Bruno Locatelli

Bruno Locatelli
Cirad - La recherche agronomique pour le développement | CIRAD · Département Scientifique Environnements et Sociétés (ES)

Dr

About

209
Publications
129,200
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Introduction
• Environmental scientist with CIRAD, University of Montpellier (France) & Center for International Forestry Research (Peru, Indonesia). • Interests: Resilience and transformation of social-ecological systems; Role of ecosystems and ecosystem services in climate change strategies; Trade-offs (between ecosystem services, between adaptation and mitigation); Power and equity; Spatial-temporal analyses; Social-ecological networks. • More info: http://agents.cirad.fr/index.php/Bruno+LOCATELLI
Additional affiliations
January 2008 - June 2020
Center for International Forestry Research
Position
  • Researcher
Description
  • In Indonesia (Bogor, January 2008 - July 2013). In Peru (Lima, August 2013 - June 2020).
January 2002 - December 2007
Education
January 1996 - April 2000
AgroParisTech
Field of study
  • Environmental Sciences, Economics, Geography
September 1994 - July 1995
Université de Montpellier
Field of study
  • Hydrology
September 1993 - July 1995
AgroParisTech
Field of study
  • Forestry, Economics, Ecology

Publications

Publications (209)
Article
Full-text available
Nature's contributions to human well-being within social-ecological systems have been widely studied using multiple conceptual frameworks, yet there is a growing need to better articulate how both humans and nature contribute to quality of life. We present an operationalization of the Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Service...
Article
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Global sustainability targets demand transformative changes. Nature-based solutions (NbS) are gaining traction in science and policy, but their potential for transformative change remains unexplored. We provide a framework to evaluate how NbS contribute to transformative change and apply it to 93 NbS from mountain social-ecological systems (SES). T...
Article
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Human actions have driven earth systems close to irreversible and profound change. The need to shift towards intentional transformative adaptation (ITA) is clear. Using case studies from the Transformative Adaptation Research Alliance (TARA), we explore ITA as a way of thinking and acting that is transformative in concept and objectives, but achiev...
Article
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Abstract The cultural ecosystem services (CES) construct has evolved to accommodate multiple worldviews, knowledge systems and conceptualizations of nature and values, including relational and mental health values. Cultural ecosystem services research and practice has mostly focused on cognitive ways of constructing and expressing intangible values...
Article
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Indigenous trees play key roles in West African landscapes, such as the néré tree (Parkia biglobosa (Jacq.) R.Br. ex G.Don). We applied social–ecological network analysis to understand the social–ecological interactions around néré. We documented the benefits néré provides and the multiple social interactions it creates amongst a large range of act...
Article
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Much concern about tropical deforestation focuses on oil palm plantations, but their impacts remain poorly quantified. Using nation-wide interpretation of satellite imagery, and sample-based error calibration, we estimated the impact of large-scale (industrial) and smallholder oil palm plantations on natural old-growth (“primary”) forests from 2001...
Article
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The term 'adaptation' is commonplace in conservation research and practice, but often without a reflection on the assumptions, expectations, or frames of reference used to define goals and actions. Communities of practice (e.g. conservation researchers, protected areas managers) have different interpretations of climate change impacts on biodiversi...
Article
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Social-ecological interactions have been shown to generate interrelated and reoccurring sets of ecosystem services, also known as ecosystem service bundles. Given the potential utility of the bundles concept, along with the recent surge in interest it is timely to reflect on the concept, its current use and potential for the future. Based on our ec...
Article
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El servicio ecosistémico de regulación hídrica es uno de los más importantes que ofrecen los ecosistemas altoandinos. Sin embargo, el conocimiento sobre su aporte en términos hídricos es aún escaso y su estimación difícil, debido a los complejos procesos eco-hidrológicos, climáticos y características ambientales de los Andes. Por ello, se estimó la...
Chapter
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Mensajes clave: Las personas valoran los ecosistemas debido a las diferentes contribuciones que estos hacen al bienestar humano, tanto material como inmaterial. Las contribuciones no materiales, como aquellas relacionadas con la identidad, el sentido del lugar y el bienestar psicológico, tienen dimensiones afectivas, cognitivas y sensoriales. Aunqu...
Chapter
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Key messages: People value ecosystems for the different contributions that they make to human well-being, both material and non-material. Non-material contributions, such as those related to identity, sense of place and psychological well-being, have affective, cognitive and sensory dimensions. Although overlooked in ecosystem management and resear...
Article
The rich forests of Indonesian New Guinea are understudied and threatened. We used satellite data to examine annual forest loss, road development and plantation expansion from 2001 to 2019, then developed a model to predict future deforestation. No previous studies have attempted such a detailed assessment of past and future deforestation. In 2019,...
Article
We are living in a time of crisis on planet Earth. Urgent calls for transformational change are getting louder. Technical solutions have an important role to play in addressing pressing global challenges, but alone they are not enough. After all, who decides what kind of transformation is needed, of what, and for whom? What principles guide those d...
Article
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Ecosystems support the adaptation of societies to global changes through their contributions to people's quality of life. Ecosystem-based adaptation (EBA) implementation remains a challenge and will require changes of practices, structures and processes underpinning human and nature interactions, also considered as co-production of nature’s contrib...
Article
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To ensure their quality of life, people adapt to multiple changes by maintaining or transforming the structure and functions of their socio-ecological systems (SES). A better understanding of mechanisms underpinning SES adaptation, especially the contribution of changes in human-nature interactions, is crucial to facilitate adaptation to future cha...
Preprint
Global sustainability targets demand transformative changes. Nature-based solutions (NbS) are gaining traction in science and policy, but their potential for transformative change remains unexplored. We provide a framework to evaluate how NbS contribute to transformative change and apply it to 93 NbS from mountain social-ecological systems (SES). T...
Article
Full-text available
Recognizing the potential interactions and synergies between adaptation and mitigation in land-use policies in general and forest policies in particular, research on climate change policy has increasingly focused on integrating both objectives simultaneously (hereafter “interaction model”). However, while support exists for the integration of adapt...
Preprint
Full-text available
The rich forests of Indonesian New Guinea are threatened. We used satellite data to examine annual forest loss, road development and plantation expansion from 2001 to 2019, then developed a model to predict future deforestation in this understudied region. In 2019, 34.29 million hectares (Mha), or 83% of Indonesian New Guinea, supported old-growth...
Preprint
Full-text available
Much concern about tropical deforestation focuses on oil palm plantations, but their impacts remain poorly quantified. Using satellites, we estimated annual expansion of large-scale (industrial) and smallholder oil palm plantations and their overlap with forest loss from 2001 to 2019 in Indonesia, the world’s largest palm oil producer. Over ninetee...
Article
Full-text available
In sustainability science, interdisciplinarity, i.e., the integration of perspectives from different disciplines, is built collectively from interactions among researchers of various disciplines (“collective interdisciplinarity”) but also results from the fact that researchers have backgrounds in multiple disciplines (“individual interdisciplinarit...
Article
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• Los actores cumplen diversos roles en la coproducción de servicios ecosistémicos; por ejemplo, pueden ser gestores o beneficiarios directos o indirectos. • Existen disparidades entre quienes gestionan los servicios ecosistémicos y quienes dependen o se benefician de ellos. • Las diferentes formas de inequidad asociadas a estos roles pueden poner...
Article
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• Stakeholders have different roles in the co-production of ecosystem services, e.g. they can be direct or indirect managers or beneficiaries. • There are mismatches between those who manage and those who depend on or benefit from ecosystem services. • Different forms of inequities are tied to these roles and can threaten the resilience of socio-ec...
Article
Power asymmetries affect the governance of natural resources but are rarely considered explicitly in ecosystem services research, which often overlooks the diversity of actors and their interactions. In this paper, we propose an innovative and easily replicable method to analyze two types of power asymmetries, using social network analysis and a po...
Article
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Rural households have established various informal strategies to cope with unanticipated shocks. These existing coping strategies are receiving renewed interest, particularly in the context of climate change and in terms of the role they do, and can play, in enhancing households' adaptive capacity. An improved understanding of these strategies, and...
Technical Report
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Entender los vínculos que existen entre adaptación y mitigación ayuda a identificar los cobeneficios y reduce las interacciones negativas entre estos dos ámbitos del cambio climático. • Entre las barreras se encuentran el aislamiento institucional y la falta de información: los actores que trabajan en adaptación no están bien informados sobre las a...
Article
Full-text available
More frequent and intense climate hazards, a predicted outcome of climate change, are likely to threaten existing livelihoods in rural communities, undermining households’ adaptive capacity. To support households’ efforts to manage and reduce this risk, there is the need to better understand the heterogeneity of risk within and between communities....
Technical Report
Full-text available
RESUMEN DE INVESTIGACIÓN: Este documento resume los resultados de una revisión sistemática sobre los impactos de las zanjas de infiltración sobre en el agua y los suelos (detallados en Locatelli et al., 2020). Para cada resultado, reportamos el nivel de confianza en la evidencia encontrada en la literatura revisada. Las zanjas de infiltración favor...
Technical Report
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En muchas partes del mundo, se han implementado tecnologías de conservación de agua y suelos, como andenes, cercos vivos, control de cárcavas, zanjas de infiltración, terrazas de formación lenta, reforestación, entre otras. En este contexto, es importante evaluar las experiencias pasadas y actuales para entender mejor cómo las intervenciones en la...
Technical Report
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Key messages: Understanding adaptation-mitigation linkages helps identify co-benefits and reduce negative interactions between the two climate change domains. Barriers include working in institutional siloes and lack of information: adaptation actors are not well-informed about mitigation actions and vice-versa. Policy network analysis sheds light...
Technical Report
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Ecosystems provide people with services that enable adaptation to climate change, which we refer to here as ‘adaptation services’. But adaptation services do not flow automatically: some input from people is needed. We identified five types of mechanisms that support the production of adaptation services. These mechanisms are related to: (i) multif...
Article
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Ecosystems can sustain social adaptation to environmental change by protecting people from climate change effects and providing options for sustaining material and non-material benefits as ecological structure and functions transform. Along adaptation pathways, people navigate the trade-offs between different ecosystem contributions to adaptation,...
Article
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Increasing attention is being given to integrating adaptation and mitigation in climate change policies. Policy network analysis is a way to explore connections between adaptation and mitigation, and the opportunities or barriers to effective integration between these two policy subdomains. This study explores climate governance and policy networks...
Article
Full text: https://rdcu.be/bVy8H | https://www.nature.com/articles/s41893-019-0412-1 | doi: 10.1038/s41893-019-0412-1 | Regional and global assessments periodically update what we know, and highlight what remains to be known, about the linkages between people and nature that both define and depend upon the state of the environment. To guide resear...
Article
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Mountains play a key role in the provision of nature’s contributions to people (NCP) worldwide that support societies’ quality of life. Simultaneously, mountains are threatened by multiple drivers of change. Due to the complex interlinkages between biodiversity, quality of life and drivers of change, research on NCP in mountains requires interdisci...
Data
This is the database of the paper: Martín-López B, Leister I, Lorenzo Cruz P, Palomo I, Gret-Regamey A, Harrison PA, Lavorel S, Locatelli B, Luque S, Walz A. (2019) Nature’s contributions to people in mountains: a review. PLoS ONE E 14(6): e0217847. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0217847
Article
Full-text available
The issues of power and equity are gaining attention in research on ecosystem services (ESs). Stakeholders benefiting from ESs are not necessarily able or authorized to participate in ES management. Thus, we have proposed an analytical framework to identify and qualify stakeholders’ roles in relation to ES flows. Building on existing frameworks in...
Technical Report
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Land restoration will happen under climate change and different knowledge systems are needed to navigate uncertainties and plan adaptation. The emergence of novel ecosystems presents a challenge for land restoration; they harbour unknown unknowns. This brief presents key research linking land restoration and societal adaptation and an example of a...
Article
Access to ecosystem services and influence on their management are structured by social relations among actors, which often occur across spatial scales. Such cross-scale social relations can be analysed through a telecoupling framework as decisions taken at local scales are often shaped by actors at larger scales. Analyzing these cross-scale relati...
Technical Report
Full-text available
RESUMEN DE POLÍTICAS: Este documento resume los resultados de una revisión sistemática sobre los impactos de la forestación en el agua y los suelos en los Andes (detallados en Bonnesoeur et al., 2019). Para cada resultado, reportamos el nivel de confianza en la evidencia encontrada en la literatura revisada. La forestación impacta sobre la disponib...
Article
Full-text available
Several Andean countries have planned to restore forest cover in degraded land to enhance the provision of multiple ecosystem services in response to international commitments such as the Bonn Challenge. Hydrological services, e.g. water supply, hydrological regulation and erosion mitigation, are particularly important to sustain the life of more t...
Article
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Mountain social-ecological systems (SES) supply important ecosystem services that are threatened by climate change. In mountain SES there is a paradox between high community capacity to cope with extremes, and governance structures and processes that constrain that capacity from being realised. Climate adaptation that maintain livelihoods and suppl...
Article
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This article proposes an innovative theoretical framework that combines institutional and policy network approaches to study multi-level governance. The framework is used to derive a number of propositions on how cross-level power imbalances shape communication and collaboration across multiple levels of governance. The framework is then applied to...
Article
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OPEN ACCESS HERE: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/conl.12622 The links between plantation expansion and deforestation in Borneo are debated. We used satellite imagery to map annual loss of old-growth forests, expansion of industrial plantations (oil palm and pulpwood), and their overlap in Borneo from 2001 to 2017. In 17 years, for...
Technical Report
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POLICY BRIEF: This brief summarizes the findings of a systematic review on the impacts of forestation on water and soils in the Andes (detailed in Bonnesoeur et al., 2019). For each finding, we report the confidence level in the evidence found in the literature reviewed. Forestation impacts on water supply, hydrological regulation and soil erosion....
Article
In June 2013, the Malay Peninsula experienced severe smoke pollution, with daily surface particulate matter (PM) concentrations in Singapore greater than 350 μg/m³, over 2 times the air quality standard for daily mean PM10 set by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Unlike most haze episodes in the Malay Peninsula in recent decades (e.g., the...
Article
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Globally, anthropogenic environmental change is exacerbating the already vulnerable conditions of many people and ecosystems. In order to obtain food, water, raw materials and shelter, rural people modify forests and other ecosystems, affecting the supply of ecosystem services that contribute to livelihoods and well-being. Despite widespread awaren...
Article
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Wild foods contribute towards the food security of an estimated one billion people. In light of expectations of the contribution of wild foods to sustainable and climate-resilient livelihoods and widespread evidence of their consumption, their contribution to households’ diets requires a more nuanced understanding, specifically with respect to thei...
Article
Global sustainability initiatives are gaining momentum and impact, and place-based research can provide complementary insights to strengthen them. Here, we explore the current and potential role of place-based research into informing global sustainability initiatives by assessing the strengths, challenges, and opportunities. We show that place-base...
Article
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Human benefits from ecosystems result from complex interactions between ecological and social processes. People affect ecosystems' capacity to deliver services that contribute to the well-being of humans and their resilience. The delivery of ecosystem services (ES) has often been considered as a linear and direct flow from nature to people without...
Article
Tropical rainforests, naturally resistant to fire when intact, are increasingly vulnerable to burning due to ongoing forest perturbation and, possibly, climatic changes. Industrial-scale forest degradation and conversion are increasing fire occurrence, and interactions with climate anomalies such as El Niño induced droughts can magnify the extent a...
Article
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Research on climate change policies can contribute to policy development by building an understanding of the barriers faced in policy processes, and by providing knowledge needed throughout policy cycles. This paper explores the thematic coverage of research on climate change policies related to rural areas, rural development, and natural resource...
Article
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Climate change will cause geographic range shifts for pollinators and major crops, with global implications for food security and rural livelihoods. However, little is known about the potential for coupled impacts of climate change on pollinators and crops. Coffee production exemplifies this issue, because large losses in areas suitable for coffee...
Conference Paper
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Assessments of ecosystem services (ES) improve our understanding of social-ecological systems and can support decision-making and policy development. Integrative ES assessments are challenging because of the diversity of ES, ecosystems that supply services, and social groups that benefit from ES. Challenges are the greatest nonmaterial benefits tha...
Article
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The long-term survival of Andean forest landscapes (AFL) and of their capacity to contribute to sustainable development in a context of global change requires integrated adaptation and mitigation responses informed by a thorough understanding of the dynamic and complex interactions between their ecological and social components. This article propos...
Article
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Intensification of land use and management over recent decades has resulted in trade-offs between food or timber production and other ecosystem services (ES). Despite an increase in scholarly publications on ES, the temporal aspects of ES trade-offs have largely been neglected to date. Here we explore how past and future land-use trajectories (path...