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Bruna R. Gouveia

Bruna R. Gouveia
Health Administration Institute, Autonomous Region of Madeira (IASAUDE, IP-RAM)

24.07
 · 
PhD Nursing Sciences

About

50
Publications
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80
Citations

Publications

Publications (50)
Article
Aims: We investigated whether the longitudinal relationship between history of stroke and subsequent decline in executive functioning over 6 years differed by cognitive reserve. Methods: We analyzed longitudinal data from 897 older adults (mean age, 74.33 years) tested on the Trail Making Test (TMT) in two waves 6 years apart. Participants repor...
Article
Objectives: We investigated the longitudinal relationship between obesity and subsequent decline in executive functioning over six years as measured through performance changes in the Trail Making Test (TMT). We also examined whether this longitudinal relationship differed by key markers of cognitive reserve (education, occupation, and leisure acti...
Article
Objective: To investigate the relations of balance to muscle mass (MM) and muscle strength (MS), depending on age and physical activity, which is of particular importance to functional independence in older people. Methods: This cross-sectional study included 802 volunteers (69.82 ± 5.60 years). The Fullerton Advanced Balance scale was used to a...
Article
Full-text available
This study aimed to investigate the relation between students’ attitude towards Physical Education (PE) and its correlates, by simultaneously considering age, sex, enjoying physical activity (PA), self-perceived physically active lifestyle (PAL), self-perception of physical competence, PA, and cardiovascular fitness (CF). This cross-sectional study...
Article
Aims: We investigated the mediating role of leisure activity engagement in the longitudinal relation between openness to experience and subsequent change in executive functioning over 6 years as measured through performance changes in the Trail Making Test (TMT). Methods: We analyzed longitudinal data from 897 older adults (mean = 74.33 years in...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: To study the reliability/stability of the Cognitive Telephone Screening Instrument (COGTEL) for the assessment of cognitive functions, and to investigate the concurrent validity (that is, the relationship between the COGTEL scores and external variables, such as level of education and MMSE results) in a pilot study of elderly persons re...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: The main purposes of this study were (a) to assess the effectiveness of the tactical games approach on students’ invasion game performance when compared to the technique-oriented approach, and (b) to investigate whether there was a difference in motor engagement time (MET) between the both pedagogical approaches. Method: The sample consist...
Article
Full-text available
The aims of this study were: (i) to characterize students' opinion on Physical Education (PE) and on the School and (ii) to analyze the associations between opinion about PE, gender, age, and academic performance. The sample was composed by 599 students (264 boys and 335 girls), aged 10 to 22 years (14.76 ± 2.42). A subsample of 154 students (76 bo...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Background: Sarcopenia is a result of age-related losses of skeletal muscle function and mass, that differs in rate between individuals. This can be partly explained by unmodifiable factors, such as age, however it is necessary to better understand the contribution of other modifiable factors in order to prevent it. To identify different reliable d...
Poster
Full-text available
Background: Sarcopenia is a result of age-related losses of skeletal muscle function and mass, that differs in rate between individuals. This can be partly explained by unmodifiable factors, such as age, however it is necessary to better understand the contribution of other modifiable factors in order to prevent it. To identify different reliable d...
Article
Aims: We investigated whether the longitudinal relationship between gastrointestinal diseases and subsequent decline in executive functioning over 6 years differed by cognitive reserve. Methods: We analyzed longitudinal data from 897 older adults (mean age 74.33 years) tested on TMT parts A and B in two waves 6 years apart. Participants reported...
Article
Background: Balance and mobility impairments are important modifiable risk factors associated with falls in older people. Purpose: To investigate how different functional fitness components relate to balance and mobility, after controlling for age, sex, body mass index (BMI), and different physical activity (PA) domains. Methods: This represen...
Article
Full-text available
A population-based cross-sectional study aimed to examine sex differences in health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of older adults, and investigate whether the relation patterns between HRQoL and its correlates differed between sexes. A stratified proportional and representative sample included 802 volunteers, aged 60–79. HRQoL (36-item Short Form...
Article
The objectives of this study were: (1) to investigate the age-related differences in cognitive function (CF), nutritional status (MNA), physical activity (AF), quality of life (QoL), depression, social satisfaction (SS) and socioeconomic status (SES), and (2) to explore the relationships between CF and the previous variables. This cross sectional s...
Poster
Full-text available
Background: Muscle strength (MS) is a critical component of physical function in old age. Body composition and behavioural patterns have been considered important predictors affecting the age-associated declines in MS in older people. Objectives: The main purposes of this study were: (1) to analyse the relation between MS, body composition and beha...
Article
Full-text available
It remains unclear so far whether the role of cognitive reserve for cognitive functioning in old age may differ between individuals with low, compared to those with high functional fitness status. Therefore, the present study set out to investigate the relation of education and cognitive leisure activity as key markers of cognitive reserve to mini-...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is an important health outcome in older adults. This study aimed to assess the efficacy of the ProBalance rehabilitation programme on HRQoL of community-dwelling older adults with balance impairments and to investigate whether effects differ between age groups and/or HRQoL components. Methods: A...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: (1) To study the relation of physical activity (PA) to high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and (2) to investigate if the strength of these associations holds after adjustments for sex, age, and other key correlates. Methods: This study included 550 older adults from Amazonas. HDL-C was derived from fasting blood samples. PA...
Article
The Cognitive Telephone Screening Instrument (COGTEL) is a novel test battery that allows the assessment of performance in six cognitive domains (prospective, short-term, long-term, and working memory, verbal fluency, and reasoning). It can be applied in a face-to-face session, but also over the phone and takes only about 15 minutes. The COGTEL has...
Article
Full-text available
This study aimed to assess the effect of the ProBalance rehabilitation program on strength and gait of community-dwelling older adults with balance impairments, aged 65–85. In this single-blind randomized controlled trial, the intervention included gait, balance, functional training, strengthening and endurance, flexibility, and 3D training. It was...
Article
It remains unclear so far whether the negative relation of critically low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) level to cognitive functioning in old age may be reduced in individuals with higher cognitive reserve accumulated during the life course. Therefore, the present study set out to investigate the relation of HDL-C level to cognitive...
Article
Full-text available
Aims: The present study set out to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Cognitive Telephone Screening Instrument (COGTEL) in two different samples of older adults. Methods: We assessed COGTEL in 116 older adults, with retest after seven days to evaluate test-retest reliability. Moreover, we assessed COGTEL in 868 older adults to evaluate con...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Recently, Paggi et al. (Gerontology 2016;62:450-458) for the very first time showed in a cross-sectional sample of 259 adults aged 18 to 81 years that the relation of physical health to psychological well-being was mediated via frequency of leisure activity participation. Objective: To extend this framework, we followed theories on succ...
Article
Full-text available
Aims: The present study set out to investigate the relation of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) level to cognitive performance and its interplay with key markers of cognitive reserve in a large sample of older adults. Methods: We assessed tests of working memory, immediate and delayed cued recall in 701 older adults from Amazonas, Brazi...
Article
Full-text available
Background: It remains unclear so far whether the role of cognitive reserve may differ between physically frail compared to less frail individuals. Therefore, the present study set out to investigate the relation of key markers of cognitive reserve to cognitive status in old age and its interplay with physical frailty in a large sample of older adu...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: We investigated the relation of hypertension to cognitive performance and its interplay with key markers of cognitive reserve in a large sample of older adults. Methods: We assessed tests of immediate and delayed cued recall and working memory in 701 older adults. We measured systolic blood pressure and interviewed individuals on their...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: This study aimed (1) to examine the role of potential correlates of HRQoL in a large representative sample of older adults, and (2) to investigate whether the relationships between HRQoL and potential factors differ as a function of HRQoL component (physical vs. mental) and/or age cohort (young-old vs. old-old). Methods: This cross-sect...
Article
Full-text available
The aims of this study were to describe age- and gender related differences in total body skeletal muscle (TB-SM) mass and to determine the variance explained by physical activity (PA). This cross-sectional study included 401 males and 402 females, aged 60-79 years. TB-SM was determined by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry-DXA and PA by Baecke quest...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Uma participação ao longo da vida em atividades físicas tem um impacto positivo e significado na saúde e bem-estar. Os indivíduos menos ativos apresentam maior risco de morrer de doença do coração e desenvolver diabetes, cancro do cólon e pressão arterial elevada, comparativamente aos mais ativos. Os objetivos do presente artigo foram: (1) analisar...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
BACKGROUND: The increased prevalence of obesity and function limitations associated with aging are major public health problemsconcerns in the U.S. The risk of developing obesity and functional limitations is higher in minority populations living in urban settings and previous research has shown that Tai Chi, resistance training, and diet individua...
Article
Full-text available
Perante o envelhecimento populacional e a decorrente demanda para os cuidados de saúde, do ponto de vista da Enfermagem de Reabilitação importa responder às determinantes do envelhecimento que afetam a mobilidade, com estratégias fundamentadas nos resultados da investigação mais atual. A cinesioterapia constitui um recurso do enfermeiro especialist...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Epidemiological evidence suggests that, compared with a sedentary lifestyle, over three hours targeted exercise each week can halve the risk of osteoporosis, falls-related injuries and hip fracture. People spending less than 4 hours a day on their feet also have a greater risk of osteoporosis. To maintain healthy bone mass, three 20-30 min sessions...

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Projects

Projects (6)
Project
O projeto MTL - Marítimo Training LAB (MTL) surge de uma simbiose entre a Marítimo Futebol SAD e a Academia (i.e., Madeira Interactive Technologies Institute e Universidade da Madeira). O projeto tem com o objetivo principal reforçar a investigação, o desenvolvimento tecnológico e a inovação ao nível do contexto dos fatores que determinam o treino, da avaliação da capacidade funcional e performance e da prevenção de lesões em futebolistas profissionais
Project
The main purposes of this research are: (1) to identify predictors of motivation regarding PE and physical activity in general in children and adolescent; (2) to describe the relationship between the level of participation in physical and sports activities, risk factors for metabolic disease (obesity, diabetes, hypercholesterolemia), and general health and well-being; (3) to develop and test interactive technologies, capable of collecting information from technological sensors, to monitor and provide biofeedback, helping adolescents to be more active, but also helping PE teachers to better individualize the educational offer; (4) to evaluate the effect of intervention programs based on student-centered teaching models (ie, the sports education model and the teaching model of sports activities by understanding the functionality of the phenomena) in the learning of sports activities and motivation for PE and physical activity in general; and (5) to evaluate the effect of wearable interactive technologies on the interest of children and adolescents in physical and sports activities, as well as, in their motivation to adopt a physically active lifestyle.