Brian TH Keum

Brian TH Keum
University of California, Los Angeles | UCLA · Department of Social Welfare

Ph.D.

About

63
Publications
34,720
Reads
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616
Citations
Citations since 2017
57 Research Items
599 Citations
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Education
September 2014 - May 2020
University of Maryland, College Park
Field of study
  • Counseling Psychology
September 2012 - May 2014
Columbia University
Field of study
  • Counseling Psychology

Publications

Publications (63)
Article
Objectives: International students attending universities in the United States may encounter psychological distress related to their adjustment and experiences studying in a new context and seek services from university counseling centers. Many centers use the Counseling Center Assessment of Psychological Symptoms (CCAPS) to measure psychological...
Article
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We examined the potential anticipatory response (rumination, vigilance) associated with online racism and its impact on psychological distress, loneliness, and alcohol use severity. With a sample of 407 racial minority adults, we conducted a path analysis to examine the indirect relation of online racism on our outcome variables via online racism-r...
Article
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Given the emerging public health concerns of online racism, we examined potential coping approaches for racial/ethnic minority adults. Using a latent class regression model ( N = 407), we examined patterns of online social support seeking and anti-racism advocacy engagements that were associated with online racism among racial/ethnic minority adult...
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The rise in race-based hate crimes and groups should not only be examined as an individual- or group-level issue but as indicators that reflect state-level norms of hate and degradation toward racial minority groups. Specifically, for racial minority individuals residing in states that yield higher rates of hate crimes and groups, this may reflect...
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Prior research demonstrates significant links between discrimination and mental health by assessing either encounters with or stress appraisal of discrimination. However, research has yet to examine the dynamic interplay between frequency and stress appraisal (e.g., high frequency-low stress appraisal) and their linkage to depressive symptoms. Usin...
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This mixed-methods single-subject design study explored the impact of Hip Hop based counselor education coursework on school counseling master’s student’s multicultural competence development. In this study, students were trained in using a Hip Hop mixtape-making model for group work, and then facilitated small-groups during their internships. Anal...
Article
The heterosexism erasure construct captures attitudes, which deny or minimize the systemic oppression of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and queer (LGBQ) persons in the United States. Heterosexism erasure expands the interrogation of denying or minimizing discrimination (Neville at al., 2006) beyond the realm of White supremacy and into the domain of heter...
Article
We investigated the messages, ideals, and critical experiences that constitute gendered racial socialization for Asian American men (AAM) throughout their development. We employed interpretive phenomenology to analyze interview data from 15 sociodemographically diverse AAM. We identified seven themes: (a) intergenerational parental ideologies, (b)...
Article
Extant literature suggests that racism is associated with difficult emotional reactions and feelings of social disconnect among White individuals. These feelings of social disconnect may be particularly salient in today's digital era in which racism against racial minority individuals is conveniently and frequently witnessed via online platforms. T...
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While a growing number of studies have documented significant links between online racism (e.g., racist interactions, contents on racial violence) and comorbid factors (e.g., depression) associated with suicide risk, no studies have examined whether online racism predicts suicide ideation and if interpersonal factors can help explain this link. Thu...
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The COVID-19 pandemic has incited widespread anti-Asian racism, which is linked to numerous behavioral health consequences including depressive symptoms. As racism-induced depressive symptoms are linked to coping-related alcohol use and because alcohol-related problems represent a significant public health concern in this population, we investigate...
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Online racism has been associated with alcohol-related coping, likely to deal with mental health symptoms that arise from experiencing racial discrimination in online settings. Thus, we examined online racism as a risk factor for alcohol-related problems by examining depressive/anxiety symptoms and coping-related drinking motives as mediators among...
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The rise in social media use among emerging adults in the United States has been well-documented, but researchers are still working on identifying how the type—not just the frequency—of use impacts psychological well-being. We identified “profiles” of social media use among young adults based on the frequency and purposes of use, and examined their...
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Men are reluctant to seek psychological help as doing so may label them as weak and vulnerable. Thus, we tested whether a first-person storytelling video could buffer men's self-stigma of seeking help associated with traditional masculinity ideology. Adult men (N = 396; M age = 35.62) were randomly assigned and exposed to one of three conditions: (...
Article
A growing body of research suggests that graduate psychology training programs with a stronger collective social justice identity are likely to provide more support for students’ advocacy engagements than those with discrepant views among members. We conducted response surface analyses (N = 178 Ph.D. students; across 16 counseling psychology progra...
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Background: Despite suicide being the leading cause of death among emerging adult Asian American women (AAW), little is known about the risk factors. Aim: We tested whether gendered racial microaggressions stress (GRMS) would be associated with AAW’s suicidal ideation, and whether internalized racism (self-negativity, IRSN; weakness stereotypes, IR...
Preprint
https://psyarxiv.com/pjnbc/ We examined the potential anticipatory response (rumination, vigilance) associated with online racism and its impact on psychological distress, loneliness, and alcohol use severity. With a sample of 407 racial minority adults (Mage = 34.12), we conducted a path analysis to examine the indirect relation of online racism o...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: We investigated whether gendered racism predicts depressive symptoms and alcohol use severity among Asian American men (AAM) through indirect relations via culture-specific family and external shame. Method: We analyzed convenience data from 409 AAM. Sample age (M = 21.24), nativity, ethnicity, education, income, and self-reported soc...
Article
Most research on cultural stressors and alcohol has focused on intercultural stressors. Continuing to exclude intracultural stressors (e.g., intragroup marginalization) from alcohol research will yield a biased understanding of the experiences of Hispanics living in a bicultural society. As we amass more studies on intracultural stressors, research...
Article
We employed a culturally modified objectification framework to examine a culture-specific mechanism of risky compensatory substance use (alcohol, anabolic-androgenic steroids) associated with gendered racism (GR) among Asian American men (AAM). Using data from 424 AAM, structural equation modeling was conducted to examine our proposed model in whic...
Article
In 2019-2020, 1,075,496 international students pursued higher education in the United States. Many of these students endure unique experiences of psychological distress that accompanies their shared experience of studying abroad in the United States. Researchers have explored clinical experiences within this diverse group, with some suggesting that...
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Although online racism occurs frequently and explicitly in online gaming (e.g., anti-Black hate speeches), no research has examined the psychological impact on racial/ethnic minority players. Thus, the current study examined the mediating role of online racism in the link between time spent in online gaming and psychological distress. Using data fr...
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We examined whether men’s distress disclosure would be indirectly associated with psychological distress through feeling understood by others and loneliness as serial or parallel mediators. We conducted path analyses ( N = 1827 adult men; mean 37.53 years, SD = 14.14) to test the mediators while controlling for race/ethnicity. Post-hoc multi-group...
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Utilizing an intersectional framework (Crenshaw, 1989) and socioecological theory (Bronfenbrenner, 1979), we investigated the gendered racialized messages Asian American women receive growing up, otherwise known as gendered racial socialization, from their family, peers, and mass media. Consensual Qualitative Research was used to analyze interview...
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We employed a convergent mixed methods design to examine therapist and counseling center effects on international student clients' (ISCs) counseling outcomes. Using the Center for Collegiate Mental Health (CCMH) data set (2015-2017), we conducted a three-level hierarchical linear model with clients (N = 85,110) nested in therapists (N = 1,267), and...
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Background Applying the narrative transportation theory, we sought to test the role of a male-sensitive digital storytelling video as a source to persuade men to develop greater intentions to seek counselling based on their empathic reactions to the storyteller. Methods Using a post-test only design, a total of 247 diverse adult men ( M = 35.86, S...
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Empirical attention on online intercultural contact and prejudice reduction are increasing. Nevertheless, still little is known on processes that could influence the contact–prejudice relation as well as the relation between online contact and anti-racist behavior. Based on literature on intergroup contact, the present study aims to fill these gaps...
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The current study examined the role of White emotional responses (White empathy, guilt, and fear of other races) to (a) witnessing racism online (seeing racial/ethnic minorities discriminated in online interactions) and (b) exposure to online content on the group- and systemic-level racism against racial/ethnic minorities on White individuals' indi...
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The Perceived Online Racism Scale (PORS) provides important contemporary information in better understanding the experiences of racism in today's digital society. However, the utility of the 30-item PORS may require lengthy addition to study surveys. Especially for large survey batteries (e.g., epidemiological studies), researchers may prefer short...
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Full-text available
We examined whether alcohol use may be linked to stress associated with online racism as a risky coping behavior among racial minority adults, and potential gender differences across women and men. We tested parallel stress pathways in which we hypothesized that exposure to online racism would be indirectly related to alcohol use severity via gener...
Article
Given the psychological deficits associated with online racism, we examined whether ethnic-racial socialization (cultural socialization, promotion of mistrust, and preparation for racial bias) and silence about race, would moderate the impact of online racism on psychological distress and alcohol use severity by conducting latent moderated structur...
Article
This study examined the long-term effects of perceived educational and career barriers due to sexism and racism in college students’ pursuit of postgraduate education (PE) and how such effects were different across gender and racial majority/minority groups. With a sample of 2,717 undergraduate students, results from multinomial logistic regression...
Chapter
Growing number of scholars have noted that racism may thrive and persevere in explicit, blatant forms in the online context. Little research exists on the nature of racism on the Internet. In contributing to this emerging yet understudied issue, the current study conducted an inductive thematic analysis to examine people's attitude toward (a) how t...
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Full-text available
Clinical supervision is deemed an essential element in the development of therapist competence and provision of psychotherapy to clients. However, the association between supervision and psychotherapy process and outcome has been mixed, unclear, and presumed to vary widely given the idiosyncratic features of the supervision and therapy process. Thu...
Article
Method: Two hundred Hispanic emerging adults from Arizona (n = 99) and Florida (n = 101) completed a cross-sectional survey, and data were analyzed using hierarchical multiple regression and moderation analyses. Results: Higher social media discrimination was associated with higher symptoms of depression and generalized anxiety. Moderation analy...
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We used the truth and bias model to examine changes in tracking accuracy and under/overestimation (directional bias) on therapists' judgments about clients' satisfaction. We examined 3 factors of clinical experience that could moderate accuracy: (a) overall level of acquaintanceship with a client, operation-alized as treatment length (i.e., less or...
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Counseling psychologists have voiced the importance of nurturing social justice principles in the training of psychologists to better meet diverse people’s psychological and social needs. Much of the research on training, however, has been focused on individual factors (e.g., self-efficacy, spirituality). Little empirical evidence exists on the mut...
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Using the Scale of Ethnocultural Empathy, we examined pre-post changes in empathy directed toward people from different racial/ethnic cultural groups than one's own for 189 undergraduate students from 20 sections of helping skills classes. We hypothesized that racial minority students and women would score higher than their respective counterparts...
Article
Despite its increasing prevalence in sports at all levels of competition, there is a startling paucity of research on athlete activism and its broader impact on social and political change. Furthermore, athletes who engage in sport-based political protest – many of whom hold one or more traditionally marginalized identities – often face vicious pub...
Chapter
International students are a growing population in the United States (U.S.). Students from Asia comprise approximately 69.2% of the total number of international students. Under this broad category of Asia, there are important within-group differences among Asian international students given the sociopolitical, geographic, and economic differences...
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The Perceived Online Racism Scale (PORS) is the first measure specifically developed to assess online racist interpersonal interactions and exposure to online racist content. To advance and strengthen the psychometric foundation of the PORS, the current study evaluated the measurement invariance of PORS across gender and age, two major demographic...
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Most psychological research questions address human behaviors and attitudes that occur in various groups and organizational contexts. Yet, the most common unit of analysis in psychology has been the individual. Accounting for group-level factors allows researchers to move beyond intraindividual factors and examine behavior and attitude changes with...
Article
Although racism persists as a significant public health issue that adversely impacts the mental health of people of color (U.S. Department of Health and Human Service, 2001), there has been very little systematic guidance for mental health professionals to address racism through practice (S. Harrell, 2000). Therefore, we conducted a content analysi...
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Asian American women’s (AAW’s) mental health issues have received growing public attention; recent statistics suggest alarmingly high suicide rates among AAW. Yet, little research has examined the nuanced oppression that AAW face and the daily effects of compounded racism and sexism contributing to their mental health issues. Applying the intersect...
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To promote psychological help-seeking, researchers have studied interventions to reduce self-stigma, a personally held belief that seeking psychological help would make one undesirable and socially unacceptable. We examined the differential impact of individual- and group-level changes in self-stigma on psychological help-seeking attitudes using da...
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Objective: Racism continues to thrive commonly and violently on the Internet in today’s digital age. Online specific factors such as increased anonymity and “digital freedom of speech” have allowed users to freely disclose their racist ideologies for the public to witness without fear of consequence and direct responsibility. Yet, little attention...
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Today’s college students are at increased risk for depression. Therefore, accurate and sustainable assessment of depressive symptoms among college students has become an important issue. One promising instrument for depression screening in college settings is the Patient Health Questionnaire—9 (PHQ-9), a 9-item self-report measure developed in prim...
Article
Using data from 3,263 sessions nested within 144 clients, nested within 19 therapists, we examined client- and therapist-rated working alliance (WA) and real relationship (RR) at Session 3 and growth in WA and RR across the course of open-ended psychodynamic psychotherapy for clients who identified as racial/ethnic minority (REM) or as White. To be...
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The Perceived Ethnic Discrimination Questionnaire-Community Version Brief (PEDQ-CVB) is a widely used brief multidimensional measure of general racial discrimination for both students and community populations. We evaluated the factor structure and measurement equivalency of the PEDQ-CVB across diverse racial/ethnic and gender groups. The groups in...
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Color-blind racial ideology, the belief that race does not matter and racism does not exist, is a modern expression of racism, as it denies the reality of racial issues that people of color experience (Neville, Lilly, Duran, Lee, & Browne, 2000). We tested Neville et al.’s (2000) Color-Blind Racial Attitudes Scale (CoBRAS), the most widely used mea...
Article
We examined the centrality of Group Dynamics: Theory, Research and Practice in the communication network of major journals publishing group research. We used document citation analysis, a bibliographic approach based on citation frequency, to determine the degree of relationship among the journals publishing group research. A 23 by 23 cocitation ma...
Article
Full-text available
Growing number of scholars have noted that racism may thrive and persevere in explicit, blatant forms in the online context. Little research exists on the nature of racism on the Internet. In contributing to this emerging yet understudied issue, the current study conducted an inductive thematic analysis to examine people's attitude toward (a) how t...
Article
Full-text available
In preparing for an aging global population, older adults’ well-being has become an urgent priority across the world. Counseling psychologists have also called upon the field for more empirical attention on older adults. Yet, a review of the literature revealed that older adults were represented in less than 2% of all the articles in the Journal of...
Article
The present study explored racial and cultural factors that influence body image development with a sample of 10 heterosexual Asian American women through in-person, semistructured interviews. Data were analyzed via the consensual qualitative research methodology (Hill, 2012; Hill et al., 2005) and highlighted several factors shaping body image for...
Article
The purpose of this study was to develop the Perceived Online Racism Scale (PORS) to assess perceived online racist interpersonal interactions and exposure to online racist content among people of color. Items were developed through a multistage process involving a comprehensive literature review, focus-groups, qualitative data collection, and surv...
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Full-text available
Social comparison theory posits that people make upward comparisons to others who may be better off in achieving the idealized standards in society. For Asian American men exposed to Western appearance ideals in the media, the comparison process may represent an adjustment toward incompatible Western media ideals that may amount to acculturative st...
Article
The present study offers a comparison of the demographic features and lived experiences of lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) individuals with religious, spiritual, or atheist (R/S/A) belief systems. In this sample of 212 participants, the relationship of participants’ R/S/A beliefs to personal variables (e.g., age, gender, race), mental health varia...
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Recent advances in men’s body image research using the Drive for Muscularity Scale (DMS) have generated significant evidence of body dissatisfaction and negative psychological outcomes stemming from media idealization and societal pressure to achieve a muscular mesomorphic body shape (i.e., lean yet highly muscular). Although DMS has been most wide...
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The focus of this brief review is on how Hip-hop impacts men's willingness to disclose emotion, or even to inquire about counseling. Researchers are exploring the impact of gender norms on the effectiveness of counseling sessions. Emotional writing has been a form of counseling suggested to be particularly effective with male clients. In this paper...
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In predicting disordered eating, the core model of objectification theory (Fredrickson & Roberts, 1997) has been replicated and extended in research across most sexual minority groups (e.g., Haines et al., 2008; Wiseman & Moradi, 2010), but not bisexual women. The present study tested the tenets of objectification theory with a sample of 316 bisexu...
Article
The website is intended to serve as a hub of research-based information, updated periodically, with an emphasis on the treatment of Borderline Personality Disorder. Clinicians can find summaries of different topics related to Borderline Personality Disorder, including several treatment models and their guiding principles. From there, references ca...

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Project
Risk factors associated with online racism