Carlos Carcach

Carlos Carcach
Escuela Superior de Economía y Negocios · Center for Public Policy

PhD

About

41
Publications
9,636
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379
Citations
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January 2011 - October 2017
Escuela Superior de Economía y Negocios
Position
  • Managing Director

Publications

Publications (41)
Article
Full-text available
Background In 2012, international statistics showed El Salvador’s suicide rate as 40th in the world and the highest in Latin America. Over the last 15 years, national statistics show the suicide death rate declining as opposed to an increasing rate of homicide. Though completed suicide is an important social and health issue, little is known about...
Article
Full-text available
During 2012–2013, the homicide rate in El Salvador came down from 69.9 to 42.2 per 100,000 population following a government brokered truce between the leaders of the two major gangs, Mara Salvatrucha and Barrio 18. But despite the apparent successes of the truce, it was speculated that the drop in murders could have been due to the killers simply...
Article
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La investigación tuvo dos objetivos. Primero, desarrollar una metodología para construir un índice de desempeño escolar (IDE) que permita clasificar a los centros educativos sobre la base de criterios de calidad y equidad usando los resultados de la Prueba de Aptitudes y Aprendizaje para Egresados de Educación Media (PAES) 2006. El segundo objetivo...
Chapter
El Salvador is considered as one of the most violent countries worldwide. High rates of homicide and extortion, and violent gangs, represent big challenges to government and are major threats to public safety. Low levels of confidence in the criminal justice system results in only a small fraction of victims reporting crimes to the police. Even wit...
Article
Full-text available
By any standard, there is a serious problem of crime on the public transport system in El Salvador. Guided by crime opportunity theory, this study undertook a rapid assessment of the problem consisting of a systematic observation of public transport in El Salvador and focus group discussions with passengers, bus operators, police and bus company ow...
Article
Full-text available
This paper examines the spatio-temporal evolution of homicide across the municipalities of El Salvador. It aims at identifying both temporal trends and spatial clusters that may contribute to the formation of time-stable corridors lying behind a historically (recurrent) high homicide rate. The results from this study reveal the presence of signific...
Article
Full-text available
Over the twenty years from 1980 to 2000, Australia experienced sustained increases in the incidence of robbery, serious assault, and rape; declines in motor vehicle theft; and stability in homicide and burglary. Persons convicted of homicide, serious assault, burglary, and motor vehicle theft received longer sentences. The exceptions were robbery a...
Article
Fear of crime has emerged as one of the most important issues in many communities. Indeed, it appears as serious a problem as crime itself, and many believe the fear is exaggerated. Heightened fear of crime has important implications for the quality of life. It increases psychological distress and restricts outdoor activity. Crime surveys show that...
Article
Full-text available
Few crimes command as much attention as mass murder. Depending on their magnitude and context, some of these incidents become enshrined as landmark historical events. Some give rise to substantial policy change. One such event in Australia was the Port Arthur Massacre that claimed 35 lives in 1996. Using a disaggregation strategy and intervention a...
Article
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This paper discusses the application of location quotients in the study of area crime profiles. The paper extends the current literature considerably by demonstrating the statistical properties of this measure. Location quotients of crime (LQCs) are used to assess the evolution of area crime careers by analysing changes in area crime structures ove...
Article
Full-text available
Data available on the characteristics of all Australian homicides over ten years since mid 1989 provide an opportunity to investigate whether child homicide is subject to temporal clustering. If this were found to be the case, then contagion resulting from media publicity might be a possible explanation.This follows from studies indicating some inf...
Article
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Official crime statistics show that in regional Australia, violent and property offences have increased at faster rates than in major urban centres. Drug offences are an exception to this trend. So while the absolute rates of crime in regional Australia are lower than in metropolitan Australia, there are challenges for arresting the fast growth of...
Article
This study, which is based on unit record data from the Queensland Crime Victim Survey of 1991, conducts, using a common set of explanatory variables, a joint analysis of the probabilities of becoming, and of being afraid of becoming, a victim of personal and of housing crime. It then proceeds to analyse the relationship between previous victimizat...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract Youth are involved in about 1 out of 3 homicides occurring in Australia, either as victims or offenders. This paper reports on the results from an exploratory analysis of youth involvement,in homicide using data from the Homicide Monitor Database held at the Australian Institute of Criminology. The term youth includes persons aged 10 to 24...
Article
Full-text available
This study uses unit record data from the Queensland Crime Victim Survey to analyse the joint likelihood of becoming a victim of, and being afraid of becoming a victim of, crime
Article
A model to explain fear of crime in Queensland is developed and fitted to data from the 1991 Queensland Crime Victims Survey. Fear of crime is measured from the answers to the question about respondents' feelings of safety when walking alone in their area after dark. The results suggest that factors such as gender, age, poverty, educational level,...
Article
Full-text available
ABSTRACT The concept of public safety is analyzed within an economic framework. The paper discusses the role that factors such as residential stability, education, socioeconomic disadvantage and income inequality play in shaping the demand for public safety, via current levels of crime.
Article
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The "baby boom" which followed the end of the Second World War produced an age cohort whose members are now entering their middle years. At the latest population census, the people in the age group 65 years and over numbered 2 151 000 or just over 12 per cent of the total population (ABS 1997). This is projected to rise to between 16 and 18 per cen...
Article
Full-text available
Paper presented at the 3 rd National Outlook Symposium on Crime in Australia, Mapping the Boundaries of Australia's Criminal Justice System convened by the Australian Institute of Criminology and held in Canberra, 22-23 March 1999 2 Crime maps are becoming significant tools in crime and justice. Advances in the areas of information technology, comp...

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Project (1)
Project
This project is to identify clusters of spatio-temporal risks for different forms of violence to be used as means to approximate geographical patterns of gang concentrations ans their evolution over time.