Carla Assaf-Balut

Carla Assaf-Balut
Hospital Clínico San Carlos | HCSC · Servicio de Endocrinología Metabolismo y Nutrición

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27
Publications
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270
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Publications

Publications (27)
Article
Full-text available
The optimal maternal levels of thyroid hormones (TH) during the first trimester of gestation have not been established, nor has the ideal moment to initiate levothyroxine treatment (LT) to improve the evolution of gestation and fetal development. Cut-off points for Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) <2.5 µIU/mL and free thyroxine (FT4)>7.5 pg/mL hav...
Article
Full-text available
Objective There is sparse evidence for the impact of gene-diet interaction on gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) onset. Recent findings have shown that late first-trimester high adherence to a Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) pattern is associated with a GDM risk reduction. The aim of this study was to investigate if this effect could be modulated by...
Article
Full-text available
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is the most frequent morbidity found in pregnancy, and it increases the risk for several maternal-fetal complications. Hispanic women are considered at high risk. The St. Carlos GDM prevention study is a randomized controlled trial (RCT) conducted from 2016–2017. Normoglycemic women were randomized at 12–14 Gesta...
Article
Full-text available
The intrauterine environment may be related to the future development of chronic diseases in the offspring. The St. Carlos gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) prevention study, is a randomized controlled trial that evaluated the influence of the early (before 12th gestational week) Mediterranean diet (MedDiet) on the onset of GDM and adverse gestat...
Article
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) increases the risk of adverse events in pregnancy and jeopardizes long-term health of the mother and offspring. There is currently no consensus as to what screening strategies improve the efficiency of GDM diagnosis. Which criteria should be used? Is the one-step or two-step procedure better? There is no agreemen...
Article
Full-text available
Background The consumption of dairy products in pregnancy is widely extended. However, whether the consumption of low or high fat dairy produce is more beneficial for maternofetal health has yet to be established. Research design and methods This prospective cohort study evaluated the effect of consumption of dairy products during pregnancy on the...
Chapter
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is the most common metabolic disorder during pregnancy. Its prevalence has been rapidly increasing in the latest years. It entails short- and long-term complications for both the mother and her offspring. Maternal dietary habits have been found to be associated with GDM development. A westernized diet is associat...
Article
Full-text available
An early antenatal dietary intervention could play an important role in the prevention of metabolic diseases postpartum. The aim of this study is to evaluate whether an early, specific dietary intervention reduces women’s cardiovascular risk in the “fourth trimester”. This prospective cohort study compares 1675 women from the standard-care group (S...
Article
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) increases the risk of adverse events in pregnancy and jeopardizes long-term health of the mother and offspring. There is currently no consensus as to what screening strategies improve the efficiency of GDM diagnosis. Which criteria should be used? Is the one-step or two-step procedure better? There is no agreemen...
Article
Full-text available
We reported that a Mediterranean Diet (MedDiet), supplemented with extra-virgin olive oil (EVOO) and pistachios, reduces GDM incidence and several other adverse outcomes. In order to assess its translational effects in the real world we evaluated the effect of MedDiet from 1st gestational visit in GDM rate compared with control (CG) and interventio...
Article
Full-text available
Aims: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of a Mediterranean diet (MedDiet), enhanced with extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) and nuts, on a composite of adverse maternofoetal outcomes of women with normoglycemia during pregnancy. Methods: This was a sub-analysis of the St Carlos gestational diabetes mellitus Prevention Study. Only normog...
Article
Full-text available
A prenatal diet affects materno-foetal outcomes. This is a post hoc analysis of the St. Carlos gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) Prevention Study. It aims to evaluate the effect of a late first-trimester (>12 gestational weeks) degree of adherence to a MedDiet pattern—based on six food targets—on a composite of materno-foetal outcomes (CMFCs). Th...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives To assess whether Mediterranean Diet (MedDiet)-based medical nutrition therapy facilitates near-normoglycemia in women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDMw) and observe the effects on adverse pregnancy outcomes. Research design and methods This is a secondary analysis of the St Carlos GDM Prevention Study, conducted between January...
Article
Full-text available
Background Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) prevalence is increasing and becoming a major public health concern. Whether a Mediterranean diet can help prevent GDM in unselected pregnant women has yet to be studied. Methods We conducted a prospective, randomized controlled trial to evaluate the incidence of GDM with two different dietary models....
Data
Original study protocol. Spanish version. (PDF)
Data
Original study protocol. English version. (PDF)
Article
Full-text available
Background Obesity and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) increase the morbidity of the mother and newborn, which could increase further should they coexist. We aimed to determine the risk of adverse pregnancy and neonatal outcomes associated with excess weight (EW), and within this group identify potential differences between those with and witho...
Article
Aims: To compare rates of FPG-HbA1C-based postpartum-glucose disorder (PGD) of women with prior gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) by Carpenter-Coustan criteria (CCc) versus International Association of Diabetes and Pregnancy Study Groups criteria (IADPSGc). Methods: 1620 women with GDM were divided into CCc group (2007-March 2012, n=915), and...

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