Carlo Baraldi

Carlo Baraldi
Università degli Studi di Modena e Reggio Emilia | UNIMO · Department of Biomedical, Metabolical and Neurosciences

About

55
Publications
4,956
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544
Citations
Citations since 2017
48 Research Items
531 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023050100150
2017201820192020202120222023050100150

Publications

Publications (55)
Article
Full-text available
OnabotulinumtoxinA (BT-A) is one of the few drugs approved for the preventive treatment of chronic migraine (CM). Despite this, some aspects of its mechanism of action are still a matter of debate, and the precise magnitude of BT-A effects needs to be completely elucidated. BT-A acts primarily upon trigeminal and cervical nerve endings, by inhibiti...
Article
Objective: To explore the effect of topical cannabidiol (CBD) in treating digital ulcers in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc). Methods: In total, 45 patients with SSc who had digital ulcers were consecutively enrolled between January 2019 and December 2019. Of the participants, 25 were treated with CBD during surgical debridement and 20 wer...
Article
Full-text available
Background Monoclonal antibodies acting on the calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) or its receptor have changed migraine preventive treatment. Those treatments have led to reconsidering the outcomes of migraine prevention. Available data mostly considered benefits in terms of relative efficacy (percent or absolute decrease in monthly migraine da...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Although migraine prevalence decreases with aging, some older patients still suffer from chronic migraine (CM). This study aimed to investigate the outcome of OnabotulinumtoxinA (OBT-A) as preventative therapy in elderly CM patients. Methods This is a post hoc analysis of real-life prospectively collected data at 16 European headache...
Article
Full-text available
The identification of patients who can benefit the most from the available preventive treatments is important in chronic migraine. We explored the rate of excellent responders to onabotulinumtoxinA in a multicenter European study and explored the predictors of such response, according to different definitions. A pooled analysis on chronic migraineu...
Chapter
The use of biological drugs has significantly increased over the past decades and has allowed for the treatment of many life-threatening and chronic diseases. The patent expiration of biological innovative medicines enables copies of these drugs called biosimilars. The availability of biosimilars enhances competition, with the potential to improve...
Article
Chronic migraine (CM) is a great challenge for physicians dealing with headaches. Despite the introduction of the monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) acting against the calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) that has revolutionized the treatment of CM, some patients still experience an incomplete relief. So, the association of two preventive treatments ma...
Article
Background A novel formulation of diclofenac, complexed with hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin (HPβCD) as a solubility enhancer, in a prefilled syringe for self-administered subcutaneous injection may overcome the limitations of acute migraine treatments administered by oral, rectal, intramuscular, or intravenous routes. Methods This multicentre, phase...
Article
Full-text available
The endocannabinoid system (ECS) influences many biological functions, and hence, its pharmacological modulation may be useful for several disorders, such as migraine. Preclinical studies have demonstrated that the ECS is involved in the modulation of trigeminal excitability. Additionally, clinical data have suggested that an endocannabinoid defici...
Article
Full-text available
Background Medication overuse headache significantly contributes to the chronification process and treatment refractoriness of migraine. Currently, abrupt discontinuation of the overused medication still represents the best management strategy for these patients, challenging public health system resources. Methods In this prospective study, chroni...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: This retrospective study aimed to verify the outcomes of stabilising occlusal splint therapy prescribed to 22 patients with unilateral definite Ménière's disease and comorbid temporomandibular joint disorder. Methods: The results of a battery of audiometric and vestibular tests were recorded before and after 6 months of treatment, as...
Article
Background Erenumab is a monoclonal antibody acting against calcitonin gene-related peptide receptor which has been found effective even for the treatment of chronic migraine (CM) complicated with medication overuse headache (MOH). According to the present guidelines, the treatment with erenumab should continue for up to 1 year. The aim of the pres...
Article
Full-text available
Vestibular migraine (VM) is the most common cause of episodic vertigo in children. Vertigo, nausea, dizziness and unsteadiness are often complained of by children with migraine, which can precede, follow or be present simultaneously with headache. The aim of this study was to use posturography to investigate the visually evoked postural responses (...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: We reported gender-specific data on the efficacy and safety of erenumab, a monoclonal antibody antagonizing the calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) receptor. Methods: Our pooled patient-level analysis of real-world data included patients treated with erenumab and followed up for 12 weeks. We considered the following outcomes at weeks...
Article
Full-text available
Background Neurosteroids affect the balance between neuroexcitation and neuroinhibition but have been little studied in migraine. We compared the serum levels of pregnenolone sulfate, pregnanolone and estradiol in women with menstrually-related migraine and controls and analysed if a correlation existed between the levels of the three hormones and...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Migraine is mostly a female disorder because of its lower prevalence in men. Less than 20% of patients included in the available studies on migraine treatments are men; hence, the evidence on migraine treatments might not apply to men. The aims of the present study were to provide reliable information on the effectiveness of onabotul...
Article
Full-text available
Objective To explore the effectiveness and safety of 3 oral cannabinoid preparations (FM2®, Bedrocan® and Bediol®) in the treatment of chronic migraine. Design Retrospective, cohort study. Subjects Patients with chronic migraine who received FM2®, Bedrocan® or Bediol® daily for the off-label treatment of their headache, up to 6 months. Methods T...
Article
Full-text available
Objective Erenumab is a monoclonal antibody acting against calcitonin gene-related peptide receptor and approved for the preventive treatment of chronic migraine. The aim of the present study is to identify clinical predictors of good response in patients with chronic migraine and medication overuse-headache. Material and methods This was a retros...
Article
Objective To determine whether erenumab is effective and safe in refractory chronic migraine with medication overuse headache.Methods In this prospective, multicentric, real-life study, chronic migraine with medication overuse headache patients who received erenumab were recruited. Study inclusion was limited to patients who previously failed onabo...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: OnabotulinumtoxinA (BT-A) is a preventive treatment for chronic migraine (CM), which needs to be administered regularly by a trained clinician every 3 months. The spread of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 pandemic has forced many patients to momentarily stop the scheduled BT-A injections. The goal of this study was...
Article
Full-text available
IntroductionOnabotulinumtoxinA (BT-A) quarterly was the first treatment approved specifically for chronic migraine (CM). It is unclear whether three cycles are better than two to assess early BT-A response.Methods We performed a retrospective analysis on real-life prospectively collected data in 16 European headache centers. All the centers provide...
Article
Background: Erenumab is a monoclonal antibody blocking the calcitonin gene-related peptide receptor, which has been approved for the preventive treatment of chronic migraine (CM). The aim of this study was to explore the safety and effectiveness of erenumab in patients suffering from CM and medication overuse headache (MOH) in a real-life setting,...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Interest is growing in the role of pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP) and its specific PAC1 receptor in migraine and in their antagonism as a strategy for migraine prevention. Areas covered: We discuss and critically evaluate (i) the evidence of the role of PACAP in migraine pathophysiology and (ii) the firs...
Article
Full-text available
Background Reduced blood or cerebrospinal fluid levels of allopregnanolone are involved in menstrual cycle-linked CNS disorders, such as catamenial epilepsy. This condition, like menstrually-related migraine, is characterized by severe, treatment-resistant attacks. We explored whether there were differences in allopregnanolone, progesterone and tes...
Article
Purpose of the study The pathophysiological mechanism of medication overuse headache is uncertain; no distinctive markers have been described right now. The aim of this study was to conduct proteomic analyses on serum samples from patients with medication overuse headache and healthy individuals. Specifically, mono- (SDS-PAGE) and two-dimensional g...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Treatment with onabotulinumtoxin A (BT-A) is safe and effective for chronic migraine (CM). Several studies assessed possible predictors of response to treatment with BT-A, but there is little knowledge on the frequency and predictors of sustained response. The aim of this study was to evaluate sustained response to BT-A in patients wit...
Article
Full-text available
Background The notion that smoking cannabis may damage the respiratory tract has been introduced in recent years but there is still a paucity of studies on this subject. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between cannabis smoking, pneumothorax and bullous lung disease in a population of operated patients. Methods and finding...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Treatment with onabotulinumtoxin A (BT-A) is safe and effective for chronic migraine (CM). Several studies assessed possible predictors of response to treatment with BT-A, but there is little knowledge on the frequency and predictors of sustained response. The aim of this study was to evaluate sustained response to BT-A in patients with...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background. Treatment with onabotulinumtoxin A (BT-A) is safe and effective for chronic migraine (CM). Several studies assessed possible predictors of response to treatment with BT-A, but there is little knowledge on the frequency and predictors of sustained response. The aim of this study was to evaluate sustained response to BT-A in patients with...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this pilot study was to analyze the serum proteomic profile of women suffering from menstrual-related migraine (MM group, n = 15) and migraine in post-menopause (PM group, n = 15) in comparison with non-headache control females (C group, n = 15). Serum samples were subjected to two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE) followed by mass...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Medication Overuse Headache (MOH) is a prevalent and disabling disorder resulting from the overuse of analgesic drugs, triptans or other acute headache medications. In previous proteomic studies, several proteins have been found at high concentrations in the urine of MOH patients and in the serum of rats with neuropathic pain. The aim...
Preprint
Background Medication Overuse Headache (MOH) is a prevalent and disabling disorder resulting from the overuse of analgesic drugs, triptans or other acute headache medications. In previous proteomic studies, several proteins have been found at high concentrations in the urine of MOH patients and in the serum of rats with neuropathic pain. The aim of...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The use of illicit substances represents one of the most difficult problems to confront in the health system. Drug use is a global problem but is not uniform throughout the world, within the same country and changes over time. Therefore, knowing the illicit substances that are used in a territory is essential to better organize health...
Article
Background Disorientation, nausea, confusion, dizziness, and displacement are frequently complained by headache-suffering children. Anyhow, the cause of these symptoms is still unclear, and a dysfunction of vestibular pathways or their alteration due to central pain pathways hyper-activation, has been proposed. The aim of this study is to use postu...
Conference Paper
Background Systemic Sclerosis (SSc) is a chronic systemic disease frequently leading to disability and low quality of life. Chronic pain (CP), due to severe disease complications and internal organs involvement, is often underestimated. Based on available data around a 60-70% of patient with SSc suffer of chronic pain but we still lacking of fine t...
Preprint
Background Medication Overuse Headache (MOH) is a prevalent and disabling disorder resulting from the overuse of analgesic drugs, triptans or other acute headache medications. In previous proteomic studies, several proteins have been found at high concentrations in the urine of MOH patients and in the serum of rats with neuropathic pain. The aim of...
Article
Monitoring of prescription pain medications is strongly recommended, considering their abuse liability. We used hair analysis for monitoring pain medications in 12 women with chronic migraine and drug overuse. Hair samples were collected at baseline and after 4 and 8 months and analyzed by liquid chromatography‐electrospray tandem mass spectrometry...
Article
Full-text available
Background: There is an unmet need of pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatment options for migraine patients. Exercise can be used in the treatment of several pain conditions, including. However, what exact role exercise plays in migraine prevention is unclear. Here, we review the associations between physical exercise and migraine from a...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Polypharmacy can appropriately treat multiple chronic conditions, but it can also increase potential harm. Polypharmacy information for primary headaches is minimal, despite drugs being the main tools to manage headaches. Objective: The aim was to evaluate the prevalence, characteristics and risk factors of polypharmacy in patients w...
Article
Full-text available
Background Chronic migraine (CM) affects about the 2% of the general population and it has been recognized as one of the most-disabling conditions worldwide by the World Health Organization. CM is often associated with the overuse of abortive medication, which determines the worsening of headache itself and the development of a secondary headache c...
Article
Introduction: Preclinical, clinical, and other (e.g., genetic) evidence support the concept that migraine susceptibility may at least partially result from a glutamatergic system disorder. Therefore, the receptors of the glutamatergic system are considered relatively new targets for investigational drugs to treat migraine. Investigational and estab...
Article
Full-text available
Background Hemicrania continua (HC), paroxysmal hemicrania (PH) and short lasting neuralgiform headache attacks (SUNCT and SUNA) are rare syndromes with a difficult therapeutic approach. The aim of this review is to summarize all articles dealing with treatments for HC, PH, SUNCT and SUNA, comparing them in terms of effectiveness and safety. Metho...
Article
Full-text available
PurposeThe aim of this study was to evaluate the potential of hair analysis to monitor medication adherence in headache patients undergoing chronic therapy. For this purpose, the following parameters were analyzed: the detection rate of 23 therapeutic drugs in headache patients’ hair, the degree of agreement between the self-reported drug and the d...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: The aim of this study is to evaluate the detection rate of almotriptan, eletriptan, frovatriptan, sumatriptan, rizatriptan, and zolmitriptan in the hair of migraineurs taking these drugs; the degree of agreement between type of self-reported triptan and triptan found in hair; if the concentrations in hair were related to the reported cumu...
Article
Full-text available
Background Chronic migraine is one of the most common diseases in the world and it is often associated with medication overuse that can worsen the headache itself. Thus, it is important to adopt effective therapies to relieve pain and improve patients’ quality of life. The PREEMT studies have already demonstrated the effectiveness of Onabotulinumto...
Article
Triptans are specific drugs widely used for acute treatment of migraine, being selective 5HT1B/1D receptor agonists. A proper assumption of triptans is very important for an effective treatment; nevertheless patients often underuse, misuse, overuse or use triptans inconsistently, i.e., not following the prescribed therapy. Drug analysis in hair can...
Article
Introduction: Chronic migraine is often complicated by medication-overuse headache (MOH), a headache due to excessive intake of acute medications. Chronic migraine and MOH are serious and disabling disorders. Since chronic migraine derives from the progression of originally episodic migraine, the fundamental therapeutic strategy is prevention. Thi...

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