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Brian Raftopoulos

Brian Raftopoulos
Ukuthula Trust

B.Ed (Hons); MA (History and Politics).

About

67
Publications
99,008
Reads
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1,178
Citations
Citations since 2016
16 Research Items
557 Citations
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2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120
Introduction
Additional affiliations
April 2021 - April 2023
University of Cape Town
Position
  • Senior Researcher
Description
  • Research Leader on Democratic Governance
January 2017 - December 2022
University of the Free State
Position
  • Research Associate
Description
  • Research on Labour History, and the Politics of the State in Zimbabwe
January 2016 - December 2016
University of the Western Cape
Position
  • Senior Researcher Fellow
Description
  • Currently convening a forum on 'The Idea of the University in Africa.'

Publications

Publications (67)
Chapter
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and Keywords In the context of the deepening economic and political crisis in Zimbabwe from the late 1990s, the labour movement emerged as a key focus of both opposition mobilization and state repression. In the political narratives that emerged, the labour movement was caught between conflicting positions. On the one hand, the authoritarian nation...
Article
This handbook is currently in development, with individual articles publishing online in advance of print publication. At this time, we cannot add information about unpublished articles in this handbook, however the table of contents will continue to grow as additional articles pass through the review process and are added to the site. Please note...
Article
and Keywords The persistent and changing forms of military interventions in global politics present continuing challenges for democratic agendas. Authoritarian regimes in Africa bolstered by militarist structures limit the possibilities for democratic alternatives. This can lead to desperate hopes that some form of militarism is a necessary prerequ...
Chapter
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This chapter is part of a comprehensive study of the the labour movement in Zimbabwe since 2000.
Chapter
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The chapter provides a new analysis of the dynamics of labour struggles in Zimbabwe between 1980-2000.
Article
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The article provides a brief overview of the life of the remarkable Morgan Tsvangirai. It attempts to understand both his achievements and shortcomings. .
Article
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One of the key sites of Sam Moyo’s early intellectual development was the Zimbabwe Institute of Development Studies (ZIDS). Established by the newly independent Zimbabwean government in the early 1980s to provide an alternative intellectual space for considering socialist policy alternatives, the Institute was subject both to the opportunities and...
Conference Paper
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This Briefing provides an update of political developments in Zimbabwe in the first six months of 2016.
Article
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Depending on what sources you consult, it is estimated that the number of Zimbabweans in the diaspora is anywhere between two to four million people. Whatever the actual figure, the growing importance and impact of the diaspora has become increasingly apparent. A recent Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe report stated that approximately USD 1.2 billion was i...
Article
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In the aftermath of another contested Zanu PF election 'victory' in 2013, after over a decade of strong opposition politics and the persistent hope of a political change, a sense of resignation to the politics of the long haul has taken hold in Zimbabwe and a certain loss of hope in imminent change.
Article
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The 2013 elections in Zimbabwe confirmed the grip of Mugabe and ZANU-PF on Zimbabwean politics. The electoral outcome was the result of a combination of factors that included not only the longterm legacy of ZANU-PF's coercive politics, constructed through a radical nationalist discourse, but also the changes in the social structure of the country a...
Article
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The July 31st 2013 Elections in Zimbabwe ushered in a renewed period of political domination by ZANU(PF) and its President, Robert Mugabe. This election followed five years of a SADC- facilitated Global Political Agreement (GPA), which was put into place after a contested presidential run-off election in June 2008. The recent elections, which once...
Chapter
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Since the signing of the Global Political Agreement (GPA) in September 2008 the outcome of the process has been fiercely contested, and by the end of 2012 remained in the balance. The Agreement, which set out to prepare the political process for a generally acceptable election after the debacle of 2008, has been marked by ebbs and flows. This is al...
Article
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In an attempt to come to terms with the complexities of Zimbabwe's current crisis, the book Becoming Zimbabwe (2009) presents a long-term critical assessment of Zimbabwe's past. From an unpackaging of major political identities such as the 'Shona', 'Ndebele' and 'white settlers', the book situates these constructions in the context of the changing...
Article
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Here, Alois Mlambo and Brian Raftopoulos, as editors of Becoming Zimbabwe, offer their responses to the comments, issues and concerns raised by the other contributors, and express their thanks for their engaging interventions. As they explain, for them 'Becoming Zimbabwe combines two purposes. It is an attempt to draw on and synthesise the impressi...
Article
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The Global Political Agreement (GPA) signed between the two Movements for Democratic Change and the Zimbabwe African National Union–Patriotic Front (ZANU-PF) set the change for a new set of political dynamics in Zimbabwe. Although it has not transformed the coercive base of ZANU-PF's support, it has led to new battles for state power and changes in...
Article
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Since the turn of the millennium Zimbabwe has gone through a complex multi-layered series of crises, with political instability, state repression and persistent economic decline, transforming the country into a major problem for both the Southern African region and international players. This has resulted in a constellation of factors that challeng...
Chapter
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From the late 1990's Zimbabwe entered what has come to be known generally as the 'Crisis in Zimbabwe.' This upheaval consisted of a combination of political and economic decline that, while it had its origins in the long-term structural economic and political legacies of colonial rule as well as the legacies of African Nationalist politics, explode...
Chapter
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In an attempt to come to terms with the complexities of the current Zimbabwean Crisis this Introduction presents an overview of Zimbabwe's past. From an unpacking of major political identities such as the 'Shona' the 'Ndebele' and 'white settlers', this chapter places these constructions in the context of the changing politics and political economi...
Article
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Becoming Zimbabwe is the first comprehensive history of Zimbabwe, spanning the years from 850 to 2008. In 1997, the then Secretary General of the Zimbabwe Congress of Trade Unions, Morgan Tsvangirai, expressed the need for a 'more open and critical process of writing history in Zimbabwe. ...The history of a nation-in-the-making should not be reduce...
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Developing a Transformation Agenda for Zimbabwe analyses the political and economic constraints on the nation's reconstruction and democratic transformation and suggests options for transformation in key sectors as well as lessons learnt from other transformations. The challenges in relation to transitional justice are analysed from an historical c...
Article
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In Zimbabwe's Harmonised Elections on 29 March 2008 the ruling party ZANU-PF suffered defeat in the parliamentary elections for the first time since 1980. Robert Mugabe also lost the first round of the presidential elections, indicating that both he and his party were facing the prospect of losing state power. The lack of an outright presidential w...
Article
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Go hang (Robert Mugabe, March 2007) No matter how tough it gets we have an agreement, even if we are murdered we have an agreement (to continue the struggle)(Morgan Tsvangirai, March 2007) The current SADC mandated mediation on Zimbabwe, led by President Thabo Mbeki of South Africa, opens a narrow window of opportunity to avoid further deterioratio...
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The Zimbabwean crisis has generated a great deal of academic and political debate, not the least of which has been conflicting perspectives from the Left. While the politics of land redistribution has been characterised by some as a key marker of anti-imperialist and anti-neoliberal politics, others have been equally concerned about the authoritari...
Book
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Confronted by an authoritarian nationalist regime with a strong liberation history and a deft articulation of anti-imperialist and Pan Africanist politics, the opposition in Zimbabwe has faced enormous challenges that have taken their toll on its unity and effectiveness. This book tracks the achievements and limitations of opposition politics in Zi...
Article
The period in Zimbabwe history since the second half of the 1990's will loom large as a decisive phase in the country's political economy. During these years the political and economic terrain was substantively restructured setting out the current crisis in Zimbabwe.
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There can be little doubt that one of the most significant aspects of the current crisis in Zimbabwe, especially the events of the past two or three years, has been its international character. At the heart of President Robert Mugabe's offensive against the array of forces opposed to his rule are repeated attempts to place the Zimbabwe problem at t...
Chapter
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This chapter explores the centrality of Race in the Zimbabwean state's constructions of Nation and History.
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CIVIL SOCIETY AND THE STATE IN ZIMBABWE Democracy in Zimbabwe: From Liberation to Liberalisation. By ALFRED NHEMA. Harare: University of Zimbabwe Press, 2002. Pp. 205. No price given, paperback (ISBN 0-908307-93-4). - - Volume 44 Issue 2 - BRIAN RAFTOPOULOS
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FARM WORKERS IN POST-COLONIAL ZIMBABWE Working on the Margins: Black Workers, White Farmers in Postcolonial Zimbabwe. By BLAIR RUTHERFORD. Harare: Weaver Press; London: Zed Press, 2001. Pp. xiv+268. £45; $69.95 (ISBN 1-84277-001-4); £15.95; $25, paperback (ISBN 0-7974-2241-2). - - Volume 44 Issue 1 - BRIAN RAFTOPOULOS
Chapter
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When a liberated Zimbabwe came into being in 1980, a political injustice was finally redressed with the establishment of majority rule, but not the economic and social imbalances between the white and the black communities, in particular the glaringly unequal distribution of economic capital. Very little has changed in the twenty years since indepe...
Chapter
The book examines the multi-layered crisis in Zimbabwe examining the complex relationships between contestations over land, processes of rule and state making, and constructions of land nation and state.
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The book aims to deconstruct and examine the relations between Land, State, Nation and Citizenship in the context of the crisis in Zimbabwe in the early 2000's.
Chapter
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Aims to deconstruct and examine the the changing relations around land,. citizenship and politics in Zimbabwe in the early 2000's.
Article
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The abstract for this document is available on CSA Illumina.To view the Abstract, click the Abstract button above the document title.
Article
The Labour Movement and the Emergence of Opposition Politics in Zimbabwe The excellent MDC performance during the June 2000 elections, in spite of the climate of violence created by the ruling party and the fact that the movement was just born few months before, can be better understood by looking at the genesis of the current political opposition,...
Article
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For almost two weeks in April 1948 colonial Zimbabwe's two major cities, as well as smaller towns, mines and farms were convulsed by mass unrest. Although the causes of the General Strike have long been recognised as having their origins in the urban squalor and rampant inflation of the immediate post-war era, there is little agreement about either...
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The central purpose of this paper will be to trace the ambiguities of the politics of opposition in Zimbabwe, fought over issues of individual rights, democratization and redistribution, at a moment when the constraints of globalization have both undermined the social basis of the country's leading liberation movement party, and yet provide the con...
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The demise of Charles Mzingeli and the Reformed Industrial and Commercial Union (R.I.C.U.) in Salisbury by the mid‐1950s, and the growth of mass nationalism, reflected important demographic and social changes in the city. These changes were the consequence of the changes on the land in the 1950s, resulting in the increasing movement of labour into...
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Wives and traders formed an integral part of the battles against colonial rule, as well as against the constricting colonial definitions of space, acceptable recreation and respectable behaviour. In such contests women were confronted not only with the colonial state but with the patriarchal forces of African society.
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In 1980, after more than a decade of armed liberation struggle, ZANU‐PF took power in Zimbabwe. The new government under President Mugabe became increasingly repressive, seeking to force opposition either into alliance with ZANU, or into silence. This authoritarian process appeared to be culminating in a formal one‐party presidentialist state, de f...
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Nationalism, as a mobilising ideology, has had a powerful presence in Zimbabwean history, as it has on a global level. This article is an attempt to trace the historiography of nationalism in Zimbabwe from the 1960s to the present. It argues that since the celebrated nationalist inspired texts of the 1960s, there has been an increasing attempt to u...
Article
This chapter was published in the book " Zimbabwe: The past is the future" edited by David Harold-Barry

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Projects

Project (1)
Project
The aim of the project is to understand the changing forms in which labour questions have been constructed by the state, the formal labour movement and workers since 2000, in the context of the radically changed political economy of the country.