the Caribbean to examine the time allocation decisions of adolescents. We find that an econometric model with household and country-level variables, when applied simultaneously to all the countries in the sample, is able to predict quite...
Article
Economic downturn of Rio de Janeiro in last decades is an stylized fact in regional economics in Brazil. People worry if Sao Paulo is attracting jobs that are lost in Rio. In this paper we investigate the economic foundations of this problem. We first derive an analytical framework and hence do some empirical analysis. Using sectorial data we look...
Article
The goal of this paper is to offer an alternative procedure to deflate the income values in Brazil. We base our proposed index on the National Consumer Price Index (INPC) calculated by the Brazilian Census Bureau (IBGE). However we make three adjustments: a) change in the date around which the index is centered; b) adjust the value for July, 1994;...
Article
This article aims to estimate wage equations, having the legally contracted (formal) workers as the universe of analysis. Contrarily to other related papers that take household level data (from surveys like PNAD, PPV, PME, etc.), we used the Rais, a firm level database. Besides the differentiated nature of data, the Rais allows panel data estimatio...
Research
Full-text available
Este texto visa informar o leitor sobre a literatura empírica referente ao salário mínimo e seus efeitos sobre o mercado de trabalho, distribuição de renda e pobreza, com a intenção de motivar novas pesquisas nessa área. Além de uma descrição sucinta do conteúdo dos trabalhos publicados, procuramos identificar questões que se acredita já resolvidas...
Article
This paper aims to shed some lights on the empirical literature about the effects of minimum wage on brazilian labor market and income distribution. In addition to point to stylized facts we also tried to motivate new research lines in this area. We overview the contents of each contribution describing which questions are answered and which are sti...
Article
The Brazilian labor market has been frequently pointed as extremely flexible. In this paper we investigate one dimension of labor market flexibility, namely, job reallocation. Measuring worker reallocation using establishment level data, we analyze its relation with establishment characteristics, as a preliminary search for reallocation determinant...
Article
This paper reports analysis of minimum wage on Brazilian labor market combining micro longitudinal data and aggregated time-series data. After the analysis of the minimum wage effects on Brazilian wage distribution based on micro data, the effects on employment level and composition (formal X informal) were identified for both, time-series and long...
Article
The objective of this paper is to identify whether the prevailing Brazilian labor market regulations, largely the result of the 1988 constitutional change, have any impact on labor market performance. To reach this objective we explore alternative methodologies, sources of information and measures of labor market performance.
Article
In the recent period, the qualitative dimension of the women participation in the labor force has improved quickly, in response to cultural and economic changes. In Brazil, many authors have pointed that women have a higher level of schooling than men, which should result, caeteris paribus, in better professional opportunities. However people claim...
Article
In this paper we pretend to compare the determinants of the time allocation of the teenagers among four Latin American countries: Brazil, Chile, Peru and Honduras. We assume there are four possibilities to time allocation: only studying, only working, doing both of them or doing none of them. We focused our attention in Brazil, reporting how far on...
Article
This article investigates whether the trade liberalization introduced in Brazil by the end of the 1980s affected the structure of employment and wage. We use data from the manufacturing sector from 1987 to 1998 and found evidences that the higher trade flow affected the inter-industry employment shares and wage premia. We also found that skilled an...
Article
In the recent period, the qualitative dimension of the women participation in the labor force has improved quickly, in response to cultural and economic changes. In Brazil, many authors have pointed that women have a higher level of schooling than men, which should result, ceteris paribus, in better professional opportunities. However people claim...
Article
In this paper we evaluate the social programs that deals with worker protection. First we try to show which kind of incentives are induced by these programs. Then we check if the targeting correspond to the poor workers. The programs considered are: abono salarial, seguro-desemprego (unemployment insurance) and Fundo de Garantia do Tempo de Servico...
Article
Full-text available
Os autores agradecem os generosos comentários de Luciana Santos, Sergei Soares, Leandro Magnusson e dos membros dos workshops de economia do trabalho (PUC-Rio) e do IPEA. Agradecem também o valoroso auxílio de Maria Luiza Zacharias do DCC/ IBGE pelo acesso e auxílio na compreensão da base de dados do Cempre/IBGE utilizada neste estudo. As estatísti...
Article
Full-text available
O objetivo deste artigo é estimar os parâmetros do modelo dinâmico de demanda por trabalho com os dados da PIM/IBGE entre janeiro de 1985 e agosto de 1999. Trabalha-se com uma equação de ajustamento parcial do emprego industrial, contendo como variáveis explicativas o produto e o custo salarial real médio. Como há sinais de que as variáveis analisa...
Article
Full-text available
This paper estimates the impact of recent minimum wage adjustments on poverty level for the six major Brazilian metropolitan areas. We make a decomposition of the observed variation on poverty level registered for a sample of longitudinal data based on a monthly employment survey (PME/IBGE). According to the decomposition we point the share of the...
Article
The purpose of this paper was to estimate wage differentials related to several characteristics that were grouped in workers and job characteristics. The objective is then to have registered the brazilian wage structure. All the results shown on the paper are based on 'Pesquisa sobre Padroes de Vida' (PPV) conducted by IBGE in 1996 and 1997. This s...
Article
This paper investigates if the responsibility of the poverty level registered in Brazil is the poor operation of the labor market, in terms of under-remuneration and under-utilization of the labor factor. By means of a micro-simulation-based decomposition of distributional changes we assess the impact on the degree of poverty of unemployment, segme...
Article
The objective of the paper is to estimate the impact of an increase of dismissal penalties, implemented by the 1988 Brazilian constitution, on the duration of employment spells. After a simple comparison of estimates of this variable in periods pre- and post-1988, we made use of two alternative methods to estimate the impact we are looking for. The...
Article
The main objective of this study is to evaluate the impact of the 1988 changes in labor market regulations prescribed by the new Constitution on the level of employment and on the speed of employment adjustment in Brazil. From the many aspects of labor market regulations, this study concentrates on those that directly influence variable labor and d...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper we estimate the parameters of the traditional dynamic labor demand model. We base our empirical analysis on information provided by a monthly survey for the Brazilian manufacturing sector (PIM/IBGE) for the period 1985-1999. Since non-stationarity evidence was found, we also estimate cointegration relations and the corresponding vecto...
Article
This paper analyses convergence of unemployment rates in Poland at NUTS4 level by testing nonlinear convergence, applying the modified KSS-CHLL for each pair of territorial units. The results suggest that actually the convergence is a rare phenomenon and occurs only in 1916 cases out of potential over 70 000 combinations. This paper inquires what s...
Article
Full-text available
The impact of minimum wages on the labour market has been a recurrent issue in the theoretical and empirical literature (e.g., Cubitt and Heap (1999), Dickens et al. (1998), Waltman et al. (1998), and Dolado et al. (1996)). There are two clear and divergent views on the normative impact of minimum wages on labour markets in developing economies. Th...
Article
Full-text available
O objetivo deste texto é investigar se o mercado de trabalho estigmatiza trabalhadores que foram demitidos em comparação com os que perderam o emprego devido ao fechamento do estabelecimento em que trabalhavam. Usando dados da Relação Anual de Informações Sociais (Rais), do Ministério do Trabalho e Emprego (MTE), sobre trabalhadores formais, conclu...
Article
Full-text available
1 INTRODUÇÃO Um traço peculiar do mercado de trabalho brasileiro é a ocorrência de diferenciais salariais bem mais elevados que aqueles observados em economias em estágio de desenvolvimento similar. Nesta seção será apresentada uma resenha da literatura referente à relação dos salários com seus determinantes, estimada no Brasil mediante equa-ções d...
Article
A educação tem sido apontada por diversos autores como sendo elemento fundamental do processo de desenvolvimento de um país. No Brasil, estes estudos mostram que a educação afeta o nível e a distribuição de renda os indivíduos (Langoni (1973), Barros e Mendonça (1997) e Ferreira & Barros (1999) entre outros); a propensão a ter filhos (Barros et al...
Article
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1 INTRODUÇÃO Neste capítulo serão reportados os resultados de nossas simulações envolvendo alterações no grau de abertura da economia brasileira. Usaremos o modelo CGE exposto no capítulo anterior para implementar uma análise contrafactual. Nosso objetivo é identificar as transformações ocorridas na estrutura de empregos e salários quan-do simulamo...
Article
As transformações econômicas e geopolíticas ocorridas nos anos 90 em praticamente todas as economias do mundo trouxeram consigo uma série de novos questionamentos que impulsionaram o debate de diversas questões econômicas no Brasil. Em resposta às oscilações econômicas, têm-se observado no Brasil forte volatilidade dos indicadores relacionados ao m...

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