Carla Amici

Carla Amici
University of Rome Tor Vergata | UNIROMA2 · Dipartimento di Biologia

About

80
Publications
14,020
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
2,902
Citations
Citations since 2017
4 Research Items
787 Citations
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250

Publications

Publications (80)
Article
Full-text available
Background The oncogenic activity of the high risk human papillomavirus type 16 (HPV16) is fully dependent on the E6 and E7 viral oncoproteins produced during viral infection. The oncoproteins interfere with cellular homeostasis by promoting proliferation, inhibiting apoptosis and blocking epithelial differentiation, driving the infected cells towa...
Article
Full-text available
In recent decades, recombinant antibodies against specific antigens have shown great promise for the therapy of infectious diseases and cancer. Human papillomaviruses (HPVs) are involved in the development of around 5% of all human cancers and HPV16 is the high-risk genotype with the highest prevalence worldwide, playing a dominant role in all HPV-...
Article
Full-text available
Human Papillomavirus 16-associated cancer, affecting primarily the uterine cervix but, increasingly, other body districts, including the head–neck area, will long be a public health problem, despite there being a vaccine. Since the virus oncogenic activity is fully ascribed to the viral E6 and E7 oncoproteins, one of the therapeutic approaches for...
Article
Full-text available
In Human Papillomaviruses- (HPV-) associated carcinogenesis, continuous expression of the E6 oncoprotein supports its value as a potential target for the development of diagnostics and therapeutics for HPV cancer. We previously reported that the I7 single-chain antibody fragment (scFv) specific for HPV16 E6, expressed as an intrabody by retroviral...
Article
Full-text available
Single-chain variable fragments (scFvs) expressed as “intracellular antibodies” (intrabodies) can target intracellular antigens to hamper their function efficaciously and specifically. Here we use an intrabody targeting the E6 oncoprotein of Human papillomavirus 16 (HPV16) to address the issue of a non-invasive therapy for HPV cancer patients. A sc...
Article
Indomethacin, a cyclooxygenase-1 and -2 inhibitor widely used in the clinic for its potent anti-inflammatory/analgesic properties, also possesses antiviral activity against several viral pathogens; however, the mechanism of antiviral action remains elusive. We have recently shown that indomethacin activates the double-stranded RNA(dsRNA)-dependent...
Article
Human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated tumors still represent an urgent problem of public health in spite of the efficacy of the prophylactic HPV vaccines. Specific antibodies in single-chain format expressed as intracellular antibodies (intrabodies) are valid tools to counteract the activity of target proteins. We previously showed that the M2SD in...
Article
Full-text available
Bovine lactoferrin (bLf) is a multifunctional glycoprotein that plays an important role in innate immunity against infections, including influenza. Here we have dissected bLf into its C- and N-lobes and show that inhibition of influenza virus hemagglutination and cell infection is entirely attributable to the C-lobe and that all major virus subtype...
Article
Full-text available
The NSAID (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug) indomethacin, a cyclo-oxygenase-1 and -2 inhibitor with anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties, is known to possess anticancer activity against CRC (colorectal cancer) and other malignancies in humans; however, the mechanism underlying the anticancer action remains elusive. In the present study w...
Chapter
One of the most intriguing and less known aspects of the interaction between viruses and their host is the impact of the viral infection on the heat shock response (HSR). While both a positive and a negative role of different heat shock proteins (HSP) in the control of virus replication has been hypothesized, HSP function during the virus replicati...
Article
Full-text available
Human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8) is considered the causative agent of Kaposi sarcoma, a highly vascularized neoplasm characterized by spindle-shaped cells of endothelial origin and inflammatory cell infiltration. The cell transforming ability of HHV-8 has been associated with the activation of NF-kappaB, a nuclear factor playing a pivotal role in promot...
Article
Full-text available
Herpes simplex viruses (HSVs) are able to hijack the host-cell IκB kinase (IKK)/NF-κB pathway, which regulates critical cell functions from apoptosis to inflammatory responses; however, the molecular mechanisms involved and the outcome of the signaling dysregulation on the host-virus interaction are mostly unknown. Here we show that in human kerati...
Article
Full-text available
Herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) is a potent inducer of nuclear factor-KB (NF-kappaB), a cellular transcription factor with a crucial role in promoting inflammation and controlling cell proliferation and survival. On the basis of the recent demonstration that HSV-1-induced NF-kappaB is actively recruited to KB-binding sites in the HSV-1 infected...
Article
Full-text available
Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) is a newly emerging, highly transmissible and fatal disease caused by a previously unknown coronavirus (SARS-CoV). Existing in non-identified animal reservoirs, SARS-CoV continues to represent a threat to humans because there is no effective specific antiviral therapy for coronavirus infections. Starting fro...
Article
Full-text available
Influenza A viruses continue to represent a severe threat worldwide, causing large epidemics and pandemics responsible for thousands of deaths every year. Excessive inflammation due to overabundant production of proinflammatory cytokines by airway epithelial cells is considered an important factor in disease pathogenesis. Here we report that influe...
Article
Full-text available
Methylation of N3-adenine represents a novel pharmacological strategy for the treatment of resistant tumors. However, little is known about the biochemical pathways involved in cell death induced by N3-methyladenine. In the present study, we show that MeOSO(2) (CH(2))(2)-lexitropsin (Me-Lex), a compound generating almost exclusively N3-methyladenin...
Article
Glutathione depletion by inhibition of its synthesis with buthionine sulfoximine (BSO) is a focus of the current research in antitumor therapy, BSO being used as chemosensitizer. We had previously shown that two human tumor cell lines (U937 and HepG2) survive to treatment with BSO: BSO can elicit an apoptotic response, but the apoptotic process is...
Article
Herpes simplex virus (HSV) infections have been associated with reactivation of HIV-1 replication and increases of HIV-1-load in plasma of co-infected individuals. The present authors have previously reported that in epithelial cells HSV-1 induces the IkappaB-kinase (IKK) causing persistent activation of NF-kappaB, a critical regulator of HIV-1 rep...
Article
Full-text available
Signals involved in protection against apoptosis by herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1) were investigated. Using U937 monocytoid cells as an experimental model, we have demonstrated that HSV-1 rendered these cells resistant to Fas-induced apoptosis promptly after infection. UV-inactivated virus as well as the envelope glycoprotein D (gD) of HSV-1, by it...
Article
Full-text available
Among the different definitions of viruses, 'pirates of the cell' is one of the most picturesque, but also one of the most appropriate. Viruses have been known for a long time to utilize a variety of strategies to penetrate cells and, once inside, to take over the host nucleic acid and protein synthesis machinery to build up their own components an...
Article
Cyclopentenone prostaglandins inhibit virus replication inducing a complex cellular defense response that involves heat shock protein expression, alteration of viral protein synthesis and glycosylation, and inhibition of NF-κB activation. These molecules represent an interesting model for the development of novel antiviral drugs that can affect dif...
Article
Full-text available
Herpes simplex viruses (HSV) are ubiquitous pathogens causing a variety of diseases ranging from mild illness to severe life-threatening infections. HSV utilize cellular signaling pathways and transcription factors to promote their replication. Here we report that HSV type 1 (HSV-1) induces persistent activation of transcription factor NF-kappa B,...
Article
Herpes simplex viruses (HSV) are ubiquitous pathogens causing a variety of diseases ranging from mild illness to severe life-threatening infections. HSV utilize cellular signaling pathways and transcription factors to promote their replication. Here we report that HSV type 1 (HSV-1) induces persistent activation of transcription factor NF-κB, a cri...
Article
Full-text available
9-Deoxy-Delta(9),Delta(12)-13,14-dihydro-prostaglandin D(2) (Delta(12)-PGJ(2)), a natural cyclopentenone metabolite of prostaglandin D(2), is shown to possess therapeutic efficacy against influenza A virus A/PR8/34 (H1N1) infection in vitro and in vivo. The results indicate that the antiviral activity is associated with induction of cytoprotective...
Article
Cyclopentenone prostaglandins inhibit the replication of several DNA and RNA viruses, including retroviruses. The antiviral activity has been associated with the induction of a 70-kDa heat-shock protein (HSP70), via activation of the heat-shock transcription factor (HSF) in infected cells. In the present study we investigated the effect of prostagl...
Article
Full-text available
Rotaviruses are recognized as the leading cause of severe viral gastroenteritis in young children and in immunocompromised patients. Cyclopentenone prostaglandins possess antiviral activity against several single-strand RNA viruses; therefore, the effect of prostaglandin A1 (PGA1) on SA-11 simian rotavirus infection was investigated in cultured cel...
Article
Full-text available
Increasing evidence indicates that apoptosis can be associated with several viral infections. Here we demonstrate, that infection of monocytoid cells by Herpes simplex virus 2 (HSV-2) resulted, in time- and dose-dependent induction of apoptosis as an exclusive cytopathic effect. The phenomenon was confirmed using four different techniques. Converse...
Article
Cyclopentenone prostaglandins (PGs) inhibit virus replication in several DNA and RNA virus models, in vitro and in vivo. In the present report we demonstrate that the cyclopentenone prostaglandins PGA(1) and PGJ(2) at nontoxic concentrations can dramatically suppress HIV-1 replication during acute infection in CEM-SS cells. PGs did not affect HIV-1...
Article
Full-text available
Prostaglandins of the A type (PGAs) function as signals for heat shock protein (hsp) synthesis in mammalian cells. In human K562 erythroleukemic cells, PGA1 induces the synthesis of a M(r) 70,000 hsp (hsp70) by cycloheximide-sensitive activation of heat shock transcription factor (HSF). Induction of hsp70 has been associated recently with the abili...
Article
Full-text available
Heat shock protein (HSP) synthesis is induced by hyperthermia and other types of stress in mammalian cells in vitro and in vivo. In the present report we describe that in human erythroleukemic cells, aspirin (400 microM), when administered during or immediately after a hyperthermic treatment, causes an increase in the amount of HSP70 synthesized an...
Article
Infection with HTLV-I is associated with leukemic transformation of mature CD4+ T lymphocytes. PGA1, a powerful inhibitor of tumour cell proliferation, can prevent the clonal expansion of HTLV-I-infected cells following acute infection of cord blood-derived mononuclear cells. Since the antiproliferative effect of PGA1 on HTLV-I transformed, chronic...
Article
The use of virus models to investigate the molecular events that follow the exposure of mammalian cells to prostaglandins led to the serendipitous discovery that specific arachidonic acid derivatives are potent inhibitors of virus replication. This finding was rapidly followed by the observation that treatment of virus-infected cells with the antiv...
Article
Differentiation of cells of myelomonocitic lineage influences both cellular permissivity to infection with human T-cell leukemia virus type I after cell-to-cell virus transmission and sensitivity to the antiproliferative effect of cyclopentenone prostaglandins (PG)A1 and PGJ2. Growth inhibition and control of infection were found to be associated w...
Article
Full-text available
Cyclopentenone prostaglandins are potent inhibitors of virus replication. The antiviral activity has been associated with the induction of 70-kDa heat shock protein (HSP70) synthesis. In this report, we describe that in African green monkey kidney cells infected with Sendai virus (SV) and treated with prostaglandin A1 (PGA1), SV protein synthesis w...
Article
Cyclopentenone prostaglandins PGA1 and PGJ2 can inhibit the growth of HTLV-1 infected cord blood-derived human mononuclear cells (CBMC), both after acute infection and in chronically infected, immortalized cells. When CBMC were exposed to HTLV-1 infection by coculturing with lethally irradiated, virus-donor allogeneic MT-2 cells, they underwent a p...
Article
Full-text available
We have investigated the effects of cystamine on the replication of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in human lymphocytes and macrophages, the natural targets of HIV in vivo. Treatment of chronically infected macrophages with cystamine, at a concentration (500 microM) that did not show any cytotoxic or cytostatic effects, strongly decreased (> 80...
Article
Cyclopentenone prostaglandins (PGs) induce the synthesis of heat shock proteins (HSPs) in mammalian cells. Since arachidonic acid metabolites are implicated in the control of fever, we investigated the effect of PG treatment on thermal injury in human K562 erythro-leukemia cells. Prostaglandin A1 (PGA1) was found to protect cells after severe heat...
Article
delta 12-Prostaglandin J2 (delta 12-PGJ2), a natural dehydration product of prostaglandin D2 present in human body fluids, was shown to suppress Sendai virus replication in monkey kidney cells, at doses non-toxic to uninfected cells. Dramatic inhibition of virus production could be obtained at doses of delta 12-PGJ2 which did not inhibit cellular o...
Article
Full-text available
Treatment of human K562 erythroleukemia cells with the antiproliferative prostaglandin A1 results in the elevated transcription of two heat shock genes, HSP70 and HSP90. Parallel with increased heat shock gene transcription is the activation of heat shock transcription factor. Heat shock transcription factor levels are induced within 60 min after p...
Article
Prostaglandin (PG) A and J exert anti-viral and anti-proliferative effects in a number of experimental models. In particular, multiple treatments with PGAs prevent in vitro the clonal selection of HTLV-I-infected and potentially transformed cord-blood-derived mononuclear cells. Proliferation of HTLV-I-infected leukemic T cells is refractory in most...
Article
Full-text available
The antiviral action of cyclopentenone prostaglandins (PGs) is generally associated with alterations in the synthesis and/or maturation of specific virus proteins. In particular, inhibition of Sendai virus (SV) replication in African green monkey kidney cells by PGA1 has been shown to be a cell-mediated event, due to alterations in SV protein glyco...
Article
A mannoprotein preparation (MP) from Candida albicans induced MHC-unrestricted cytotoxicity in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from healthy subjects, but not in those from glioma-bearing subjects. The two groups of subjects did not significantly differ in the number of cells bearing typical natural killer (NK) markers (both in resting and...
Article
A mannoprotein preparation (MP) from Candida albicans induced MHC-unrestricted cytotoxicity in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from healthy subjects, but not in those from glioma-bearing subjects. The two groups of subjects did not significantly differ in the number of cells bearing typical natural killer (NK) markers (both in resting and...
Article
Cell membrane gangliosides have been shown to be involved in a number of biological processes including cell adhesion, signal transduction and ligand receptor interactions. In this paper we analyzed the effects of a mixture of bovine brain gangliosides, currently in clinical use, on cell mediated immune responses in vitro. We show here that exogeno...
Article
Hyperthermia represents a promising approach to the therapy of neoplastic diseases. Application of local hyperthermia to a tumor has been suggested as a method to selectively enhance the action of chemotherapeutic agents at the tumor site (1). Moreover evidence suggests that hyperthermia by itself or in conjunction with X rays produce an increase i...
Chapter
Prostaglandins (PGs) are a class of naturally occurring cyclic 20-carbon fatty acids, synthesized by most types of eukaryotic cells from polyunsaturated fatty acid precursors. Arachidonic acid (eicosatetraenoic acid) is the major source of PGs in mammalian tissue, together with eicosatrienoic and eicosapentaenoic acids from the phospholipid pool of...
Article
Full-text available
Prostaglandins (PGs) A1 and J2 were found to potently suppress the proliferation of human K562 erythroleukemia cells and to induce the synthesis of a 74-kDa protein (p74) that was identified as a heat shock protein related to the major 70-kDa heat shock protein group. p74 synthesis was stimulated at doses of PGA1 and PGJ2 that inhibited cell replic...
Article
Full-text available
Prostaglandin A (PGA) inhibits Sendai virus replication at doses non-toxic to uninfected cells. In this report, the antiviral action of PGA was found to be associated with specific alterations of viral protein synthesis. SDS-PAGE analysis of [35S]methionine-labelled proteins showed that while the non-glycosylated viral polypeptides (P, NP and M) we...
Article
Urokinase-type plasminogen activator (u-PA) activity was found in the medium as well as in the lysates of cultured uninduced Friend leukemia (FL) cells. PA activity progressively increased during the cell differentiation induced by dimethyl sulphoxide (DMSO), 4-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzaldehyde or hypoxanthine. Both the differentiation and the enhancem...
Article
We have used binding of radioactive lectins (i.e. Concanavalin A (ConA), Wheat Germ Agglutinin (WGA) andRicinus communis agglutinin I (RCAI)) to membrane glycoproteins separated in SDS gel electrophoresis, to detect specific carbohydrate changes in plasma membrane proteins ofin vivo passaged Friend erythroleukemia cells (FLC). These cells are highl...
Article
Full-text available
Prostaglandin J2 (PGJ2) was found to suppress dramatically Sendai virus replication in African green monkey kidney cells in culture. PGJ2 was not toxic at the active dose to uninfected cells and did not significantly inhibit macromolecular synthesis, but it specifically stimulated the synthesis of a polypeptide of 74,000 mol. wt. In Sendai virus-in...
Article
A comparison was carried out between parental Friend Erythroleukemia cells (FLC, 745 A clone) and highly fibronectin (FN)-sensitive clones of FLC for their ability to adhere, spread and organize microtubular (MT) apparatus, when seeded on FN- or lectin-coated plastic substrates. While FN was able to induce the spreading only in the FN-sensitive FLC...
Article
The replication of Friend Leukemia virus (FLV) has been investigated in adhesive clones (FF) of Friend Leukemia cells which were selected via cultivation on top of human fibroblast monolayers. In these adhesive clones a shut-down of FLV production is observed under conditions of culture confluency; this finding is not due either to a reduced number...
Article
Full-text available
Among several prostaglandins (PGs) tested, PGF1 alpha was found to slightly enhance, while PGAs and PGDs were found to drastically inhibit the growth of K562 cells in culture. This effect was dose dependent. While PGD2 was cytotoxic, PGA1 treatment could totally inhibit K562 cell proliferation, without affecting cell viability. PGA1 action was reve...
Article
Friend leukemia cells (FLC) are susceptible to infection by Sendai virus, a member of the paramyxovirus group. FLC constitute a most suitable model to study virus-host cell interactions, because they grow in suspension (thus avoiding the use of trypsin), and provide an easy way of deriving single-cell clones. When FLC are infected with Sendai virus...
Article
A mouse-human hybridoma has been produced by fusing human splenocytes from a Cooley's anemia patient with the murine myeloma P3-NS1/1-Ag 4-1. The hybridoma is stable after 18 months and secretes human IgM. The antibody reacts with some H3N2 influenza A strains and detects an epitope that is part of the hemagglutinin antigen, but does not affect vir...
Article
Indirect immunofluorescent staining with anti-tubulin antibodies, SEM and TEM were applied to study microtubule (MT) assembly in clones isolated from Friend leukemia cells (FLC, 745 A strain) on the basis of their sensitivity to exogenous fibronectin (FN). Kinetics of cell spreading and elongation were studied using computerized image analysis and...
Chapter
Modalities of liver and spleen infiltrations by two Friend leukemia cell (FLC) clones have been studied in DBA/2 mice by i.v. injection. The two clones applied were: a) an original 745 A clone and b) a highly fibronectin (FN) sensitive FF 16-1 clone, derived from original FLC.
Article
Friend erythroleukemia cells (FLC), serially passaged in vitro or by intraperitoneal injection in DBA/2 mice, exhibit markedly different tumorigenicity and capacity to metastasize. We have attempted to determine whether the differences in tumorigenicity between these two lines of FLC were correlated with any biochemical changes in their cell membra...
Article
Adult Human Eye diploid Fibroblasts (HEF) had an extremely low growth potential in vitro (12 duplication cycles), that was identical in all the isolated clones. HEF cells were transformed with SV40 virus at the 10th duplication cycle, at which stage they were already approaching the crisis phase as demonstrated by the slowing down in the proliferat...
Article
Treatment of either Friend leukemia cells (FLC) or HeLa cells with concanavalin A (conA) causes a significant reduction of abrin and ricin activity. In order to elucidate the mechanism of this phenomenon, the toxin uptake and release were studied. ConA-treated cells show an increase of toxin bulk uptake, but a marked decrease of toxin entry into th...
Article
Strongly adhesive, highly flattened clones (FF clones) can be selected from Friend leukemia cells (FLC) cultivated on top of monolayers of human embryonic fibroblasts (HEF). The flattened phenotype of FF clones is stable during cell replication either in soft agar or in vivo. With the number of passages of FLC on HEF the fibronectin (FN) sensitivit...