Calvin T Sung

Calvin T Sung
University of California, Irvine | UCI · Department of Dermatology

Doctor of Medicine

About

50
Publications
14,318
Reads
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1,392
Citations
Citations since 2017
39 Research Items
1220 Citations
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250

Publications

Publications (50)
Article
Background: Therapies for plantar warts remain subjective and unclear, which has led to continual pursuit of an optimal treatment. As a consequence, many intralesional therapies have emerged over the last decade. This warrants a systematic review from a clinical lens which provides updates on intralesional treatment options for plantar warts from...
Article
Background: Approximately 30% to 40% of alopecia areata (AA) patients have atopic dermatitis. Studies suggest that antihistamines and dupilumab may be effective treatments; however, the potential benefit of these therapies as either adjunct or monotherapy has yet to be elucidated. Objective: To evaluate the use of antihistamines and dupilumab in...
Article
Dual photothermal and photodynamic therapy (PTT and PDT) is an attractive approach that generates a synergistic effect for inhibiting keratinocyte hyperproliferation in the treatment of psoriasis. Here, we developed phototheranostic...
Article
Coconut, castor, and argan oils are popular commercial hair oils culturally rooted in current and historical Indian and African heritages. Dermatologists treating hair and scalp conditions often face challenging patient questions of whether over-the-counter hair oils should be used. This is particularly challenging given the deeply rooted cultural...
Article
Psoriasis is an autoimmune skin disorder presenting the excessive expression of interleukin (IL)-6. The topical use of small interfering RNA (siRNA) has been increasingly discovered for treating skin diseases. A delivery system capable of protecting siRNA while facilitating both skin targeting and cellular entrance is critical for the successful me...
Article
Background: Rice bran extracts (RB) derived from Oryza sativa are part of cultural skin and hair care practices in Asia. Given the knowledge gap regarding clinical efficacy, marketplace availability, and safety, the growing popularity of nutraceuticals calls for better clinician awareness and scientific understanding of their applications and limi...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The biofilm produced by Cutibacterium acnes is a major infection threat for skin and implanted catheters. Nanoparticles provide a new approach to eradicate biofilms. The present study evaluated the capability of cationic liposomes loaded with DNase I (DNS) and proteinase K (PK) to remove preformed C. acnes biofilms. Methods: DNS and...
Article
Full-text available
While isotretinoin has been the gold-standard of therapy for severe acne since its approval in 1982, its anti-inflammatory properties makes it a potentially applicable and versatile therapy for a wide variety of dermatologic conditions yet to be explored. This systematic review comprehensively recounts the success of oral isotretinoin in non-acne c...
Article
Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is rich in cytokines and growth factors and is a novel approach for tissue regeneration. It can be used for skin rejuvenation but the large molecular size of the actives limits its topical application. In this study, low-fluence laser-facilitated PRP was delivered to evaluate its effect on absorption through the skin, inf...
Article
Introduction:Metformin is an antihyperglycemic medication most commonly used to treat Type II Diabetes Mellitus with promising off-label application for the treatment of hidradenitis suppurativa, psoriasis, acne, acanthosis nigricans, and hirsutism. Objective: To comprehensively assess evidence regarding the use of metformin for treating primary cu...
Article
Background: Injectable deoxycholic acid (DCA) may be used to remove excess submental fat and off-label for local adipose reduction. Despite DCA's widespread use, rare incidences of severe, systemic, long-term adverse events (AEs) have been reported. Objective: To evaluate the potential side effects associated with injectable DCA. Methods and ma...
Article
Introduction: Injectable deoxycholic acid (DCA; Kybella; Allergan, Irvine, CA) is currently approved only for treatment of persistent submental fat (SMF). Many cosmetic surgeons use DCA off-label to treat fat tissue in other areas of the body. There is no review summarizing the off-label uses of injectable DCA. Methods: A systematic literature sea...
Article
Atopic dermatitis is a multifactorial disease that can concomitantly occur with irritant or allergic contact dermatitis. The colloquial use of atopic dermatitis and eczema interchangeably has created confusion among patients and providers alike. Atopic skin is a complex entity that involves a defective barrier and biome, an aberrant immune response...
Article
Background: Human papillomavirus (HPV) infections are associated with common dermatologic and nondermatologic diseases. Although HPV vaccines are well established as preventive measures for genital warts and cervical neoplasia, their use as therapeutic agents deserves greater attention. Objective: To evaluate the use of HPV vaccine(s) as a treat...
Article
Allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) has been traditionally identified as TH1-mediated delayed-type hypersensitivity reactions. There is currently no Food and Drug Administration-approved systemic therapy indicated for ACD. Among patients with ACD, there is a subgroup that experience not only concomitant atopic dermatitis and ACD but also systemic all...
Article
Background: While alopecia areata (AA) has been associated with atopy, the immunological relationship is unclear, with the association of specific atopic and systemic respiratory diseases not established. The relationship between T-helper (Th)1-mediated AA and Th2-mediated atopy challenges the conventional Th1/Th2 paradigm of autoimmune disease ca...
Article
Introduction: Topical minoxidil is the first-line therapy for treating both male and female androgenetic alopecia. Currently there are no comprehensive reviews on the clinical efficacy of minoxidil on hair loss. Method: A literature search was conducted to identify clinically relevant studies regarding the efficacy of topical minoxidil for human su...
Article
Allergic contact dermatitis is a common disease within the family of delayed-type hypersensitivity reactions. In more severe cases of allergic contact dermatitis, topical steroids may prove insufficient, and systemic therapeutic agents are often used. Even when systemic therapies such as cyclosporine lead to improvement, withdrawal of these agents...
Article
Importance: The use of nutraceuticals such as collagen for skincare has been rising, but regulations are lacking on quality, absorption, and efficacy. To address this knowledge gap, clinical studies regarding the potential effects of collagen-based dietary supplements on skin are being completed. Objective: To review the literature and assess avai...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose of review: The environment for the developing children is complex as they are exposed to a variety of activities and settings where potential environmental allergens may be encountered. Recent evidence supports the clinical benefit of patch testing young children suffering from recalcitrant dermatitis. While patch testing has been recently...
Article
Psoriasis is an inflammatory autoimmune skin disorder possessing a complex etiology related to genetic and environmental triggers. Keratinocytes show a potential role for the origin of psoriasis. In this study, we estimated the efficiency of 2 anthranilate derivatives-(E)-4-(N-{2-[1-(hydroxyimino)ethyl]phenyl}sulfamoyl)phenyl pivalate (HFP031) and...
Article
Drugs are broadly defined as any chemical substance that can elicit a physiological effect on the body. Medication is a subgroup of drugs utilized by healthcare providers to diagnose, treat, or prevent diseases from occurring. Therapeutic monoclonal antibodies are immunotherapies that have gained commercial interest over the past 30 years within th...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: Most of the investigations into laser-assisted skin permeation have used the intact skin as the permeation barrier. Whether the laser is effective in improving cutaneous delivery via barrier-defective skin is still unclear. Methods: In this study, ablative (Er:YAG) and non-ablative (Er:glass) lasers were examined for the penetration of...
Article
Introduction: Psoriasis is an autoimmune skin disease characterized by red plaques with silver or white multilayered scales with a thickened acanthotic epidermis. Using mouse models of cutaneous inflammation, IL-23/Th17 was identified to have a potential key role in psoriasis. New treatments to slow this inflammatory skin disorder are urgently nee...
Article
Full-text available
The terms composite and collision tumors have been used interchangeably throughout radiological literature. Both composite and collision tumors involve two morphologically and immunohistochemically distinct neoplasms coexisting within a single organ. However, collision tumors lack the histological cellular intermingling seen in composite tumors. Co...
Article
The aim of this study was to develop PEGylated phosphatidylcholine (PC)-rich nanovesicles (phosphatiosomes) carrying ciprofloxacin (CIPX) for lung targeting to eradicate extracellular and intracellular methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Soyaethyl morphonium ethosulfate (SME) was intercalated in the nanovesicle surface with the dual...
Article
Full-text available
Pathogens usually invade hair follicles when skin infection occurs. The accumulated bacteria in follicles are difficult to eradicate. The present study aimed to assess the cutaneous and follicular delivery of chloramphenicol (Cm)-loaded liposomes and the antibacterial activity of these liposomes against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (...
Article
Fungal nonribosomal peptide synthetases (NRPSs) are megasynthetases that produce cyclic and acyclic peptides. In Aspergillus nidulans, the NRPS ivoA (AN10576) has been associated with the biosynthesis of grey-brown conidiophore pigments. Another gene, ivoB (AN0231), has been demonstrated to be an N-acetyl-6-hydroxytryptophan oxidase that putatively...
Article
A cationic amphiphile, soyaethyl morpholinium ethosulfate (SME), immobilized in liposomes or nanoemulsions, was prepared in an attempt to compare the antibacterial activity between SME intercalated in the phospholipid bilayer and oil–water interface. Before antibacterial assessment, the size of the liposomes and nanoemulsions was respectively recor...
Article
Aim: Here we evaluated the antibacterial efficacy of soyaethyl morpholinium ethosulfate (SME) micelles as an inherent bactericide against Staphylococcus aureus and methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA). Methodology: The antimicrobial activity was examined by in vitro culture model and murine model of skin infection. Cationic micelles formed by...
Article
A novel nanovesicle carrier, phosphatiosomes, was developed to enhance the targeting efficiency of phosphodiesterase 4 (PDE4) inhibitor to the lungs for treating acute lung injury (ALI) by intravenous administration. Phosphatiosomes were the basis of a niosomal system containing phosphatidylcholine (PC) and distearoylphosphatidylethanolamine polyet...
Article
Full-text available
Bacteriocins are a kind of ribosomal synthesized antimicrobial peptides produced by bacteria, which can kill or inhibit bacterial strains closely-related or non-related to produced bacteria, but will not harm the bacteria themselves by specific immunity proteins. Bacteriocins become one of the weapons against microorganisms due to the specific char...
Article
Full-text available
Delivery of diphencyprone (DPCP) and minoxidil to hair follicles and related cells is important in the treatment of alopecia. Here we report the development of "squarticles," nanoparticles formed from sebum-derived lipids such as squalene and fatty esters, for use in achieving targeted drug delivery to the follicles. Two different nanosystems, nano...
Article
Cationic surfactants are an ingredient commonly incorporated into nanoparticles for clinical practicability; however, the toxicity of cationic surfactants in nanoparticles is not fully elucidated. We aimed to evaluate the inflammatory responses of cationic nanobubbles and micelles in human neutrophils. Soyaethyl morpholinium ethosulfate (SME) and h...
Article
Multifunctional liposomes loaded with quantum dots (QDs) and anticancer drugs were prepared for simultaneous bioimaging and drug delivery. Different formulations, including cationic, PEGylated and deformable liposomes, were compared for their theranostic efficiency. We had evaluated the physicochemical characteristics of these liposomes. The develo...
Article
Full-text available
Fungal secondary metabolites (SMs) are an important source of medically valuable compounds. Genome projects have revealed that fungi have many SM biosynthetic gene clusters that are not normally expressed. To access these potentially valuable, cryptic clusters, we have developed a heterologous expression system in Aspergillus nidulans. We have deve...

Questions

Questions (8)
Question
A preliminary demonstrated that I could not find any specific diseases that nitric oxide and S-Nitrosothiols are really good predictors for. 
Diseases such as alzheimer's are so big that i doubt providing clinicians with a quantitative skin-nitric oxide/ S-Nitrosothiol level would be relevant.
Thank you!
Question
I understand this may be an unusual and maybe not even a feasible approach. In comparison to a cluster of small quantum dots, around 5nm is bound by a conic dna structure, versus a larger quantum dot of the same size comparatively to a cluster of quantum dots. I am interested in using DNA origami to cluster small quantum dots to increase the emission intensity.
I have attached a publication regarding DNA origami used to attach quantum dots.
Also I am aware that larger quantum dots will have emission spectrums of increased wavelengths.
Thank you!
Question
Hi,
I am working on confirming the possibility of using a DNA origami structure that can optimize drag force to stimulate integrins in endothelial cells. Is there anyone with any DNA origami experience that may have any suggestions?
Best regards,
Calvin
Question
Are beta-1 and beta-3 the only ones that are involved with endothelial dysfunction and can be induced by shear stress.
Question
I am currently working to design a DNA origami to bind to an antibody that could bind to a specific integrin. I was wondering if there is anyone who is familiar with it that I could discuss with.
To be more specific, I have looked at various papers that discuss how antibody binding may inhibit integrin mechanotransduction but I want to know if binding a larger complex to the antibody binding the integrin may facilitate or inhibit movement to a greater degree.
As far for significant I believe this may serve medical values such as in endothelial diseases where the integrin mechanotransduction actually resaches the nucleus which causes difference in translation. Please refer to paper:
DNA Origami: Synthesis and Self-Assembly (for DNA origami) and Regulation of Integrin Activation for integrin targeting.
This is mostly a student project and I am very appreciative if anyone could possibly help. Thank you.
Question
A quick literature search showed that only single-walled carbon nanotubes have fluorescent properties, and Strano's group works with the SWNT's with an attached repeating (AT) oligonucleotide chain to detect nitric oxide. Are there any other nanotubes that would be a suitable substitute to achieve fluorescence or possibly induce color change in the presence of other nano-materials?
Question
Specifically, I am trying to learn all of the possible ways to effectively carry out this search besides just using BLAST. Thank you!
Question
There are currently no literature or suggested areas of interest in this newly discovered virus known to affect amoeba that exceeds the size of a parasitic bacterium both physically and genomic length. This is a very broad question and hope to hear some interesting suggestions that may lead to significant studies that may lead to a better understanding of the fundamental classification and function of life.

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