Carlos Arcila Calderón

Carlos Arcila Calderón
Universidad de Salamanca ·  Department of Sociology and Communication

PhD Communications

About

109
Publications
36,262
Reads
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640
Citations
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January 2014 - January 2015
Universidad del Rosario (Colombia)
Position
  • Lecturer

Publications

Publications (109)
Article
Full-text available
This study addresses the factors that increase the persuasive impact of testimonial narrative messages on artificial intelligence (AI). In particular, the effect on two variables that, to date, have not been explored in this field is analyzed: the attitudes toward AI (positive versus ambivalent) expressed by the protagonist of the narrative message...
Chapter
Twitter is one of the largest sources of real-time information on the Internet and is continuously fed by millions of users around the world. Each of these users publishes text messages with their opinions, concerns, information, or simply their daily happenings. It is a challenge to address the analysis of massive data in the network, just as it i...
Chapter
Full-text available
Utilizando el modelo de Difusión de Innovaciones (DoI) de Evertt Rogers, en este capítulo se analizará la experiencia en la que participaron 18 insti�tuciones educativas públicas (IED) de la ciudad de Barranquilla, Colombia, durante el período 2015 - 2018. Las innovaciones propuestas en este proyecto fueron (1) el aumento significativo de la act...
Article
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Este artículo pretende conocer cómo cambiaron los patrones publicitarios en la televisión en España durante el confinamiento. Así, el objetivo principal es conocer qué tipos de anuncios se emitieron en España durante el confinamiento en comparación con las semanas previas, posteriores y con el mismo periodo del año anterior. Para ello, se realizó u...
Article
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El discurso de odio contra públicos vulnerables es reconocido como un grave problema para la integración y el respeto a la diversidad social dentro de la Unión Europea. El aumento de este tipo de discurso se ha visto reforzado con la expansión de las redes sociales, donde se ha demostrado que actúan como mecanismo de propagación de delitos contra c...
Chapter
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El presente trabajo constituye un estudio de meta-investigación en el que se examinan los artículos (N = 100) sobre framing y comunicación política publicados en revistas iberoamericanas indizadas en SCImago Journal & Country Rank (SJR-Scopus) pertenecientes al área de Comunicación durante el período 2015-2019 (5 años). Los resultados de este traba...
Article
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Greece, Italy, and Spain are the Southern European borders and the main entrances for migrants and refugees to Europe, a movement that was particularly visible after the 2015 “refugee crisis of the Mediterranean.” In this context, immigration is used as a political tool and the object of major media coverage. However, previous studies have shown th...
Article
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There is global concern regarding how the Covid-19 pandemic was communicated to citizens, given the enormous amount of uncertainty and misinformation surrounding the health situation (Singh et al., 2020). As expected, the government has been the main source of official information in most countries, but the crisis has also affected political commun...
Article
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The increasing phenomenon of “cyberhate” is concerning because of the potential social implications of this form of verbal violence, which is aimed at already-stigmatized social groups. According to information collected by the Ministry of the Interior of Spain, the category of sexual orientation and gender identity is subject to the third-highest...
Research
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En la Universidad de Salamanca no ha existido un programa de mentoría que busque ayudar a la orientación, apoyo, integración académica y social de los estudiantes dentro de un programa específico como lo es el Doctorado en Formación en la Sociedad del Conocimiento, lo que lo convierte en un proyecto totalmente nuevo e innovador en la USAL. Se qu...
Article
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La ciencia de datos, que incluye el big data y la inteligencia artificial, está presente en muchas de las actividades diarias de nuestra sociedad, pero sobre ella pesa un desconocimiento ciudadano y una falta de confianza. Mejorar la cultura científica que existe sobre estas disciplinas puede suponer un gran avance en su comprensión y su incorporac...
Article
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The future of journalism in the Ibero-American region depends on the capacity of media and journalists to adapt to the accelerated technologization and digitalization that is changing media structures, information processes and the nature of journalism itself. This process of digitalization of journalism in Ibero-America is analyzed in this article...
Article
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Social media services make it possible for an increasing number of people to express their opinion publicly. In this context, large amounts of hateful comments are published daily. The PHARM project aims at monitoring and modeling hate speech against refugees and migrants in Greece, Italy, and Spain. In this direction, a web interface for the creat...
Article
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High-profile events can trigger expressions of hate speech online, which in turn modifies attitudes and offline behavior towards stigmatized groups. This paper addresses the first path of this process using manual and computational methods to analyze the stream of Twitter messages in Spanish around the boat Aquarius (n = 24,254) before and after th...
Book
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El libro, en una primera parte, desarrolla el apartado teórico en el que se analizan las corrientes internacionales que toman como foco el estudio comparativo del periodismo y los modelos de formación (pre)profesionales; así como la significación de las investigaciones nacionales y locales para proveer una interpretación integral de la educación en...
Article
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En un contexto en el que la migración tiene un notable peso mediático, y dado el acuerdo existente en la profesión y la academia sobre los déficits en su cobertura, se profundiza en el discurso mediático desde la perspectiva de sus productores: los periodistas especializados. Se realizaron 33 entrevistas en profundidad semiestructuradas y de recons...
Article
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During the lockdown declared in Spain to fight the spread of COVID-19 from 14 March to 3 May 2020, a context in which health information has gained relevance, the agenda-setting theory was used to study the proportion of health advertisements broadcasted during this period on Spanish television. Previous and posterior phases were compared, and the...
Technical Report
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Existe un creciente interés de los ciudadanos en el impacto que tiene la Ciencia de Datos en su vida diaria, principalmente debido a la enorme atención que los medios prestan a temas relacionados con el Big Data o la Inteligencia Artificial. Este interés se traduce en grandes expectativas sobre las potenciales aplicaciones de estas tecnologías, per...
Article
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The Mediterranean migration crisis especially affects three Southern European countries that represent the main gateways into the continent for immigrants and asylum seekers: Greece, Italy, and Spain. In recent years, feelings of rejection towards migration have been increasing in all of them, accompanied by a simultaneous increase in the number of...
Article
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In this paper we content analysed the way female refugees are depicted in 500 journalistic photographs published between 2013 and 2017 on ten of the news digital media with the greatest public impact from five of the Western European countries most affected by the wave of migration during the refugee crisis (France, Germany, Italy, Spain and United...
Article
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This article presents a longitudinal and comparative statistical analysis of the results of the first (2007-2011) and second wave (2012-2017) of Worlds of Journalism Study surveys about the sociodemographic profile and working conditions of journalists in Spain, Portugal, Chile, Mexico and Brazil. Despite the disparities between countries, in gener...
Article
Twitter is one of the largest sources of real-time information on the Internet and is continuously fed by millions of users around the world. Each of these users publishes text messages with their opinions, concerns, information, or simply their daily happenings. It is a challenge to address the analysis of massive data in the network, just as it i...
Article
Full-text available
El artículo analiza la diversidad de género, orientación sexual, nacionalidad y edad en las series de televisión españolas emitidas en prime time durante el año 2016 y el primer semestre de 2017. A partir de un análisis de contenido realizado a una muestra de más de 700 personajes se creó un índice de diversidad y se realizó una encuesta para anali...
Article
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Se presentan los resultados de una encuesta online transcultural que ha sido desarrollada desde mediados de marzo hasta mediados de abril de 2020 en diferentes países (N = 789). La perspectiva teórica que enmarca este trabajo es la teoría de los usos y gratificaciones. Nuestro trabajo aporta una contribución novedosa sobre los usos de la comunicaci...
Article
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The results of an online cross-cultural survey conducted from mid-March to mid-April 2020 in various countries (N = 789) are presented. The theoretical basis of this work is uses and gratifications theory. This work provides a novel contribution regarding communication use in the context of the coronavirus pandemic. The results indicate that the co...
Article
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The pre-professional journalistic culture of Ecuador, Cuba and Venezuela is studied based on the perception that students of Social Communication and Journalism have about the professional roles of journalists and their motivations, expectations and professional experiences. For this analysis, a total of 1273 students from 21 universities enrolled...
Conference Paper
Communication, Education and Social Media Track of the TEEM Conference 2019, taking place at the University of León from the 16th to the 18th of October, includes ten presentations with two clear focuses: educational uses and applications of new technologies, mainly social media, and the risks of these new technologies. Most of the presentations ar...
Conference Paper
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There is currently a consensus about the importance that social communication of science has in order to reach all audiences and add value to the researcher's work. PhD students that join the profession have a growing number of opportunities to form themselves in transversal communication and media competencies, including technologies such as socia...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The Report of the Worlds of Journalism Study Latin American and Caribbean network is ready. The overview of topics of concern to Journalism and Journalism Studies in the region is a valuable joint contribution, as are the individual analyses of each country which are the work of each country coordinator or team. · Feel free to download and share.
Article
Full-text available
Las noticias falsas plantean uno de los principales desafíos del periodismo contemporáneo. El objetivo de esta investigación es conocer si la deontología periodística ofrece una herramienta útil para luchar contra las noticias falsas. Por medio de una encuesta a 383 periodistas españoles, así como cuatro entrevistas en profundidad a expertos del ár...
Article
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This study aims to characterize the modeling and diffusion of news topics in social media and determine the factors that influenced them. With Big Data analysis methods, such as topic modeling and sentiment analysis, we analyzed one year of tweets from Colombian newspaper El Tiempo. We found that the appearance of long-term topics was related to th...
Article
Full-text available
This article presents a comparative analysis of the pre-professional journalistic cultures of Ecuador, Cuba and Venezuela focused the aspects that motivate students of Journalism and/or Social Communication to pursue these careers and their expectations and professional experiences. In the fieldwork, 1273 students from 21 universities enrolled in J...
Conference Paper
The Track 15 Communication, Education and Social Media focuses on the uses of digital and social media in educational contexts, as well as experiences in which these media are seen as a tool to analyse and change society or, in the other direction, experiences in which the possibilities and risks of social media that shape the communication paradig...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The university media are actors that, being attached to Higher Education Institutions (HEI), try to find a balance between media and education. This situation generates a series of peculiarities that differentiate them from their commercial counterparts. The present article proposes to define the types, functions and self-determination of the Ecuad...
Conference Paper
Every day millions of short messages that show opinions, information and contents of all kinds move around the networks. The analysis of this large volume of data is possible thanks to computer techniques. The sentiments of the messages can provide observations on the acceptance of topics, social trends or currents of opinion. Therefore, this resea...
Article
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This article synthesizes the theoretical developments concerning Latin American indigenous communication formulated in the last decade (2005-2015). By conducting a review of the main theoretical frameworks that have deepened the issue, we observe a gradual progression from the dominance of external views to the emergence of indigenous people’s own...
Article
Full-text available
El paradigma de la e-Ciencia está transformando la manera en que hacemos investigación científica en el campo social, debido a la evolución de las dinámicas de colaboración científica y a la adopción de nuevas tecnologías y herramientas digitales que intensifican la difusión científica. Esta investigación, pretende conocer el estado actual de la di...
Chapter
Full-text available
La interactividad es una de las características estructurales que sustenta a los cibermedios. Desde ese ángulo, algunos autores la identifican entre las implementaciones que fomen- tan un mayor consumo de los portales en línea, en tanto que a través de la interacción los usuarios pueden contactar con otros usuarios, con los miembros de la redacción...
Chapter
Full-text available
La interactividad es una de las características estructurales que sustenta a los cibermedios. Desde ese ángulo, algunos autores la identifican entre las implementaciones que fomen- tan un mayor consumo de los portales en línea, en tanto que a través de la interacción los usuarios pueden contactar con otros usuarios, con los miembros de la redacción...
Conference Paper
The purpose of this paper is to show a research plan on the adoption of user-generated media for the creation of scientific transmedia storytelling. The transmedia universe, currently becoming one of the most widely used generalist content dissemination strategies, has hardly any previous experiences in science communication. Its potential is enorm...
Article
There is empirical evidence of media influence on parliamentary agenda, especially when media coverage privileges conflict framing of reality and negativity. This article addresses the impact of media presence (traditional and social media) and NGOs on European parliamentary discussions about violent conflicts in the Middle East and their role duri...
Article
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This article describes and evaluates the application of the supervised sentiment analysis in political communication through a real-time classifier of political opinions in Spanish tweets using machine learning techniques, both on a local computer and using distributed computing for big data problems. We describe the associated emerging methods and...
Chapter
Full-text available
Este capítulo muestra los resultados referidos al perfil, la formación y el consumo mediático de los estudiantes de Periodismo y Comunicación Social en Cuba, Ecuador y Venezuela procedentes del estudio Culturas Periodísticas Pre-profesionales, llevado a cabo en estos tres países de forma simultánea desde junio de 2015 y que, a su vez, forma parte d...
Book
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El periodismo iberoamericano a lo largo de las últimas cinco décadas ha afianzado su marco identitario, claramente diferenciado de un tipo de periodismo estándar procedente del hemisferio norte, fundamentalmente de Europa y Estados Unidos, asimilado hasta hoy día como modelo o prototipo ideal. Este giro paradójico, afianzador de la conciencia de un...
Patent
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Sentiment classifier based on machine learning that classifies the messages extracted from Twitter based on the positive and/or negative sentiment they express, in order to predict the trend of real-time discussions on a specific topic. For the development of this tool, a unique tagging corpus of 8000 tweets written in Spanish with information abou...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Previous studies have found a strong relationship between the degree to which individuals believe a technology helps to gain performance (performance expectancy) and the use of that technology. However, there is little empirical research that tests the mechanisms and conditions through which this effect operates in the adoption of soc...
Book
Full-text available
América Latina es un sub-continente que, independientemente de sus niveles contextuales, está profundamente marcado por la brecha tecnológica. Alrededor de la mitad de los ciudadanos de esta parte del mundo carece de conexión a Internet, debido a problemas como la falta de desarrollo de las infraestructuras, o a la existencia de grandes capas pobla...
Chapter
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En la última década, la participación a través de las redes sociales ha tenido un elevado protagonismo en la esfera política ecuatoriana, como un escenario de intercambio cuyo uso eficiente se relaciona, por ejemplo, con la victoria electoral de Rafael Correa en su primera campaña electoral (León, 2007). En este capítulo, abordaremos la participaci...
Chapter
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Este capítulo, sin pretender entrar en la compleja discusión planteada en las últimas líneas del párrafo anterior, ofrece un análisis empírico de las percepciones, las ideas y los hábitos de consumo mediático de los estudiantes de periodismo, como ejemplo de la proyección profesional futura de la industria mediática y los medios de comunicación en...
Article
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The diffusion of Internet as a contemporary public space has determined the emergence of new social participatory practices, which might undermine the paradigms of the information society. The goal of this paper is to describe the profile of the TOP Twitter users in Ecuador and examine whether the tone of the message and frequency of use determine...
Article
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This paper describes the rate of adoption, frequency and uses of Social Media by young people in the Caribbean Region of Colombia. We report a cross-sectional survey of502 youngsters (16 to 28 years) enrolled to the National Learning Service or Servicio Nacional de Aprendizaje (SENA). Findings show that the average adoption rate of Social Media was...
Article
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The goal of this paper is to describe the level of trust in political institutions and perceived influences among Spanish TV journalists, comparing TV vs. other media, as well as private TV vs. public TV. As part of the international Worlds of Journalism Study we surveyed 390 Spanish journalists (70 from the TV sector). We found that: private TV jo...
Article
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This paper conceptualizes the term big data and describes its relevance in social research and journalistic practices. We explain large-scale text analysis techniques such as automated content analysis, data mining, machine learning, topic modeling, and sentiment analysis, which may help scientific discovery in social sciences and news production i...
Chapter
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La popularización de Internet y la adopción de las redes sociales han introducido una vasta cantidad de cambios en la forma en que se gestiona la política en la esfera pública. Hay una extensiva literatura científica que confirma la relación entre el uso de los nuevos medios y la participación política electoral. El objetivo de este estudio es dete...
Book
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Las televisiones públicas autonómicas afrontan la situación más difícil y compleja desde su origen. Presionadas por la crisis económica y en proceso de una radical transformación tecnológica, son las protagonistas de la redefinición de un nuevo servicio público audiovisual de proximidad. Pese a los discursos catastrofistas, sus aportaciones al teji...
Article
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Born-digital media is influenced by many factors. This study compares the perceptions of digital and traditional (newspaper, radio, TV, news agencies, etc.) journalists and investigates their perception of threats to their professions. This paper shows data from a national survey (probabilistic, stratified by type of outlet and region) to 390 journ...
Article
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El surgimiento de medios digitales nativos y su consecuente exposición hacia diversas fuentes de influencia, hacen necesario conocer si la percepción de las y los nuevos periodistas sobre las posibles amenazas a su autonomía profesional difiere de la de sus compañeros/as de medios tradicionales (prensa, radio, TV, agencias, etc.). Este artículo mue...
Article
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Introduction: Previous studies link higher degree of negativity in the news to cynicism and indifference of citizens towards politics and politicians (theory of Spiral of Cynicism). Methods: We content-analyzed 563 news pieces of 10 Spanish media (3 newspapers, 2 TV stations and 5 online media). The degree of negativity was measured through a negat...
Article
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[ES] Introducción: Una gran cantidad de estudios vinculan el grado de negatividad de las informaciones políticas con la apatía y el desinterés de la ciudadanía hacia la política y la clase política (teoría de la espiral del cinismo). Metodología: Este estudio analiza el nivel de negatividad mediante un análisis de contenido cuantitativo de un total...
Article
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Using framing approach, this paper analyses the coverage of Climate Change (CC) issues during the international Summits of Nairobi (COP12-2006), Bali (COP13-2007), Poznan (OP14-2008) and Copenhagen (COP15- 2009). We carried out a content analysis of 372 news items from 30 Spanish-speaking online media. The results indicate that the most quoted sour...