Carla Santos

Carla Santos
University of Porto | UP · Centre of Research, Education, Innovation and Intervention in Sport (CIFI2D)

PhD in Sports Science

About

18
Publications
2,222
Reads
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51
Citations
Citations since 2016
17 Research Items
51 Citations
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201620172018201920202021202205101520
Introduction
Carla Santos has a PhD in Sports Sciences specialization in Sport, Genetics and Motor Behavior from University of Porto. She is an Assistant Professor at Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, Lusófona University and Invited Professor at Polytechnic Institute of Maia (IPMAIA). She is a researcher at CIDEFES and CIFI2D. The main areas of research interest are motor learning and development, epidemiology of physical activity, statistics applied to sport sciences and research methodology.
Additional affiliations
September 2021 - January 2022
Instituto Politécnico da Maia
Position
  • Professor (Assistent)
September 2021 - present
Instituto Superior de Ciências Educativas do Douro
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)

Publications

Publications (18)
Article
Purpose To describe longitudinal trends in children’s moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), and to investigate associations with individual, familial and school characteristics. Methods A sample of 341 5-10 years old Portuguese children (173 girls) from 6 age-cohorts was followed over three years using a mixed-longitudinal design. Phy...
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Full-text available
We estimated sibling resemblance in health-related physical fitness (PF) and examined how individual characteristics and shared natural environment accounted for sibling similarities. The sample comprised 656 sibling pairs and 102 triplets (6–15 years of age), from three geographical areas of Peru. PF components included morphological (waist circum...
Article
Full-text available
We investigated the development of gross motor coordination (GMC) as well as its predictors in school-aged Azorean children. The sample included 181 children (90 girls), followed consecutively for 4 years from 6 to 9 years of age. GMC was assessed with the Körperkoordinationstest für Kinder, and predictors included body mass index, standing long ju...
Article
Full-text available
We aim to (1) estimate age of attainment of the peak mid-growth spurt in stature (age-at-peak MGS) in pre-adolescent boys and girls; (2) identify the timing, intensity, and sequences of physical fitness (PF) spurts aligned by the age-at-peak MGS; and (3) identify any sex differences in PF spurts aligned by age-at-peak MGS. The sample included 180 P...
Article
Full-text available
Objective This study aims to (1) investigate differences in weight, body mass index (BMI), and waist circumference (WC) among Peruvian children and adolescents living in three areas located at different altitudes; (2) compare age- and sex-specific height, weight, and BMI within each site with US reference data. Methods We sampled 8753 subjects (41...
Article
Full-text available
This study investigated the associations between biological and environmental factors and gross-motor coordination (GMC) in Peruvian children and adolescents. The sample comprised 7401 boys and girls, aged 6–14 years, recruited from three geographical regions: sea-level, Amazon and high-altitude. Biological variables included age, sex, height, BMI,...
Preprint
Full-text available
This study investigates the interplay between individual and natural environments, as well as the effects of school characteristics, on Peruvian children and adolescents’ gross motor coordination (GMC) problems. The sample comprises 7401 participants (4121 girls) aged 6–14 years from three geographical regions: sea-level, Amazon and high-altitude....
Article
Full-text available
This study aimed to (1) estimate age‐at‐mid‐growth spurt (age‐at‐MGS) in Portuguese boys from two different regions—the Azores islands and Viana do Castelo, and (2) identify spurts in a variety of physical fitness (PF) components aligned by age‐at‐MGS in the two samples. A total of 176 (Azores, n = 91; Viana do Castelo, n = 85) boys aged 6 years ol...
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Full-text available
We use a multivariate multilevel model to study the links between physical fitness (PF) and gross motor coordination (GMC) and investigate the influence of predictors affecting their levels across age. We sampled 7918 Peruvians, aged 6‐15 yrs, from sea‐level, Amazon region and high‐altitude. Composite markers of GMC and PF were derived (GMCz and PF...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Gross motor coordination (GMC) is a potential correlate of lifestyle behaviours and health outcomes in childhood and adolescence. Aims: The aim of this study was to examine how sex, age, biological maturation, overweight, stunting, and physical fitness are associated with GMC in children and adolescents from Peru, and to examine asso...
Article
Full-text available
Stunting, defined as linear growth retardation, is a serious public health problem in developing countries. We aimed to (1) describe the prevalence of stunting in Peruvian youth living in three geographical regions, and to (2) determine height and physical fitness (PF) differences between stunted and normal-growth children across age and sex. We sa...
Article
Full-text available
Objective Children's differences in moderate‐to‐vigorous physical activity levels are not at random. This study investigates the relevance of individual‐ and school‐level characteristics in explaining these differences. Methods In total, 307 children (154 girls) aged 5–10 years, from 19 Portuguese schools, were sampled. Height and weight were meas...
Article
Objetive: To estimate the growth parameters of Peruvian children and adolescents living at different altitudes. Methods: The sample comprised 10 795 Peruvian children and adolescents (5781 girls, aged 6-7 years) from sea level, the Amazon region, and high altitude. Height was measured with standardized techniques. Mathematical and biological gro...
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Full-text available
We report a summary of Portuguese families and siblings research under the umbrella of the Portuguese Healthy Family Project. Families lived in mainland Portugal, as well as in the Azores and Madeira islands. All samples comprise children and adolescents (9–20 years) and their parents (27–57 years). Recruitment procedures and phenotypes were detail...
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Full-text available
Background and aim: Overweight prevalence in children and adolescents shows great variability which is related to individual-level and environmental-level factors. The present study aimed to determine the prevalence of and factors associated with overweight in Peruvian children and adolescents living at different altitudes. Methods: 8568 subject...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Children’s physical fitness is potentially influenced by biological, behavioural and environmental factors. Aim: To investigate the importance of individual-level and school-level characteristics in explaining variation in children’s physical fitness. Subjects and methods: The sample comprised 354 Portuguese children, aged 5-10 years. P...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: Children's differences in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity levels are not at random. This study investigates the relevance of individual- and school-level characteristics in explaining these differences. Methods: In total, 307 children (154 girls) aged 5-10 years, from 19 Portuguese schools, were sampled. Height and weight were...

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