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Cara Michelle le Roux

Cara Michelle le Roux
ACADI

BBiomedSc BSc(Hons) MMgt PhD MAICD

About

25
Publications
13,012
Reads
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513
Citations
Citations since 2016
0 Research Items
276 Citations
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2016201720182019202020212022010203040
Introduction
My research undertaken at the Taylor Lab, Jack Brockhoff Reconstructive Plastic Surgery Research Unit; focused mainly on neurovascular breast anatomy and associated clinical implications. I have also collaborated across multiple Orthopaedic, Plastic Surgery and Educational Projects.

Publications

Publications (25)
Article
Postoperative spinal wound dehiscence is a significant complication following the posterior midline approach. It is postulated that this approach disrupts the vasculature supplying the paraspinal muscles and overlying skin. Although the spinal vasculature has been investigated previously, the smaller arterioles have not been described in the contex...
Article
In recent times, there has been evolving interest in the fascial structure of the ear, especially in relation to otoplasty techniques. Although the fascial tissues used in these procedures are referred to as "postauricular/retroauricular fascia," the sparse anatomical studies that exist use this terminology to describe what is the adjacent thicker...
Article
Confirming the presence of arteries crossing the osteotendinous junctions (OTJs) of the rotator cuff may explain why rates of avascular necrosis (AVN) of the humeral head vary between three- and four-part proximal humeral fractures. It is hypothesized that the humeral head remains better vascularized in three-part fractures because one tuberosity w...
Article
The study of intraosseous vasculature has always been challenging due to the hard, calcified structure of bone. Techniques used to study intraosseous vasculature usually involve diaphanization with a Spalteholz technique, followed by X-ray imaging to display the radio contrast-injected blood vessels. These techniques produce results with fine detai...
Article
Full-text available
Mastectomies are one of the most common surgical procedures in women of the developed world. The gracilis myocutaneous flap is favoured by many reconstructive surgeons due to the donor site profile and speed of dissection. The distal component of the longitudinal skin paddle of the gracilis myocutaneous flap is unreliable. This study quantifies the...
Article
After Phnom Penh was liberated from the Khmer Rouge in 1979, health science education in Cambodia had to be completely rebuilt. In this article, the authors report the results of a teaching collaboration between the University of Melbourne (Australia), the International University (Cambodia), and the University of Health Sciences (Cambodia). The ma...
Article
The route of lymphatic drainage from the heel to the inguinal lymph nodes is required to be accurately evaluated for clinical needs. Seven lower limbs from four unembalmed human cadavers were studied. Under a surgical microscope, 6% hydrogen peroxide was used to detect the lymphatic vessel on the lateral side of the heel. The vessel was then inject...
Article
Breast cancer is now associated with long-term disease-free and overall survival, and in the setting of mastectomy, long term psycho-sexual health becomes an important consideration. To this end, breast reconstruction has been shown to significantly improve quality of life for mastectomy patients. With adjuvant radiotherapy often required in the se...
Article
Venous congestion leading to partial or total nipple necrosis is a relatively uncommon complication of breast reduction and mastopexy procedures but still occurs, particularly in larger reduction procedures. This is largely preventable if the surgeon has an understanding of the venous drainage to the nipple and carefully preserves it. An anatomical...
Article
Perioperative blood loss during and following breast reconstruction surgery can have substantial impact on free flap survival and patient morbidity. Transfusion rates of up to 95% have been reported following transverse rectus abdominis myocutaneous flap breast reconstruction, with blood loss described as significant in most cases. However, there h...
Article
There is an increasing clinical need for accurate evaluation of the lymphatic anatomy of the head and neck. Fourteen halves of the superficial tissues of the head and neck and six specimens of the anterior superficial neck tissue from 13 unembalmed human cadavers were studied. Six percent hydrogen peroxide was used to detect the lymphatic vessels b...
Article
Background Lymphoscintigraphy reveals inconsistencies in our knowledge of the lymphatic anatomy of the external ear.Methods Fifteen external ears from 9 unembalmed human cadavers were studied. Six percent hydrogen peroxide was used to find the lymphatic vessels using a surgical microscope. They were injected with a radio-opaque mixture, dissected,...
Article
To understand the lymphatic drainage patterns of the tongue and the soft palate with radiographs and photographs. Tissues of the tongue, the laryngopharynx, the trachea, and the esophagus from six unembalmed human cadavers were studied. Six percent hydrogen peroxide was used to find the vessels. They were injected with a radio-opaque mixture, disse...
Article
Previously little has been written about the morphology of the human lymphatic vessels since Sappey (Sappey [1874] Anatomie, Physiologie, Pathologie des Vaisseaux Lymphatiques, Paris: Adrien Delahaye) over 100 years ago. There needs to be an accurate re-evaluation of scientific observations to aid clinical management. Forty-nine combinations of tis...
Article
Zones of hypovascularity are thought to exist in several tendons of the shoulder, contributing to localized tendon weakness and subsequent rupture in clinical practice. Although these zones have been demonstrated in many frequently ruptured tendons, the existence of a similar area in the often ruptured long head of biceps (LHB) tendon is largely un...
Article
There are no reports or images of the blood supply to the lymphatic vessels. One lower limb of an unembalmed human cadaver was studied. Hydrogen peroxide (6%) was applied to find the lymphatic vessels by using a surgical microscope. The vessels were injected with a radio-opaque mixture and dissected. During the dissection, several sites of paralymp...
Article
[Extract] The anterolateral thigh flap is well established as a versatile reconstructive option for a range of soft tissue defects, with excellent results reported. However, controversy exists regarding the reliability of the vascular anatomy of the flap. Some authors describe a consistent relationship of perforators to anatomical landmarks and bet...
Article
Despite improving outcomes, venous problems in the harvest of deep inferior epigastric artery perforator (DIEP) flaps remain the more common vascular complications. However, it is apparent that the venous anatomy of the anterior abdominal wall has not been described to the same extent as the arterial anatomy. Previous anatomical studies have focuse...
Article
The anterolateral thigh flap is a popular reconstructive option, with a major advantage being its low donor-site morbidity. However, donor-site morbidity following anterolateral thigh flap harvest does occur, with postulated causes including damage to muscle, deep fascia, and the motor nerves to the vastus lateralis. No anatomical studies have yet...
Article
Radiographic contrast media have not been previously used in human lymphatic cadaver studies. As these will have further clinical applications, we sought to investigate their use in this role. Both lower legs from an unembalmed human cadaver were studied. We used hydrogen peroxide to identify the lymphatics of the dorsum of the foot, and a single l...
Article
The Hall-Findlay superomedial pedicle technique is widely used for breast reduction, and, despite low complication rates, nipple-areola complex (NAC) necrosis and denervation are still the two most common complications, particularly when resection volumes exceed 600g. An understanding of the anatomy of the neurovascular pedicle of the NAC is paramo...
Article
The previously described "perfusion zones" of the abdominal wall vasculature are based on filling of the deep inferior epigastric artery (DIEA) and all its branches simultaneously. With the advent of the DIEA perforator flap, only a single or several perforators are included in supply to the flap. As such, a new model for abdominal wall perfusion h...

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