Bruno Venditto

Bruno Venditto
Italian National Research Council | CNR · Institute for Studies on the Mediterranean ISMed

PhD Sociology, MA (Econ)

About

56
Publications
21,998
Reads
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60
Citations
Introduction
Interested in the problems related to economic development particularly of the African countries. Main field of research focuses on the study of the nexus Migration - Development and gender empowerment. Over the years research activities have been alternated with the management of developmental projects in Africa within the framework of international cooperation.
Additional affiliations
December 2013 - September 2022
University of Namibia
Position
  • Researcher
Description
  • Part time lecturer
December 1997 - present
Italian National Research Council
Position
  • Researcher
July 1995 - November 2019
Italian National Research Council
Position
  • Researcher
Education
January 2014 - March 2018
University of Namibia
Field of study
  • Sociology
September 1990 - July 1991
The University of Manchester
Field of study
  • Economics
September 1989 - July 1990
The University of Manchester
Field of study
  • Development Economics

Publications

Publications (56)
Article
Full-text available
The paper aims to shed lights on the phenomenon of human mobility in contemporary Namibia, concentrating in particular on the gender relations. The family’s member/s by making the decision to move can be associated to agents that, despite the external structural constraints they are facing, and/or as a result of the interaction with them, are aimin...
Preprint
This article explores how Namibian narratives about the experience of rural migrations contribute to the process of personal growth that determines profound transformations of the self. The decision to migrate is often described as the result of a family strategy to diversify risk and overcome structural constraints. The findings of the study, on w...
Chapter
This chapter untangles some new aspect in the nexus human mobility – development using both a broader socio-economic viewpoint and a gendered perspective. The study departs from an economistic vision of development considering it as a process of structural changes that transforms and defines interaction between individuals, communities and society....
Preprint
Covid-19 infection at the end of 2019 drastically affected all forms of human mobility; social distancing and restriction to movements were implemented in most countries in order to curb the spread of the virus. Several countries closed national borders causing severe disruptions to all forms of travels; hundreds of thousands of people had to cance...
Preprint
Migrants are, in the collective imagination of the Western citizen, made up of desperate women and men fleeing from catastrophic events, attempting to invade the borders of an opulent Europe while crossing the Mediterranean Sea clandestinely. Coupling with that there is the notion that the majority of immigrants to Europe are practicing the Islamic...
Article
Full-text available
The advancements in current sources of information and technology have resulted in our ‘real lives’ becoming inundated with and entangled with new media and ‘virtual’ environments. So-cial media promotes freedom of expression, and remains a largely unregulated interactive space, despite the various monitoring mechanisms introduced by social platfor...
Preprint
Scientists agree that climate is changing rapidly and that human activities are primary cause for this rapid change. However, the intricate relationships between climate change and human mobility, depending from the economic and socio-political conditions in the respective regions of origin, are, nevertheless, not always very well-articulated. What...
Article
Full-text available
In the past, the spread of a pandemic has often overlapped and exacerbated its impact on the socio-economic conditions of the affected populations. When a significant contraction in economic activities occurred to contrast the epidemic, the result was a worsening of the gaps among social classes and an expansion of existing inequalities. Based on t...
Preprint
In the past, the spread of a pandemic has often overlapped and has exacerbated its impact on the socio-economic conditions of affected populations. When a significant contraction in economic activities occurred to combat the epidemic, the result was a worsening of the gaps between social classes and an expansion of existing inequalities. Based on t...
Research Proposal
Voter apathy has characterised Namibian elections from independence until the 2014 election considering that the election attendance dropped from 97 percent in 1989 to 67 percent in 2009. Although it could be argued that this is a typical sing of a mature democracy, this is a warning indication particularly in a country where youth represent almost...
Presentation
Scientists agree that the climate is changing rapidly and that humans are a primary cause for this rapid change, the connections between climate change and human mobility are, nevertheless not always very well described, depending from the economic and socio-political conditions in the respective regions of origin. What is evident, however, is that...
Article
Past pandemic experiences in this century evidently indicate that diseases overlap with social conditions, particularly when there is a significant contraction in the economic activities, resulting in different outcomes for different populations. On average, this intersection between biological and sociological factors disproportionally hurts the m...
Article
Full-text available
The Latin maxim Errare humanum est, (sed) perseverare diabolicum is instructive in how we should deal with with Covid-19 response. It's human to make mistakes but repeating them is inexcusable like how the book of God does not condone diabolism. The last Covid-19 measures put in place are diabolic because we keep repeating the same mistakes which l...
Research
Full-text available
The note assess how and why Covid-19 third wave hit Namibia
Presentation
Full-text available
Perceptions on human mobility often lead to over simplifications of the phenomena, ending with the belief that the world is facing with an international exodus of “biblical numbers” and that Africans, in particularly, are predominantly moving towards Europe and/or the more advanced Western countries. The proposed project aims at providing new evide...
Research Proposal
2020 marked Namibia's 30th independence anniversary, women formal representation in different sectors of the society, particularly in politics, has in 3 decades transitioned, and as result the country has moved to the 12th position in the Gender Gap Global Index. Looking more specifically at the political sphere, since 2014, the government has comm...
Presentation
Full-text available
The outbreak of COVID-19 and the end of 2019, has brought about panic and disruptions in the functioning of different sectors worldwide, education among them Due to the form of transmission of the virus, established to spread from person to person in close proximity, most governments around the world have initially temporarily closed educational i...
Cover Page
Full-text available
Interview on online teaching
Chapter
The outbreak of COVID-19 has brought about panic and disruptions in the functioning of different sectors worldwide. COVID-19 was established to spread from person to person in close proximity. Consequently, most governments around the world have temporarily closed educational institutions in an attempt to contain the spread of the pandemic. These n...
Preprint
The United Nations Declaration on the Elimination of Violence against Women (United Nation, 1993, P.1) defines gender based violence (GBV) as: “... any act of violence that results in, or is likely to result in, physical, sexual or psychological harm or suffering to women, including threats of such acts, coercion or arbitrary deprivations of libert...
Article
This article explores how Namibian narratives about the experience of rural migrations contribute to the process of personal growth that determines profound transformations of the self. The decision to migrate is often described as the result of a family strategy to diversify risk and overcome structural constraints. The findings of the study, on w...
Preprint
This article introduces the new category of dismissed mining towns (DMT) into the underground built asset’s classification, and suggests tourism to rejuvenate DMT via the implementation of ecomuseum. The paper is divided into two sections, initially the concepts of industrial heritage and ecomuseum are introduced, and considered applied to the mini...
Thesis
Full-text available
The dissertation attempts to present migration from a holistic perspective where the decision to move is the result of an assessment of competing strategies open to potential migrants. This is a bid by globally marginalised populations for economic security; a deliberate decision taken by the family to improve their livelihood. Migrants are here se...
Chapter
Full-text available
This paper untangles some new aspect in the nexus human mobility – development using both a broader socio-economic viewpoint and a gendered perspective. The study departs from an economistic vision of development considering it as a process of structural changes that transforms and defines interaction between individuals, communities and society. D...
Preprint
Full-text available
This paper untangles some new aspect in the nexus human mobility – development using both a broader socio-economic viewpoint and a gendered perspective. The study departs from an economistic vision of development considering it as a process of structural changes that transforms and defines interaction between individuals, communities and society. D...
Presentation
Full-text available
How to transform the Namibian underground built assets into heritage sites and create new economic opportunities for the local communities
Article
Full-text available
he objective of this paper is to assess if environmental changes in the Mediterranean influence human mobility in the West Asia and North Africa (WANA) region. Human mobility has always been a prominent feature of this geographic area, this, combined with the impact that climate change could have on migration, may pose broader security and geopolit...
Presentation
Full-text available
Finding referred to internal gender migration in Namibia presented at the Doctoral School of Global Studies: Economy, Society and Law -Urbino, Italy
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The images of immigrants trying to climb on the barbed wires of the anti-immigration fences built on the Moroccan-Spanish borders of the enclaves of Ceuta e Melilla, as result of the closure of the Balkan passage after the EU-Turkey agreement to block the migrants flows to Europe, or the images of migrants rescued in the Mediterranean sea on overcr...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract: The objective of this paper is to assess if human mobility is influenced by environmental changes in the Mediterranean area, particularly those caused by water scarcity. Emphasis has been given to non European Mediterranean countries belonging to the region known as West Asia and North Africa (WANA). Migration from African and Asian count...
Research
Full-text available
This is a literature review on the family and household definition which is part of a study on migration in Namibia. Comments and critiques are welcome
Research
The objective of this paper is to assess, based on the existing literature evidence, if human mobility, particularly that caused by water scarcity can influence geopolitics in the Mediterranean area. Emphasis has be given to non European Mediterranean countries belonging to the region known as West Asia and North Africa (WANA); migration from Afric...
Article
Full-text available
The Mediterranean Diet (MD) derived from the Greek word " díaita " according to nutritionists is a " traditional diet " which is adapted to all people living in countries bordering the Mediterranean Sea whose ancestors moved to the " cultivated food ". In recent years the MD has received worldwide attention particularly for its health impact. As in...
Book
Full-text available
The main goal of this book is to contribute to the dissemination of scientific knowledge concerning the reason why people migrate and the development and changes occurring in the various forms of human mobility. The literature on migration is indeed very broad but yet migration studies do not have a multidisciplinary approach and are often biased b...
Chapter
Full-text available
Perceptions on Africa migration is often based on some circumstantial facts encrusted, however with over simplification ending with the creation of myths. The latest events, with thousands of refugees attempting to leave the North African shores have contributed once again to give a less then accurate description of the African migration movement....
Chapter
Full-text available
Negli ultimi due decenni, un corpus significativo della letteratura ha documentato a livello globale l’impatto, potenziale e osservato, dei cambiamenti climatici sui differenti sistemi naturali e socioeconomici. In particolare, in base agli scenari ipotizzati, il diffondersi di condi- zioni meteorologiche estreme e imprevedibili, insieme con l’aume...
Article
Full-text available
La crisi globale che stiamo attraversando non manca e non mancherà in futuro di avere ripercussioni anche sulla vita dei migranti e, più in generale, sui flussi migratori. È evidente, infatti, che l’esigenza di riscrittura delle regole, ribadita dai diversi governi, non riguarderà soltanto i mercati finanziari ma avrà un impatto anche sui regimi di...
Article
Full-text available
I movimenti migratori registrati in Europa a partire dal secon- do dopoguerra si sono rivelati, come molti dei precedenti flussi migratori, di natura strutturale e permanente, anche in periodi di diminuzione della domanda di lavoro come gli anni settanta. Il numero d’immigrati, sempre crescente nei decenni successivi, ha portato allo sviluppo di po...
Article
Full-text available
The expansion and the rooting of non European immigrants which is taking place in the more advanced European countries, mirror a world context which is marked by imbalances both in terms of growth and welfare. A correct analysis of migration, of its structural characteristics and of the new dynamics of migration flows must consider the globalisatio...
Article
Full-text available
The concept of Non-State Actors (NSAs) is relatively new within the parlance of civil society organisations (CSOs) or Non-governmental Organisations (NGOs) connotations. The term NSA emerged from the 2000 Cotonou Agreement which regulates the cooperation mechanism between the two groups of countries as it tries to expand the scope of coverage of de...
Article
Full-text available
The starting point of the present paper is the idea that to ensure a sustainable development among the Mediterranean countries both of the North and south-east shores, it is necessary to exploit the potentialities of each country and use them in terms of co-development rather then competition. The study area encompasses on the one hand the countrie...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper the practicability of a free trade area has been examined. The classical Viner’s trade creation and trade diversion effects have been considered, and although they refer to a static analysis it can be shown that they still may lead to important conclusions in terms of welfare and trade. The dynamic effects have, however, also been con...
Article
Full-text available
Namibia does not represent a case of structural adjustment, that is, a kind of economic reform in a situation of crisis with a high leverage of external actors (IMF, World Bank). Rather, the agenda for economic reform is set by the government, and addresses the problems of the high poverty and extreme inequality of a dualistic economy which emanate...
Article
Full-text available
Executive summary The aim of the Baseline Survey was to generate information on the characteristics of entrepreneurs and enterprises in the Khomas region. It is necessary to stress, that Khomas region is very different from the other regions where the survey was previously conducted since it is an urbanised region with 90% of its constituency falli...
Article
Full-text available
Malawi is one of the poorest countries in the world; this is largely due to the fact that more than 80% of the total export revenue is generated by the agricultural sector, which represents 36% of the gross domestic product; over eighty percent of the population is engaged in the agricultural production. Over 50% of the rural households cultivate l...
Article
Full-text available
South Africa has been facing the double challenge of integrating into global markets as a competitive economy and of overcoming the internal problems created and constantly reinforced by the previous regime. To realize the objective of economic growth through competitiveness on the one hand and employment generation and income distribution on the o...
Article
Full-text available
This paper investigates new ways to transfer entrepreneurial education to previously disadvantaged individuals. It analyses the case of the ASDSE project, implemented in the form of partnership between the Namibian Government, a Non Governmental Organisation (NGO) and a commercial bank. The main concept was to train the District Learner Officials a...
Chapter
Full-text available
Human development is the process of acquiring and increasing the number of persons who have skills, educatio'n, motivation and experience. These are essential elements for economic and social development in a country .Without the necessary investment in human capital, through education and training, the process of economic development will be hampe...
Article
Full-text available
The current economic crisis does and will have in future effects both on the life of the migrants and more in general on the migration flows. It is clear that the redefinition of the rules of governance will not only regard the financial markets but will also have an impact on the system of control of migration. In the past all economic crisis have...
Article
Migration movements registered in Europe since post World War II have resulted to be, as in the previous period of structural and permanent nature even in presence of diminishing demand of labor such as during the seventies. Following this period, the increase number influx of migrants has determined the development of new migration policies and co...
Article
Full-text available
The study offer a contribution to the analysis of the problems linked to the environmental migration focusing on a specific Mediterranean area, that of the Middle East and Northern Africa. After a brief analysis of the socio-economic and environmental context, used to describe the vulnerability features of the area, the studies will assess the regi...
Article
Full-text available
Il panorama dei flussi migratori internazionali ha conosciuto nell'ultimo decennio rilevanti trasformazioni. Molti dei paesi interessati dalle migrazioni sono diventati allo stesso tempo paesi di origine e di destinazione di migranti. Il permanere, e spesso l'acutizzarsi delle cause che generano i flussi 1 , ha fatto sì, inoltre, che, anche il modo...
Article
Full-text available
Introduzione Questo studio si propone di offrire un contributo all"analisi dei problemi complessi relativi alle migrazioni ambientali attraverso un approfondimento su una regione specifica del Mediterraneo, ossia l"area del Medio Oriente e del Nord Africa. Nel dettaglio, dopo una breve analisi del relativo contesto socio-economico e ambientale, fun...

Questions

Questions (7)
Question
My Ph D supervisor who is a sociologist, is asking me to consider Giddens' concept of reflexivity in analysing migration phenomenon. I don't have a sociology back ground, but from the initial reading it seems to me that it does make sense to assume that migrants do make a "reflexive assessment" of the opportunities related to migration. However, I don't think that this is a process that should apply only to middle class skilled migrants who want to change their lifestyle. In ultime analysis all migrants being these  unskilled or not, low or upper income, move because they make an assessment of their current situation and believe that they will be better off in another place
Question
In fact in most cases, and although on a different scale, the reasons why people migrate and the consequences of such movments, are the same regardless from the spatial context where the movment occur

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Projects

Projects (13)
Project
Voter apathy has characterised Namibian elections from independence until the 2014 election. Election turnout dropped from 97 percent in 1989 to 67 percent in 2009. Although it could be argued that this is a typical sign of a mature democracy, this is a warning indication particularly in a country where youth represent almost 40% of the population. Many causes can explain the Namibian youth disillusionment with electoral politics and hence the voter apathy, but the year 2014 marked a turning point since both registration and youth turnout, increased substantially, creating a momentum that has continued until the last 2020 election. In this paper we are going to investigate how the birth of the Affirmative Reposition (AR) youth movement in 2014 and the Landless People’s Movement (LPM) in 2017 have given new hope to the Namibian youths and hence credibility to the electoral process.
Project
Migrants are, in the collective imagination of the Western citizen, made up almost exclusively of desperate women and men fleeing from catastrophic events, who attempt to invade the borders of an opulent Europe, crossing the Mediterranean Sea clandestinely. Coupling with that there is the notion that the majority of immigrants to Europe are of Muslim, following principles incompatible with the Western values. As result young individual with an immigrant background, commonly defined as “second-generation immigrants”, born in Italy or arrived in the country at a young age, are often seen in the same negative light, making, in the absence of a simple pattern to obtain the citizenship, more difficult the inclusion of these young people in the Italian society. Through the narratives of young Muslim women with an African and migrant background, the paper aims at offering a snapshot on how this category often subject of multiple discrimination is perceived in Italy. The paper initially provides some theoretical background on the way social representation of cultural diversity is determined, and informs how Muslim women are mostly perceived in Italy. The empirical analysis offers the women perspective on how cultural diversity is represented in Italy. The goal is to provide a better understanding of the image of the Muslim women linked to their social, economic and cultural roots. In this perspective, therefore, the transmission of new values and ideas in the mutual exchange of cultural capital (what is known and the knowledge) between these women and local indigenous peoples can consolidate the opportunities for cooperation and exchange between different cultures and skills to achieve an inclusive and intercultural society.