Brian Street

Brian Street
King's College London | KCL · Department of Education and Professional Studies

PhD

About

63
Publications
39,741
Reads
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7,011
Citations
Additional affiliations
May 2015 - present
King's College London
Position
  • Professor Emeritus
Description
  • As Eemritus I can visit when I wish. At present I am in Brazil on courses etc at UFMG
September 1994 - present
King's College London
Position
  • Professor Emeritus in Language and Rducation
Description
  • Literacy as social practice and links with sociolinguistics and linguistic ethnography

Publications

Publications (63)
Article
This article contrasts data from two ethnographic studies carried out at different points in time with working class families in Trombetas, a bairro on the outskirts of Belo Horizonte, Brazil. The first study was conducted from 1988 to 1991, and the second in 2009. We develop two main themes: (1) the changing meanings of literacy in relation to the...
Article
Apart from a few brief intervals, adult literacy has remained low on the development agenda. This article details the contribution of the British Association for Literacy in Development (BALID), a voluntary association based in the UK, to highlighting the importance of literacy in development and, in particular, the importance of reading and writin...
Chapter
This chapter attempts to survey briefly some of the new directions evident in literacy studies. I begin with an outline of the current theoretical frameworks in particular work in New Literacy studies, in multimodality, and in theories of technology and artifact before considering some of the educational responses evident in different countries as...
Chapter
This chapter attempts to survey briefly some of the new directions evident in literacy studies. I begin with an outline of the current theoretical frameworks in particular work in New Literacy studies, in multimodality, and in theories of technology and artifact before considering some of the educational responses evident in different countries as...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper I attempt to locate the study of academic writing in the broader field of Literacies as Social Practice. I begin with a brief summary of recent theories of Literacies as Social Practice and then recount some of the ethnographic methods for studying these. I then discuss the application of these concepts to academic writing in Higher e...
Research
Full-text available
I argue for a more complex relationship between policy perspectives in the literacy field and the contribution of both theory and research. Along with some commentators, who, as I indicate below, are beginning to challenge the dominant policy perspectives, I would want to shift towards a more balanced social perspective that brings together Policy,...
Article
This paper draws on the Academic Literacies approach to examine tutor/student relations in the production of academic texts. We address issues associated with learning to write in such contexts, through exploring the perspectives of two groups of non-traditional students as they reflect on their experiences in navigating educational contexts in a B...
Article
Full-text available
The main objective of this paper is to problematize writings on vehicles in an Iranian context. Previous studies have indicated that vehicle stickers can be employed to express emotions and social status, political views, ideology and identity, and religious beliefs. However, very little has been done on this discursive practice in Iran. This study...
Article
In this exchange, Street and Collin debate the merits of the interaction model of literacy that Collin outlined in a recent issue of Reading Research Quarterly. Built as a complement and a counter to Street's ideological model of literacy, Collin's interaction model defines literacies as technologies that coevolve with sociocultural processes. This...
Chapter
This chapter attempts to survey briefly some of the new directions evident in literacy studies. I begin with an outline of the current theoretical frameworks in particular work in New Literacy studies, in multimodality, and in theories of technology and artifact before considering some of the educational responses evident in different countries as...
Article
In this article, as I draw upon articles in Theory Into Practice (TIP) over the past 50 years, I highlight the tension between different theoretical perspectives on the learning of literacy and actual practice in classrooms, and associated with this, the shift in definitions of literacy over time. I conclude by pointing to the future of literacy, p...
Article
Full-text available
National policies concerning the teaching of literacy in schools in Brazil and England offer interesting insights, both theoretical and practical. In England, the National Literacy Strategy (NLS) is rooted in what I have termed the 'autonomous' model of literacy, assuming a culture free, universal, skills-based approach. Even though this approach h...
Article
This essay offers a commentary on how the relationship between language and literacy practices in and out of school has been conceptualized. It draws upon two new books in the field. Shirley Brice Heath's new book, Words at Work and Play: Three Decades in Family and Community Life, which makes use of rich ethnographic accounts of children's educati...
Article
In this chapter we call upon aspects of the ‘academic literacies’ approach to student writing at university in order to explore some of the changes we identify in the requirements and regulations laid upon both students and lecturers regarding writing practices. Many UK higher educational institutions now require students and their teachers to prod...
Article
I analyse what exactly is being addressed when the notion of ‘literacy inequalities’ is cited in the context of international policy with regard to education in general and literacy in particular. Whilst literacy statistics are used as indicators of social inequality and as a basis for policy in improving rights, educational attainment, etc., I que...
Article
Full-text available
This frontline volume contributes to the social study of education in general and literacy in particular by bringing together in a new way the traditions of language, ethnography, and education. Integrating New Literacy Studies and Bourdieusian sociology with ethnographic approaches to the study of classroom practice, it offers an original and usef...
Article
Full-text available
The use of ethnographic approaches to the training of adult literacy and numeracy teachers in the context of developing societies, where large numbers of persons are either completely or largely unschooled, has grown apace in recent years. The question then arises whether such practical forms of training may also have a contribution to make to unde...
Article
The article addresses the position of anthropology in new educational contexts, considering anthropology in education and the anthropological study of education. While some transatlantic comparisons are drawn, the emphasis is on developments within the U.K. These are treated historically, using the Royal Anthropological Institute's experience in wo...
Article
This article considers the papers in this issue as empirical contributions to the ethnography of literacy paradigm and locates them in the larger debate about theory and methodology in literacy studies to be found in a range of recent publications. I hook those accounts of literacy pedagogy; multi-modality; and of the relationship between the local...
Article
The development of an Anthropology A Level represents a major forward movement for the discipline in this country. Now that the RAI has at last succeeded in having the course accredited for teaching in schools, from this September, it is timely to try to put this achievement into a longer historical context. I here briefly review the discipline's a...
Article
Full-text available
I provide an overview of approaches to writing referred to as 'academic literacies' building on broader traditions, such as New Literacy Studies, and I draw out the relevance of such traditions for the ways in which lecturers provide support to their students with regard to the writing requirements of the University. I offer three case studies of t...
Article
This article is the result of a grounded theory investigation into the ways PhD topics are assigned by supervisors in engineering and selected by students in the social sciences/humanities in UK universities, broadly referred to as ‘topic arrangement’, which can be regarded as one aspect of academic socialisation into academic Discourse communities...
Article
The abstract for this document is available on CSA Illumina.To view the Abstract, click the Abstract button above the document title.
Chapter
This chapter addresses three areas of work in the field of social literacies where I can identify exciting developments: Academic Literacies in the University; Development Policy and Training Trainers in Literacy Programmes; the relationship of Multimodality to New Literacy Studies. The developments I am referring to can be identified in both theor...
Article
Full-text available
The SIGET IV panel on genre in Writing Across the Curriculum (WAC) and "academic literacies" (ACLITS) has set rolling a discussion of the similarities and differences in the two traditions, the former originating in the US in the early 1970s, the latter originating in England in the early 1990s. This paper maps out some elements of each in relation...
Article
This article reports on a study that analysed life history accounts of language learning. The key aim of the study was to understand how the experience of language learning was discursively constructed through recourse to particular cultural worlds and narrative strategies. The study contributes to the growing field of research using language learn...
Article
This paper deals with the following questions:1The ‘problem’: what is the ‘Literacy Debate’ and why do such apparently arcane accounts of language and literacy have such a high profile in popular media?2What are the New Literacy Studies (NLS) and what are the new understandings of language and of literacy on which NLS are based?3. What are the impl...
Article
This short piece is written in response to a piece by Colin MacCabe in the last issue of English in Education in which he commented on an article that I had written in Vol. 31, No. 3.
Book
Section A: Introduction A1. Why Study Literacy? A2. Organisation of the Book A3. Keywords A4. Encounters with Literacy A5. Academic Study of Literacy - Mapping the Field A5.1 Meanings of 'Literacy' in Different Traditions A5.2 Literacy Acquisition A5.3 Consequences of Literacy A5.4 Literacy as Social Practice A5.5 New Literacies Section B: Extensio...
Chapter
Patricia D. Irvine and Joanne Larson, "Literacy packages in practice: constructing academic disadvantage", pg. 45 -70 (ch. 4): pg. 58: quoting a first-grade teacher: "I was just afraid to abandon Open Court... Because I've been successful with it. And I do not know if... Maybe if I just did any kind of phonics everyday, that would be the same thing...
Article
Brian Street is Professor of Language in Education at King's College, London University and Visiting Professor of Education in the Graduate School of Education, University of Pennsylvania. Prof. Street undertook anthropological fieldwork on literacy in Iran during the 1970s and taught social and cultural anthropology for over twenty years at the Un...
Article
Full-text available
Although the term academic literacies was originally developed with regard to the study of literacies in higher education and the university, the concept also applies to K-12 education. An academic literacies perspective treats reading and writing as social practices that vary with context, culture, and genre (Barton & Hamilton, 1998; Street, 1984,...
Article
It has long been orthodoxy among adult educators that those who teach adults need to take into account the existing knowledge, practices, perceptions and expectations of the learners. This is true at both central level where curricula and teaching-learning materials are developed and at local level where adult teacher/facilitator meets adult learne...
Article
The book aims to further understanding of why some pupils have low achievement in numeracy in the school context. The authors aim to achieve this by a relatively original view that focuses on numeracy as a social practice. They report on their investigations into the meanings and uses of numeracy in school and home and community contexts, using eth...
Article
A principal aim of the National Curriculum in England was to ensure equality of opportunity for all children, regardless of race or social class. This aim was strengthened through the introduction of the National Literacy Strategy 10 years later which set out to standardize not just the literacy curriculum itself but also the materials and methods...
Article
Full-text available
Explores how to develop children's understanding of mathematical vocabulary. Presents a lesson in which the class works on the concept of dimension, and issues raised by a discussion of applied linguistics and mathematics education. Discussion was stimulated by advice from the National Numeracy Strategy (NNS) vocabulary book. (KHR)
Book
Literacy and Development is a collection of case studies of literacy projects around the world. The contributors present their in-depth studies of everyday uses and meanings of literacy and of the literacy programmes that have been developed to enhance them. Arguing that ethnographic research can and should inform literacy policy in developing coun...
Article
This book describes a new approach to teaching and learning cultural studies. Borrowing the idea of ethnography from anthropologists, it argues that language students can be taught methods for investigating the cultural and social patterns of interaction and the values and beliefs that account for them. Doing an ethnographic study while living abro...
Article
Considers what is meant by the concept of "new literacies", indicates some recent theoretical approaches to language, literacy and communicative practices, and then provides a brief account of current debates about literacy in the media, and of government responses and policies. It is argued that these dominant discourses are flawed in their accoun...
Article
This article addresses the issue of student writing in higher education. It draws on the findings of an Economic and Social Research Council funded project which examined the contrasting expectations and interpretations of academic staff and students regarding undergraduate students" written assignments. It is suggested that the implicit models tha...
Article
This paper relates some of the developments, in what has come to be called the “New Literacy Studies” in recent years, to some of the debates currently taking place regarding the role of literacy and education in the new South Africa. The conceptual apparatus that is becoming familiar in the New Literacy Studies, and some of the problems it has rai...

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Projects

Project (1)
Project
Today, within and across disciplinary, professional and institutional contexts in local and global settings, faculty are developing innovative opportunities for educating 21st Century undergraduate/graduate students. These initiatives involve interdisciplinary and multi-professional teams, working in new configurations, to develop disciplinary/interdisciplinary knowledge, identities, and practices required of a 21st Century workforce. This structured poster session explores ethnographic studies (1-7 years) in which ethnographers working in alliance with designers and instructors of innovative programs uncovered the often invisible, ongoing decision-making and the intellectual and disciplinary history involved in (re)formulating and (re)designing learning opportunities for students in novel learning contexts (e.g., studio courses, problem-based medicine, global, technology-enabled engineering programs, no-distance global education (3-5 countries), technology-enabled global learning contexts, internship spaces, and interdisciplinary research projects