Bruno Frediani

Bruno Frediani
Rheumatology unit university of siena italy · Medical sciences

About

413
Publications
36,745
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
8,364
Citations
Citations since 2017
222 Research Items
5278 Citations
201720182019202020212022202302004006008001,0001,200
201720182019202020212022202302004006008001,0001,200
201720182019202020212022202302004006008001,0001,200
201720182019202020212022202302004006008001,0001,200

Publications

Publications (413)
Article
Introduction : Behçet’s disease (BD) associated uveitis occurs in approximately 50-70% of patients. Ocular involvement in BD may induce a severe affection of visual function, leading to a considerable decrease in patients’ quality of life. The risk for severe visual loss increases when the ocular posterior segment is involved and in patients with n...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The aim of this multicenter retrospective study was to investigate the effectiveness and safety of the available JAK-inhibitors (JAKi) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and interstitial lung disease (ILD). Methods: We retrospectively analyzed patients with classified RA and RA-ILD undergoing JAKi in 6 Italian tertiary centers f...
Article
Introduction Osteoporosis is the most represented metabolic bone disease and is characterized by the reduction of bone mineral density (BMD), exposing patients to high fracture risk and disability. Bisphosphonates (BPs) are the main compounds exploited in treatment of osteoporosis and significantly reduce fracture risk. Sarcopenia is the pathologic...
Article
VEXAS (Vacuoles, E1 enzyme, X-linked, Autoinflammatory, Somatic) syndrome is a recently described pathological entity. It is an acquired monogenic autoinflammatory disease caused by somatic mutations of the UBA1 gene in blood cells precursors; the gene encodes one of the two E1 enzyme isoforms that initiates ubiquitylation in cell's cytoplasm. VEXA...
Article
Among the rheumatic diseases whose symptoms are more often associated with the possibility of cancer and other malignancies are systemic sclerosis, dermatomyositis and rheumatic polymyalgia. However, a differential diagnosis should be performed in each case of non-typical rheumatic disease and/or other neoplastic disease risk factors. The article’s...
Article
Full-text available
Objective Interleukin (IL)-1 inhibitors are largely employed in patients with Still’s disease; in cases with refractory arthritis, IL-6 inhibitors have shown to be effective on articular inflammatory involvement. The aim of the present study is to assess any difference in the effectiveness of the IL-1β antagonist canakinumab prescribed as first-lin...
Article
The aim of the study is to evaluate the frequency and features of positive pathergy test (PPT) in Italy, its role in the diagnosis of Behçet’s disease (BD), and any association with other BD-related manifestations. 52 BD patients, 52 patients with axial spondyloarthritis (ax-SpA), and 26 healthy controls (HCs) underwent intradermal injection of nor...
Article
Full-text available
Background No data on the permanent and curative effect of bisphosphonate treatment in patients with complex regional pain syndrome type-1 (CRPS-1) are currently available. The aim of this pre-specified, open-label, observational study was to evaluate the long-term efficacy and safety of neridronate treatment. Design A pre-specified, open-label, e...
Article
PurposeTemporal (TA) and axillary (AXA) arteries Color Doppler Ultrasonography (CDUS) is the most reliable diagnostic technique for the diagnosis of giant cell arteritis (GCA), displaying high sensitivity and specificity. Nevertheless, CDUS is still poorly performed in the common clinical practice, being employed only by rheumatologists with a rele...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Bone loss is a common feature in several autoimmune and chronic inflammatory diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Indeed, the high levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines seem to enhance bone resorption and to diminish bone formation, thus producing an uncoupling between osteoclast and osteoblast function and favoring the onset of...
Article
Full-text available
Background: There is little consensus on ultrasound (US) normative values of cross-sectional area of median nerve (MN-CSA) in carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) because of its dependency on anthropometric parameters. We aim to propose a novel anthropometric-independent US parameter: MN-CSA/flexor radialis carpi CSA (FCR-CSA) ratio (“Nerve Tendon Ratio”,...
Article
Full-text available
We employed a multifaceted computational strategy to identify the genetic factors contributing to increased risk of severe COVID-19 infection from a Whole Exome Sequencing (WES) dataset of a cohort of 2000 Italian patients. We coupled a stratified k -fold screening, to rank variants more associated with severity, with the training of multiple super...
Article
Purpose Adhesive Capsulitis (AC) is a musculoskeletal disorder initially described by Codman in 1934. The disease is characterized by pain-limited restriction in active and passive glenohumeral range of motion (ROM) despite the lack of a structural deficit. In the last decades, arthroscopy and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has been the only diag...
Article
Introduction Active sacroiliitis represents the hallmark of axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) and manifests as inflammatory low back pain associated with morning stiffness (MS). Sometimes, the combination of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and biological disease modifying drugs (bDMARDs) proves unsatisfactory in achieving a remission....
Article
Full-text available
Objective The present manuscript aims to describe an international, electronic-based, user-friendly and interoperable patient registry for monogenic autoinflammatory diseases (mAIDs), developed in the contest of the Autoinflammatory Diseases Alliance (AIDA) Network. Methods This is an electronic platform, based on the Research Electronic Data Capt...
Article
Registry-based observational prospective study aimed at describing the use of biologic drugs in pediatric-onset scleritis. Data were collected at baseline, at 3-, 6-, 12-month follow-up and at last assessment. Scleral inflammation was graded according to Sen classification. Five patients (9 eyes) treated with adalimumab, infliximab, abatacept and s...
Article
Background/objectives Long-term efficacy and safety of tocilizumab (TCZ) in adult-onset Still's disease (AOSD) mostly derive from small case series. Herein we report a registry-based study investigating TCZ efficacy and safety in a cohort of patients with AOSD evaluated by clinical and serum inflammatory markers as well as drug retention rate analy...
Article
Full-text available
In this prospective observational study, data were collected from 34 rheumatology clinics in Italy in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), psoriatic arthritis (PsA) and axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) who started golimumab (GLM) as a second anti-TNFα drug. The primary objective was to evaluate the effectiveness of GLM after 6 months. Changes in...
Article
Full-text available
Development and implementation of the AIDA international registry for patients with Schnitzler's syndrome
Article
Full-text available
Purpose of the present paper is to point out the design, development and deployment of the AutoInflammatory Disease Alliance (AIDA) International Registry dedicated to pediatric and adult patients with Behçet’s disease (BD). The Registry is a clinical physician-driven non-population- and electronic-based instrument implemented for the retrospective...
Article
Full-text available
Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) vaccination plays a crucial role as pivotal strategy to curb the coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) pandemic. The present study described the clinical status of patients affected by idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIM) after COVID-19 vaccination to assess the number of relapses. We inc...
Article
Background: No clear-cut guidelines exist about the use of imaging procedures for the diagnosis of idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIM). The aim of the present study was to assess the diagnostic accuracy of Power Doppler Ultrasonography (PDUS) score in IIM patients compared with a control group and its usefulness during follow-up. Methods: A...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: This paper points out the design, development and deployment of the AutoInflammatory Disease Alliance (AIDA) International Registry dedicated to pediatric and adult patients affected by Undifferentiated Systemic AutoInflammatory Diseases (USAIDs). Methods: This is an electronic registry employed for real-world data collection about de...
Article
Background the term scleritis refers to the inflammation of the sclera, the white outer type I collagen tunic of the eye (1). It may be rarely found in pediatric patients, with the incidence of pediatric scleritis accounting for about 1.2% of all scleritis cases (2). An early diagnosis and an adequate treatment are mandatory to avoid irreversible o...
Article
Full-text available
Background Establishing a diagnosis for axial spondylarthritis (axSpA) is based on the combined presence of several clinical and laboratory features in association with imaging: the presence of active inflammatory lesions (bone marrow edema, BME) in sacroiliac joints (SIJs), also associated with structural lesions, is the main element in favor of a...
Article
Background The ANCA-associated vasculitis patient-reported outcome (AAV-PRO) questionnaire is a 29-item disease-specific PRO measure for AAV[1]. The Italian version of the AAV-PRO questionnaire (AAV-PRO_ita) was translated in collaboration with Oxford and Bristol University (UK) and was preliminarily tested on a single-center Italian cohort[2]. Ob...
Article
Full-text available
Background ANCA-associated vasculitis (AAV) are small vessel vasculitis which may variously affect upper and lower respiratory tract. Patients with microscopic polyangiitis (MPA) and, less commonly, granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA), especially those who are ANCA-MPO-positive, may suffer from interstitial lung disease (ILD), which is associate...
Article
Background Vaccinations against SARS-CoV-2 represent a fundamental tool in controlling the pandemic. To date, data on the safety of anti-SARS-CoV-2 vaccines in patients with rare rheumatic diseases, such as systemic vasculitis, are limited. Objectives In this study we aimed at evaluating the safety of anti-SARS-CoV-2 vaccines in a multicentric coh...
Article
Background Aging is a physiological, multidimensional, and irreversible process, occurring in humans over time. Interestingly, multiple lines of evidence have recently suggested that some diseases, generally affecting young adults, are nowadays described in the elderly, although possibly associated with different symptoms or complications. In this...
Article
Dear Editor, Regional migratory osteoporosis (RMO) is a rare form of primary bone marrow oedema (BME) syndrome with usually self-limiting features, characterized by migrating arthralgia of weight-bearing joints of the lower limbs and BME, detected trough MRI [1, 2]. Despite its self-limiting nature, treatment with oral and i.v. bisphosphonates coul...
Preprint
Full-text available
Objective: Data on the safety of anti-SARS-CoV-2 vaccines in patients with rare rheumatic diseases, such as systemic vasculitis (SV), are limited. Aim of this study was to evaluate the occurrence of a disease flare and the appearance of adverse events (AEs) following administration of anti-SARS-CoV-2 vaccine in a multicenter cohort of patients with...
Article
Objectives To investigate peripheral enthesitis with power Doppler ultrasound (PDUS) in patients presenting low back pain (LBP) and metabolic syndrome (MetS) in comparison with patients with only LBP, to correlate US scores with clinical-anthropometric characteristics, and to define any relationship between enthesitis and concurrent diffuse idiopat...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Power Doppler ultrasound (PDUS) with spectral wave analysis (SWA) has been compared with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in documenting active sacroiliitis in early spondyloarthritis (SpA) but, to date, PDUS/SWA has not been yet applied to the study of sacroiliac joints (SIJs) in children. Methods: A group of 20 children (13 F/7 M,...
Article
Objectives: Interstitial lung disease (ILD) has been described as a possible pulmonary involvement in antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA)-associated vasculitides (AAV), mainly granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) and microscopic polyangiitis (MPA). Aim of this cross-sectional Italian national study was to describe demographic, clinical...
Article
Objective: There is a strong unmet need for biomarkers in giant cell arteritis (GCA), as C-reactive protein (CRP) may be unreliable in patients treated with Tocilizumab (TCZ). We aimed to assess whether C3 and C4 are useful biomarkers in GCA patients, particularly in those treated with TCZ. Method: We retrospectively enrolled all patients who un...
Article
Full-text available
Background Inferential statistical methods failed in identifying reliable biomarkers and risk factors for relapsing giant cell arteritis (GCA) after glucocorticoids (GCs) tapering. A ML approach allows to handle complex non-linear relationships between patient attributes that are hard to model with traditional statistical methods, merging them to o...
Article
Full-text available
Objective Aim of this paper is to present the design, construction, and modalities of dissemination of the AutoInflammatory Disease Alliance (AIDA) International Registry for patients with systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis (sJIA) and adult-onset Still's disease (AOSD), which are the pediatric and adult forms of the same autoinflammatory disord...
Article
Posterior idiopathic scleritis is the most common type of scleritis observed in childhood. Nevertheless, anterior and even necrotizing inflammatory scleritis may occur as well. Although less frequently than in the adult population, scleral inflammation can be associated with systemic disorders, which should be promptly recognized and treated to avo...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Deregulated neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) formation is implicated in various diseases, including ANCA-associated vasculitis and pulmonary fibrosis (PF). Lung involvement is frequent in AAV, and interstitial lung diseases (ILDs) are strongly related to MPO-ANCA positivity and mainly reported in microscopic polyangiitis. The asso...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Krebs von den Lungen-6 (KL-6) has been proposed as a disease severity marker of COVID-19. All research articles reported the KL-6 assay detected through Fujirebio reagents by Lumipulse G600/G1200 instrument. In the present study, KL-6 assay was analysed through Tosoh AIA-360 and compared with analytical results by Lumipulse G600 in a p...
Article
Full-text available
Toll-like receptors (TLR) are crucial components in the initiation of innate immune responses to a variety of pathogens, triggering the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines and type I and II interferons, which are responsible for innate antiviral responses. Among the different TLRs, TLR7 recognizes several single-stranded RNA viruses including...
Article
Full-text available
Transient osteoporosis of the hip (TOH) is usually reported in middle-aged men or during pregnancy as a benign self-limiting condition. Nevertheless, its impact on quality of life in terms of pain and disability is considerable. Also, it can lead to insufficiency fractures or, more rarely, evolve into osteonecrosis. This condition is anecdotally de...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: IgG4-related disease is a potentially systemic disease mimicking and overlapping with different autoimmune diseases, such as primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS). The involvement of salivary glands, previously called Mikulicz's disease, has been reclassified as IgG4-related sialadenitis (SA). The aim of this study was to assess the prevale...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: This article points out the design, methods, development and deployment of the international registry promoted by the AutoInflammatory Disease Alliance (AIDA) Network with the aim to define and assess paediatric and adult patients with immune-mediated scleritis. Methods: This registry collects both retrospective and prospective rea...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: To compare clinical features and treatments of patients with systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis (sIJA) and adult-onset Still's disease (AOSD). Methods: The clinical charts of consecutive patients with sJIA by International League of Association of Rheumatology criteria or AOSD by Yamaguchi criteria were reviewed. Patients were see...
Article
Full-text available
Background: ANCA-associated vasculitis (AAV) are small vessel vasculitis distinguished between microscopic polyangiitis (MPA) and granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA). The former may have interstitial lung disease (ILD) associated with high morbidity and mortality. Here, Krebs von den Lungen-6 (KL-6), a marker of fibrotic ILD, was assessed for d...
Article
Objectives: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of intravenous (iv) neridronate in patients affected by transient osteoporosis of the hip (TOH). Methods: We retrospectively evaluated the clinical records of patients affected by TOH treated with iv neridronate in our department. We treated patients with a value of visual analogue scale (VAS)-pain...
Article
Full-text available
The combined impact of common and rare exonic variants in COVID-19 host genetics is currently insufficiently understood. Here, common and rare variants from whole-exome sequencing data of about 4000 SARS-CoV-2-positive individuals were used to define an interpretable machine-learning model for predicting COVID-19 severity. First, variants were conv...
Article
Objectives: In this study, we aimed at describing the clinical characteristics, life-threatening complications occurrence, and mortality of adult-onset Still's disease (AOSD) patients with elderly onset. Methods: A multicentre retrospective study of prospectively followed-up AOSD patients included in Gruppo Italiano di Ricerca in Reumatologia Cl...
Article
Full-text available
Background Systemic Sclerosis (SSc) is a chronic autoimmune disease with a complex pathogenesis that includes vascular injury, abnormal immune activation, and tissue fibrosis. We provided a complete epidemiological characterization of SSc in the Tuscany region (Italy), considering prevalence and incidence, survival, comorbidities and drug prescript...
Article
Vasculitis are severe systemic autoimmune diseases which may involve different organs and systems. Conversely, muscles do not represent an organ commonly involved by systemic vasculitis and myositis is not include among any classification or diagnostic criterion of vasculitis. In this regard, we aimed to review the literature in order to report all...
Article
Fibromyalgia, also known as fibromyalgia syndrome (FM), is a rheumatic syndrome which is currently considered idiopathic and multifactorial. It causes an increase in muscle tension associated with stiffness, asthenia (loss of strength with fatigue), cognitive impairment, insomnia or sleep disorders and impaired sensitivity to stimuli. We performed...
Article
The objective of this study is to describe the possible prognostic impact of smoking habit on adult-onset Still’s disease (AOSD) patients, by the assessment of clinical characteristics, life-threatening complications occurrence, and mortality in smokers than non-smokers. A multicentre retrospective study of prospectively followed-up AOSD patients i...
Article
Objectives: Several studies show that age at onset has an impact on the clinical-serological presentation, comorbidities and disease course of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). We evaluated whether, in patients with recent onset SLE, the age at onset correlates with clinical-serological manifestations and with comorbidities. Metho...
Article
Full-text available
Scleritis refers to a wide spectrum of ocular conditions ranging from mild to sight-threatening scleral inflammation that may compromise visual function and threaten the anatomical integrity of the ocular globe. Most aggressive forms like necrotizing or posterior scleritis are often difficult-to-treat cases, refractory to conventional treatment. Th...
Article
The consequence of the lockdowns implemented to address the COVID-19 pandemic on human health damage due to air pollution and other environmental issues must be better understood. This paper analyses the effect of reducing energy demands on the evolution of environmental impacts during the occurrence of 2020-lockdown periods in Italy, with a specif...
Article
Full-text available
IntroductionTo evaluate the efficacy of SB5, an adalimumab biosimilar, in the management of Behçet’s syndrome (BS)-related uveitis.Methods Data from eight BS patients (16 eyes) with active non-anterior uveitis and/or systemic uncontrolled disease or performing non-medical switch to SB5 were retrospectively collected and analyzed.ResultsComplete con...
Article
Full-text available
Background: This study aims at describing the therapeutic outcome of patients carrying the R92Q variant in the TNFRSF1A gene treated with anakinra (ANA) or canakinumab (CAN) and identifying any factors predictive of complete response to IL-1 inhibition. Methods: Clinical data of patients treated with ANA or CAN for recurrent inflammatory attacks...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: Osteoporosis is the most common bone tissue disease and it is characterized by a reduced bone mineral density (BMD). The main physiopathological mechanisms converge on the uncoupling between bone formation and resorption, thus leading to an enhanced risk of fractures. Several papers have documented the inverse relationships linking high...
Article
Full-text available
Background Convalescent plasma (CP) and hyperimmune plasma (HP) are passive immunotherapies consisting in the infusion of plasma from recovered people into infected patients. Following pre-existing evidence in many other viral diseases, such as SARS, MERS and Ebola, CP and HP have also been proposed for the treatment of COVID-19. Nevertheless, due...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: To describe the role of biotechnological therapies in patients with tumor necrosis factor receptor associated periodic syndrome (TRAPS) and to identify any predictor of complete response. Methods: Clinical, laboratory, and therapeutic data from 44 Caucasian TRAPS patients treated with biologic agents were retrospectively collected in 16...
Article
Full-text available
After the approval of the first vaccines against SARS-CoV-2, a mass vaccination is currently being performed worldwide. Despite the safety and efficacy of such drugs evidenced by the registration studies, no clinical trial has to date included patients affected by autoimmune diseases nor data coming from real life are currently available. In this r...
Article
Full-text available
Aims Medical and non-medical switching strategies have been adopted in Europe in the last few years. We aimed to investigate persistence on treatment with a SB5 Adalimumab (SB5) biosimilar after switching from Adalimumab (ADA) originator among patients with inflammatory rheumatic musculoskeletal diseases (iRMD), identifying possible predictors of d...
Article
Full-text available
Adult onset Still's disease (AOSD) is a rare systemic autoinflammatory disease, characterised by fever, arthritis, and skin rash, and joint involvement is one of its clinical manifestations. The aims of this work were to assess joint involvement, to describe main patterns of involvement, and associated clinical characteristics. In this work, we aim...
Article
Full-text available
Background Complex regional pain syndrome type-1 (CRPS-1) is a severely disabling painful disease challenging to treat. This multicenter, randomized, double-blind placebo-controlled trial examined the efficacy of intramuscular (i.m.) neridronate in CRPS-1 patients. Methods A total of 78 patients diagnosed with CRPS-1 (aged 59.5 ± 10.3, 66.7% femal...
Article
Full-text available
Aim: The aims of the study were to perform an ultrasound assessment of the dorsal portion of the scapholunate interosseous ligament and scapholunate joint space in patients with wrist complaints in a rheumatologic setting, to describe ultrasound abnormalities about scapholunate interosseous ligament region, and to correlate them with clinical data,...
Article
Background Baricitinib, an oral Janus kinase (JAK) 1-2 inhibitor, is currently used among biologic DMARDs (bDMARDs) after the failure of methotrexate (MTX) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Power Doppler ultrasound (PDUS) is a promising, non-invasive imaging method to assess synovitis in RA: results from numerous studies suggest that it provides additi...