Brian Pickering

Brian Pickering
University of Southampton

DPhil

About

60
Publications
10,296
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
160
Citations

Publications

Publications (60)
Chapter
Technology adoption is often predicted based on little information such as the Perceived ease-of-use and the Perceived usefulness of the technology. Related constructs such as Attitude to use, Behavioral intention to use and External variables cannot be easily operationalised and so are often ignored. However, technology characteristics themselves...
Chapter
Full-text available
Small and medium enterprises (SMEs) make up a significant part of European economies. Despite their economic importance, they are often described as poorly placed to deal with cyber risks because of resource constraints or commercial interests. Providing appropriate tooling would facilitate a greater appreciation of the risks and provide mitigation...
Chapter
Traditional normative ethics focuses on doing what is right as agreed by the community at large. For society as a whole, this is likely the protection of property and the safety of individuals, making the criminal a justifiable target of law enforcement and research. For criminals themselves, loyalty to fellow criminals may take precedence instead....
Conference Paper
p>To realise the benefits of health and social care transformation for communities and individuals, we need strong multi-disciplinary and cross-organisational understanding of how data sharing initiatives-both existing and emerging (e.g., data collaboratives, data foundations, data trusts)-support multi-party sharing of regulated data in ways that...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) global pandemic required a rapid and effective response. This included ethical and legally appropriate sharing of data. The European Commission (EC) called upon the Research Data Alliance (RDA) to recruit experts worldwide to quickly develop recommendations and guidelines for COVID-related data sh...
Article
Full-text available
Turning the wealth of health and social data into insights to promote better public health, whilst enabling more effective personalised care, is critically important for society. In particular, social determinants of health have a significant impact on individual health, well-being, and inequalities in health. However, concerns around accessing and...
Article
Full-text available
The systemic challenges of the COVID-19 pandemic require cross-disciplinary collaboration in a global and timely fashion. Such collaboration needs open research practices and the sharing of research outputs, such as data and code, thereby facilitating research and research reproducibility and timely collaboration beyond borders. The Research Data A...
Article
Full-text available
To use technology or engage with research or medical treatment typically requires user consent: agreeing to terms of use with technology or services, or providing informed consent for research participation, for clinical trials and medical intervention, or as one legal basis for processing personal data. Introducing AI technologies, where explainab...
Article
Full-text available
On 16 July 2020, the Court of Justice of the European Union issued their decision in the Schrems II case concerning Facebook’s transfers of personal data from the EU to the US. The decision may have significant effects on the legitimate transfer of personal data for health research purposes from the EU. This article aims: (i) to outline the consequ...
Conference Paper
Unexpected election outcomes in recent years has led to mounting interest in the effects of online phenomena such as the selective propagation of misinformation, the formation of so-called echo chambers, and the exploitation of digital media by extremist groups. The digital citizen is therefore increasingly exposed to bias undermining the key assum...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Self-reporting digital applications provide a way of remotely monitoring and managing patients with chronic conditions in the community. Leveraging the data collected by these applications in prognostic models could provide increased personalisation of care and reduce the burden of care for people who live with chronic conditions. This s...
Article
Background: Self-reporting digital applications provide a way of remotely monitoring and managing patients with chronic conditions in the community. Leveraging the data collected by these applications in prognostic models could provide increased personalisation of care and reduce the burden of care for people who live with chronic conditions. This...
Article
This report provides avision is to improve public health and patient care through responsible data access, collaboration and (re-)usage across academia, the public sector and industry by removing barriers and accelerating existing processes whilst maintaining the highest standards for data governance and security. At the centre of this aspiration l...
Article
The systemic challenges of the COVID-19 pandemic require cross-disciplinary collaboration in a global and timely fashion. Such collaboration needs open research practices and the sharing of research outputs, such as data and code, thereby facilitating research and research reproducibility and timely collaboration beyond borders. The Research Data A...
Article
Full-text available
The systemic challenges of the COVID-19 pandemic require cross-disciplinary collaboration in a global and timely fashion. Such collaboration needs open research practices and the sharing of research outputs, such as data and code, thereby facilitating research and research reproducibility and timely collaboration beyond borders. The Research Data A...
Article
We describe a novel approach to regulatory compliance decision support that leverages an asset-based cyber security risk management approach following ISO 27005, and illustrate this with an example based on the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR). Previous work in regulatory compliance modelling and decision support utilises semantic vocabula...
Preprint
Full-text available
On July 16 th, 2020, the Court of Justice of the European Union issued a landmark decision in the case of Data Protection Commissioner v. Facebook Ireland Ltd, Maximillian Schrems (Schrems II) concerning the legality of Facebook's transfers of personal data from the EU to the US. The decision has potentially significant effects on the ability of re...
Chapter
The Technology Acceptance Model and its derivatives position Perceived Ease of Use, sometimes mediated by Perceived Usefulness, as the primary indicator of an intention to adopt. However, an initial study cast doubt on such a causal relationship: poor ease-of-use scores using a standard instrument did not necessarily correspond to poor usefulness c...
Article
Full-text available
This article presents a part of the ongoing ESRC-funded project “FloraGuard: Tackling the illegal trade in endangered plants” that relies on cross-disciplinary approaches to analyse online marketplaces for the illegal trade in endangered plants, and explores strategies to develop digital resources to assist law enforcement in countering and disrupt...
Article
Full-text available
On July 16th, 2020, the Court of Justice of the European Union issued a landmark decision in the case of Data Protection Commissioner v. Facebook Ireland Ltd, Maximillian Schrems (Schrems II) concerning the legality of Facebook’s transfers of personal data from the EU to the US. The decision has potentially significant effects on the ability of res...
Chapter
For cross-border collaborative healthcare delivery, data protection legislation seems to be increasingly obstructive. In extreme cases, this may compromise the quality of care a patient receives and at the same time prevent clinicians practicing and developing their medical skills to their full potential. A dilemma develops whereby the fundamental...
Chapter
With ever-increasing technology complexity, there is a need to consider how technology integrates within typical and specific environments. Empirical work with technology acceptance models has to date focused largely on perceived or expected ease-of-use along with the perceived or expected usefulness of the technology. These constructs have been ex...
Article
As has been seen over the last quarter-century, the Internet is a social revolution and has had huge benefits. It is also a huge social experiment that is still ongoing, and civilisation is finding its way through the mass of opportunities, issues and threats that the immediate and ubiquitous communication the Internet offers. This document aims t...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The Internet provides fast and ubiquitous communication that enables all kinds of communities and provides citizens with easy access to vast amounts of information, although the information is not necessarily verified and may present a distorted view of real events or facts. The Internet’s power as an instant source of mass information can be used...
Article
Full-text available
The Internet provides fast and ubiquitous communication that enables all kinds of communities and provides citizens with easy access to vast amounts of information, although the information is not necessarily verified and may present a distorted view of real events or facts. The Internet’s power as an instant source of mass information can be used...
Thesis
Social identity theory provides a robust account of group processes applicable across multiple contexts. Based on self-categorisation with typical members, group affiliation can offer protective influences. However, for those such as transgender individuals who feel marginalised and subject to prejudice and misunderstanding, finding identification...
Article
Full-text available
This document’s purpose is to provide input into the advisory processes that determine European support for both research into Responsible AI; and how innovation using AI that takes into account issues of responsibility can be supported. “Responsible AI” is an umbrella term for investigations into legal, ethical and moral standpoints of autonomous...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Online services are becoming increasingly data-centric; they collect, process, analyze and anonymously disclose growing amounts of personal data. It is crucial that such systems are engineered in a privacy-aware manner in order to satisfy both the privacy requirements of the user, and the legal privacy regulations that the system operates under. Ho...
Article
This deliverable summarises the current work concerning three related topics following on from D2.1: gap analysis to determine subject areas for further consultation; methods, practice and initial results from two consultations in different subject areas; and how researchers and innovators can be supported to create beneficial and effective solutio...
Article
A key outcome of the HUMANE project is a series of policy roadmaps which provide guidance for improving Human-Machine Networks (HMNs) in different social domains. In order to achieve this, we need to foresee future trends in these social domains, examine the broader impact and implications of HMNs, the technical and regulatory challenges, and set t...
Article
This white paper presents a roadmap for human-machine networks for Citizen Participation. Based on a quantitative survey of 20 self-selecting stakeholders, key issues across stakeholders were identified along with potential conflicts between them. The challenges of developing and maintaining trust along with keeping motivation going are discussed....
Article
In this deliverable we present the final HUMANE typology and method, intended to support the analysis and design for human-machine networks (HMN). The typology serves to characterize HMNs on dimensions pertaining to the actors of the network, the relations between the actors, network extent and network structure. The method supports profiling HMNs...
Conference Paper
Human-machine networks affect many aspects of our lives: from sharing experiences with family and friends, knowledge creation and distance learning, and managing utility bills or providing feedback on retail items, to more specialised networks providing decision support to human operators and the delivery of health care via a network of clinicians,...
Article
Full-text available
A key outcome of the HUMANE project is a series of policy roadmaps which show a clear path for improving Human‐Machine Networks (HMNs) in different social domains. In order to achieve this, we need to examine the broader impact and implications of HMNs in these social domains, the technical and regulatory challenges, and policy interventions that c...
Article
An important goal in the HUMANE project is to set out the implications for future thinking and policy making in Human‐ Machine Networks (HMN). In this deliverable, we explore relevant characteristics and implications of HMNs in a number of innovative domains that have high potential for bringing fundamental social changes: the sharing economy, eHea...
Article
The report reviews current research of relevance to human-­‐machine networks (HMNs). Focusing initially on the interactions among humans and between humans and machines, we identify eight initial types of HMNs: public-­‐resource computing, crowdsourcing, web search engines, crowd sensing, online markets, social media, multiplayer online games and v...
Article
In the HUMANE research project, we aim to support analysis of, and design for human‐machine networks. Towards this end, we have developed a HUMANE typology and method. The typology serves to characterize human‐machine networks on dimensions pertaining to the level of agency in the actors of the network, the strength of the relations between the act...
Article
Full-text available
Interoperability remains a significant burden to the developers of Internet of Things systems. This is because resources and APIs are dynamically composed; they are highly heterogeneous in terms of their underlying communication technologies, protocols and data formats, and interoperability tools remain limited to enforcing standards-based approach...
Article
Design for human-machine networks is challenging. To improve our understanding of human-machine networks and strengthen the design of such networks and supporting technologies, a first version of the HUMANE typology and method has been developed. The typology is based on a systematic literature review (HUMANE D1.1), and is structured according to f...
Conference Paper
A typical two- or three-year research project has an impact that is only really visible after the project has come to an end, at a time when there are no resources to monitor that impact. As a consequence, projects need to estimate/predict their future impact before they end. In this paper we describe the impact activity monitoring method in the FI...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Internet of Things is characterised by extreme het-erogeneity of communication protocols and data formats; hence ensuring diverse devices can interoperate with one another remains a significant challenge. Model-driven development and testing solutions have been proposed as methods to aid software developers achieve interoperability compliance i...
Article
A few years ago, an experimental facility composed of networking gear and simulation tools was sufficient for testing the main features of a prototype before the final product could be launched to the Internet market. This paradigm has certainly changed, but the lack of platforms enabling the realistic assessment of the different facets of a produc...
Article
The Future Internet offers increasing opportunities for participation by private individuals, natural persons in legal terms. Personal access devices have not been confined to office-based personal computers for some time, and continue to evolve: computer systems grew smaller and more compact with a demand for increased portability, and personal co...
Chapter
Full-text available
To determine actual attitudes and practices of those in the Future Internet industry towards user involvement, delegates at the 2012 FIA participated in a focus group and a survey. Continuous user involvement is highly valued and expected to maximise the societal benefits of FI applica-tions. However, just over half of the FI projects apply a user-...
Article
Full-text available
There are many societal concerns that emerge as a consequence of Future Internet (FI) research and development. A survey identified six key social and economic issues deemed most relevant to European FI projects. During a SESERV-organized workshop, experts in Future Internet technology engaged with social scientists (including economists), policy e...
Conference Paper
This demonstration will show how the TEFIS portal is used to plan a Future Internet service experiment, to request testbed resources, to configure and provision them, and to run single or multiple testruns, checking monitoring output and results in the process. We will show a live demonstration of a Future Internet service, using a very complex Tra...
Article
Full-text available
Two-thirds of the world’s Internet population now visit an online community or blogging site and thesector now accounts for almost 10% of all Internet time. A quarter of a million users sign up to socialnetworking sites every day worldwide and a third of those who have a profile on a social networkupdate it daily. Participation and privacy are crit...
Conference Paper
This paper gives a general overview of the ITIL service lifecycle and problems addressed by experimenters in the different phases of such a process. To address these needs, the ongoing FP7-ICT project TEFIS (Testbed for Future Internet Services) is described and how it seeks to support the requirements of an experimenter by giving access to differe...
Article
The Digital Agenda for Europe 20201, a European instrument to cover investment and research focus for the period 2010 to 2020, provides for specific effort to be invested in areas of ICT to enable and sustain European growth. The 2011 progress report2 has just been published, highlighting progress to date as well as setting on the next steps to be...
Article
A voice processing system receives spoken input from a user, which is then subjected to speech recognition to convert the spoken input into a text equivalent. At least two information elements are identified in the text equivalent, each having an associated uncertainty. The system selects a prompt according to which information element has the grea...

Network

Cited By

Projects

Projects (2)
Project
Project
We are investigating digital platforms of work, innovation and freelance with the aim to make suggestions how existing digital platforms can be redesigned to enable new ways of working and collaboration between enterprises and individuals, encourage innovation and participation building towards a new vision for ‘Factories of the Future’. The key objective is to find ways to capitalise on digital platforms driving societal and economic benefits that would allow skilled workers and investors to meet, exchange ideas, develop opportunities and innovative products, creating both wealth and greater social satisfaction.