Bruno Pagano

Bruno Pagano
University of Naples Federico II | UNINA · Department of Pharmacy

PhD

About

112
Publications
22,070
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2,853
Citations
Citations since 2017
51 Research Items
1716 Citations
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20172018201920202021202220230100200300
20172018201920202021202220230100200300
20172018201920202021202220230100200300
Additional affiliations
March 2008 - December 2011
Università degli Studi di Salerno
Position
  • PostDoc Position

Publications

Publications (112)
Article
Full-text available
The development of electrochemical strips, as extremely powerful diagnostic tools, has received much attention in the field of sensor analysis and, in particular, the detection of nucleic acids in complex matrixes is a hot topic in the electroanalytical area, especially when directed toward the development of emerging technologies, for the purpose...
Article
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The single-stranded RNA genome of SARS-CoV-2 contains some G-quadruplex-forming G-rich elements which are putative drug targets. Here, we performed a ligand-based pharmacophore virtual screening of FDA approved drugs to find...
Article
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G-quadruplex (G4) ligands are investigated to discover new anticancer drugs with increased cell-killing potency. These ligands can induce genome instability and activate innate immune genes at non-cytotoxic doses, opening the discovery of cytostatic immune-stimulating ligands. However, the interplay of G4 affinity/selectivity with cytotoxicity and...
Article
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G-quadruplexes (G4s) are nucleic secondary structures characterized by G-tetrads. G4 motif stabilization induces DNA damage and cancer cell death; therefore, G4-targeting small molecules are the focus of clinical investigation. DNA destabilization induced by G4 ligands might potentiate the anticancer activity of agents targeting DNA or inhibiting i...
Article
The synthesis and characterization of a small series of cyclic triimidazole derivatives functionalized with methylated pyridine or guanidine moieties is reported. These compounds were tested for their ability to bind to G‐quadruplexes from both telomeric and oncogene promoter sequences. Some of them exhibited high affinity and effective G‐quadruple...
Article
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The promoter regions of important oncogenes such as BCL2 and KRAS contain GC-rich sequences that can form distinctive noncanonical DNA structures involved in the regulation of transcription: G-quadruplexes on the G-rich strand and i-motifs on the C-rich strand. Interestingly, BCL2 and KRAS promoter i-motifs are highly dynamic in nature and exist in...
Article
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Besides the well-known double-helical conformation, DNA is capable of folding into various noncanonical arrangements, such as G-quadruplexes (G4s) and i-motifs (iMs), whose occurrence in gene promoters, replication origins, and telomeres highlights the breadth of biological processes that they might regulate. Particularly, previous studies have rep...
Article
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In the quest for selective G-quadruplex (G4)-targeting chemotypes, natural compounds have been thus far poorly explored, though representing appealing candidates due to the high structural diversity of their scaffolds. In this regard, a unique high diversity in-house library composed of ca. one thousand individual natural products was investigated....
Article
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DNA G-quadruplex (G4) structures, either within gene promoter sequences or at telomeres, have been extensively investigated as potential small-molecule therapeutic targets. However, although G4s forming at the telomeric DNA have been extensively investigated as anticancer targets, few studies focus on the telomeric repeat-containing RNA (TERRA), tr...
Article
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For many years, cyclodextrins (CDs) have been the object of attention for their capability of improving the stability, solubility and bioavailability of numerous molecules of interest, including drugs and nutraceuticals. They have low toxicity and for this reason have been employed for different routes of administration, including oral, ocular, nas...
Article
Under slightly acidic conditions, cytosine-rich DNA sequences can form non-canonical secondary structures called i-motifs, which occur as four stretches of cytosine repeats form hemi-protonated C·C+ base pairs. The growing interest in the i-motif structures as important components in functional DNA-based nanotechnology or as potential targets of an...
Article
Transcription factors (TFs) have a remarkable role in the homeostasis of the organisms and there is a growing interest in how they recognize and interact with specific DNA sequences. TFs recognize DNA using a variety of structural motifs. Among those, the ribbon-helix-helix (RHH) proteins, exemplified by the MetJ and ARC repressors, form dimers tha...
Article
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The i‐motif DNA, also known as i‐DNA, is a non‐canonical DNA secondary structure formed by cytosine‐rich sequences, consisting of two intercalated parallel‐stranded duplexes held together by hemi‐protonated cytosine‐cytosine + (C:C + ) base pairs. The growing interest for the i‐DNA structure as a target in anticancer therapy increases the need for...
Article
The i‐motif DNA, also known as i‐DNA, is a non‐canonical DNA secondary structure formed by cytosine‐rich sequences, consisting of two intercalated parallel‐stranded duplexes held together by hemi‐protonated cytosine‐cytosine + (C:C + ) base pairs. The growing interest for the i‐DNA structure as a target in anticancer therapy increases the need for...
Article
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DNA G-quadruplexes (G4s) form in relevant genomic regions and intervene in several biological processes, including the modulation of oncogenes expression, and are potential anticancer drug targets. The human KRAS proto-oncogene promoter region contains guanine-rich sequences able to fold into G4 structures. Here, by using circular dichroism and dif...
Article
To selectively target telomeric G-quadruplex (G4) DNA, monomeric and dimeric naphthalene diimides (NDIs) were investigated as binders of multimeric G4 structures able to discriminate duplex DNA. These NDIs were analysed by the affinity chromatography-based screening G4-CPG (G-quadruplex on Controlled Pore Glass), using the sequence d[AGGG(TTAGGG) 7...
Article
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Certain G-quadruplex forming guanine-rich oligonucleotides (GROs), including AS1411, are endowed with cancer-selective antiproliferative activity. They are known to bind to nucleolin protein, resulting in the inhibition of nucleolin-mediated phenomena. However, multiple nucleolin-independent biological effects of GROs have also been reported, allow...
Article
Nucleic acid aptamers are innovative and promising candidates to block the hallmark event in the prion diseases, that is the conversion of prion protein (PrP) into an abnormal form; however, they need chemical modifications for effective therapeutic activity. This communication reports on the development and biophysical characterization of a small...
Article
G-quadruplexes (G4s) are noncanonical nucleic acid structures involved in the regulation of several biological processes of many organisms. The rational design of G4-targeting molecules developed as potential anticancer and antiviral therapeutics is a complex problem intrinsically due to the structural polymorphism of these peculiar DNA structures....
Article
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Targeting G-quadruplex structures is currently viewed as a promising anticancer strategy. Searching for potent and selective G-quadruplex binders, here we describe a small series of new mono-hydrazone derivatives designed as analogues of a lead, which was proved to stabilize G-quadruplex structures and increase R loop levels in human cancer cells....
Article
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An increasingly comprehension of the folding intermediate states of DNA G-quadruplexes (G4s) is currently an important scientific challenge, especially for the human telomeric (h-tel) G4s-forming sequences, characterized by a highly polymorphic nature. Despite the G-triplex conformation was proposed as one of the possible folding intermediates for...
Article
Recognition and binding of host sialoglycans by human CD22. On resting B‐cells, the cis interaction of h‐CD22 with sialoglycans exposed on the same plasma membrane results in the formation of CD22 homo‐oligomers. Conversely, trans interactions allow the recruitment of CD22 to the B‐cell receptor complex, thereby inhibiting its signaling. In their f...
Article
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Background: DNA G-quadruplex (G4) structures represent potential anti-cancer targets. In this study, we compared the effect of two G4-targeting compounds, C066-3108 and the gold standard BRACO-19. Methods: In breast and prostate cancer cells, cytotoxicity induced by both molecules was measured by a sulforhodamine B assay. In breast cancer cells,...
Article
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G-quadruplex (G4) nucleic acid structures are involved in a number of different diseases and their drug-induced stabilization is deemed to be a promising therapeutic approach. Herein is reported a proof...
Article
The i-motif is a biologically relevant non-canonical DNA structure formed by cytosine-rich sequences. Despite the importance of the factors affecting the formation/stability of such a structure, like pH, cation type and concentration, no systematic study that simultaneously analysed their effect on the i-motif in vitro has been carried out so far....
Article
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HMGB1 is a ubiquitous non-histone protein, which biological effects depend on its expression and subcellular location. Inside the nucleus, HMGB1 is engaged in many DNA events such as DNA repair, transcription and telomere maintenance. HMGB1 has been reported to bind preferentially to bent DNA as well as to noncanonical DNA structures like 4-way jun...
Article
It is well recognized that the non-canonical DNA structures known as G-quadruplexes (G4s) have a potential anticancer significance and several compounds have been discovered and evaluated as promising G4 binders with anticancer activity. Here, starting from a promising hit with an indolo-naphthyridine scaffold, a small series of five indolo-naphthy...
Article
In the search for new drug-like selective G-quadruplex binders, a bio-inspired design focused on the use of nucleobases as synthons in a multicomponent reaction has been herein proved to be viable and successful. Hence, a new class of multi-functionalized imidazo[2,1-i]purine derivatives, easily synthesized with a convergent approach, allowed the i...
Article
CD22 (Siglec‐2) is a B‐cell surface inhibitory protein able to selectively recognize sialylated glycans, dampening autoimmune responses against self‐antigens. We here characterize the dynamic recognition of complex‐type N‐glycans by human CD22, by means of orthogonal approaches including NMR spectroscopy, computational methods and biophysical assay...
Article
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Phytosterols are known to reduce plasma cholesterol levels and thereby reduce cardiovascular risk. Studies conducted on human and animal models have demonstrated that these compounds have also anti-inflammatory effects. Recently, an experimental colitis model (dextran sulphate sodium-induced) has shown that pre-treatment with phytosterols decreases...
Article
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Ion mobility spectrometry (IMS) has become popular to characterize biomolecule folding. Numerous studies have shown that proteins that are folded in solution remain folded in the gas phase, whereas proteins that are unfolded in solution adopt more extended conformations in the gas phase. Here, we discuss how general this tenet is. We studied single...
Preprint
Ion mobility spectrometry (IMS) has become popular to characterize biomolecule folding. Numerous studies have shown that proteins that are folded in solution remain folded in the gas phase, whereas proteins that are unfolded in solution adopt more extended conformations in the gas phase. Here, we discuss how general this tenet is. We studied single...
Article
A focused library of analogs of a lead-like G-quadruplex (G4) targeting compound (4), sharing a furobenzoxazine naphthoquinone core and differing for the pendant groups on the N-atom of the oxazine ring, has been here analyzed with the aim of developing more potent and selective ligands. These molecules have been tested vs. topologically different...
Article
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This communication reports on a possible distinct role of HMGB1 protein. Biophysical studies revealed that HMGB1 binds and stabilizes the G-quadruplex of the KRAS promoter element that is responsible for...
Article
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G-quadruplex (G4) and i-motif (iM) are four-stranded non-canonical nucleic acid structural arrangements. Recent evidences suggest that these DNA structures exist in living cells and could be involved in several cancer-related processes, thus representing an attractive target for anticancer drug discovery. Efforts toward the development of G4 target...
Article
Target selectivity is one of the main challenges in the search for small molecules able to act as effective and non-toxic anticancer and/or antiviral drugs. To achieve this goal, handy, rapid and reliable High Throughput Screening methodologies are needed. We here describe a novel functionalization for the solid phase synthesis of oligonucleotides...
Article
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Targeting of G-quadruplex-forming DNA in BCL2 gene promoter to inhibit the expression of anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 protein represents an attractive opportunity in cancer treatment. So far, efforts made in the discovery of molecules able to target BCL2 G-quadruplex mainly succeeded in the identification of ligands with poor drug-like properties. Here, a...
Article
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Among reproductive-age women, polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine disorder often associated with infertility and insulin resistance. Metabolomics studies on follicular fluid (FF) have shown to provide information about changes in the physiological state of patients as well as biomarkers for oocyte quality. In this context, we per...
Article
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Harmine belongs to a group of β-carboline alkaloids endowed with antitumor properties. Harmine and its derivatives are thought to bind to DNA and interfere with topoisomerase activities. We investigated the base-dependent binding of harmine, and three of its synthetic anticancer-active derivatives to the genomic DNA from calf thymus and two synthet...
Article
A library of twenty variously decorated 1,5-disubstituted-(1H-tetrazol-5-yl)methanone oximes was prepared in one single synthetic step exploiting the combination of (Z)-chlorooximes, isocyanides and trimethylsilylazide. The formal [3+1] cycloaddition between isocyanides and nitrile N-oxides with respect to the [3+1] cycloaddition between isocyanide...
Article
G-quadruplex stabilizers are an established opportunity in anticancer chemotherapy. To circumvent the antiproliferative effects of G4 ligands, cancer cells recruit PARP enzymes at telomeres. Herein, starting from the structural similarity of a potent G4 ligand previously discovered by our group and a congeneric PARP inhibitor, a library of derivati...
Article
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Significance A thorough characterization of the binding interaction between a drug and its molecular target is fundamental to successfully lead drug design. We demonstrate that this characterization is also possible using the recently developed method of funnel-metadynamics (FM), here applied to investigate the binding of berberine to DNA G-quadrup...
Article
G-quadruplex-binding compounds are currently perceived as possible anticancer therapeutics. Here, starting from a promising lead, a small series of novel hydrazone-based compounds were synthesized and evaluated as G-quadruplex binders. The in vitro G-quadruplex-binding properties of the synthesized compounds were investigated employing both human t...
Article
Olive fruits from 19 varieties and different areas of Béjaïa province (Algeria) were used to produce monovarietal olive oils in laboratory. The olive oils were analyzed using both traditional chemical analyses and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) methodology. The investigation involved pigment content determination, tocopherol analysis, fatty acid...
Article
Full-text available
Cancer stem cells (CSCs) have been identified in several solid malignancies and are now emerging as a plausible target for drug discovery. Beside the questionable existence of CSCs specific markers, the expression of CD133 was reported to be responsible for conferring CSC aggressiveness. Here, we identified two G-rich sequences localized within the...
Article
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In the last decade, DNA duplex and G-quadruplex motifs have been investigated for their potential applications in nanotechnology. Recently, G-quadruplex-duplex hybrids, generated from the juxtaposition of these two structural elements, have been considered as DNA nanostructures for nanotechnological applications to take advantage of both duplex and...
Article
DNA-minor-groove-binding ligands are potent antineoplastic molecules. The antibiotic distamycin A is the prototype of one class of these DNA-interfering molecules that have been largely used in vitro. The affinity of distamycin A for DNA is well known, and the structural details of the complexes with some B-DNA and G-quadruplex-forming DNA sequence...
Article
There is currently significant interest in the development of G-quadruplex-interactive compounds, given the relationship between the ability to stabilize these non-canonical DNA structures and anticancer activity. In this study, a set of biophysical assays was applied to evaluate the binding of six drug-like ligands to DNA G-quadruplexes with diffe...
Article
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A chemoproteomic-driven approach was used to investigate the interaction network between human telomeric G-quadruplex DNA and nuclear proteins. We identified novel G-quadruplex binding partners, able to recognize these DNA structures at chromosome ends, suggesting a possible, and so far unknown, role of these proteins in telomere functions.
Article
The shelterin protein TRF2 has come to the limelight for its role in telomere maintenance and tumorigenesis. Herein, the application of rational design and synthesis allowed identifying the first TRF2TRFH binder able to elicit a marked DNA damage response in cancer cells. This work paves the way for the unprecedented employment of a chemical tool t...
Article
Under certain conditions, specific DNA sequences have the potential to adopt noncanonical secondary structures, such as i-motifs. Interestingly, these DNA stretches are not randomly located throughout the genome but rather frequently clustered in regulatory regions of oncogenes and in telomeres, the terminal regions of chromosomes. Recent evidences...
Article
Full-text available
Structural elucidation of a new chemical compound found in tablets seized in the Naples area (Italy) and manufactured in the Netherlands was conducted using nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, and high-resolution mass spectrometry. The compound was identified as the acetal derivative of the piperonyl methy...
Article
Full-text available
Bis-indolinone derivatives having either 2,6-disubstituted pyridine core (1a and 1b) or 1,10-disubstituted phenanthroline core (2a and 2b), already known to have antitumor activity, have been tested as potential G-quadruplex binders. Compounds 2a and 2b are able to selectively stabilize G-quadruplex over duplex DNA, and also to discriminate among d...
Article
A simple, cheap and highly reproducible affinity chromatography-based method has been developed for the screening of G-quadruplex binders. The tested compounds were flowed through a polystyrene resin functionalized with an oligonucleotide able to form, in proper conditions, a G-quadruplex structure. Upon cation-induced control of the folding/unfold...
Article
Full-text available
Tumor angiogenesis is mainly mediated by vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), a pro-angiogenic factor produced by cancer cells and active on the endothelium through the VEGF receptor 2 (VEGFR-2). Here we identify a G-rich sequence within the proximal promoter region of vegfr-2, able to form an antiparallel G-quadruplex (G4) structure. This G4...