Carl Stempel

Carl Stempel
California State University, East Bay | CSUEB

About

45
Publications
6,872
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556
Citations

Publications

Publications (45)
Preprint
Health Disparities among Burmese Diaspora: a systematic review
Article
This study examined the prevalence and social-ecological correlates of male-to-female intimate partner violence (IPV) in Afghanistan. Using data from the 2015 Afghanistan Demographic and Health Survey, which included 20,793 currently married women, we found that the past-year prevalence of physical IPV was highest (46%), followed by emotional (34%)...
Article
Full-text available
This study examined the prevalence and social-ecological correlates of male-to-female intimate partner violence (IPV) in Afghanistan. Using data from the 2015 Afghanistan Demographic and Health Survey, which included 20,793 currently married women, we found that the past-year prevalence of physical IPV was highest (46%), followed by emotional (34%)...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: The purpose of this study was to explore the social factors that contribute to the mental health challenges that Somali young adults endure. Design: In a two-phase qualitative approach carried-out in the San Diego area, in phase-I, we conducted exploratory interviews with key-informants including clinicians and local Somali leaders (n...
Presentation
Objective: To examine the distribution of and social factors associated with conspiracy beliefs about the origin of COVID-19 using pilot data from 3,080 U.S. adults taking part in the 2020 American National Election Studies (ANES) survey. Methods: Multivariate logistic regression analysis was applied to examine the predictive relationship between...
Article
Full-text available
Informed by a modified segmented assimilation theory, we use 5% Census and American Community Survey data to examine the economic integration of Afghan refugees resettled in the U.S. First-wave Afghan refugees have made significant gains in income and employment, while their poverty rates and reliance on government assistance decreased dramatically...
Preprint
Full-text available
Objective: Investigate the influence of the stressors caused by the Covid-19 pandemic on the academic performance of undergraduate students, and their ability to concentrate on schoolwork.Participants: 1,806 students attending a racially diverse 4-year university with a high rate of first generation college students.Methods: An online survey utiliz...
Preprint
This study examined the prevalence and social-ecological correlates of male-to-female intimate partner violence (IPV) in Afghanistan. Using data from the 2015 Afghanistan Demographic and Health Survey, which included 20,793 currently married women, we found that the past-year prevalence of physical IPV was highest (46%), followed by emotional (34%)...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Limited evidence exists on the prevalence and social determinants of tobacco use in Afghanistan—a fragile post-war context where the tobacco epidemic is on the rise. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence and social determinants of tobacco use in Afghan men and women. Methods: Data from the 2015 Afghanistan Demographic and Health...
Article
Full-text available
Seniors aged 65 and older are at great risk of psychological distress given their functional decline, which is known to limit participation and engagement in community life. The purpose of this study is to examine whether higher indices of social capital have a positive impact on the mental health of older, ethnic Californians. We conducted a secon...
Article
Full-text available
This study seeks to theoretically and empirically advance our understanding of sport and cultural capital in the USA by testing if social class patterns of four types of sport participation (fitness, competitive, attending elite sporting events, and participation in all three) fit Bourdieu’s theory of class cultural divisions. In addition to testin...
Preprint
Purpose: This study aimed to examine the prevalence and social determinants of tobacco use in Afghanistan to include cigarette smoking as well as the use of smokeless tobacco products such as chew and snuff. Methods: We conducted a secondary analysis of cross-sectional data from the 2015 Afghanistan addition to generating weighted prevalence esti...
Article
Full-text available
We examined characteristics of Afghan youth who intend to stay in Afghanistan, a generation of young people critical to rebuilding the country. A survey of 232 young adults residing in Kabul assessed various demographic, health and psychological factors. The majority of participants reported that they had no intent to seek asylum, and our analyses...
Article
Background: Afghanistan has witnessed a dramatic increase in HIV infections. Public health officials have responded with campaigns to educate the public about HIV prevention and transmission. We examine the association between HIV prevention and transmission knowledge and stigma towards people living with HIV (PLHIV) in Afghanistan. Methods: We co...
Article
Full-text available
Little is known about who and what Afghans turn to cope with mental distress precipitated by ongoing socio-political and economic problems. In a cross-sectional survey, the authors examined help-seeking behaviour for mental distress in 306 Afghans residing in Kabul, Afghanistan, and how their choice of what to access for help is influenced by vario...
Preprint
Full-text available
This study sketches some key aspects of Bourdieu’s theory of cultural power and links these to the analysis of adult sport participation. It then summarizes Bourdieu’s central findings on sport and social class, using this to highlight aspects of his theory neglected by sport analysts and to focus on research that addresses these gaps. I then compa...
Preprint
This fragment uses 2016 American National Election Studies data to explore the influence of a large number of attitudinal and policy positions on support for Donald Trump before and just after the 2016 election. The kitchen sink approach included more than 25 variables/scales in OLS regression explaining Trump support, gradually eliminating non-sig...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Using 1990 5% Census and American Community Survey data, we examine the economic integration of Afghan refugees to the US, focusing on employment rates and income levels. First-wave Afghan refugees (those arriving 1980–90) have made significant income and employment gains, while poverty rates and reliance on government assistance have decreased dra...
Data
Survey Dari translation. (DOC)
Data
Survey English version. (DOC)
Article
Full-text available
1) Background: Refugees and asylum-seekers from Afghanistan have been shown to be highly distressed as a result of pre-and post-resettlement traumas. However, little is known about the challenges that Afghan migrants endure while residing in Turkey, a population that has grown at unprecedented rates in recent years, and largely deemed illegal by Tu...
Article
Full-text available
Background: We examined the mental health status and severity of psychological distress symptoms among young adults residing in Kabul, Afghanistan and determined how such outcomes might be influenced by an array of risk and protective factors. Methods: A cross-sectional study design was adopted using convenience, snowball, and street-intercept r...
Article
Full-text available
This study investigates the effect of perceived discrimination on the mental health of Afghan refugees, and secondly, tests the distress moderating effects of pre-migration traumatic experiences and post-resettlement adjustment factors. In a cross-sectional design, 259 Afghans completed surveys assessing perceived discrimination and a number of oth...
Article
Full-text available
While it is well established that Afghan refugees are disproportionately affected by mental health problems, limited evidence exists concerning the psychosocial needs of their children who are transitioning to adulthood in the United States; that is, of 1st- and 2nd-generation Afghan-Americans. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of...
Article
Full-text available
There is insufficient empirical evidence on the correlates of health care utilization of irregular migrants currently living in Turkey. The aim of this study was to identify individual level determinants associated with health service and medication use. One hundred and fifty-five Afghans completed surveys assessing service utilization including en...
Preprint
Full-text available
This study investigates the effect of perceived discrimination on the mental health of Afghan refugees, and secondly, tests the distress moderating effects of pre-migration traumatic experiences and post-resettlement adjustment factors. In a cross-sectional design, 259 Afghans completed surveys assessing perceived discrimination and a number of oth...
Article
Full-text available
Recent studies have emphasized the influence of resettlement factors on the mental health of refugees resettling in developed countries. However, little research has addressed gender differences in the nature and influence of resettlement stressors and sources of resilience. We address this gap in knowledge by investigating how gender moderates and...
Preprint
Full-text available
Recent studies have emphasized the influence of resettlement factors on the mental health of refugees resettling in developed countries. However, little research has addressed gender differences in the nature and influence of resettlement stressors and sources of resilience. We address this gap in knowledge by investigating how gender moderates and...
Preprint
Full-text available
(1) Background: There is insufficient empirical evidence on the correlates of health care utilization of irregular migrants currently living in Turkey. The aim of this study was to identify individual level determinants associated with health service and medication use. (2) Methods: 155 Afghans completed surveys assessing service utilization includ...
Article
Full-text available
Background. The sociopolitical situation in Afghanistan continually pushes Afghans to seek safety and better socioeconomic prospects in neighboring and foreign countries. In this paper we examine the mental health of Afghan migrants residing in Istanbul, Turkey, an understudied population at high risk of psychopathology. Methods. We surveyed 158 Af...
Conference Paper
Analyzing data from the Afghan Community Health Survey (N=258), this study explores the influence of resettlement factors (acculturation, perceived discrimination, and social capital) on the prevalence of PTSD, mental distress, somatization, and poor self-reported health among Afghan refugees living in the San Francisco Bay Area. Acculturation meas...
Article
Full-text available
A survey of 1,010 randomly selected adults asked about media use and belief in three conspiracy theories about the attacks of September 11, 2001. “Paranoid style” and “cultural sociology” theories are outlined, and empirical support is found for both. Patterns vary somewhat by conspiracy theory, but members of less powerful groups (racial minoritie...
Article
In "Do High School Athletes Earn More Pay?" Curtis, McTeer, and White reopened an important line of inquiry about the conversion of sporting capital to economic capital. They found associations between adolescent participation sports and adult income for Canadian men and women with some college education. The present study revises and extends Curti...
Article
Data from a survey of 1,048 Americans conducted in summer 2003 are used to demonstrate the existence of a “televised masculinist sport–militaristic nationalism complex” that contributed support for the U.S. invasion of Iraq. Involvement in televised masculinist sports is robustly correlated with support for invading Iraq, the doctrine of preventive...
Article
This study extends recent tests of Bourdieu’s theory of sports as cultural capital using data from the 1998 US National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) on adult Americans’ frequency and intensity of participation in 15 sports. Most of the previous tests of Bourdieu’s theory have been limited to general measures of sport participation, and have provi...

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