Briget da Graca

Briget da Graca
Baylor Scott & White Health · Office of the Chief Quality Officer

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42
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Publications

Publications (42)
Article
The volume of abdominal organ offers received by the Baylor Simmons Transplant Institute has increased over time, resulting in a higher workload for our donor call team. To quantify the increase in organ offers, determine the characteristics of these offers, and estimate the impact on our transplant center workload, we collected center-specific org...
Article
Uterus transplantation (UTx) offers women with absolute uterine factor infertility a path to motherhood that enables them to carry their own pregnancy. Debates about the ethics of UTx have evolved in tandem with its clinical evolution: clinical trials have provided evidence regarding risks and benefits to donors and recipients that were initially u...
Article
Background Substantial evidence is emerging regarding the broad societal and psychological impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic, but little is known about whether infected individuals are differently affected. Aim We evaluated psychological differences between individuals who do vs. do not report testing positive for COVID-19. Methods An online surve...
Article
Minimally invasive procurement of uterine grafts for transplantation can decrease living donor recovery time. We examined recipient outcomes for grafts procured by robotic-assisted donor hysterectomies with transvaginal extraction in the Dallas UtErus Transplant Study (DUETS). All 5 grafts were successfully transplanted. Recipients had a median 4.5...
Article
Acute kidney injury (AKI) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) are important drivers of morbidity and mortality in patients with cirrhosis before and after liver transplantation (LT). In this review, we examine the role of novel kidney biomarkers for early recognition of kidney injury. Studies are limited by lack of reference standards, heterogeneous d...
Article
Importance Acuity circles (AC) liver allocation policy was implemented to eliminate donor service area geographic boundaries from liver allocation and to decrease variability in median Model of End-stage Liver Disease (MELD) score at transplant and wait list mortality. However, the broader sharing of organs was also associated with more flights for...
Article
Introduction: Restrictive sternal precautions intended to prevent cardiac surgery patients from damaging healing sternotomies lack supporting evidence and may decrease independence and increase post-acute care utilization. Data regarding the impact of alternative approaches on safety and outcomes are needed to guide evidence-based best practices....
Article
Full-text available
Objective To investigate the impact of limiting the definition of post-coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) atrial fibrillation (AF) to AF/flutter requiring treatment—as in the Society of Thoracic Surgeons' (STS) database— on the association with survival. Patients and Methods We assessed in-hospital incidence of post-CABG AF in 7110 consecutive is...
Article
Objective Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) use in adult patient populations has grown rapidly with wide variation in practices and outcomes. We evaluated the impact on patient outcomes, resource use, and costs of an initiative to coordinate and standardize best practices across ECMO programs within a large integrated health care system....
Chapter
Efficiency is a measure of the quantity and/or quality of output (health outcome or service) for a given level of input (cost) – i.e., its value. Managing value requires measuring patient-level costs and outcomes, encompassing entire care cycles. Such data are seldom obtainable, leaving efficiency measures reliant on charges billed (or reimbursemen...
Article
Background: New-onset post-coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) atrial fibrillation (AF) is associated with poor outcomes, but data on the effects of its characteristics are lacking and conflicting. We examined the effect number of post-CABG AF events has on long-term mortality risk, and whether this is sex dependent. Methods: Routinely-c...
Article
Background Two quality measures used in public reporting and value-based payment programs require β-blockers be administered less than 24 hours before isolated coronary artery bypass graft surgery to prevent atrial fibrillation and mortality. Questions have arisen about continued use of these measures. Methods We conducted a systematic search for...
Article
Objective: To compare diagnostic accuracy between primary care E-Visit and face-to-face (F2F) encounters for low-acuity illnesses. Patients and methods: This cross-sectional retrospective analysis of electronic health records in a large not-for-profit integrated delivery system included patients covered by the health care system's employee healt...
Article
Full-text available
Background: We sought to fill important gaps in the existing evidence regarding new-onset atrial fibrillation (AF) after coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) by comparing the incidence, characteristics, and effect on long-term survival between men and women. Methods: Nine thousand two hundred three consecutive patients without preoperativ...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: Studies with authors trained in research methods are of higher quality than those without. We examined inclusion of authors with master’s or doctoral degrees incorporating advanced research methods training on original research articles in high-impact journals, investigating differences between journals and by first-author sex. Methods:...
Article
Objectives Postoperative atrial fibrillation (AF) following coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) is significantly associated with reduced survival, but poor characterisation and inconsistent definitions present barriers to developing effective prophylaxis and management. We sought to address this knowledge gap. Methods From 2002 to 2010, 11...
Article
Background: New-onset atrial fibrillation (AF) after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) operation is associated with poorer survival. Blanket prophylaxis efforts have not appreciably decreased incidence, making targeted prevention for high-risk patients desirable. We compared predictive abilities of existing scores developed/used to predict adver...
Article
Background: Despite many studies comparing on- versus off-pump coronary artery bypass graft (CABG), there is no consensus as to whether one of these techniques offers patients better outcomes. Methods: We searched PubMed from inception to June 30, 2015, and identified additional studies from bibliographies of meta-analyses and reviews. We identi...
Article
Background: The patient-centered medical home (PCMH) shows promise for improving care and reducing costs. We sought to reduce the uncertainty regarding the time and cost of PCMH transformation by quantifying the direct costs of transforming 57 practices in a medical group to National Committee for Quality Assurance (NCQA)-recognized Level III PCMH...
Article
Objective Inconsistent definitions of atrial fibrillation (AF) following coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) have caused uncertainty about its incidence and risk. We examined the extent to which limiting the definition to post-CABG AF events requiring treatment underestimates its incidence and impact on 30-day mortality. Methods We assesse...
Article
Primary care practices become patient-centered medical homes (PCMHs) to improve care. However, investment costs and opportunities to offset those costs are critical to the decision. We examined potential offsets through commercial payer per-member-per-month (PMPM) payments and the Medicare Merit-based Incentive Payment System (MIPS) for a network t...
Article
Full-text available
Background: New-onset atrial fibrillation (AF) after coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG) is associated with increased morbidity and poorer long-term survival. Although many studies show differences in outcome in women versus men after CABG, little is known about the sex-specific incidence and characteristics of post-CABG AF. Methods and r...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: To examine changes in representation of women among first authors of original research published in high impact general medical journals from 1994 to 2014 and investigate differences between journals. Design: Observational study. Study sample: All original research articles published in Annals of Internal Medicine, Archives of Internal M...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: Female sex is considered a risk factor for adverse outcomes following isolated coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. We assessed the association between sex and short-term mortality following isolated CABG, and estimated the ‘excess’ deaths occurring in women. Methods: Short-term mortality was investigated in 13 327 consecutive...
Book
While many health care organizations need to improve health care quality and lower costs, most lack specific strategies and tactics for implementing these changes. Baylor Scott & White Health has established and continues to develop an accountable care organization (ACO) called the Baylor Scott & White Quality Alliance (BSWQA) to improve the qualit...
Chapter
In this chapter we looked at the process and methods involved in conducting a quantitative systematic review of the published literature, using the example of comparing mortality following off-pump vs. on-pump CABG. Before starting a quantitative systematic review it is critical to develop a meta-analysis protocol, specifying the systematic search...
Article
Randomized controlled trials have shown no significant difference in survival between immediate open repair and surveillance with selective repair for asymptomatic abdominal aortic aneurysms of 4.0 to 5.5 cm in diameter. This lack of difference has been shown to hold true for all diameters in this range, in men and women, but the question of whethe...
Article
Full-text available
To report 5 years of adverse events (AEs) identified using an enhanced Global Trigger Tool (GTT) in a large health care system. Records from monthly random samples of adults admitted to eight acute care hospitals from 2007 to 2011 with lengths of stay ≥3 days were reviewed. We examined AE incidence overall and by presence on admission, severity, st...
Article
Deep sternal wound infections (DSWIs) are serious complications of sternotomy, leading to increased mortality and costs of care. Topical applications of autologous platelet concentrate and vancomycin have both shown promise in preventing DSWIs. From January 1, 1998, to November 30, 2010, 1,866 patients without previous sternotomy underwent cardiac...
Article
Health information technology shows promise for improving chronic disease care. This study assessed the impact of a diabetes management form (DMF), accessible within an electronic health record. From 2007 to 2009, 2108 diabetes patients were seen in 20 primary care practices; 1103 visits involved use of the DMF in 2008. The primary outcome was "opt...
Article
To estimate a commercially available ambulatory electronic health record's (EHR's) impact on workflow and financial measures. Administrative, payroll, and billing data were collected for 26 primary care practices in a fee-for-service network that rolled out an EHR on a staggered schedule from June 2006 through December 2008. An interrupted time ser...
Article
Full-text available
To assess whether survival differences exist between patients undergoing immediate open repair vs surveillance with selective repair for 4.0- to 5.4-cm abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) and whether these differences vary by diameter, within sexes, or overall. The study cohort included 2226 patients randomized to immediate repair or surveillance for...
Article
Objective: To adapt the Global Trigger Tool (GTT) as a sustainable monitoring tool able to characterize adverse events (AEs) for organizational learning, within the context of limited resources. Methods: Baylor Health Care System (BHCS) expanded the AE data collected to include judgments of preventability, presence on admission, relation to care...
Article
Full-text available
In November 2011 the Social Security Administration removed ~5% of the death records in the publicly-available Death Master File (DMF) and started excluding ~40% of newly received death records based on its determination that data submitted electronically by the states cannot be publicly shared. Healthcare researchers and providers rely heavily on...
Article
To assess the impact of electronic health record (EHR) implementation on primary care diabetes care. Charts were abstracted semi-annually for 14,051 diabetes patients seen in 34 primary care practices in a large, fee-for-service network from January 1, 2005 to December 31, 2010. The study sample was limited to patients aged 40 years or older. A nat...
Article
Adoption of healthcare innovations frequently outpaces the evidence of effectiveness. Endovascular repair (EVAR) for abdominal aortic aneurysms in the USA demonstrates how comparative effectiveness research without evidence-based reimbursement changes may fail to influence clinical practice. Randomized controlled trials for small abdominal aortic a...
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Full-text available
Bioprinting may offer a new solution to the age-old problem of the human body’s lack of “spare parts” when the failure of a small but critical piece threatens the survival of the whole. This report provides a general overview of the current state of bioprinting technology, examining its potential as a future source for tissue grafts and full organ...

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