Bruno Foggi

Bruno Foggi
University of Florence | UNIFI · Dipartimento di Biologia

PhD

About

351
Publications
100,258
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4,162
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 2001 - present
University of Florence
Position
  • Senior Researcher

Publications

Publications (351)
Article
Full-text available
Two wild populations of Helichrysum (Mill.) located at Elba Island (Tuscan Archipelago, Central Italy) were morphologically and phytochemically analyzed to taxonomically identify H. litoreum (population A) and H. italicum subsp. italicum (population B). Micromorphological and histochemical analyses were performed on the indumentum using Scanning El...
Presentation
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The genus Helichrysum belongs to the Asteraceae family and includes over six hundred species and subspecies globally widespread. In the Mediterranean area about 25 species are currently present and some of them have very similar genetic traits despite they may show different morphological charac-teristics. Because of the antimicrobial, antifungal a...
Article
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This study aims to characterize saline habitats of the Tuscan coast based on the Natura 2000 Habitats Directive 92/43/ECC. These habitats include Atlantic salt meadows (1330), Mediterranean salt meadows (1410) Mediterranean and thermo-Atlantic halophilous scrubs (1420), and Mediterranean salt steppes (1510). We compiled vegetation data from a tota...
Article
Herbaria may represent remarkable sources of viable diaspores for recovering lost genetic variation and extinct plant species, but the application of rewilding extinct species using these collections has not been explored in detail. De-extinction in plants may be achieved by germinating viable diaspores or culturing tissues preserved in herbarium s...
Article
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The main purpose of the 92/43/EEC Habitats Directive is to contribute to the conservation of biodiversity, understood as habitat types and species of the flora and fauna of the European Union. To achieve this goal, natural and semi-natural biodiversity as a whole must be recognized and included in its annexes. As for the conservation of biotopes, n...
Article
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Semi-natural grasslands are characterized by high biodiversity and require multifaceted approaches to monitor their biodiversity. Moreover, grasslands comprise a multitude of microhabitats, making the scale of investigation of fundamental importance. Despite their wide distribution, grasslands are highly threatened and are considered of high conser...
Article
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Vengono presentate nuove località e/o conferme relative a 61 taxa specifici e sottospecifici di piante vascolari della flora vascolare toscana, appartenenti a 56 generi e 25 famiglie: Delosperma (Aizoaceae), Ridolfia (Apiaceae), Dracunculus (Araceae), Gamochaeta, Hieracium, Matricaria, Rhagadiolus, Senecio, Tolpis (Asteraceae), Atriplex (Amaranthac...
Article
IDPlanT is the Italian Database of Plant Translocation, an initiative of the Nature Conservation Working Group of the Italian Botanical Society. IDPlanT currently includes 185 plant translocations. The establishment of a national database on plant translocation is a key step forward in data sharing and techniques improvement in this field of plant...
Article
Free pdf download: https://authors.elsevier.com/c/1dL7b1L~GwQwgR In the European Union (EU), there is an urgent need to define a specific and standardized monitoring strategy for Habitat Directive (HD) forest habitats, like Quercus suber woodlands (EU habitat 9330). Such forests are an important component of western Mediterranean landscapes. In Ita...
Article
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Habitat monitoring in Europe is regulated by Article 17 of the Habitats Directive, which suggests the use of typical species to assess habitat conservation status. Yet, the Directive uses the term “typical” species but does not provide a definition, either for its use in reporting or for its use in impact assessments. To address the issue, an onlin...
Article
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In this contribution, new data concerning the distribution of native vascular flora in Italy are presented. It includes new records, confirmations, exclusions, and status changes to the Italian administrative regions. A new combination in the genus Pilosella is proposed. Nomenclatural and distribution updates, published elsewhere, and corrigenda ar...
Article
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The recent Landscape Plan of Tuscany Region pays particular attention towards the floodplain woods, for their conservation concern, landscape, and historical importance. The floodplain forest vegetation is defined as the natural and semi-natural wood vegetation located close to the rivers and submerged only during exceptional flooding. We gathered...
Article
We present an updated taxonomic study of Euphorbia sect. Anisophyllum (Euphorbiaceae) for Italy. A comprehensive body of knowledge has been developed thanks to the examination of about 1,250 herbarium specimens from 13 Italian herbaria, field surveys, and an extensive literature analysis. As a result, our revision included 10 species considered as...
Article
Urban green areas can improve people’s quality of life, although airborne pollen may provoke allergic disease. The record of the pollen rain in different sites within a city can be useful to understand the distance reached by the pollen of different plants and its amount. Moss cushions are natural gravimetric pollen traps and represent a useful and...
Article
Italy has a rich natural heritage, which is dangerously under pressure. In recent years, there is an increased awareness of the crucial role of plants in ecosystem functioning and in providing ecosystem services. Consequently, an updated Red List of the Italian vascular flora was compiled in this work, at the request of the Ministry for Environment...
Article
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The contraction of lowland forests throughout Europe began in remote times and then intensified strongly with land reclamation by agriculture and urbanization during the first half of the last century. We present a map of the Floodplain Woods of Tuscany on a scale of 1:300,000 as a synthesis of that built at the scale of 1:10,000 and the methods us...
Book
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Italy is located in the heart of the Mediterranean Basin, a region considered one of the most threatened global biodiversity hotspots. Its environmental and climatic heterogeneity allowed the differentiation of a large number of plant species (more than 8.200 taxa), that however are subjected to an increased number of threats due to changes in soci...
Article
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Where allochthonous large mammals, such as the wild boars, occur in high density, human-wildlife conflicts may arise. Thus, assessing their spatio-temporal patterns is paramount to their management. We studied the wild boars on Elba island, Italy, where they have been introduced and are perceived as pests to address their occurrence and impact of f...
Article
Invasive alien plants are a major threat to biodiversity and they contribute to the unfavourable conservation status of habitats of interest to the European Community. In order to favour implementation of European Union Regulation no. 1143/2014 on invasive alien species, the Italian Society of Vegetation Science carried out a large survey led by a...
Article
Aim Ecoinformatics offer new opportunity to test islands as biogeographic and ecological models. In this paper we predicted three hypotheses: (1) plot‐based data issuing from vegetation surveys can be used to predict Island Species‐Area Relationships (ISARs) or island similarity; (2) the habitat area is an independent predictor of species richness...
Article
Full-text available
Airborne pollen assemblage depends on the land cover of the area surrounding the volumetric trap and the flow of air masses. In urban contexts, the amount of airborne pollen is the result of the contribution of both local green areas and extra-urban vegetation, in addition to wind direction and speed. The present study focused on the combined effec...
Article
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This study provides a first step toward the knowledge of the alien-dominated and co-dominated plant communities present in Italy. The first ever checklist of the alien phytocoenoses described or reported in literature for the Italian territory has been compiled, produced by data-mining in national and local thematic literature. The resulting vegeta...
Article
In Italy, aerobiological monitoring is usually carried out by the regional agencies for environmental protection (ARPA [Agenzia Regionale per la Protezione Ambientale]) using volumetric samplers. Another widespread method for the study of airborne pollen is the analysis of moss cushions, generally used to relate pollen rain to flora and vegetation....
Article
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A robust survey method that samples the main characteristics of plant assemblages is needed to assess the conservation status of European habitat in the Natura 2000 network. A measure of variability, called pseudo-multivariate dissimilarity-based standard error (MultSE), was recently proposed for assessing sample-size adequacy in ecological communi...
Article
Euphorbia subsection Hypericifoliae (Euphorbiaceae, Malpighiales) comprises 365 species distributed nearly worldwide and includes E. berteroana, a species widespread in Central and South America and mistakenly reported for Italy. This species was described for the first time by Sprengel based on material collected by Bertero. In the present work we...
Article
Cupressaceae is one of the most widespread families in the Mediterranean region, widely used as ornamental trees both in cities and in extra urban areas. The family is also known to produce a considerable amount of pollen grains. Nevertheless, Cupressaceae pollen is generally scarce in sediments and it is attested to be one of the most underreprese...
Article
Genus Plantago (Plantaginaceae) hosts more than 200 species with complicated nomenclature and taxonomy. Within section Coronopus the two taxa Plantago weldenii and P. commutata have either been treated as different taxa or merged together. As a basis for a thorough taxonomic revision of these taxa, we designate here lectotypes for the two names P....
Article
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An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.
Article
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Key message The different germination behaviours of the seeds under induced water limitations may be related to the different adaptive capacities acquired at the diverse collection sites, as a response to the different environmental parameters. The island of Pianosa resulted the most performant in term of germination responses and the co-occurrence...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Il progetto RESTO CON LIFE "Island conservation in Tuscany, restoring habitat not only for birds" è un progetto Life Natura cofinanziato dalla Commissione Europea, finalizzato alla riqualificazione ambientale di ecosistemi insulari mediterranei e focalizzato sul recupero e la protezione di specie e habitat presenti nella Direttiva 92/43/CEE "Habita...
Article
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The study of animal diet and feeding behaviour is a fundamental tool for the illustration of the ecological role of species in the ecosystem. However, size and quality of food intake samples make it hard for researchers to describe the diet composition of many small species. In our study, we exploited genomic tools for the analysis of the diet comp...
Article
This paper provides a comprehensive phytosociological survey on the alpine grasslands occurring on the northern Apennine summits (N-Italy). The study area represents a crucial phytogeographic joint between the Alps and the Apennines and its summit grassland vegetation was only partially documented at the time. Research was based on 219 relevés clas...
Conference Paper
Habitat conservation has been identified as relevant for the preservation of biodiversity in the European Union (92/43 EEC Habitats Directive, hereafter: HD). According to the Art. 11 and Art. 17 of this Directive (1), each European country is obliged to monitor the Annex I Habitats every six years to periodically evaluate if the conservation targe...
Poster
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“MONITO-RARE” is a project involving Tuscany Region and Universities of Firenze, Siena and Pisa, aimed to improve the knowledge and develop monitoring methodologies for species and habitats included in Natura 2000 Network and considered of community interest, according to Art. 11 and Art. 17 of the Directive 92/43/EEC. Among the habitat of interest...
Poster
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The Project RESTO CON LIFE “Island conservation in Tuscany, restoring habitats not only for birds” is a Life Natura project co-funded by the European Commission (www.restoconlife.eu). Within this project, over the last five years, the Tuscan Archipelago National Park has undertaken, together with the other partners of the project, several actions t...
Article
Full-text available
In this contribution, new data concerning the distribution of native vascular flora in Italy are presented. It includes new records, confirmations and status changes to the Italian administrative regions for taxa in the genera Acer , Alchemilla , Andrachne , Bromus , Clinopodium , Colchicum , Damasonium , Erodium , Festuca , Hieracium , Hyparrhenia...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Coastal dune systems are among the most threatened and investigated environment worldwide. Sand dune are characterized by a marked vegetation zonation which often host rare or exclusive species. Due to their particular characteristics, most of the habitats occurring in these environments are considered of community interest (Directive 92/43/EEC) an...
Article
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New data concerning the distribution of the 92/43/EEC Directive's Annex I Habitats 3160, 3170*, 3240, 4090, 6110*, 6510, 9540 in Italy are reported. They include four new occurrences in Natura 2000 Sites and 12 new cells in the EEA 10 km x 10 km Reference grid. This is the first contribution focused on reporting about new national and regional Anne...
Article
Research and Methods applied Reynoutria x bohemica is an invasive species, causing significant damages to native ecosystems in North America and Europe. In this work, we performed an in‐depth micromorphological characterization of the extrafloral nectaries (EFN), during their secretory and post‐secretory phases, in combination with field monitoring...
Article
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This work aims to increase the floristic knowledge of southern Tuscany by means of a floristic investigation which took place in the Miniera di Murlo (southern Tuscany, Italy). The study area, located in the province of Siena, has an extension of 2.26 km 2 and hosts a heterogeneity of habitats like rocky outcrops, woodlands, meadows and riparian fo...
Article
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Standardized tools are needed to identify and prioritize the most harmful non-native species (NNS). A plethora of assessment protocols have been developed to evaluate the current and potential impacts of non-native species, but consistency among them has received limited attention. To estimate the consistency across impact assessment protocols, 89...
Book
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Idee, tecniche ed esperienze per coltivare giardini, orti e balconi in modo sostenibile A cura di MARINA CLAUSER ANDREA BATTIATA Una visione più ampia rispetto a quella passata, rinnovata delle tante funzioni positive che una coltivazione sostenibile può svolgere, consapevole dei tanti effetti vantaggiosi che ricadono in ambito personale, ambient...
Article
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New localities and/or confirmations concerning 57 specific and subspecific plant taxa of Tuscan vascular flora, belonging to 42 genera and 25 families are presented: Chenopodium, Polycnemum, Salsola (Amaranthaceae), Torilis (Apiaceae), Hieracium, Tragopogon (Asteraceae), Mahonia (Berberidaceae), Lepidium (Brassicaceae), Campanula (Campanulaceae), H...
Article
Starting from the multifaceted meaning of “Mediterranean”, this thematic review wishes to reconnect the palaeobotanical with the phytogeographical approach in the reconstruction of the Mediterranean Forest of the past. The use of the term “Mediterranean” is somewhat ambiguous in its common use, and has not an unequivocal meaning in different resear...
Article
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The Mt. Argentario promontory (southern Tuscany, Italy) is a protected area hosting habitats and species of European importance. The Mt. Argentario Natura 2000 habitat map (1:10,000) was compiled from photo-interpretation and field surveys, integrated with data from past cartographic and phytosociological studies. Conventional geographical informat...
Conference Paper
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Le indagini hanno preso in esame Euphorbia L. subg. Chamaesyce Raf. sect. Anisophyllum Roeper. Si tratta di un gruppo di circa 350 specie cosmopolite, perlo-più (60%) native del Nuovo Mondo, distinguibile per la presenza di foglie asimmetriche, opposte e stipole interpicciolari (Yang, Berry 2011). In Italia, tale gruppo si presenta con due specie i...
Article
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Patterns and trends of declining reed-beds in four freshwater ecosystems in central Italy are investigated through an aerial orthoimagery-based diachronic analysis over a period of 24 years. Extent variations and retreat from the waterfront are detected in all sites, compensated only in few cases by backwards enlargements. These shape and size modi...
Article
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Aims: The study aims at putting together and comparing different types of rock vegetation classified to different syntaxa and usually studied separately. The particular objectives of the study were: 1) to identify and classify the vegetation units of rock communities; 2) to explain floristic differences between phytosociological units with differen...
Article
The microbiota inhabiting the soil, as well as the rhizosphere, represents a key determinant of several plant functions. Like for humans, dysbiosis of the plant-associated microbiota may be a co-causal agent in disease with still obscure eziology. In the last decades, the common reed Phragmites australis has been deeply studied for its disappearanc...
Article
Taxa endemic to a country are key elements for setting national conservation priorities and for driving conservation strategies, since their persistence is entirely dependent on national policy. We applied the IUCN Red List categories to all Italian endemic vascular plants (1,340 taxa) to assess their current risk of extinction and to highlight the...
Article
Sexual plant reproduction is a strategy that allows plant populations to increase genetic variability, and consequently to be more efficient in adapting to new environments and to overcome stress conditions. Here, we focus on the reproductive mode of Phragmites australis, an important sub-cosmopolite species that can spread both by clonal propagati...
Article
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Phragmites australis is a subcosmopolitan species typical of wetlands being studied in Europe for its disappearance from natural stands, a phenomenon called reed die-back syndrome (RDBS). Although it is conjectured that low genetic variability contributes to RDBS, this aspect remains neglected to this day. Using a molecular fingerprinting approach...
Article
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In Tuscany (Italy), oak mixed woods with high cover values of Quercus petraea are rather infrequent but well documented within local and national phytosociological studies, even if, in the literature, not always analyzed and well characterized from the syntaxonomic view point. We gathered 71 published and unpublished Tuscan phytosociological relevé...
Article
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An updated inventory of the native vascular flora of Italy, providing details on the occurrence at regional level, is presented. The checklist includes 8195 taxa (6417 species and 1778 subspecies), distributed in 1092 genera and 152 families; 23 taxa are lycophytes, 108 ferns and fern allies, 30 gymnosperms and 8034 angiosperms. The taxa currently...