Brian Perron

Brian Perron
University of Michigan | U-M · School of Social Work

PhD
Feel free to follow me on Medium, where I am publishing data-focused articles. https://medium.com/@b-r-i-a-n

About

219
Publications
77,253
Reads
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5,436
Citations
Introduction
1. Child & Adolescent Data Lab - University of Michigan: Applying data science tools to maximize the value of administrative data, with an emphasis on system functioning and improvement. 2. Mainland China: Provide support to faculty in the development of their research and overall research infrastructure. 3. Data science: I continue to develop my skills in data science to be applied to a wide variety of research projects. Currently, I'm most interested in data visualization, text mining, and machine learning. 4. Mental health and substance abuse: I have ongoing projects in these areas, with an emphasis on epidemiology, services, and disparities.

Publications

Publications (219)
Article
Full-text available
Background The public health significance of the opioid epidemic is well-established. However, few states collect data on opioid problems among families involved in child welfare services. The absence of data creates significant barriers to understanding the impact of opioids on the service system and the needs of families being served. Objective...
Article
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This study described the complexity of service need co-occurrence among foster care-involved families and identified prevalent patterns of needs to inform future evidence-based service planning research. We utilized state administrative child maltreatment records, and restricted data to cases where the child entered foster care in 2019 and the case...
Article
Background: Despite supervisory neglect being the most prevalent and fatal neglect sub-type, the most common reasons why caregivers are substantiated for this type of maltreatment remains unknown. Objective: Our study describes cases substantiated for supervisory neglect in a Midwestern state in an effort to inform prevention strategies against su...
Article
Research on social work practice is essential for developing an indigenized base of knowledge. In China, while social work education has grown rapidly, much of what is taught—and many social work priorities in research and practice—is influenced by rapidly changing national government policies. This policy environment creates both opportunities and...
Article
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This study investigated faculty-perceived stressors and their relationships with teacher efficacy, engagement and teaching satisfaction in mainland China. The results of a survey of 2758 faculty members from 25 public institutions showed a generally high level of stress, and the stress varied among different types of institution and demographic gro...
Article
Full-text available
Background Despite the significance of firearm safety, we need additional data to understand the prevalence and context surrounding firearm-related problems within the child welfare system. Objective Estimate proportion of cases reporting a firearm-related problem during case initiation and the contexts in which these problems exist. Sample and S...
Article
Objective Left-behind children (LBC) are an at-risk population in China with emerging mental health needs. This study aimed to systematically review experimental studies of interventions that promote mental health wellbeing of LBC in mainland China. Method We reviewed both English and Chinese language studies published from 2000 to 2019 via a comp...
Article
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Recent and rapid technological advances have given rise to an explosive growth of data, along with low-cost solutions for accessing, collecting, managing, and analyzing data. Despite the advances in technology and the availability of data, social work organizations routinely encounter data-related problems that have an impact on their opportunities...
Article
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Aim: WeChat is the most popular social media platform in mainland China, with over 1 billion active users. Although social media is widely used in professional healthcare education in western countries, research on WeChat-based education in healthcare in mainland China is disparate and not systematic. The current study seeks to address this gap. Me...
Article
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Failure to protect (FTP), a sub-type of neglect, is used by child welfare systems to categorize and substantiate allegations of child maltreatment. Scholars and advocates have raised concerns that FTP is disproportionately used to substantiate mothers and people of color for harm perpetrated by others, particularly in the contexts of sexual abuse a...
Article
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Objective: Child welfare agencies often lack information about the front-end service needs of the families they serve. To address this issue, the current study tests the feasibility of text mining and machine learning procedures for identifying problems related to domestic violence documented in child welfare investigation summaries. Method: A coll...
Article
Although childhood trauma exposure has a high incidence, traumatic stress often goes untreated in children and youth. We investigated peer relationship quality as a prevention strategy for reducing traumatic stress across different developmental periods. We analyzed longitudinal data from the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Wellbeing (NSCAW...
Article
Full-text available
The Child and Adolescent Needs and Strengths (CANS) is an assessment tool that child-serving settings have used with children and their families to identify areas for intervention and monitor service outcomes over time. Despite its widespread application, the field knows little about how children’s CANS scores change over time in settings that prov...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Substance use among youth often involves multiple types of substances. Little is known about how the use of common, lower-risk substances (e.g., alcohol, cigarettes, marijuana) co-occur with the less common and higher-risk substances (e.g., opioids and methamphetamine). Objectives: This study aims to identify distinctive substances use...
Article
This study explored the relationships between university teachers’ perceived stress and their self-efficacy beliefs, and the differences in the relationships across teachers from different tiers of institutions. A sample of 2,758 teachers from 25 higher education institutions in China participated in the study. This study shows that stress from org...
Article
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Approximately 65 million children in mainland China are left behind in rural areas while their parents work in the cities. Research has highlighted their health needs. However, current research on interventions for this population is unknown. The purpose of this study was to systematically review existing health service interventions for left-behin...
Article
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Background: State child welfare agencies collect, store, and manage vast amounts of data. However, they often do not have the right data, or the data is problematic or difficult to inform strategies to improve services and system processes. Considerable resources are required to read and code these text data. Data science and text mining offer pote...
Data
The attached excel spreadsheet contains the dataset that we used to analyze environmental social work scholarship in the 2018 article "Environmental social work in the disciplinary literature, 1991-2015". You will see that we identified 497 peer reviewed articles in social work journals that focused on environmental topics during that 25 year peri...
Article
This study examines the associations between family structure and social-emotional development among school-aged children in mainland China. Data were drawn from a survey administered in Tianjin, China, which included 431 single-parent and 544 two-parent samples. Overall, children from two-parent families scored significantly higher on measures of...
Article
Childhood exposure to domestic violence (CEDV) is widely understood as potentially harmful to children. Accordingly, many child welfare systems in the United States construe CEDV as maltreatment when the exposure results in harm or threatened harm to the child. The purpose of the current study was to investigate substantiated child welfare referral...
Article
Full-text available
Early childhood trauma increases the risk of academic difficulties. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of early contact with child protection services (CPS) and to determine whether early exposure to maltreatment investigations was associated with important academic outcomes. The authors focused specifically on standardized...
Article
Full-text available
Despite increasing acknowledgment that the social work profession must address environmental concerns, relatively little is known about the state of scholarship on environmental social work. This study provides a scientometric summary of peer-reviewed articles (N = 497) pertaining to environmental topics in social work journals between 1991 and 201...
Article
The current study examined the prevalence and associations of a need for domestic violence services among child welfare–involved mothers and fathers with substance use disorders. Data were drawn from 2,231 child welfare–involved parents in Illinois with an identified substance use disorder. Approximately 42% of mothers and 33% of fathers with a sub...
Article
Families that experience domestic violence and parental substance misuse are disproportionately involved with the child welfare system. Prior research suggests that child protective services (CPS) caseworkers are more likely to substantiate maltreatment allegations when domestic violence and parental substance misuse are identified during the inves...
Article
Background: Women are underrepresented in the current substance abuse research; however, women are a particularly vulnerable population when it comes to opioid use and abuse. Pregnant women are even more so, because of the potential that exists for in utero exposure (IUE) to substances. Objectives: To identify trends in IUE to opioids in order t...
Article
Black and male youths are overrepresented at every stage of juvenile justice processing. The current study investigated racial, gender, and age disparities in the probability of a formal adjudication using administrative data (N = 12,070) from a large, urban county in the Midwest. The authors extend previous work by considering the joint effect of...
Article
Foster care involvement due to parental substance use is a common problem with many challenges associated with service delivery. Using administrative data from a Midwestern state between the years 2009 and 2015 (N = 17,420), this study examines characteristics of substance-abusing families at the time of entry into the foster care system and estima...
Chapter
Validity refers to the degree to which evidence and theory support interpretations from a given measurement device. Validity is the most important aspect of measurement in all areas of science. In substance abuse research, validity is sometimes misunderstood and inconsistent with modern validity theory. This chapter provides an overview of modern v...
Article
There is a paradox in research on African Americans and non-Hispanic whites in the utilization of clergy. Research finds that African Americans have higher levels of religious service attendance and higher levels of contact with clergy. Research also finds that despite this, African Americans are less likely than non-Hispanic whites to seek out ass...
Article
Objective Disseminating high-impact scholarship is a critical task for many social work academics. Although the factors that contribute to this process have been investigated in other disciplines, there is a paucity of equivalent research in social work. This longitudinal study addresses this gap in the literature by examining the effects of coauth...
Article
Substance use disorders are a major problem for child welfare systems. The abuse of and dependence on alcohol and drugs by parents increases the risk of child maltreatment and interferes with efforts to locate a permanent home for children in foster care. The current study focuses on an intervention designed to increase the probability of reunifica...
Article
Introduction: Prior research has often overlooked potential cohort differences in marijuana views and use across adolescence and young adulthood. To begin to address this gap, we conduct an exploratory examination of marijuana views and use among American youth using a panel of cross-sectional surveys. Method: Findings are based on repeated, cro...
Article
Caregiver substance use and mental health problems have long been discussed as concerns in promoting positive child welfare outcomes. Yet the absence of longitudinal data focused on racial/ethnic differences in service needs and substance use has limited child welfare systems in their ability to address potential disparities. This study examines ra...
Article
Purpose: To examine the prevalence and correlates of vaporization (i.e., "vaping") as a route of cannabis administration in a sample of medical cannabis patients. Procedures: Adults ages 21 and older (N=1485M age=45.1) who were seeking medical cannabis certification (either for the first time or as a renewal) at medical cannabis clinics in south...
Article
The concept of foster care has been widely studied in child welfare. The literature is well developed with regard to the risk of initial placement, length of stay in care, placement stability, exits to permanency, and emancipation. Yet, the literature is woefully underdeveloped when it comes to understanding if variations in the types and character...
Article
Full-text available
This study examined two issues critical to the social work research enterprise: (i) trends in authorship within disciplinary social work journals and (ii) the relationship between the number of authors and article quality, as measured via dissemination in high-impact journals. Data for the study were collected from original articles (N = 33,330) ha...
Article
Full-text available
Objective Scientometric studies of social work have stagnated due to problems with the organization and structure of the disciplinary literature. This study utilized data science to produce a set of research tools to overcome these methodological challenges. Method We constructed a comprehensive list of social work journals for a 25-year time peri...
Code
The BibWrangleR package was designed for conducting bibliometric research on scholarly articles. The primary purpose of the package is to take raw text files of bibliometric data obtained from database search aggregators such as ProQuest and transform these files into an analyzable data frame using the R programming language.
Article
Despite policy changes related to the use and distribution of marijuana in cities and states across the country, few studies have examined changes in disapproval and use of marijuana among American youth. To examine trends in disapproval and use of marijuana among adolescents and young adults in the United States. We employed nationally representat...
Article
Studies of the transition to adulthood in child welfare focus almost exclusively on youth in foster care. Yet, research indicates that maltreated children who remain in the home may display similar risks as compared with their peers in formal foster care settings. Utilizing administrative data from child welfare, juvenile justice and adult correcti...
Article
Management of chronic pain is one of the most common reasons given by individuals seeking medical cannabis. However, very little information exists about the concurrent use of cannabis and prescription pain medication (PPM). This study fills this gap in knowledge by systematically comparing medical cannabis users who use or do not use PPM, with an...
Article
Full-text available
Background and aims: Brief alcohol interventions in medical settings are efficacious in improving self-reported alcohol consumption among those with low-severity alcohol problems. Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment initiatives presume that brief interventions are efficacious in linking patients to higher levels of care, but pe...
Article
The question of whether MDMA use is associated with increased crime and violence has not been adequately explored especially in nationally representative samples. This study used data from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC) to assess the association between MDMA use and violent and non-violent antisocial be...
Article
There is some evidence that antisocial individuals, including young delinquents, are significantly more likely than people in the general population to incur a traumatic brain injury (TBI). Extant studies are hampered by methodological limitations, such as small sample sizes, lack of control for confounding effects, and use of single sites and may...
Article
Twenty-one states and the District of Columbia have passed legislation allowing for the use of medical cannabis for those individuals with qualifying medical conditions, which include posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) for a growing number of states. Little information is available regarding PTSD among medical cannabis patients. This study seeks...
Article
Prior meta-analysis indicates that collaborative chronic care models (CCMs) improve mental and physical health outcomes for individuals with mental disorders. This study aimed to investigate the stability of evidence over time and identify patient and intervention factors associated with CCM effects to facilitate implementation and sustainability o...
Article
Truancy has been a persistent problem in the United States for more than 100 years. Although truancy is commonly reported as a risk factor for substance use, delinquency, dropout, and a host of other negative outcomes for youth, there has been surprisingly little empirical investigation into understanding the causes and correlates of truancy using...
Article
To evaluate disparities in substance abuse treatment completion between and within racial and ethnic groups in publicly funded treatment in Los Angeles County, California. The Los Angeles County Participant Reporting System with multicross-sectional annual data (2006–2009) for adult participants (n = 16,637) who received treatment from publicly fun...
Article
Direct practice social workers have potentially significant policymaking opportunities as mediators of top-down policy and as creators of policy where none exists. The power they possess stems from their ‘on the ground’ expertise and the discretion available to them in making practice decisions. By understanding their power as “street-level bureauc...
Conference Paper
Background This paper presents results from a systematic review that identified, summarized, and critiqued quantitative measures of interorganizational collaboration (IOC) among children’s service agencies, as a step toward informing research on public-private partnerships in child welfare. Given the joint role of public and private agencies in c...
Book
Social workers represent the largest body of addiction and mental health service providers, and there is a consistent need for up-to-date information. Social Work Practice in the Addictions is a comprehensive evidence-based volume. Contributing authors of this volume have been carefully selected to ensure representation of the leading social work a...
Chapter
Although no single volume could offer a comprehensive treatment of all issues, this volume provides foundation knowledge for social work students who will work directly or indirectly with substance-related problems. This concluding chapter offers a small set of integrative and speculative themes that help unify the content and provide suggests for...
Chapter
Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) represents a broad class of interventions that take into account how learning processes are involved in developing and maintaining maladaptive thought patterns, emotional reactions, and behavioral responses. These learning processes provide the basis for various interventions targeting the reduction or cessation o...
Chapter
The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) is considered to be the gold standard for diagnosis in social work practice. This chapter provides an overview of the DSM, including basic information on the multiaxial assessment and diagnostic coding. Then, the chapter focuses on substance-related disorders. This involves making a distinction between su...
Article
Full-text available
Collaborative chronic care models (CCMs) improve outcome in chronic medical illnesses and depression treated in primary care settings. The effect of such models across other treatment settings and mental health conditions has not been comprehensively assessed. The authors performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the comparative eff...
Article
Objective: This study explicitly articulates a criminal justice epidemiology by examining the behavioral and physical health of probationers and parolees derived from a nationally representative sample of adults in the United States. Methods: Using public-use data from the 2009 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), this study employed bin...
Article
Full-text available
Relatively little is known in terms of the relationship between religiosity profiles and adolescents' involvement in substance use, violence, and delinquency. Using a diverse sample of 17,705 (49 % female) adolescents from the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health, latent profile analysis and multinomial regression are employed to examine the...
Article
Full-text available
Although prior research has provided data on nonmedical use of opioids in adolescents, studies examining the heterogeneity of risk are limited. The present study extends prior research by deepening the understanding of adolescent nonmedical opioid use by specifying empirically meaningful profiles of risk. Using data on adolescent non-medical opioid...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to investigate the characteristics of nonreceipt of specialty psychiatric treatment among those who experienced suicidal thoughts or who attempted suicide. Data were from the 2008-2009 National Survey on Drug Use and Health and included responses from adults 18 years and older who answered mental health and suicide-related...
Article
Full-text available
Weapon-related violence, especially the use of handguns, among adolescents is a serious public health concern. Using public-use data file from the adolescent sample (N = 17,842) in the 2008 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), this study examines the behavioral, parental involvement, and prevention correlates of handgun carrying. Overall...
Conference Paper
Background and Purpose: The prevalence and significance of mental health issues are becoming an increasingly recognized problem on college campuses, particularly among Latina college students. Although college can be a difficult for many students, Latinas tend to experience more financial and academic stressors as well as familial/cultural pressure...
Conference Paper
Background and Purpose: The Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) is a 9-item measure of depression originally developed as a screening tool in primary care facilities and has subsequently been used in a variety of other settings. Numerous psychometric investigations have supported the use of the PHQ-9 as a unidimensional measure of depression. Ho...
Conference Paper
Background and Purpose: The use and abuse of alcohol and other drugs during adolescence and emerging adulthood possesses far reaching consequences. Research findings on the factors that influence substance abuse and substance-related behaviors indicate that effects occur at multiple domains (i.e., genetic, cellular, hormonal, individual, family, co...