Candace Lapan

Candace Lapan
Wingate University · Department of Psychology

PhD

About

9
Publications
1,721
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Citations
Introduction
Candace's research program focuses on the role of emotional experiences in social and cognitive functioning between early and middle childhood. Her primary aim is to understand the effects of social comparison on children’s self-perceptions and affective experiences. Her interests extend to the development of emotion more broadly, including how emotion affects children’s social judgments and cognitive performance, as well as strategies for teaching children social emotional skills (e.g., how to manage strong emotions).

Publications

Publications (9)
Chapter
This chapter explores the challenges and benefits of navigating careers in conservative academia, particularly for Millennials from gender and sexual minorities, coming of age in a more inclusive era, yet beginning careers in conservative, sometimes stagnant universities and departments. Using first-hand experiences, as well as anecdotes from colle...
Article
This randomized controlled trial examined the efficacy of an elementary school service-learning program, Connect Science (CS), on classroom practices and students' science achievement, civic engagement, and social skills. Fourth grade teachers were enrolled into intervention versus control conditions resulting in 41 classrooms (20 intervention) wit...
Article
This study examined the extent to which children rely on traits to explain behavior. One hundred twenty-eight 4- to 7-year-olds were told stories about actors’ behaviors that led to positive or negative outcomes. Outcomes could be explained with reference to positive or negative traits (niceness or meanness) or transient or irrelevant situational c...
Article
The current study examined the effects of guilt on two aspects of children’s cognitive functioning: cognitive inhibition and flexibility. Three- to 5-year olds were induced into a guilt state or a neutral state and then completed the Shape School task and the Dimensional Change Card Sort. Results indicated that 3- to 4.5-year-olds in the guilt cond...
Article
The present research examined the influence of peer characteristics on children's reactions to upward social comparisons. In Experiment 1, one hundred twenty-six 5-, 8-, and 10-year-olds were told that they were outperformed by an expert or novice peer. Older children reported higher self-evaluations after comparisons with an expert rather than a n...
Article
Children base trait inferences about people on direct observations of behavior. In some situations, these inferences might conflict with information supplied by others. This study examined 3- to 6-year-olds’ willingness to change their own trait attributions about an actor after receiving a consistent or inconsistent trait label from an authority f...
Article
Previous research indicates that children hold negative beliefs about peers with foreign accents, physical disabilities, and people who are obese. The current study examined skills associated with individual differences in children's social judgements about these typically stereotyped groups. Theory of mind, memory, and cognitive inhibition were as...
Article
Children's attributions about story characters in ambiguous and unambiguous social situations were assessed. One hundred and forty-four 6-7-year-olds and 10-11-year-olds heard about actors who slighted a recipient intentionally or for an undetermined reason and then made causal attributions about the events, an emotion attribution about the recipie...

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Projects

Projects (3)
Project
The goal of this project is to investigate the development of schadenfreude (i.e., the experience of pleasure at others' misfortune). Multiple studies are underway to examine which social contexts (e.g., competition) are most likely to elicit experiences of schadenfreude across early and middle childhood.   
Project
This study examines the effects of group comparisons on children's self-evaluations. In particular, the study assesses whether comparisons large representative groups ​or small unrepresentative groups have greater impact on children's self evaluations. 
Project
The goal of this study is to examine how self-efficacious beliefs moderate the effects of social comparative feedback on self-evaluations.