Carlos Alario-Hoyos

Carlos Alario-Hoyos
University Carlos III de Madrid | UC3M

PhD in Telecom. Engineering

About

126
Publications
39,857
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
1,823
Citations
Additional affiliations
October 2012 - January 2017
University Carlos III de Madrid
Position
  • Professor
October 2007 - September 2012
Universidad de Valladolid
Position
  • PhD Student

Publications

Publications (126)
Article
Full-text available
The rapid changes in today’s society, and in the labor market, require workers to undergo constant retraining in order to update and adapt their knowledge and skills throughout their lives [...]
Article
Selenium WebDriver is a library that allows controlling web browsers (e.g., Chrome, Firefox, etc.) programmatically. It provides a cross-browser programming interface in several languages used primarily to implement end-to-end tests for web applications. JUnit is a popular unit testing framework for Java. Its latest version (i.e., JUnit 5) provides...
Article
Employers now consider teamwork one of the essential skills for students to acquire during their academic life. However, COVID-19 has accelerated the transition towards online learning, affecting how we work in teams. This study looked at how scaffolding socially shared regulation of learning can influence teamwork in an online, project-based cours...
Article
Full-text available
During the COVID-19 pandemic, most Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) across the globe moved towards “emergency online education”, experiencing a metamorphosis that advanced their capacities and competencies as never before. Teaching and Learning Centers (TLCs), the internal units that promote sustainable transformations, can play a key role in m...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
PROF-XXI is a European-funded project whose aim is the creation of Teaching and Learning Centers (TLCs) for Latin American Higher Institutions in an effort to promote the development of competences for university professors and foster teaching innovation in onsite, but also in online and hybrid education. PROF-XXI includes a partnership of seven hi...
Article
Background Surgeons need to train and certify their technical skills. This is usually done with the intervention of experts who monitor and assess trainees. Nevertheless, this is a time-consuming task that is subject to variations among evaluators. In recent decades, subjectivity has been significantly reduced through 1) the introduction of standar...
Chapter
Smart Groups is a tool consisting of one mobile application for the teacher and another one for the student for group orchestration in synchronous hybrid learning environments, i.e. when there are both onsite and online students. The teacher application shows recommendations of Collaborative Learning Flow Patterns (CLFPs) when creating groups for c...
Article
Full-text available
Selenium WebDriver is a framework used to control web browsers automatically. It provides a cross-browser Application Programming Interface (API) for different languages (e.g., Java, Python, or JavaScript) that allows automatic navigation, user impersonation, and verification of web applications. Internally, Selenium WebDriver makes use of the nati...
Article
Full-text available
Discussion forums are a valuable source of information in educational platforms such as Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs), as users can exchange opinions or even help other students in an asynchronous way, contributing to the sustainability of MOOCs even with low interaction from the instructor. Therefore, the use of the forum messages to get ins...
Article
Massive open online courses (MOOCs) pose a challenge for instructors when trying to provide personalised support to learners, due to large numbers of registered participants. Conversational agents can be of help to support learners when working with MOOCs. This article presents an adaptive learning module for JavaPAL, a conversational agent that co...
Article
Smart learning environments (SLEs) have gained considerable momentum in the last 20 years. The term SLE has emerged to encompass a set of recent trends in the field of educational technology, heavily influenced by the growing impact of technologies such as cloud services, mobile devices, and interconnected objects. However, the term SLE has been us...
Article
Massive open online courses (MOOCs) require registered learners to be autonomous in their learning. Nevertheless, prior research studies showed that many learners lack the necessary self-regulated learning (SRL) skills to succeed in MOOCs. This research study aimed to gain insights into the relationships that exist between SRL and background inform...
Article
Over the past years, higher education institutions have been exploring different mechanisms to adapt their learning and teaching practices to increase students’ engagement. One of the proposals has been to reuse Massive Online Open Courses (MOOCs) as Small Online Private Courses (SPOCs), or as complementary resources in traditional courses through...
Article
The assessment of surgical technical skills to be acquired by novice surgeons has been traditionally done by an expert surgeon and is therefore of a subjective nature. Nevertheless, the recent advances on IoT (Internet of Things), the possibility of incorporating sensors into objects and environments in order to collect large amounts of data, and t...
Article
Full-text available
One important problem in MOOCs is the lack of personalized support from teachers. Conversational agents arise as one possible solution to assist MOOC learners and help them to study. For example, conversational agents can help review key concepts of the MOOC by asking questions to the learners and providing examples. JavaPAL, a voice-based conversa...
Book
This book constitutes the proceedings of the 16th European Conference on Technology Enhanced Learning, EC-TEL 2021, held in Bolzano, Italy, in September 2021. The 21 research full papers and 28 short papers presented in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 98 submissions. The European Conference on Technology-Enhance Learning, is c...
Article
Full-text available
MOOCs (massive open online courses) have a built-in forum where learners can share experiences as well as ask questions and get answers. Nevertheless, the work of the learners in the MOOC forum is usually not taken into account when calculating their grade in the course, due to the difficulty of automating the calculation of that grade in a context...
Chapter
The original version of the book was inadvertently published with wrong values in Table 2B and Figure 2 in Chapter 31. The values of emission probability were corrected in ‘Table 2B: Emission Probability’ and ‘Fig. 2. HMM Probabilities from Table 1 & 2’, by replacing the wrong values of emission probability with the appropriate ones to justify the...
Article
Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) can be enhanced with the so-called learning-by-doing, designing the courses in a way that the learners are involved in a more active way in the learning process. Within the options for increasing learners’ interaction in MOOCs, it is possible to integrate (third-party) external tools as part of the instructional...
Article
Tools are an essential support in any human activity. As the technology advances, we are able to design more advanced tools that help us in doing the activities more efficiently. Recently, we have seen breakthroughs in the two main components of tools, namely the interface and the computing engine behind. Natural interfaces allow us to communicate...
Article
Full-text available
In education, several studies have tried to track student persistence (i.e., students’ ability to keep on working on the assigned tasks) using different definitions and self-reported data. However, self-reported metrics may be limited, and currently, online courses allow collecting many low-level events to analyze student behaviors based on logs an...
Book
The chapters: “Designing an Online Self-Assessment for Informed Study Decisions: The User Perspective”; “Living with Learning Difficulties: Two Case Studies Exploring the Relationship Between Emotion and Performance in Students With Learning Difficulties”; “Applying Instructional Design Principles on Augmented Reality Cards for Computer Science Edu...
Article
Research and development often move forward based on buzzwords. New terms are coined to summarize new developments, often with several interpretations and without a formal definition. The term Smart Education has been coined to represent a move forward in technology-enhanced education, but what is behind it? Does it represent something essentially...
Article
MOOCs (Massive Open Online Courses) have usually high dropout rates. Many articles have proposed predictive models in order to early detect learners at risk to alleviate this issue. Nevertheless, existing models do not consider complex high-level variables, such as self-regulated learning (SRL) strategies, which can have an important effect on lear...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Innovation in education in general, and innovation in engineering education in particular, must be supported by data, properly collected and analyzed to guide decision-making processes. Today it is possible to collect data from many more stakeholders (not just students), and also to collect much more data from each stakeholder. Nevertheless, low-le...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
MOOCs (Massive Open Online Courses) have been a major revolution in education, especially in higher education, and have served as a catalyst for educational institutions to reflect (beyond the discussion of whether or not to offer MOOCs) on their digital education strategy. Likewise, MOOCs have been an important source of data for large-scale resea...
Chapter
Conversational agents, be they text- or voice-powered, are acquiring a level of maturity that makes them useful for natural and smart interactions. In this paper, we explore some design principles for voice-commanded assistants for educational use, in particular, of one designed to train Java concepts as a complement to a MOOC (Massive Open Online...
Chapter
Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) have gained popularity over the last years, offering a learning environment with new opportunities and challenges. These courses attract a heterogeneous set of participants who, due to the impossibility of personal tutorship in MOOCs, are required to create their own learning path and manage one’s own learning to...
Article
Learners in massive open online courses (MOOCs) are required to be autonomous during their learning process, and thus they need to self-regulate their learning to achieve their goals. According to existing literature, self-regulated learning (SRL) research in MOOCs is still scarce. More studies which build on past works regarding SRL in MOOCs are r...
Article
In recent years, cloud computing has motivated new learning tools based on the cloud collaborate and share content to a large number of students. Thus, the main objective of this study is to propose a structural equation modeling explaining the educational usage of cloud-based tools (CBTs) in terms of their adoption and application in learning acti...
Article
One of the characteristics of MOOCs (Massive Open Online Courses) is that the overall number of social interactions tend to be higher than in traditional courses, hindering the analysis of social learning. Learners typically ask or answer questions using the forum. This makes messages a rich source of information, which can be used to infer learner...
Conference Paper
This paper presents the SmartLET project, a coordinated research project funded by the Spanish Ministry of Science, Innovation and Universities, which just started in 2018. The main aim of this project is to provide support for the design and orchestration of Smart Learning Environments (SLEs) with the support of learning analytics and the Internet...
Chapter
Full-text available
Massive Open Online Courses (MOOC) have been considered an “educational revolution”. Although these courses were designed to reach a massive number of participants, Higher Education institutions have started to use MOOCs technologies and methodologies as a support for educative traditional practices in what has been called Small Private Online Cour...
Article
Full-text available
Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) are currently a popular phenomenon in the online learning world. Today many institutions offer MOOCs. This phenomenon has not only created a new trend in online education, it also has been adopted by a number of institutions around the world, allowing spaces for research in pedagogical, technological and organiza...
Article
Full-text available
MOOC students’ adoption of cloud-based tools has the potential to enrich the learning process and enhance the management of knowledge. The aims of this study are to evaluate the behavioral intention to use cloud-based tools in MOOC context, and to explore the factors that influence this intention, based on extended technology of acceptance model (T...
Article
This paper surveys the state of the art on prediction in MOOCs through a Systematic Literature Review (SLR). The main objectives are: (1) to identify the characteristics of the MOOCs used for prediction, (2) to describe the prediction outcomes, (3) to classify the prediction features, (4) to determine the techniques used to predict the variables, a...
Article
The learning process in a MOOC (Massive Open Online Course) can be improved from knowing in advance learners’ grades on different assignments. This would be very useful to detect problems with enough time to take corrective measures. In this work, the aim is to analyse how different course scores can be predicted, what elements or variables affect...
Article
Many MOOCs are being designed replicating traditional passive teaching approaches but using video lectures as the means of transmitting information. However, it is well known that learning-by-doing increases retention rates and, thus, allows achieving a more effective learning. To this end, it is worth exploring which tools fit best in the context...
Article
MOOCs have made it possible not only to provide quality open education for any learner worldwide, but also to rethink the way on-campus teaching is delivered. The materials produced for a MOOC can be consumed by on-campus students before arriving to the classroom, using class time to do activities that promote active learning, following this way a...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This study aims to investigate the student perception, motivation and utility towards the use of a cloud-based tool, called Codeboard in a MOOC on programming with Java. Codeboard is a web-based IDE (Integrated Development Environment) to learn programming and it was used to enhance the learning activities of our MOOC "Java Fundamentals for Android...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Interaction is essential to promote learner engagement in MOOCs. However, the main MOOC platforms have important limitations regarding the interactivity of the built-in tools they provide. Consequently, teachers struggle to design MOOCs that foster learner interaction with the types of educational resources available. This paper presents a successf...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Teniendo como referente la importancia de un buen diseño para la creación e implementación de MOOCs de calidad, se requiere identificar, enseñar y aplicar herramientas que faciliten esta labor, principalmente entre docentes. En este trabajo se presenta la experiencia y lecciones aprendidas de la enseñanza y aplicación del modelo MOOC Canvas como he...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Resumen. Los MOOCs (Cursos Online Masivos Abiertos) incrementan la visibilidad de las instituciones educativas y permiten llevar la educación de calidad a estudiantes de cualquier parte del mundo. Pero los MOOCs son también de utilidad para mejorar la enseñanza dentro del campus; los contenidos educativos que se han abierto bajo el formato MOOC son...
Article
Educational computer-based competition environments need to be designed with a set of features that enhance the learning process. Although recently some frameworks for the design of educational computer-based systems (e.g., educational games) have been proposed, they do not focus on the details of the competition. Therefore, the design of education...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The concept of SPOCs (Small Private Online Courses) emerged as a way of describing the reuse of MOOCs (Massive Open Online Courses) for complementing traditional on-campus teaching. But SPOCs can also drive an entire methodological change to make a better use of face-to-face time between students and teachers in the classroom. This paper presents t...
Article
In recent years, institutions of higher education have been using Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) as an alternative to enhance and innovate traditional classroom practices. One of the approaches to this type of innovation consists of using the platforms where MOOCs are hosted for the development of courses that are aligned to their on-campus cu...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper presents the results of a case study about the orchestration process of a MOOC-based flipped-class, and the students’ adoption of this teaching practice. The study was conducted on a mandatory third-year course on Organizational Behavior in the School of Engineering at Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile with 346 students. The analy...
Article
Full-text available
p class="3">MOOCs (Massive Open Online Courses) have changed the way in which OER (Open Educational Resources) are bundled by teachers and consumed by learners. MOOCs represent an evolution towards the production and offering of structured quality OER. Many institutions that were initially reluctant to providing OER have, however, joined the MOOC w...
Article
Full-text available
p class="3">This paper presents We-Share, a social annotation application that enables educators to publish and retrieve information about educational ICT tools. As a distinctive characteristic, We-Share provides educators data about educational tools already available on the Web of Data while allowing them to enrich such data with their experience...
Article
Full-text available
Since Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) started to become part of the scene of Higher Education (HE), many institutions have joined the race of MOOC creation. However, producing MOOCs has shown to be a cumbersome and expensive activity for HE institutions. For this reason, many universities have started to explore and experiment with hybrid initi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
RESUMEN Los MOOCs suponen una revolución en el acceso a la educación superior y tienen un gran potencial para mejorar la empleabilidad de profesionales de distintos sectores. Sin embargo, mientras que el movimiento MOOC ha tenido un gran impacto en Estados Unidos y Europa, en Latinoamérica hay pocas universidades que hayan desarrollado sus propios...
Conference Paper
Both, MOOCs and learning analytics, are two emergent topics in the field of educational technology. This paper shows the main contributions of the eMadrid network in these two topics during the last years (2014–2016), as well as the planned future works in the network. The contributions in the field of the MOOCs include the design and authoring of...