Brian Vejrum Waehrens

Brian Vejrum Waehrens
Aalborg University · Department of Materials and Production

PhD

About

102
Publications
28,248
Reads
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923
Citations
Citations since 2017
54 Research Items
724 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250300
2017201820192020202120222023050100150200250300
Introduction
Brian Vejrum Waehrens currently works at the Department of Materials and Production, Aalborg University. His research domain is related to sustainable manufacturing (competitive and green) and with a particular focus to the interaction between technical and organizational aspects of distributed operations networks. Combining theories from the domains of operations/supply chain management, organizational development, and strategy. Current research interests are related to the ongoing digital transformation of production and supply chains, and specifically the link between emerging technologies (from I4.0), organizational processes & performance.

Publications

Publications (102)
Article
Full-text available
This paper aims to develop and validate a questionnaire to measure the prioritization of strategies to transitioning towards a circular economy and to compare different countries. We proposed a questionnaire based on a five-level ordinal scale to evaluate the 24 strategies of the circular economy under a set of ten criteria given technical issues,...
Article
Full-text available
The relation between digital technologies of the industry 4.0 agenda and the circular economy agenda is being coined as mutually beneficial in the twin transition agenda. However, the agenda is in a pre-paradigmatic stage where the dual relationship is primarily discussed at a conceptual level. At the same time, manufacturers are challenged in buil...
Chapter
The advent of the virtual warehouse (VW) supported by additive manufacturing (AM) represents a significant opportunity for reconfiguring modern supply chain, which can provide leverage for quick response, resilience, global reach and sustainable capabilities for small and large companies alike. In this article, we outline the benefits and challenge...
Chapter
In this chapter, the Smart Production vision is discussed. The Smart Production approach is developed and described, and Smart Production is positioned in relation to Industry 4.0. Smart Production operationalize the journey towards Industry 4.0 and beyond. First, the need for a new approach to manufacturing is discussed, and from the perspectives...
Chapter
With this editorial we aim to shed light on the idea behind the book and to provide an overview of our motivation and founding ideas for the book, an consequently present how we unfold the Smart Production for Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs).
Article
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Despite it being imperative to a sustainable development, a circular economy remains scarcely adopted by companies. Barriers towards this are extensively explored yet with little focus on their mutual dependencies. Neglecting dependencies is argued to cause suboptimization and lead to unsuccessful circular projects. To counter this and strengthen c...
Article
Full-text available
The movement of manufacturing organisations towards a circular economy sets the scene for extensive industrial change. This change is not simply a continuation of current business; instead, it brings up multiple questions concerning ways of thinking, modes of operation, and the very foundation of a business. Manufacturing organisations are experien...
Article
Full-text available
The integration of the concept of the circular economy (CE) within the supply chain is known as the circular supply chain (CSC). Although various articles have identified barriers to implementing CE, no comprehensive study has investigated the impacts of barriers focusing on CSC. This study includes a systematic literature review to contextualize t...
Article
Full-text available
This paper aims to summarize and analyze what is known regarding the ways in which stakeholder pressure may influence sustainable practices. Furthermore, this study extends this understanding to the development of several research opportunities for further investigation. A systematic extensive literature review was performed to investigate the rela...
Article
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Product take-back systems are fundamental for Circular Economy (CE) and focus on recovering value by taking back products to be recycled, re-manufactured, or refurbished. In theory, the expected value from CE is undeniable. However, in practice product take-back systems are often in small/pilot scale or have difficulties becoming financially viable...
Article
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Purpose This paper investigates how manufacturers can develop a learning-to-learn capability for enabling Industry 4.0 adoption. Design/methodology/approach This research design is guided by our research question: How can manufacturers develop a learning-to-learn capability that enables Industry 4.0 adoption? The authors adopt action research to g...
Article
Due to continuous focus on sustainability and circular economy, product take-back programs are becoming increasingly relevant and attractive. Thus, closed-loop manufacturing systems have to be designed and developed for disassembly, reprocessing of materials, re-assembly, and remanufacturing in a cost-efficient way. Compared to traditional manufact...
Chapter
Manufacturing companies are increasingly engaging in digital transformation initiatives with the intent to improve the performance of their production operations. Nevertheless, a common challenge lies in understanding where to focus to obtain a significant production improvement, as well as in quantifying such potential. This research, structured a...
Chapter
In the past decades, the programming of welding-robots has been given significant attention in the literature and commercially. However, in an engineer-to-order context, it still involves hard-coded parameters and requires a high amount of time to complete in an error-free manner. Welding-robot programming is a time-consuming process that requires...
Chapter
Freeform Injection Molding (FIM) is a novel technology based on sacrificial 3D-printed injection mold tooling. Key FIM benefits include shorter lead-times, lower start-up costs and increased design freedom, compared with existing injection mold tooling technologies. In this paper, it is discussed how FIM as an example of a novel manufacturing techn...
Chapter
The advent of the industrial digital transformation and the related technologies of the Industry 4.0 agenda has uncovered new concepts and terminology in the manufacturing domain. Clear definitions represent a solid foundation for supporting the manufacturing research community in addressing this field consistently. This paper addresses this need f...
Article
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Part Selection for Freeform Injection Moulding: comparison of alternate approaches using a novel comprehensive methodology The purpose of this study is to provide an overview of a methodology, which will enable industrial end-users to identify potential parts to be manufactured by Freeform Injection Moulding (FIM). Our proposed approach can be used...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to determine how companies develop and acquire competences to capture the benefits of Industry 4.0 (I4.0) technologies. The authors argue that this is a fundamental and often overlooked prerequisite for industrial transformation. Design/methodology/approach The authors conduct a process study of 33 small- and m...
Conference Paper
The advent of the industrial digital transformation and the related technologies of the Industry 4.0 agenda has uncovered new concepts and terminology in the manufacturing domain. Clear definitions represent a solid foundation for supporting the manufacturing research community in addressing this field consistently. This paper addresses this need f...
Chapter
As the maturity of digital integrated supply chains grows, the amount of operations which are tracked or which are directly controlled by a computerised system has seen a rapid increase with the emergence of the Industry 4.0 paradigm. This is notably desired in high-cost countries where having an overview on the supply chain is crucial in ensuring...
Article
Purpose - This research proposes and demonstrates a framework that can be used to systematically address the idiosyncratic design of Internet of Things (IoT)-based solutions, and to match the explorative aspects of introducing a new technology to the exploitative needs, to improve the performance of production operations. Design/methodology/approa...
Article
Purpose This paper aims to investigate the impact of the strategic transformation of engineering to order company (ETO) at the level of the internal value-adding chain of operations on its position as a sub-supplier. The transformation is motivated and enabled by end-to-end business intelligence related to processes revolving around the product’s d...
Article
Full-text available
With the growing application of green energy, the importance of effectively handling the volatile nature of these energy sources is also growing in order to ensure economic and operational viability. Accordingly, the main contribution of this work is to evaluate the revenue potential for wind parks with integrated storage systems in the day-ahead e...
Article
Purpose The research aims to investigate how firms can develop their sensing capabilities for Industry 4.0 (I4.0) technology adoption through reframing their opportunity perceptions related to learnings from I4.0 initiatives. Design/methodology/approach The research follows a design science research approach. Following the case of I4.0 technology...
Article
Full-text available
Low-volume manufacturing remains a challenge, especially for parts that need to be injection-molded. Freeform injection molding (FIM) is a novel method that combines elements from direct additive manufacturing (DAM) and injection molding (IM) to resolve some of the challenges seen in low-volume injection molding. In this study, we use a design scie...
Article
Full-text available
This study presents empirical evidence for the ongoing discussion about the link between Lean Management (LM) and industry 4.0 (I4.0) by exploring a non-technical perspective on how manufacturers can capitalize on their technological investments. The paper, therefore, studies the link between LM and I4.0 from a learning organization (LO) perspectiv...
Chapter
Product take-back programs are becoming increasingly popular and widespread driven by continuous focus on sustainability and circular economy. As a result, manufacturing systems need to be designed to handle not only disassembly, but also reprocessing of materials, re-assembly, and remanufacturing in a cost-efficient way. Compared to traditional ma...
Chapter
The purpose of this study is to provide an overview of a methodology, which will enable industrial end-users to identify potential components to be manufactured by Freeform Injection Molding (FIM). The difference between the technical and economic criteria needed for part selection for Additive Manufacturing (AM) and FIM will be discussed, which wi...
Article
Full-text available
Studies on circular economy traditionally focus on the sustainability aspect, however, the main issue regarding industrial adoption of these initiatives is the financial viability. This paper seeks to address this gap, by identifying factors that affect the financial performance of circular economy initiatives. The research uses a multiple embedded...
Conference Paper
The last decade, the manufacturing industry has been concerned with digital transformation as a new lever for competitiveness. Nevertheless, the industrial digital transformation remains an emerging topic, which is not well understood academically and in terms of its practical implications. Due to different contextual factors and national developme...
Article
Full-text available
The emergence of Industry 4.0 provides the promise of reaching a new plateau of productivity by supplying new means of process excellence, and as such, it brings many opportunities as well as challenges to practitioners. However, the knowledge of the process related to adopting digital technologies in organizations is scarce and so is the knowledge...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose This paper aims to explore the effect of subsidiary autonomy on knowledge transfers during captive offshoring to emerging markets. Design/methodology/approach Five longitudinal cases of captive R&D and manufacturing offshoring to emerging markets. Findings The propositions entail the dual effect of operational subsidiary autonomy on prima...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose This paper aims to explore value creation configurations pursued by suppliers in high-cost countries. The proposed value creation configuration approaches are seen as means for supplier firms to strengthen their competitiveness when faced with increasing global sourcing. Design/methodology/approach Survey data on supplier firms in Denmark...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
China with the huge market potential it possesses is an important issue for subsidiaries of western multinational companies. The objective of this paper is therefore to strengthen researchers" and practitioners" perspectives on what are the descriptors of server capabilities. The descriptors are relevant to determine subsidiary roles and as an indi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The purpose of this paper is to further our understanding of multinational companies building server capabilities in China. The paper is based on the cases of two western companies with operations in China. The findings highlight a number of common patterns in the 1) managerial challenges related to the development of server capabilities at offshor...
Research Proposal
Full-text available
Topic: Operations management Word count: 1000 Purpose: The definition of services (Menor et al, 2002), plays a key role in service design. Service design has been depicted as evolving from a narrow description of a phase in New Service Development (NSD); the current service design research is still focused on the initial stages of NSD (Zomerdijk...
Article
Reusing waste materials of other industries, a practice known as industrial symbiosis, attracts growing attention by industry. However, the waste materials are often of lower quality than the virgin materials they substitute. When production processes are intolerant for lower quality materials, production issues may occur. This paper sets out to ex...
Article
The digital transformation of the production sector is setting the scene for a major industrial change. The need for supporting companies in this transformation is currently covered by several maturity models, generally operationalized through standardized questionnaires, which provide, as an outcome, an assessment of the current maturity stage and...
Article
Scholars, policy-makers and industries increasingly express their interest in the development of industrial symbiosis (IS) as a way to transition to cleaner production. Yet, many proposed IS instances never get implemented. In this article, the authors argue that lack of clear understanding on how trust develops in the context of IS may prevent the...
Article
The digital transformation of the manufacturing industry is currently unlocking new possibilities in terms of automation and improvement of existing business processes. Service is currently one of the key areas that are being affected by it and, while many use cases are proposed, their operational implementation often remains a challenge. This pape...
Article
Purpose – Many factors have been identified that may drive a firm’s decision to offshore production activities. The actual performance effects of offshoring, however, depend on the extent to which these drivers are realized. Furthermore, the question is how risk management helps mitigating the risk involved in offshoring ventures, thus leading to b...
Article
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Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to investigate how management attention and supply chain complexity affect the decision-making process and cost estimation accuracy of supply chain design (SCD) decisions. Design/methodology/approach: The research follows an embedded case study design. Through the lens of the behavioural theory of the firm, th...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose Significant transitions in firms (e.g. outsourcing) may impact the relative importance of production and inventory assets, affecting the hierarchical separation of planning decisions. The purpose of this paper is to contribute to planning literature by investigating how the production system and the planning environment influence the perfo...
Article
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Background: Outsourcing remains a central mechanism for improving manufacturing supply chains, with volume flexibility being a frequently targeted objective. However, outsourcing decision-making remains focused on static cost estimations, while the value of volume flexibility is subject to managerial valuation, thus imposing a risk of estimation er...
Article
The transformation of the manufacturing sector towards Industry 4.0 is setting the scene for a major industrial change. Currently, the need for assisting companies in this transformation is covered by a number of maturity models that assess their digital maturity and provide indications accordingly. However, in order to provide operational recommen...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper presents a conceptual model of the supply chain characteristics leading to supply chain complexity. This is combined with the change complexity of supply chain improvements, to reflect the complexity found in supply chain design decision-making when improving global supply chains. These two dimensions are used empirically, in the investi...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose The ability of an organisation’s headquarters (HQ) to bring value to and manage a globally dispersed multinational enterprise has been questioned in the existing literature. The purpose of this paper is to suggest that HQ-subsidiary distance is an important factor that affects such ability; this report also investigates the impact of distan...
Article
In the perspective of globalization, the role of sourcing geography (local versus global) is increasingly relevant in exploring the relationship between stakeholder pressure, supplier related corporate social responsibility practices, and performance. Studies addressing these relationships have limited presence in literature. This study investigate...
Article
Full-text available
Sharing and exchanging waste materials between industrial actors, a practice known as industrial symbiosis (IS), has been identified as a key strategy for closing material loops. This article adopts a critical view on geographical proximity and external coordinators—two key enablers of IS. By “uncovering” a case where both enablers are absent, this...
Conference Paper
Many different tools (objects) are applied by companies to transfer knowledge to globally distributed subsidiaries. Nevertheless, tapping into the local knowledge of subsidiaries and transforming this into innovation capabilities remains a challenge for many multinational companies. In this paper, we aim to discuss how different approach to the use...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
For many globally dispersed organisations, the home base (HB) is a historic locus of integrative and coordinating efforts that safeguard overall performance. However, the dynamism of global operations networks is increasingly pulling the centre of gravity away from the HB and dispersing it across the network, challenging the HB’s ability to sustain...
Conference Paper
As industrial companies expand in size and number of locations, new means for organizing the knowledge flows need to be developed to support the efficiency and effectiveness of the global operations of multinational companies (MNCs). Most perspectives on boundary objects tend to highlight the boundary object as a static knowledge transfer mechanism...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to advance the understanding of factors that affect offshoring performance results. To do so, this paper focuses on the access to location-specific advantages, rather than solely on the properties of the offshoring company, its strategy or environment. Assuming that different levels of synergy may exist betwee...
Article
Full-text available
This paper examines how small and medium enterprises (SMEs) configure their operations on the global scale and how this affects their home bases in terms of operations requirements and priorities. In order to relate SMEs’ offshoring initiatives with their operations configuration attributes, we draw on the operations networks literature and survey...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Globally dispersed supply chains are faced with the challenge of ensuring business continuityunder increasing turbulence. Supply chain resilience hasemerged as concept addressing this challenge,through increasing robustness and agility. Extantliterature isprimarily set in the operational environment,without considering the impact on NPI capabilitie...
Chapter
Over the past 30 years of economic development, the role of subsidiaries in China has changed. China has become an important host country for subsidiaries of western multinational companies seeking cost advantages and/or access to the emerging market potential. The objective of this paper is to explore the effects of the emerging strategic mandate...
Chapter
While some firms have successfully turned their global operations into a formidable source of competitive advantage, others have failed to do so. A lot depends on which activities are globally distributed and how they are configured and coordinated. Emerging body of literature and practice suggest that not only standardized manufacturing tasks, but...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose – The principal objective of this paper is to relate functional nodes of production and innovation in global operations networks. The authors aim to capture the implications of changing strategic roles and locations of manufacturing for innovation capabilities. Design/methodology/approach – The authors draw on the operations networks liter...
Book
Full-text available
In the current context of global economic liberalisation and technological advancements, industrial companies are less likely to generate value in the traditional vertically integrated chain. Instead, they are doing so by means of elaborate cross-border and cross-organisational networks. As a rule, these networks are configured on a global basis an...
Chapter
Over the past 30 years of economic development, the role of subsidiaries in China has changed. China has become an important host country for subsidiaries of western MNCs because of the huge market potential it possesses. The objective of this paper is to strengthen researchers’ and practitioners’ perspectives on what are the descriptors of server...
Chapter
Purpose The purpose of this chapter is to explore the effect of subsidiary autonomy on intra-MNC knowledge transfers during captive R&D offshoring to emerging markets. Design/methodology/approach: A framework to this end is outlined and illustrated in relation to four cases of captive R&D offshoring to emerging markets. Findings Subsidiary autonomy...
Chapter
The purpose of this chapter is twofold: to explain why white-collar service work in manufacturing firms is increasingly subject to offshoring and to understand the effects of this process on work integration mechanisms. The empirical part of the study is based on two case studies of Danish manufacturers. First, the chapter finds that drivers of whi...
Chapter
Companies are actively seeking competitive advantage through their choice of location and ownership of operations. The purpose of this chapter is to uncover hidden effects of this development and propose how companies can respond to them. The chapter draws on a case study of a Danish industrial equipment firm and describes how its operations config...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to unravel and assess current nearshoring practices and their outlook in the Baltic region. Design/methodology/approach The authors draw on the offshoring and outsourcing literature and use mixed methods of enquiry, including case studies, survey techniques and secondary statistical data. Part of the empirical...
Chapter
In 2009, Alpha Composites, a small innovative European company specializing in glass fibre composite materials, announced a start-up of a new production unit in China. This was a big decision for Alpha’s Chief Executive Officer (CEO), whose parents had established the company together 30 years earlier. Despite having sales internationally almost fr...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper presents an Environmental Excellence Self-Assessment (EEA) model based on the structure of the European Foundation of Quality Management Business Excellence Framework. Four theoretical scenarios for deploying the model are presented as well as managerial implications, suggesting that the EEA model can be used in global organizations to d...
Conference Paper
The need to take the sustainability agenda beyond its technological outset and include supply chain practices is well-established, but still little has happened and the supply chain has remained largely unaffected. This paper asks why this may be the case and investigates what happens in the translation from ambitious strategic goals to operational...
Chapter
The purpose of this chapter is to contribute to the knowledge on how production offshoring and international operations management vary across cultural contexts. The chapter attempts to shed light on how companies approach the process of offshoring in different cultural contexts. In order to achieve this objective, the authors employ a qualitative...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose With the aim to support offshore production line replication, the specific purpose of this paper is to explore the use of templates and principles to transfer expansive productive knowledge embedded in a production line and understand the contingencies that influence the mix of these approaches. Design/methodology/approach A total of two c...
Article
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Med udgangspunkt i dansk møbelindustri ses naermere på to forskellige produkti-onsstrategier som reaktion på globaliseringsudfordringerne. Den ene virksomhed har bibeholdt produktionen herhjemme for at fastholde kompetencer og ikke øge kompleksiteten i logistikken. Den anden virksomhed har outsourcet produktionen for at omkostningsminimere. Artikle...
Article
Production, innovation and service networks of companies all over the world become increasingly decentralised, specialised and interdependent. These three characteristics combined inevitably lead to the formation of complex configurations of resources, crossing both national and organisational borders. The existing studies do not adequately address...
Article
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Companies are actively seeking new competitive advantages by changing the location and ownership of their manufacturing processes. This process results in increasing fragmentation and dispersion of global business systems of companies. The purpose of this paper is to identify how companies may improve the integration of such business systems. The p...
Chapter
Full-text available
Full-scale manufacturing and sourcing: This role deals with the daily operation to secure precise and swift delivery to market demand. As mentioned above, this has become a complex task with globally distributed production plants and global sourcing and demanding customers. In addition, market fluctuations call for agility to be able to escalate vo...