C. H. Che Haron

C. H. Che Haron
Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia | ukm · Department of Mechanical and Materials Engineering

About

268
Publications
122,938
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4,103
Citations
Citations since 2017
86 Research Items
2594 Citations
20172018201920202021202220230100200300400500
20172018201920202021202220230100200300400500
20172018201920202021202220230100200300400500
20172018201920202021202220230100200300400500

Publications

Publications (268)
Article
M303 is a corrosion resistant martensitic chromium steel offering excellent toughness, corrosion, and wear resistance, characterized by improved machinability and polish ability. It is widely utilized in industries such as in mould and die making, machinery and automotive equipment, bearing housing, and tooling. Recently, this material has also bee...
Article
Full-text available
Ti6Al4V alloy is widely used in aerospace and medical applications. It is classified as a difficult to machine material due to its low thermal conductivity and high chemical reactivity. In this study, hybrid intelligent models have been developed to predict surface roughness when end milling Ti6Al4V alloy with a Physical Vapor Deposition PVD coated...
Article
Metalworking Fluids (MWFs) are extensively used to achieve a smoother machining operation, a better surface finish, and a longer tool life. Unfortunately, mineral-based metalworking fluids have negative impacts on the workers as well as the environment. This study focuses on the application of bio-MWF from treated recycled cooking oil (TRCO) in mac...
Article
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to study the cutting performance of high-speed regime end milling of AISI 4340 by investigating the tool life and wear mechanism of steel using the minimum quantity lubrication (MQL) technique to deliver the cutting fluid. Design/methodology/approach The experiments were designed using Taguchi L9 orthogonal arr...
Article
Full-text available
Cryogenic technique is the use of a cryogenic medium as a coolant in machining operations. Commonly used cryogens are liquid nitrogen (LN2) and carbon dioxide (CO2) because of their low cost and non-harmful environmental impact. In this study, the effects of machining conditions and parameters on the wear mechanism were analysed in the milling proc...
Article
This study experimentally investigates the influence of cryogenic CO2 and dry cutting conditions on the performance of multi-coated PVD tungsten carbide ball nose inserts during high-speed milling of Inconel 718. The areas of focus were the tool life, surface roughness and wear mechanisms. For the cryogenic CO2, a new cooling method approach was ap...
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The use of kenaf fiber as a reinforcement material for polymer composites is gaining popularity, especially in the production of automotive components. The main objective of this current work is to relate the effect of alkali treatment on the single fiber itself and the composite material simultaneously. The effect of temperature condition during m...
Conference Paper
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This paper presents the surface roughness of aluminium silicon alloy (AlSi) matrix composite reinforced with aluminium nitride (AlN) using three types of carbide inserts. Experiments were conducted at various cutting speeds, feed rates and depth of cut according to the Taguchi method , using a standard orthogonal array L27 Signal-to-noise(S/N) rati...
Conference Paper
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This paper presents a study on the chip formation in the milling process of Al-SiC/AlN MMC. The focus this study is the effect of the cutting parameter towards the morphology and the microstructure of the chip. Al-SiC/AlN MMC reinforced with the aluminium nitride (AlN) particle is a new-generation material that is appropriate to be used in the manu...
Conference Paper
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Metal matrix composites (MMCs) attract considerable attention as a result from its ability in providing a high strength, high modulus, high toughness, high impact properties, improving wear resistance and providing good corrosion resistance compared to unreinforced alloy. Aluminium Silicon (Al/Si) alloy MMC has been widely used in various indus...
Article
This paper presents the experimental investigations to identify the effect of different machining parameters on the microstructure and microhardness alterations beneath the machined surface of Inconel 718. The high-speed milling experiments were conducted using PVD multi-coated ball nose carbide inserts, under cryogenic CO2 condition at controlled...
Article
Autonomous manufacturing allows the system to distinguish between a mild, normal and total failure in tool condition. K-means clustering has become the most applied algorithm in discovering classes in an unsupervised scenario. Nevertheless, the algorithm is sensitive to the initial centroids giving various solution every time the system updating. R...
Conference Paper
Progressive development of natural materials for automotive interior parts has attracted the industry attention and given rise to a need for effective simulation of designs and concepts to help achieve an efficient manufacturing product. For this purpose, numerical simulation of the preliminary forming process was conducted using the geometry model...
Chapter
Recent studies have reported the advantages of cryogenic machining in producing superior surface roughness (Ra) when applied in metal cutting. This study shows the application of Box-Behnken Response Surface Methodology (RSM) to analyze the effect of milling parameters; cutting speed, feed rate, axial depth of cut (DOC) and radial DOC on the Ra of...
Article
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Hardened layers are commonly required for automotive components after their production using a machining process in order to enhance the service life of these components. This study investigates the possibility of producing a nanostructured machined surface which can increase the hardness of the machined surface by varying the machining parameters...
Article
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The incorporation of kenaf fiber fillers into a polymer matrix has been pronounced in the past few decades. In this study, the effect of multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) with a short kenaf fiber (20 mesh) with polypropylene (PP) added was investigated. The melt blending process was performed using an internal mixer to produce polymer composite...
Article
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In this work, AISI 4340 alloy was machined using PVD tungsten multilayer TiAlN/AlCrN coated carbide inserts under two different cutting environments: cryogenic cooling using liquid nitrogen (LN) and dry cutting condition. The experiments were performed at varying cutting parameters of cutting speed: 200–300 m/min, feed rate: 0.15–0.30 mm/tooth, axi...
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Automotive parts, including dashboards and trunk covers, are now fabricated through a compression-molding process in order to produce lightweight products and optimize fuel consumption. However, their mechanical strength is not compromised to avoid safety issues. Therefore, this study investigates kenaf-fiber-reinforced polypropylene composites usi...
Article
The automotive industry is looking to adopt environmentally-friendly machining processes for automotive components. This study intends to investigate the machining parameters affecting the machinability of hypereutectic Al-Si alloys in the context of surface roughness and tool life via a DLC coated face milling cutter inserted under dry cutting con...
Article
Achieving sustainable machining is in demand nowadays and it is in line with the rise of global eco-awareness and rigorous regulations by the authorities to prevent from further damaging the environment and its constituents. One of the sustainable solutions extensively explored over the years is machining with minimum quantity lubrication system. N...
Article
Recent trends in metal cutting shows the increasing of demand at the global stage for the application of eco-friendly machining approaches in order to eliminate the adverse effects of conventional cutting fluids. Thus, this experimental work was conducted to evaluate the performance of sustainable cooling techniques of cryogenic carbon dioxide (CO2...
Article
For the first time, an innovative combed technique was used for the successful preparation of untreated kenaf fibre. Subsequent to investigations, the combed strategy, provided a smooth kenaf surface with a tensile strength of 692 MPa. Although, while the water absorption was recorded as an excellent 8%, the 92° contact angle, indicated exceptional...
Article
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To date, the mechanical performance of kenaf composites is still unsatisfied in term of its mechanical performance. Therefore, research focuses on kenaf composites fabrication through the selection of polymer resin, including epoxy, polypropylene, and polylactic acid. The incorporated kenaf fibre at 10 wt % to 40 wt % loadings was conducted using i...
Article
Purpose The purpose of this study is to investigate wear mechanisms of a multi-layered TiAlN/AlCrN-coated carbide tool during the milling of AISI 4340 steel under cryogenic machining. Design/methodology/approach The wear progression was measured using a toolmaker microscope and an optical microscope. Later, a field emission scanning electron micro...
Article
Full-text available
This study presents the tool life optimization of carbide coated ball nose milling inserts using high-speed milling Inconel 718 under cryogenic CO2 environment. A total of 29 experiments were conducted based on Box-Behnken Response Surface Methodology using the 4 factors; cutting speed (Vc: 120-140 m/min), feed rate (Fz: 0.15-0.25 mm/tooth), axial...
Article
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Machining significantly influences surface integrity, metallurgical structure, grain size and thereby the mechanical, chemical and physical properties of the component. The presented investigation concentrates on grain refinement in turning of AISI 4340 alloy steel in dry and cryogenic turning. With cutting temperatures below 950 °C, the resulted s...
Article
Purpose The purpose of this study is to present the tool life optimization of carbide-coated ball nose milling inserts when high-speed milling of Inconel 718 under cryogenic CO 2 condition. The main aims are to analyze the influence level of each cutting parameter on the tool life and to identify the optimum parameters that can lengthen the tool li...
Article
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This present paper deals with the chip segmentation in ball nose end milling process of Inconel 718 for turbine blades. It deals with characterizing the chip morphologies and microstructure investigations under minimum quantity lubrication (MQL) condition. In this study, the effects of cutting speed (Vc), radial depth of cut (WoC), and axial depth...
Article
Full-text available
In order to identify the influence of different cutting parameters on cutting force under cryogenic cooling assistance, this paper presents an experimental investigation on the influence by high-speed milling Inconel 718 using carbide coated ball nose milling inserts. For Design of Experiment (DOE), Box-Behnken Response Surface Methodology (RSM) wi...
Article
This paper details an investigation into the performance of PVD tungsten carbide coated ball nose milling inserts when conducting high-speed cutting of Inconel 718 under eco-friendly machining methods of cryogenic carbon dioxide (CO2) and dry cutting conditions. The experiments were performed at varying cutting parameters of; cutting speed: 120–140...
Article
Dimples is an important structure in the context of surface texturing due to its role in improving the heat transfer while minimizing wear and friction on sliding mechanical components. In this study, various sizes and shapes of dimple structures were fabricated on a cylindrical surface of a hyper eutectic aluminum silicon alloy (A390) using the tu...
Article
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This paper presents a new statistical-based method of cutting tool wear progression in a milling process called Z-rotation method in association with tool wear progression. The method is a kurtosis-based that calculates the signal element variance from its mean as a measurement index. The measurement index can be implicated to determine the severit...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents a new statistical-based method of cutting tool wear progression in a milling process called Z-rotation method in association with tool wear progression. The method is a kurtosis-based that calculates the signal element variance from its mean as a measurement index. The measurement index can be implicated to determine the severit...
Article
Full-text available
Titanium carbonitride (TiCN) is a popular hard coating for carbide cutting tools in various applications. The properties of TiCN are within its composition and can be controlled by maintaining the C–N ratio within the coating to a certain level. This paper studied the influence of carbon content and coating composition within TiCxN1−x coatings with...
Article
Titanium carbonitride (TiCN) is a popular hard coating for carbide cutting tools in various applications. The properties of TiCN are within its composition and can be controlled by maintaining the C-N ratio within the coating to a certain level. This paper studied the influence of carbon content and coating composition within TiC x N 1−x coatings w...
Article
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Natural fiber composites offer significant benefits as alternative material composites in terms of renewable materials. Therefore, natural fibers are commonly used in automotive industries primarily as interior and exterior parts. The manufacturing process of the automotive parts is essential to minimize the defects such as residual stress with bet...
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Metal injection moulding has been recognised as a useful technique to produce the parts with high complexity. In this study, an experimental run was carried out to identify the influence of injections parameters on the green defects. The parameters investigated are injection temperature, injection pressure and mould temperature. Experimental tests...
Article
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Nowadays the quality of machined surface has become the main problem due to the demand rate of life span, performance, and reliability of a machined product. The study of the component’s surface integrity is an important aspect of avoiding failure. The purpose of this research is to investigate the effect of milling parameters on cutting temperatur...
Article
Aluminum alloy is a lightweight material with high strength-to-weight ratio, low thermal expansion, excellent castability and is applied for heavy wear applications. Recent trends in machining research aimed for improving process and product performance by understand the effect of different cooling/lubrication techniques on machining execution. The...
Article
Polymer as well as polymer composites are inclined to premature due to effect on mechanical and physical properties during service time. In this paper, the effect of thermal cycling (−30 to 80 °C) on the physical and tensile properties of Polypropylene (PP), Kenaf/PP, Kenaf/PP/CNTs and Kenaf/CNTs/MAPP/PP hybrid composites for the injection moulded...
Article
Full-text available
Magnesium alloy is one of the lightest materials with a high strength to weight ratio and excellent machinability, which makes it attractive and suitable for various industrial applications such as automotive and aerospace components. For these particular industrial components, the end products require a mirror-like finish. This article details a s...
Article
Rounded cutting-edge radius is commonly applied to finish and semi-finish cutting, precision machining and micro-machining. The optimum effect is closely related to the work and tool material as well as machining parameters. However, for numerous cutting process, the optimal radius of rounded cutting-edge radius and machining parameters applied in...
Article
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In metal cutting, one of the important elements which must seriously consider is cutting tools. Carbide cutting tool is widely used in machining process for various metal types. This paper presents the performance of cutting tools in turning Ti-6AL-4V ELI using the CVD coated carbide tool under flooded conditions. Experimental design of this study...
Article
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Composite materials have increasingly become crucial in manufacturing engineering products and producing commodity materials in the major industries including; automotive, aerospace, marine, construction, agriculture and health science. However, several improvements regarding the strength, dimensional stability and the cost of production are requir...
Article
Development of sustainable and renewable materials from natural resources, especially plant fibre, has drawn considerable attention instead of synthetic fibre due to environmental concerns. Thermoset reinforced natural filler composites still challenges in term of dispersion, distribution and interfacial bonding with polymer matrix. The aim of this...
Article
Full-text available
Kenaf fibre is a fibre-based plant in the natural fibre group that is becoming more widely used. Kenaf fibre was mixed with polymer (epoxy) materials to develop a new material with good mechanical properties with low manufacturing costs. The workpiece is divided into two types which is the unidirectional kenaf fibre and the woven kenaf fibre. The e...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this research study, it presents the influences of drilling parameters on the delamination factor during the drilling of woven kenaf fiber reinforced epoxy composite laminates when using the carbide drill bits. The purpose of this study is to investigate the influence of drilling parameters such as cutting speed, feed rate and drill sizes on the...
Article
Full-text available
The surface roughness (Ra) and delamination factor (Fd) of a milled kenaf reinforced plastic composite materials are depending on the milling parameters (spindle speed, feed rate and depth of cut). Therefore, a study was carried out to investigate the relationship between the milling parameters and their effects on a kenaf reinforced plastic compos...
Article
Notch wear and flaking are common tool damage found during end milling. The problems are caused by abrasive wear and excessive cyclic load exerted on cutting tool. This study presents an experimental investigation on the effect of various cutting parameters in high-speed machining of aged Inconel 718 on the tangential force. The effect of cutting s...
Article
Full-text available
The newly developed multi-sensor system for a milling process sensor system is capable of simultaneously measuring six channels of machining signals using a rotating tool incorporating a wireless system. Furthermore, the system can be used to measure the spindle torque, Tq; tool vibration in the z-axis, Az; tool tip temperature, Tm and the three co...
Article
This paper investigates the influence of cutting parameters on different responses variables and the performance of PVD coated carbide cutting tool when turning Inconel 718 under cryogenic condition. The factors and range of parameters investigated are; cutting speed (90-150 m/min), feed rate (0.05-0.2mm/rev) and depth of cut (0.25-0.75mm). The exp...
Article
Full-text available
In this research study, it presents a comprehensive mathematical model for correlating the influences of drilling parameters on the delamination factor during the drilling of woven kenaf fiber reinforced epoxy composite laminates using the Box Behnken experimental design. The purpose of this study is to investigate the influence of drilling paramet...
Article
Full-text available
Sustainable machining by using cryogenic coolant as the cutting fluid has been proven to enhance some machining outputs. The main objective of the current work was to investigate the influence of machining conditions; dry and cryogenic, as well as the cutting tool wear on the machined surface roughness of AISI 4340 steel. The experimental tests wer...
Article
A surface texture, such as a dimple structure, can be produced through various processes like electrochemistry, electrolysis, laser and machining processes. This paper presents the fabrication of a dimple structure on an aluminium alloy 6061-T6 metallic surface using a machining process comprised of turning and milling. This fabrication was enabled...
Article
This paper investigates the effect of cryogenic cooling on surface integrity of Inconel 718 in milling operations. The cutting process was conducted using carbide coated ball nose milling inserts and liquid nitrogen as the coolant. A full factorial with three factors two levels each was adopted to run the experiments. Results revealed that the surf...
Article
Cryogenic machining is the use of a cryogen medium, an alternative to conventional flood cooling used in material cutting operations. The use of cryogenic machining could improve the functional performance of machined parts, through engineered surface integrity. The state of the art of cryogenic machining, benefits, and applications have been revie...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Metal Matrix composite (MMC) are widely used in various industrial sectors such as transportation, domestic equipment, aerospace, military, construction, etc. The purpose of this experiment was to demonstrate the surface roughness by drilling the aluminum silicon alloy (Al-Si) matrix composite reinforcement with 10% of aluminum nitride (AIN...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents the effects of cutting parameters and the corresponding prediction model on the surface roughness in the machining of AlSi/AlN metal matrix composite (MMC). This new composite material was fabricated by reinforcing smaller sizes of AlN particles at volume fractions of 10%, 15% and 20% with AlSi alloy. The machining experiments i...
Article
Full-text available
Processing conditions are one of the factors that significantly influences the properties and characteristics of the polymer matrix composites products. Therefore, the suitable processing parameters must be selected in order to yield the optimum properties of the composite products. In this work, Box-Behnken Design (BBD) was selected as experimenta...
Article
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FEM simulation is known for its ability to simulate various cutting conditions in machining process and hence significantly reduce the number experimental trial to achieve the actual optimum cutting condition. This paper presents the capability of dynamic and non-dynamic cutting tool options that are available in the Third Wave AdvantEdge FEM softw...
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This study involves conducting finite element (FE) analysis on face milling of Inconel 718 and investigating the effect of cutting parameters to resultant force and tool temperature. The cutting parameters considered include cutting speed in the range of 20 to 40 m/min, feed rate in the range of 0.10 to 0.20 mm/tooth and depth of cut in the range o...
Article
This paper presents the tribology issue regarding the chip formation in machining medium carbon steel (S45C) using a coated and uncoated carbide tools. The machining parameters under investigation were cutting speed, feed rate, and depth of cut under dry and cryogenic cutting condition using coated and uncoated carbide tools. The chip shape was lar...