Brian Wynne

Brian Wynne
Lancaster University | LU · Department of Sociology

MA PhD MPhil

About

178
Publications
104,963
Reads
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20,671
Citations
Citations since 2016
11 Research Items
7393 Citations
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Publications

Publications (178)
Chapter
Full-text available
This paper examines some of the tensions between the ideals and the operationalisation of Responsible Research and Innovation (RRI). It does so through reflections on research into integrating assessments of various kinds in the context of complex, emerging technologies. Its aim is to address some aspects of what actually happens, as new collaborat...
Chapter
The development of the Marine Renewable Energy (MRE) industry is part of the EC Blue Growth Strategy. It brings together a range of relationships across people, sea, and energy, from developers to local communities and policymakers. This calls for diverse approaches, moving beyond an oppositional mindset to one that can establish an inclusive commu...
Preprint
The development of the Marine Renewable Energy (MRE)industry is part of the EC Blue Growth Strategy. It brings together a rangeof relationships across people, sea, and energy, from developers to localcommunities and policymakers. This calls for diverse approaches, movingbeyond an oppositional mindset to one that can establish an inclusive community...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Based on preliminary insights from the analyses of data, gathered during the CANDID project consultations, this document presents an overview for self-reflection and the fostering of exchange of knowledge between experts in the Social Sciences and Humanities (SSH) and Information and Communication Technologies (ICT. The document provides initial an...
Article
High modernism, the dominant sociotechnical imagination in postwar Taiwan, manifested in tacit answers to the questions of what a better society would look like and the most pragmatic and viable approach to make the particular dreamed-of future become reality. This article explores the exclusion of alternative energy futures brought about by a high...
Article
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The importance of socio-economic impacts (SEI) from the introduction and use of genetically modified (GM) crops is reflected in increasing efforts to include them in regulatory frameworks. Aiming to identify and understand the present knowledge on SEI of GM crops, we here report the findings from an extensive study of the published international sc...
Article
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This article assesses how science–policy interactions are conceptualized in the social sciences with special reference to climate change and the IPCC. In terms of the dimension of distance (or proximity) between science and policy, we discern two ideal-type cases: a ‘two-worlds’ and a ‘one-world’ perspective. The first understands science and polic...
Book
DNA Barcoding has been promoted since 2003 as a new, fast, digital genomics-based means of identifying natural species based on the idea that a small standard fragment of any organism's genome (a so-called 'micro-genome') can faithfully identify and help to classify every species on the planet. The fear that species are becoming extinct before they...
Article
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There is a growing demand to incorporate social, economic and ethical considerations into biotechnology governance. However, there is currently little guidance available for understanding what this means or how it should be done. A framework of care-based ethics and politics can capture many of the concerns maintaining a persistent socio-political...
Article
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This essay begins from the intensified entanglements of technoscientific innovation with miscellaneous societal and public fields of interest and action over recent years. This has been accompanied by an apparent decline in the work of purification of discourses of natural and human agency, which Latour observed in 1993. Replacing such previous dis...
Article
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In March 2014 a group of early career researchers and academics from São Paulo state and from the UK met at the University of Campinas to participate in a workshop on ‘ResponsibleInnovation and the Governance of Socially Controversial Technologies’. In this Perspective we describe key reflections and observations from the workshop discussions, payi...
Article
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This article explores the nature of calls for risk-based policy present in expert discourse from a cultural theory perspective. Semi-structured interviews with professionals engaged in the research and management of livestock disease control provide the data for a reading proposing that the real basis of policy relating to socio-technical hazards i...
Research
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Prepared by the GSEAC Subcommittee on Pathways to Integration for Genome British Columbia
Technical Report
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The aim of the Epinet case study was to explore and interact with the epistemic communities / networks that have been developing, implementing, supporting and promoting IVM technologies. The study team consisted of expertise in sociotechnical evaluations, systems and uncertainty analysis, ethics and media studies. The team identified early on a sma...
Article
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A broad community of independent scientific researchers and scholars challenges recent claims of a consensus over the safety of genetically modified organisms (GMOs). In the following joint statement, the claimed consensus is shown to be an artificial construct that has been falsely perpetuated through diverse fora. Irrespective of contradictory ev...
Article
This article explores the nature of calls for risk-based policy present in expert discourse from a cultural theory perspective. Semi-structured interviews with professionals engaged in the research and management of livestock disease control provide the data for a reading proposing that the real basis of policy relating to socio-technical hazards i...
Article
Full-text available
This article explores the trajectory of the global controversy over the introgression (or not) of transgenes from genetically modified maize into Mexican indigenous maize landraces. While a plurality of knowledge-making processes were deployed to render transgenes visible or invisible, we analyze how a particular in vitro based DNA-centered knowled...
Article
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To the Editor Within nanoecotoxicology, various scientific tensions exist in dynamic interplay. For example, exploratory and curiosity-driven basic research competes with strategic-, applied- and regulatory-oriented approaches; research done within a paradigm of environmental chemistry must rival with a biological one; and research focused on well...
Article
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Calls for more broad-based, integrated, useful knowledge now abound in the world of global environmental change science. They evidence many scientists' desire to help humanity confront the momentous biophysical implications of its own actions. But they also reveal a limited conception of social science and virtually ignore the humanities. They ther...
Article
Full-text available
In March 2014 a group of early career researchers and academics from São Paulo state and from the UK met at the University of Campinas to participate in a workshop on ‘Responsible Innovation and the Governance of Socially Controversial Technologies’. In this Perspective we describe key reflections and observations from the workshop discussions, pay...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract Metadata refer to descriptions about data or as some put it, "data about data." Metadata capture what happens on the backstage of science, on the trajectory from study conception, design, funding, implementation, and analysis to reporting. Definitions of metadata vary, but they can include the context information surrounding the practice o...
Article
This paper reviews some changes and continuities in science-society relations which have shaped this journal's birth and development. I argue that the main focus on publics has been developed with insufficient primary attention to problematising what is meant by 'science' in its variable public forms, including discourses. We cannot understand 'pub...
Article
Links to Figure 1 were incorrectly inserted in the terms "Fig. 1A" and "Fig. 1B" in the extract labeled "E9 (scientific paper)" in the Production of Models section of the Results and Discussion. These terms refer to a figure mentioned in the extract and not Figure 1 of the article. In addition, Figure 1 is placed incorrectly within the article. Rat...
Article
Environmental Models: Truth Machines or Social Heuristics? Explores whether environmental, computation models are best regarded as simulating reality ('truth machines') or as 'heuristics' that provide an approximate and conditional understanding of the system being simulated that can be used as basis for dialogue between stakeholders and the resear...
Article
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ABSTRACT Two-way public engagement with science is an important modern democratic practice that paradoxically coincides with the intensifications of state surveillance and policing of publics and social movements engaging with issues involving science. This raises important questions about the contemporary anatomies of publics, and what count as le...
Article
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For infectious disease dynamical models to inform policy for containment of infectious diseases the models must be able to predict; however, it is well recognised that such prediction will never be perfect. Nevertheless, the consensus is that although models are uncertain, some may yet inform effective action. This assumes that the quality of a mod...
Research
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The alternative agroecological vision for agriculture and food supply is not just theory. Local expertise and knowledge integrated with leading scientific research have demonstrated a capacity to increase yields sustainably, decrease polluting inputs, promote food security and improve livelihoods. - http://www.scidev.net/global/agriculture/opinion/...
Article
Recent accounts of "the biological" emphasize its thoroughgoing transformation. Accounts of biomedicalization, biotechnology, biopower, biocapital, and bioeconomy tend to agree that twentieth- and twenty-first-century life sciences transform the object of biology, the biological. Amidst so much transformation, we explore attempts to stabilize the b...
Book
DNA Barcoding has been promoted since 2003 as a new, fast, digital genomics-based means of identifying natural species based on the idea that a small standard fragment of any organism's genome (a so-called 'micro-genome() can faithfully identify and help to classify every species on the planet. The fear that species are becoming extinct before they...
Article
This paper draws general insights into the public reception of scientific knowledge from a case study of Cumbrian sheep farmers' responses to scientific advice about the restrictions introduced after the Chernobyl radioactive fallout. The analysis identifies several substantive factors that influence the credibility of scientific communication. Sta...
Article
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The assessment of the impacts of growing genetically modified (GM) crops remains a major political and scientific challenge in Europe. Concerns have been raised by the evidence of adverse and unexpected environmental effects and differing opinions on the outcomes of environmental risk assessments (ERA). The current regulatory system is hampered by...
Article
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This paper discusses entanglements of science and ethics in the regulation of genetically modified crops. Using the 2009 German ban of genetically modified maize MON810 and debates concerning the quality of science cited to support it, the paper highlights how values are tacitly embedded in science for policy and how ethical questions permeate the...
Article
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The intergovernmental body for biodiversity must draw on a much broader range of knowledge and stakeholders than the IPCC, say Esther Turnhout and colleagues.
Article
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Our respondents, eight current or former members of the EFSA GMO panel, focus on defending the EFSA's environmental risk assessment (ERA) procedures. In our article for EMBO reports , we actually focused on the proposed EU GMO legislative reform, especially the European Commission (EC) proposal's false political inflation of science, which denies t...
Article
Decision making for zoonotic disease management should be based on many forms of appropriate data and sources of evidence. However, the criteria and timing for policy response and the resulting management decisions are often altered when a disease outbreak occurs and captures full media attention. In the case of waterborne disease, such as the robu...
Article
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“Ethics” is used as a label for a new kind of expertise in the field of science and technology. At the same time, it is not clear what ethical expertise consists in and what its political status in modern democracies can be. Starting from the “participatory turn” in recent social research and policy, we will argue that bioethical reasoning has to i...
Article
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Anglerfish are predators that live in the eternal darkness of the deep oceans and have a distinctive way of catching their prey. They use a long light-emitting filament that extends from their head to lure organisms in the darkness. Those attracted to the shimmering light and movement are then unwittingly caught in front of the anglerfish’s wide-op...
Article
Midstream modulation is a form of public engagement with science which benefits from strategic application of science and technology studies (STS) insights accumulated over nearly 20 years. These have been developed from STS researchers' involvement in practical engagement processes and research with scientists, science funders, policy and other pu...
Article
This chapter concentrates on the introduction of genetically modified (GM) crops and foods into Britain. It describes how citizenship was reframed through the partial realignment of governance with respect to the science, technology, and innovation politics of genetic modification. This chapter shows that Unilever tried to cope with public controve...
Article
Uncertainty is an inherent feature of strategies to contain animal disease. In this paper, an interdisciplinary framework for representing strategies of containment, and analysing how uncertainties are embedded and propagated through them, is developed and illustrated. Analysis centres on persistent, periodic and emerging disease threats, with a pa...
Article
Full-text available
"Ethics" is used as a label for a new kind of expertise in the field of science and technology. At the same time, it is not clear what ethical expertise consists in and what its political status in modern democracies can be. Starting from the "participatory turn" in recent social research and policy, we will argue that bioethical reasoning has to i...
Article
Full-text available
Biotagging used audio-visual equipment to engage a range of individuals in ‘tagging plants and animals with specific and local meaning to them. This was an experiment in subverting conventional approaches to biodiversity monitoring with the aim of expanding ideas of both biodiversity and citizen science.
Article
The authors outline and reflect upon a new research agenda on participatory mass observation and citizen science as an introduction to the 3 project outlines in this special section of Transactions.
Article
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Brian Wynne wishes that a book on the vulnerability of scientific evidence to attack by ideologists had grappled more with the larger question of why science is such an easy target.
Article
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We examine the crafting of publics in the global Barcoding of Life Initiative (BOLI)--seen as crucial for re-invigorating, and democratizing, early-twenty-first-century taxonomic sciences and hence for actually achieving biodiversity protection. Our approach to the issue of publics differs from that of conventional public understanding of or engage...
Article
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For a long time before the ‘climategate’ emails scandal of late 2009 which cast doubt on the propriety of science underpinning the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), attention to climate change science and policy has focused solely upon the truth or falsity of the proposition that human behaviour is responsible for serious global ris...
Article
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Drawing on interviews and observational work with practicing U.K. plant scientists, this article uses Michel Callon's work as a tool to explore the issue of collaboration between academic science and business, in particular, calls by the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council for a return to "public good" plant science. In an articl...
Article
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In this paper, I attempt to explain how existing work in the science and technology studies (STS) sub-field of public engagement with, or participation in, public issues involving science and technology, has performed a serious category mistake in allowing itself to be called 'public participation in science' research. This requires us to reflect m...
Article
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The promise of scientific and technological innovation – particularly in fields such as nanotechnology – is increasingly set against what has been articulated as a deficit in public trust in both the new technologies and regulatory mechanisms. Whilst the development of new technology is cast as providing contributions to both quality of life and na...
Article
Andrew Webster proposes that science and technology studies (STS) align itself more thoroughly with practical policy contexts, actors and issues, so as to become more useful, and thus more a regular actor in such worlds. This commentary raises some questions about this approach. First, I note that manifest influence in science or policy or both sho...
Article
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The abstract for this document is available on CSA Illumina.To view the Abstract, click the Abstract button above the document title.
Article
The nuclear debate has become once again a ‘live’ policy issue in UK national politics, with far-reaching implications for a diverse range of stakeholders. There is now a new policy rationale for the consideration of new-build nuclear power in the context of climate change and a low carbon economy. In a rapidly evolving public policy context there...
Article
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This paper analyses the recent widespread moves to 'restore' public trust in science by developing an avowedly two-way, public dialogue with science initiatives. Noting how previously discredited and supposedly abandoned public deficit explanations of 'mistrust' have actually been continually reinvented, it argues that this is a symptom of a contin...
Article
In this article we argue that nanotechnology represents an extraordinary opportunity to build in a robust role for the social sciences in a technology that remains at an early, and hence undetermined, stage of development. We examine policy dynamics in both the United States and United Kingdom aimed at both opening up, and closing down, the role of...
Article
Dominant social sciences approaches to complexity suggest that awareness of complexity in late-modern society comes from various recent scientific insights. By examining today’s plant and human genomics sciences, I question this from both ends: first suggesting that typical public culture was already aware of particular salient forms of complexity,...
Book
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This Demos pamphlet argues that we need to find new ways of talking about and building the public value of science. Britain’s hope of becoming the best place in the world to do science rests as much on giving scientists the freedom and incentive to renew their institutions and practices, as it does on 10-year frameworks and R&D targets. And this in...
Article
Full-text available
In this article we argue that nanotechnology represents an extraordinary opportunity to build in a robust role for the social sciences in a technology that remains at an early, and hence undetermined, stage of development. We examine policy dynamics in both the United States and United Kingdom aimed at both opening up, and closing down, the role of...
Article
Climate change represents one of society's most challenging environmental concerns and has been a major factor in changes in the way that environmental policies are debated and informed. Climate change policy faces at least three major challenges: (1) what is known – or not known – about climate change, in particular regarding the relative importan...
Article
The author discusses the theories of C.J. Barkla, the so-called J phenomenon, posited in the 1920s, concerning the explanation of X-ray absorption discontinuities at high frequency, and relates such scientific controversies to the development of science.
Article
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Risk and environmental discourses have usually been regarded as critical, in the sense that they are the substantive focus of critical reflexive processes discussed under the rubric of the risk society, reflexive modernization and other theories of late-modern cultural politics and change. The forces of power which shape new technological trajector...
Article
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Explaining there are things we can't know could improve public confidence in science.
Book
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Review of cases, focusing on 1) when was the first credible scientific 'early warning' of potential harm? 2) When and what were the main actions or inactions on risk reduction taken by regulatory authorities and others? 3) What were the resulting costs and benefits of the acitons or inactions including their distribution between groups and actors a...