Carla Langella

Carla Langella
University of Naples Federico II | UNINA · Department of Architecture

Professor

About

38
Publications
22,196
Reads
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197
Citations
Citations since 2016
30 Research Items
178 Citations
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20162017201820192020202120220102030405060
Introduction
Architect, PhD, Associate Professor of Industrial Design at University of Campania "Luigi Vanvitelli", where she teaches Bio-innovation Design and Design for Scientific Visualization in the Master's Degree Course Design for Innovation and Industrial Design Laboratory 3 in the Three-year Degree Course of Design and Communication. Since 2006 she founded and coordinates the Hybrid Design Lab dedicated to the mutual relations between design and science.
Additional affiliations
January 2006 - November 2011
Università degli Studi della Campania "Luigi Vanvitelli
Position
  • Professor (Associate)

Publications

Publications (38)
Article
Full-text available
Repeated polygonal patterns are pervasive in natural forms and structures. These patterns provide inherent structural stability while optimizing strength-per-weight and minimizing construction costs. In echinoids (sea urchins), a visible regularity can be found in the endoskeleton, consisting of a lightweight and resistant micro-trabecular meshwork...
Article
Full-text available
In biomimetic design, functional systems, principles, and processes observed in nature are used for the development of innovative technical systems. The research on functional features is often carried out without giving importance to the generative mechanism behind them: evolution. To deeply understand and evaluate the meaning of functional morpho...
Article
Full-text available
In the field of structural engineering, lightweight and resistant shell structures can be designed by efficiently integrating and optimizing form, structure and function to achieve the capability to sustain a variety of loading conditions with a reduced use of resources. Interestingly, a limitless variety of high-performance shell structures can be...
Chapter
Full-text available
Biomimetics emerges as an effective approach to identify functional bio-inspired solutions for the development of original design applications. This approach does not necessarily result in sustainable products and processes, which are frequently made of petroleum-based materials fabricated with non-renewable and high-energy consuming technologies....
Article
Los equinoides, conocidos como erizos de mar, son invertebrados que pueblan los mares desde finales del Ordovícico. Durante su evolución, se sometieron a una radiación adaptativa relevante que condujo a una variedad de formas y estilos de vida especializados. La mayor parte del éxito evolutivo de los equinoides se debe sin duda al empleo estratégic...
Article
Este Cuaderno ofrece la oportunidad de revisar la evolución del proyecto bioinspirado a la luz del estado actual del arte, en el que se ubican las aportaciones propuestas, que constituyen los resultados de este camino evolutivo pero también una oportunidad para prefigurar los distintos caminos que conducen al futuro. En la historia de la cultura de...
Article
Full-text available
Over the last few years, design has increasingly entered the realm of health, thanks to the connection with other disciplines, such as science and medicine. Information design, due to its ability to translate complex and invisible data into visible and understandable ones, can put the interpretative filter of contemporary scientific research over...
Article
Full-text available
Organisms and their features represent a complex system of solutions that can efficiently inspire the development of original and cutting-edge design applications: the related discipline is known as biomimetics. From the smallest to the largest, every species has developed and adapted different working principles based on their relative dimensional...
Article
Este Cuaderno ofrece la oportunidad de revisar la evolución del proyecto bioinspirado a la luz del estado actual del arte, en el que se ubican las aportaciones propuestas, que constituyen los resultados de este camino evolutivo pero también una oportunidad para prefigurar los distintos caminos que conducen al futuro. En la historia de la cultura de...
Chapter
The paper aims to illustrate the ongoing research based on the development of orthopedic devices, characterized by the integration between parametric design and data visualization, for the product customization on specific morphologies and needs of users, and the return of information of the course and therapeutic advancement made readable for both...
Chapter
Over the last 50 years, the relationship between design and new materials has profoundly changed, heading in a direction that sees designers accessing, in a progressively more participatory way, the scientific processes and production methods of materials. The radical transformations induced by the culture of sustainability, along with the spread o...
Article
Since its appearance in the world of design, 3D printing has been acclaimed as a new opportunity to free design thinking from the constraints imposed by traditional production processes. Over the past decade, additive systems have been applied in a variety of cultural and production contexts, crossing the boundaries of industry and beyond the semi-...
Article
Full-text available
The endoskeleton of echinoderms (Deuterostomia: Echinodermata) is of mesodermal origin and consists of cells, organic components, as well as an inorganic mineral matrix. The echinoderm skeleton forms a complex lattice-system, which represents a model structure for naturally inspired engineering in terms of construction, mechanical behaviour, and fu...
Article
Recently, the international scientific community has consolidated a collaboration relationship with the world of social computing and video games. Traditional laboratory research is paying too much for the consequences of the physical and economic limits imposed by financial restrictions, from the lack of facilities, by the limited computational kn...
Book
Full-text available
30 autores para homenajear a Carmelo Di Bartolo, sobre Bió nica y Diseño. Ado Francisco Eduardo Sesti de Azevedo | Miguel Ángel Mila | Maria Daniela Candia Carnevali | Fabrice Vanden Broeck | Tomàs Dorta | Massimo Lumini | Jimena Alarcón Castro | Marina Nova Amilton José Vieira de Arruda | Pedro Maria Lozano Crespo | Giulio Ceppi | Silvia Pizzocar...
Book
Full-text available
Il volume si concentra sulle relazioni tra le innovazioni tecnologiche e sociali e le nuove opportunità e sfide che si raccolgono intorno al sistema della formazione. La riflessione esplora gli intrecci tra possibili scenari educativi e i contesti sociali, economici e culturali contemporanei. Scenari che si nutrono di innovazione, creatività e con-...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In the last decades, the relationship between designers and materials changed radically, bringing designers to relate to materials manipulation and production processes. At the end of the twentieth century, the growing attention to environmental issues reduced the choice of materials to those considered sustainable and risking to mortify, together...
Chapter
Based on the principles of emerging bio-smart materials, in the framework of design-driven material innovation approach and cross-disciplinary research practices, the aim of this paper is to make clear how these materials are creating new opportunities to realize answers to the complex needs of contemporary society, while defining bio-smart materia...
Article
Full-text available
A hand orthosis has been designed and produced in Do-It-Yourself (DIY) biocomposites from agrowaste to serve to relieve the symptoms of technology-related orthopaedic issues, most particularly BlackBerry thumb. The two orthoses were produced using a self-developed material, and were intended as prototypes for a larger and customized offer, being ad...
Chapter
Full-text available
This paper joins the debate on emerging materials and on the attention that design reserves for scientific innovations, interpreting them in terms of the trends and application scenarios being opened for design research. The two main trends in technical and scientific evolution – intelligence and bio – are considered in order to propose a new defin...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives This work concerned the study of auxetic materials are cellular structures with negative Poisson’s ratio, therefore bending, instead of stretching, when pulled, therefore offering support. Methods/Analysis Nature is able to develop irregular cellular structures, making them denser only when needed and sparser in other areas and this...
Article
Full-text available
Despite the large number of innovative materials developed in laboratories worldwide, their application in new mass-produced products is complicated. Design can reduce the risk that the research developed in scientific laboratories could fail to be properly exploited and triggering a beneficial cycle linking Science to Design. This paper present th...
Article
Full-text available
This work discusses the experience of using auxetic (negative Poisson's ratio) materials in different design objects, including chairs, bags, seat belts, etc., developed by the authors with their students. Auxetics have become of interest in engineering, whenever a support instead of a pronounced flexure, of a cellular, therefore lightweight materi...
Article
Full-text available
Evolution shows that photonic structures are a constituent part of many animals and flora. These elements produce structural color and are useful in predator-prey interactions between animals and in the exploitation of light for photosynthetic organisms. In particular, diatoms have evolved patterned hydrated silica external valves able to confine l...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We report the generation of subdiffractive laser light focal spots in far-field regime, by means of the so-called Optical Eigenmodes (OEi) technique applied to the focusing properties of a single valve of Arachnoidiscus genus diatom. Diatoms are ubiquitous microalgae whose external walls are able to confine light in several hot-spots. We demonstrat...
Article
Full-text available
This work introduces and describes a number of projects, which are aimed at reusing waste materials in design objects, aiming at reducing the environmental impact of their disposal, by providing to them an added value. This would also allow verifying specific opportunities for development offered by this approach to innovation and revaluation of pr...
Article
Full-text available
In recent years, bio-inspired approach to design has gained considerable interest between designers, engineers and end-users. However, there are difficulties in introducing bio-inspiration concepts in the university curriculum in that they involve multi-disciplinary work, which can only possibly be successfully delivered by a team with integrated c...
Article
This work illustrates the development of a method for bio-inspired design, based on the integration of inspiration from biology with a sound awareness of the exigencies in terms of sustainability. The objective of this method would be to facilitate the development and partition into tasks of the design process and constitute an univocal and common...

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Projects

Projects (4)
Project
Living organisms represent a complex system of morphological and structural solutions that can efficiently inspire the development of original and cutting-edge technological applications. In the history of design, the “learning from nature” approach vaunts a long tradition of natural observations and relations with biological research, both oriented to the translation of natural strategies into design projects. However, new forms of connections and possibilities are now emerging. The contemporary era is characterized by an extensive use of digital technology, in which biology, engineering and design can merge into the same computational dimension using common numerical languages. In this context, morphological and biomechanical digital research can be integrated in design projects, in which natural principles and biological findings can be converted into physical products. Thus, new opportunities, skills, methods and tools emerge in biological research as well as more technical and functional results in design, increasingly closer to constructional laws of nature. The main goal of this interdisciplinary project research is to acquire new knowledge concerning the mechanical design of organisms, as well as, to unravel useful functional strategies for biomimetic transfer applications.
Project
In biomimetic design, functional details, principles and processes are the most aspired features that can be found in nature. Research on these elements is carried out through the application of modern biological sciences without giving importance to the generative mechanism behind them: evolution. To deeply understand the meaning of specific morphologies, structures and processes, and thus improving their analogously transfer in products, it is important not only to describe, analyze and test their behavior, but also understand the need that has led to evolve these features. The study of functional characteristics and their variations across the course of evolution is the main topic of paleontological investigation. Paleontology follows the variations of organisms beginning from single functional elements to composite systems, up to modifications of the entire anatomy. This approach can considerably improve the efficiency of biomimetic transfer by analogy of function; but not only, this discipline, as well as biology, can contribute to the genesis of new shapes, textures, structures and functional models for productive and generative processes that could be useful in design improvement. Our research aims to exhibit the contribution that paleontology can offer to biomimetic processes integrating specific methodologies and knowledge in a typical bio-inspired design approach. In particular, a hybrid methodology is developed and fossil entities are presented as potential inspirations for different design solutions.
Project
My research focuses on the study of mechanical design of the echinoid endoskeleton to acquire new knowledge concerning its functional morphology, as well as, to unravel useful adaptive strategies for biomimetic transfer applications