Bryant M Stone

Bryant M Stone
Medical University of South Carolina | MUSC · Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences

M.A.
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About

46
Publications
4,745
Reads
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51
Citations
Introduction
Bryant M. Stone is a pre-doctoral intern at the Medical University of South Carolina. His research program involves intervention development, cognitive mechanisms in treatment, substance use disorders, and psychological assessment. You can contact him at Bryant.Stone@siu.edu.
Additional affiliations
May 2021 - July 2022
Southern Illinois University Carbondale
Position
  • Clinical Psychology Doctoral Candidate
Description
  • Doctoral Defense Date: April 2022
August 2017 - July 2022
Southern Illinois University Carbondale
Position
  • Master's Student
Description
  • Thesis Defense Date: April 2020
August 2013 - May 2017
John Carroll University
Position
  • Student / Student Worker
Education
May 2020 - July 2023
Southern Illinois University Carbondale
Field of study
  • Clinical Psychology
August 2017 - May 2020
Southern Illinois University Carbondale
Field of study
  • Clinical Psychology
August 2013 - May 2017
John Carroll University
Field of study
  • Psychology; Statistics

Publications

Publications (46)
Article
Full-text available
There is no doubt that the prevalence of substance use disorders is a public health crisis, with estimates in the US suggesting that over 20 million people meet the criteria for a substance use disorder and involve a wide range of individuals, including veterans, physicians, athletes, adolescents, and individuals with mental and physical health con...
Article
Since Stern first started his work in 1938, the field has recognized several empirically supported models of the etiology of borderline personality disorder (BPD). Two such models are the Tripartite Model of the Development of BPD and the Biosocial De- velopment Model of BPD. The Tripartite Model of the Development of BPD suggests that it is a comb...
Article
Full-text available
Researchers have largely treated the Hypersensitive Narcissism Scale (HSNS) as a unidimensional measure of covert narcissism. In the current study, we use confirmatory factor analysies (CFA) to argue that a model containing two factors fits the data better than a single-factor model. The two-factor model contains a self-centeredness and a rejection...
Article
Full-text available
Background: A growing number of studies have assessed the effects of acute nicotine on affect, cognition, and brain activity in never-established smokers in attempts to identify mechanisms by which nicotine promotes progression to dependence. However, these acute administration studies have not adequately addressed the problem of potential adverse...
Article
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic has undoubtedly negatively affected individuals’ quality of life through multiple means such as social isolation, exacerbated mental health conditions, and financial instability. Multiple studies have demonstrated that one of the negative correlates of quality of life is the perceived danger of COVID-19 (i.e., fear of and anxi...
Article
Full-text available
Researcher degrees of freedom can affect the results of hypothesis tests and consequently, the conclusions drawn from the data. Previous research has documented variability in accuracy, speed, and documentation of output across various statistical software packages. In the current investigation, we conducted Pearson’s chi-square test of independenc...
Article
Full-text available
As mindfulness has gained increasing popularity both in the mental health and medical field, it is more important than ever to examine its cultural appropriateness. However, among the criticism of cultural appropriateness, not many have examined this issue through the lens of Asian and Asian American identities and the religious oppression they suf...
Article
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The BFI-44 and BFI-10 are widely used, open-source measures of the Big Five Model of personality. Exploratory factor analyses and exploratory structural equation modeling produce models with non-negligible cross-loadings, creating unclear factor structures and confounded validity evidence. Further, no studies have independently confirmed the struct...
Preprint
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic has caused profound and enduring effects on our lives across domains (e.g., social activities, mental health, and school), yet no multidimensional scale to date exists to measure these effects across various life domains. In the current study, I develop and validate the COVID-19 Impact Domain Scale (CIDS), which is a multidime...
Article
Full-text available
Researchers developed the Original Grit Scale (Grit-O), the Short Grit Scale (Grit-S), and the Grit-5 to investigate the role of grit in explaining educational and vocational outcomes. The present study examined the structure and psychometric characteristics of these three measures using data from residents of the United States (n = 1,915) who comp...
Article
Full-text available
Although Positive Psychological Interventions (PPIs) and Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) appear to have functional and theoretical differences, recent developments suggest that these orientations may be integrated in practice for a more potent therapeutic effect. In the current paper, we delineate combinations of intervention domains from e...
Presentation
Full-text available
Strength-based interventions may promote well-being and reported happiness (Cherif et al., 2020) and help foster resilience, self-esteem, and a positive self-identity (Clements et al., 2021). Although there has been much research on strength-based interventions and well-being, few studies have examined how strength-based interventions impact treatm...
Presentation
Full-text available
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has a lifetime prevalence of 6.8%, and 90% of people experience at least one traumatic event during their lifetime (Wharton et al., 2019). Researchers have conceptualized PTSD as impairing experiential and cognitive avoidance (Batten &Hayes., 2005). Research suggested that ACT as an intervention may increase psy...
Presentation
Full-text available
Machiavellianism is a dark triad trait that encompasses being cynical and unempathetic. Individuals with high Machiavellianism may use antisocial strategies for self-gain, including manipulation, exploitation, and deceitfulness (Farrell & Vaillancourt, 2021). Although research has examined subtypes of other dark triad traits (e.g., Narcissism; Ston...
Presentation
Full-text available
Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) suggests that there are 12 processes that explain variations in psychological flexibility (Hayes et al., 2016). Psychological flexibility may explain attitudes towards seeking mental health services, help-seeking propensity, and indifference to stigma (Hyland et al., 2015). Understanding individual factors ma...
Chapter
Prior findings indicate that trait anhedonia enhances the likelihood of becoming a tobacco smoker, and preliminary evidence suggests that smoking abstinence leads to anhedonic states in some individuals and situations, and nicotine administration reduces anhedonic states. Nevertheless, many vital questions exist concerning relationships between anh...
Article
Full-text available
Buddhism was established by Guatama Buddha as a practice to liberate sentient beings from suffering. Mindfulness-Based interventions (MBIs) are Western psychologists’ adaptation of mindfulness/Vipassana to treat mental illnesses. In addition to mindfulness, Buddhist recovery peer-support programs also adopt the Four Noble Truths, the Noble Eightfol...
Article
Full-text available
Much research testing positive psychological interventions (PPIs) has focused primarily on emotional states, while research testing the effects of positive attention bias modification (PABM) has tended to focus primarily on attentional deployment. Evidence is sparse and inconsistent on attentional deployment (i.e., a process of emotion regulation)...
Article
Full-text available
Fit indices provide helpful information for researchers to assess the fit of their structural equation models to their data. However, like many statistics and methods, researchers can misuse fit indices, which suggest the potential for questionable research practices that might arise during the analytic and interpretative processes. In the current...
Article
Full-text available
Social anxiety and depression are common mental health diagnoses that are highly related to the use of substances. Researchers have found relationships between social anxiety and depression with alcohol and marijuana use problems. However, interrelations among population characteristics, internalizing symptoms, substance use, and substance use prob...
Presentation
Full-text available
Background: The construct of grit, perseverance and passion for long-term goals, was devised to explain differences in educational and vocational outcomes (Duckworth et al., 2007). Researchers have established several measures of grit, including the Grit-O (Duckworth et al., 2007), the Grit-S (Duckworth & Quinn, 2009), and the Grit-5 (Lechner et a...
Presentation
Full-text available
Background: Positive Psychological Interventions (PPIs) are designed to promote well-being by targeting positive variables (e.g., gratitude). These interventions range from completing gratitude letters to completing five novel acts of kindness in one day (Lyubomirsky & Layous, 2013). Researchers have argued that PPIs have cognitive mechanisms; spe...
Presentation
Full-text available
Background: Much research testing positive psychological interventions (PPIs) has focused on the outcome of emotion regulation; in contrast research testing the effects of attention bias modification (ABM) has tended to focus on the process of emotion regulation. Evidence is sparse and inconsistent concerning the processes involved in emotion regu...
Raw Data
Self-Report and Dot-Probe Data from the following paper: Much research testing positive psychological interventions (PPIs) has focused primarily on emotional states, while research testing the effects of positive attention bias modification (PABM) has tended to focus primarily on attentional deployment. Evidence is sparse and inconsistent on attent...
Raw Data
Eye Tracking Data from the following paper: Much research testing positive psychological interventions (PPIs) has focused primarily on emotional states, while research testing the effects of positive attention bias modification (PABM) has tended to focus primarily on attentional deployment. Evidence is sparse and inconsistent on attentional deploym...
Presentation
Full-text available
Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT; pronounced as the word) is an empirically supported third-wave therapeutic approach to behavior change (Hayes, Strosahl, & Wilson, 1999). The Multidimensional Psychological Flexibility Inventory (MPFI; Rolffs, Rogge, & Wilson, 2016) is a novel and effective tool for clinicians and researchers that use and stu...
Poster
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The ACT model is designed around a set of six skills that make up the hexaflex, or the hexagon of psychological flexibility (Hayes, Luoma, Bond, Masuda, & Lillis, 2006). The theoretical underpinnings of ACT suggest that the six skills load onto a single factor of psychological flexibility (Rolffs, Rogge, & Wilson, 2018). However, Hayes and colleagu...
Raw Data
Data from A Two-Factor Structure of the Hypersensitive Narcissism Scale Describes Gender-Dependent Manifestations of Covert Narcissism: Researchers have largely treated the Hypersensitive Narcissism Scale (HSNS) as a unidimensional measure of covert narcissism. In the current study, we use confirmatory factor analyses (CFA) to argue that a model c...
Poster
Full-text available
The current study builds on the theoretical underpinnings of the impaired disengagement hypothesis which suggests that people with poor attentional control are likely to perseverate on negative thoughts which contribute to increased anxiety symptoms (De Raedt & Koster, 2010; Koster, De Lissnyder, Derakshan, & De Raedt, 2011). We found that repetiti...
Article
Positive Psychological Interventions (PPIs) such as the gratitude letter appear to increase subjective well-being and decrease depression. Previous research suggests that cognitive changes may explain PPIs' positive effects on emotion regulation, thereby changing how individuals experience the world around them. Specifically, PPIs may produce atten...
Article
The Multidimensional Psychological Flexibility Inventory (MPFI) is a recently-developed measure of the Hexaflex/Inflexahex conceptualization of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy. The replicability of the factor structure has yet to be independently investigated, and the factor structure of the short form has not been investigated at all. A sample o...
Presentation
The purpose of the current presentation is to discuss the utility of a developing Acceptance and Commitment Therapy protocol by Dr. Chad Drake, on the case of an individual struggling with marked anxiety and depression. The client identified as a Black and Hispanic cis-gendered man in his early 20s who entered into therapy after leaving college due...
Preprint
The replication crisis within the social and behavioral sciences has called into question the consistency of research methodology. A lack of attention to minor details in replication studies may limit researchers’ abilities to reproduce the results. One such overlooked detail is the statistical programs used to analyze the data. In the current inve...
Article
Full-text available
After months of suffering through GRE preparation, gathering letters of recommendation, preparing your curriculum vitae, writing your individualized personal statements, and then being rejected by several institutions, your years of hard work finally pay off. You receive the news that you have been accepted! You are overcome with joy, relief, grati...
Poster
Full-text available
Previous research has demonstrated that college students that have friend groups that disapprove of marijuana use tend to have higher disapproval of marijuana use themselves (LaBrie, Hummer, Lac & Lee, 2010). This finding suggests that one’s view of marijuana use may be influenced by the view one’s friend group has of marijuana use. Perceived socia...
Poster
Full-text available
• Everyone wants their published works to be appealing to a wide audience. However, little research has empirically examined articles elements that bolster or reduce its popularity. In the current study, we examine journal article titles from high, medium, and low impact journals to identify patterns that may make an article appear more appealing t...
Poster
Full-text available
Mindfulness may direct attention to the present moment and reduce symptoms of anxiety (Brown et al., 2014). Researchers suggest that mindfulness may be conceptualized as the combination of five facet skills: observing, describing, acting with awareness, non-judgment of inner experiences, and non-reactivity to inner experiences (Baer et al., 2006)....
Poster
Full-text available
In this study, we attempted to replicate the findings of Keifer (2002) who reported that, when words in a lexical decision task followed an unrelated prime word, whether the prime word was masked or not, there was an N400 event-related potential.
Presentation
Full-text available
Correlational and longitudinal evidence suggests models of personality may be related to psychopathology (e.g., Lahey et al., 2017). Although much research has examined the relationship between the Big Five and psychopathology, little research has examined the alternative personality models, such as the HEXACO (Lee & Ashton, 2009). The ability of t...
Presentation
Full-text available
In social sciences, hypothesis testing uses an arbitrary significance level of α = .05. However, this value can easily be corrupted, leading to false negatives (i.e., Type I errors). P-hacking, or inflation bias, is a misrepresentation of true significant findings when hypothesis testing, which occurs when conducting several different analyses or d...
Poster
Full-text available
Self-identified homosexual individuals are at higher risk for behavioral health concerns, such as suicide, depression, and anxiety compared to heterosexual and cisgender individuals (Chakraborty, Mcmanus, Brugha, Bebbington, & King, 2011; Grant et al., 2014; Marshal et al., 2011). However, these mental health outcomes appear to be more closely asso...
Preprint
Full-text available
Structural equation modeling (SEM) allows researchers to analyze data in ways that are not possible under the general linear model such as simultaneously assessing multiple relationships across variables or measuring variables that researchers cannot directly observe (i.e., latent variables) such as depression or self-esteem. Many modern scales and...
Article
Full-text available
Although there are benefits to studying the faults in airplanes that cause crashes, would it not be better to study the mechanisms that allow flight? Sonja Lyubomirsky, a positive psychology pioneer, introduced this analogy at the 5th World Congress on Positive Psychology in Montreal, Canada: Consider that humans are like airplanes. Traditionally,...
Chapter
Full-text available
Positive Psychological Interventions are activities that have been demonstrated to cause a positive change in a population by increasing a positive variable (e.g., optimism). Although these activities come in a variety of forms and focus on a wide range of positive variables, researchers tend to concentrate their efforts on seven popular and well-r...
Article
Full-text available
L’objectif du présent article est de passer en revue la littérature grandissante portant sur les interventions psychologiques destinées à accroître le bonheur. On discute d’abord de la notion de bonheur et de l’importance de celui-ci pour les individus et les groupes sociaux. Ensuite, on présente une vue d’ensemble des interventions orientées vers...

Questions

Question (1)
Question
I am looking to asses the effects of age as a continuous variable on the factor structure of a scale in R. If it cannot be done in R, I would like to know what stats packages I can do it in. Thank you!

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Projects

Projects (2)
Archived project
European Journal of Applied Positive Psychology
Archived project
Buddhism in Addiction Recovery Buddhism was established by Guatama Buddha as a practice to liberate sentient beings from suffering. Mindfulness-Based interventions (MBIs) are Western psychologists’ adaptation of mindfulness/Vipassana to treat mental illnesses. In addition to mindfulness, Buddhist recovery peer-support programs also adopt the Four Noble Truths, the Noble Eightfold Path, and the Five Precepts, which are the Buddha’s prescription to cease suffering and to discipline one’s ethical conduct.