Carlomagno Panlilio

Carlomagno Panlilio
Pennsylvania State University | Penn State · Department of Educational Psychology, Counseling and Special Education

Doctor of Philosophy

About

36
Publications
6,114
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114
Citations

Publications

Publications (36)
Article
Guided by emotional security theory, we explored how child and context-related factors were associated with heterogeneity in young foster children’s organized patterns of fear response to distress. Results from group-based trajectory modeling used to analyze observational data from a fear-eliciting task showed that children from our sample (mean ag...
Article
The present study investigated the relationship between adverse childhood experiences and reading comprehension as well as the relationship between current trauma symptoms and reading comprehension. Each of these relationships were investigated as being mediated by academic metacognition (i.e., knowledge and regulation of cognition while completing...
Article
Full-text available
Task persistence is related to attentional regulation and is needed for the successful transition to school. Understanding preschoolers’ task persistence with caregivers could better inform the development and prevention of attention problems across this transition. Preschoolers’ real-time task persistence profiles during problem-solving tasks with...
Article
Guided by bio-ecological theory, this study aimed to: (1) identify heterogeneity in the developmental patterns of emotion regulation for maltreated preschool-aged children; (2) examine the role of gender, language, placement instability, cognitive stimulation, and emotional support on patterns of stability and change of emotion regulation over time...
Article
Background: Implementing trauma-informed care (TIC) practices in educational settings requires preparing school staff to understand adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and their impact to provide a restorative rather than a punitive response. Objectives: To assess learning outcomes of a TIC training delivered to kindergarten to 12-grade (K-12)...
Article
Objectives: Identifying children and adolescents within child welfare at risk for commercial sexual exploitation (CSE) can ensure referrals to appropriate services. However, screening measures to understand the prevalence of CSE are missing in child welfare. We evaluated the classification accuracy of a screener developed for the purpose of this s...
Article
Full-text available
Despite the known relationship between trauma and academic outcomes, including expulsion risk, for preschoolers, little is known about the role that teachers may play in addressing the effects of childhood trauma within preschool settings. The current study examined the relationship between a teacher’s overall stress, trauma-informed attitudes, and...
Article
Full-text available
The intergenerational transmission of psychopathology is one of the strongest known risk factors for childhood disorder and may be a malleable target for prevention and intervention. Anxious parents have distinct parenting profiles that impact socioemotional development, and these parenting effects may result in broad alterations to the biological...
Article
Full-text available
Trauma-informed care (TIC) is the practice of consciousness and awareness of trauma that guides educators in developing academic and behavioral support for students with exceptionalities who have experienced trauma. TIC can support students from the lens of Positive Behavioral Intervention Supports (PBIS) and Social Emotional Learning (SEL) within...
Article
Knowledge tests used to evaluate child protection training program effectiveness for early childhood education providers may suffer from threats to construct validity given the contextual variability inherent within state-specific regulations around mandated reporting requirements. Unfortunately, guidance on instrument revision that accounts for su...
Article
Background Students who experience maltreatment tend to underperform academically relative to their peers, requiring an understanding of academically-related mechanisms that are potential intervention targets. Academic engagement, a multidimensional construct that is influential in students’ investment in learning and the school context, is one suc...
Article
Background: Despite being well-positioned to identify maltreatment in the children that they provide care for and being legally required to report suspected child maltreatment, early childhood professionals (ECPs) make a limited proportion of reports to child protective services. It is critical to identify evidence-based interventions to improve t...
Article
Full-text available
Little is understood about distinct traumatic exposures and their relationship to later coping strategies. Adults receiving treatment for substance use were assessed for experiential avoidance and a range of traumatic exposures. Only childhood emotional abuse significantly predicted experiential avoidance.
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This article delineates the theory and framework for an innovative child abuse training program for mandated reporters called 'iLookOut'. iLookOut is an online learning delivery system that utilizes mastery learning and self-determination theory in the Core Training program, along with spaced retrieval and retrieval practice in a follow-up micro-le...
Article
Full-text available
In recent years, real-world studies (RWS) are gaining increasing interests, because they can generate more realistic and generalizable results than randomized controlled clinical trials (RCT). In 2017, we published a RCT in 741 early childhood care and education providers (CCPs). It is the Phase I of our iLookOut for Child Abuse project (iLookOut),...
Article
Full-text available
Children’s repair of conflict with parents may be particularly challenging in maltreating families, and early, stressful parent–child interactions may contribute to children’s altered neurobiological regulatory systems. To explore neurobiological signatures of repair processes, we examined whether mother and child individual and dyadic respiratory...
Chapter
Full-text available
Early experiences of maltreatment place students at a disadvantage upon school entry that often continues across elementary and secondary grades. These academic challenges represent a different type of achievement gap that often cascades due to the developmental sequelae of maltreatment. In 2015, over four million referrals alleging maltreatment we...
Chapter
The chapters in the current volume represent the proceedings from the conference titled “Trauma-Informed Schools: How Child Maltreatment Prevention, Detection, and Intervention can be integrated into the School Setting,” which were framed within the core elements of a trauma-informed school system framework. The final session of the conference cons...
Book
This book provides an interdisciplinary framework for school intervention into child and adolescent maltreatment, highlighting the unique potential for schools to identify and mitigate the long-term impacts of childhood trauma on children’s educational well-being. Contributors evaluate recent efforts to incorporate trauma-informed approaches into s...
Article
The objective of this study was to assess item characteristics indicative of the severity of risk for commercial sexual exploitation among a high-risk population of child welfare system involved youth to inform the construction of a screening tool. Existing studies have discerned factors that differentiate Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children...
Article
Full-text available
Emotion regulation is a core developmental process that is related to children’s academic success and mental health. A small body of research has documented that maltreated children show deficits in this developmental arena. The current study was designed to add to the limited literature on emotion regulation in maltreated children in foster care....
Article
Child compliance and internalization are socio-cognitive developmental processes which are critical for children’s social outcomes in multiple arenas. These developmental processes are found to be compromised in maltreated children. The current study was designed to add to the extremely limited literature on compliance and internalization in maltre...
Chapter
Full-text available
Compared to young children, fewer resources have been devoted to examining the etiology and circumstances related to maltreatment experienced by adolescents. This is unfortunate given adolescents have been found to experience similar, and sometimes higher, rates of maltreatment. This chapter discusses the prevalence of adolescent maltreatment, expl...
Chapter
To be successful in practice with families and to gain support for further dissemination, maltreatment prevention interventions must accomplish two goals of program design and evaluation: (1) develop and implement a logic model informed by theory that targets known causes of child maltreatment, and (2) demonstrate evidence of effectiveness with rig...
Thesis
Academic achievement is an important indicator for the well-being of children with a history of maltreatment. Unfortunately, many of these children fall behind their non-maltreated peers in measures of academic performance, and the achievement gap between these groups is increasing. Attempts to close this gap at later ages can prove to be challengi...

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