Brian Ford

Brian Ford
University of Nottingham | Notts · Department of Architecture and Built Environment

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55
Publications
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302
Citations

Publications

Publications (55)
Article
This research presents extensive field data on indoor thermal conditions along with workers' comfort votes taken at their workstations within three existing multi-storied garment factories during the three seasons (cool-dry, hot-dry and warm-humid) of Bangladesh. The main objective of the study was to observe the impact of thermal conditions on wor...
Conference Paper
The applicability of passive cooling methods has been a recurring subject in architectural engineering science. The integration of these methods in architecture often requires feasibility studies and, in most cases, a deep knowledge of the climatic conditions is required to succeed in this task. The number of parameters to be evaluated will depend...
Article
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This study investigates the applicability and performance of Active Downdraught Cooling (ADC) in hot and humid regions of China through a field testing at the Centre for Sustainable Energy Technologies Building (CSET). In an ADC system, buoyancy driven air movement is a key element of success and is the focus of this study. Design elements influenc...
Article
This paper presents two workable solutions that can significantly improve the indoor thermal environment within workspaces in existing ready-made garment (RMG) factories in the tropical climatic context of Bangladesh. The research involved field studies in three multi-storey factory buildings, interviews with workers and owners and simulation studi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The ready-made garments (RMG) with renowned brands are mostly produced by the clothing factories in the developing countries where workers labour around 10-12 hours a day to produce quality products in their workspaces. Their health, safety and wellbeing should be an important ethical concern of the customer. Their production efficiency has major i...
Conference Paper
The main focus of this paper is the vernacular architecture of the Red Sea Coast, particularly as regards Nasif Historical House, located in the old town of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. It describes the main results of a holistic investigation evaluating the environmental performance of this architecture with specific attention to thermal performance. The...
Conference Paper
As a continuation of the author’s previous research work and a pilot study of a doctoral research, this paper adds new evidences and observations from an extensive field study in three multi-storied Ready-made Garment (RMG) factory buildings in Bangladesh. It focuses on the thermal environment of production spaces in relation to existing ventilatio...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Early design stage decision making proceeds very quickly, and strategic decisions regarding the feasibility of natural ventilation must be supported by speedy and reliable evaluation. There are a limited number of such early stage design tools for evaluating natural ventilation options, and none of them are widely used in practice. This paper will...
Article
Full-text available
In the UK, finances and resources are invested into the application of new technologies, construction materials and control systems for homes, with the aim of improving energy efficiency. One such example is the experimental BASF house, built to study the thermal performance to achieve a comfortable home that uses energy efficiently. The house incl...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The ready-made garment (RMG) sector of Bangladesh is based on the productions from the garment factories where workers are engaged in textile sewing activities, ironing and operating machines. Due to the generally poor quality working environment, these factory workers suffer discomfort and a range of health problems. It is widely known that the th...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper describes the design and thermal performance evaluation of the first low carbon school building in Palestine. The project is a response to the mounting environmental, energy and infrastructure crisis within the Gaza Strip. The ambition is to provide a better learning environment for the children of Gaza, while also being self reliant in...
Conference Paper
School design can contribute to reducing carbon emissions and raising environmental awareness among the next generation. A good school environment can have positive effects on occupant behaviour, mood and working productivity, etc. This paper selected three RIBA award-winning primary schools as research examples in order to investigate how the occu...
Article
This study is set out to confirm the phenomenon commented on by Hassan Fathy (1986) that the temperature difference between courtyards has a role in the promotion of convective cooling through transitional spaces in a multiple-courtyards building in semi and regions. The transitional spaces situated between courtyards are identified with specific t...
Article
This study describes the work on the development of climatic applicability maps of downdraught cooling in China. A new approach is proposed for the map, based on three related climatic characteristics: cooling degree hours, dry bulb temperature–wet bulb temperature and 26°C-wet bulb temperature. The potential opportunity of using different types of...
Article
This study focuses on the design integration of passive downdraught evaporative cooling (PDEC) in a school building in the hot and dry climate of Gujarat, India. It sets out the design process through which different options were evaluated and assessed, and demonstrates that the combination of PDEC with other ‘common sense’ design principles can po...
Article
This article reports on the initial findings of an ongoing study investigating the application of passive downdraught evaporative cooling (PDEC) to high-rise office buildings in Cairo. Two climate analysis methods are utilized to assess the suitability of PDEC to Cairo's climate. The first makes use of Givoni's building bio-climatic charts (BBCCs)...
Article
Full-text available
The design and performance of a passive downdraught evaporative cooling (PDEC) system are reported. This is the first application of this technique for housing in Europe. The system was integrated within a house designed and built by University of Nottingham students for the 2010 Solar Decathlon Europe event in Madrid, Spain. Testing of the thermal...
Article
The prevailing paradigm in indoor environment control of office buildings often excludes natural ventilation, due to the fact that its dynamic nature may not be compatible with the close control of mechanical conditioning systems. Due to the potential magnitudes of wind and buoyancy forces in tall buildings, the challenges are greater. This researc...
Article
The potential application of Passive and Hybrid Downdraught Cooling to residential buildings is explored using an experimental facility constructed and tested in Seville, Spain. The experiment was devised as a prototype of the downdraught evaporative cooling system for the Nottingham University entry to the 2010 Solar Decathlon Europe competition....
Article
This paper describes the work on investigating the application of Passive Downdraught Evaporative Cooling (PDEC) in hot and dry climate in China and the integration of different passive design strategies with PDEC system in this climate. To test the systems performance in practice, made possible by the very similar climate characteristics of the tw...
Article
The design of non-domestic buildings which adopt a purely natural ventilation strategy is now commonplace in many parts of the world, and increasingly this strategy has been shown to be viable in city centres as well as 'green field' locations. However, the adoption of natural ventilation in tall buildings is less common. This is not surprising in...
Article
Full-text available
Public, commercial and global research interest in the delivery of zero carbon housing has never been higher. The recent shift in design culture and legislative climate is reflected in a number of existing and developing low energy and zero carbon standards in the UK as well as Europe. Also, the number of homes built and certified under these stand...
Article
This paper studies the influence of architectural education and early experience of the work of a group pf architects, whose work shows strong features of bioclimatic integration (such as Lele and Severiano Porto in Brazil and Spencer de Grey and Mario Cucinella in Europe). The first analysis of their individual experiences, through semi-structured...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper presents the results of a research aimed at exploring the daylighting performance of sports buildings that have included translucent membranes as part of their daylighting strategy. Performance of these buildings has been assessed by field illuminance measurements, physical scale models tested under an artificial sky and computer modelli...
Article
Air conditioning is now recognized as a significant factor in global warming and climate change. In the search for alternatives, passive downdraught evaporative cooling (PDEC) is proving to be both technically and economically viable in different parts of the world. Brian Ford describes the principles and current practice of this innovative ap...
Conference Paper
This chapter discusses a light-vent unit combining light pipe technology and passive stack ventilation by utilizing the light pipe as an exhaust stack. This system can be further integrated with a novel design of heat pipe to heat or cool the building. The work contains several aspects related to the use of light pipes and stack ventilation. A stud...
Article
This paper presents results from the first year of monitoring the performance of a laboratory building in the new 14,000m2 Torrent Research Centre in Ahmedabad, India. The capital and running costs of air conditioning of non-domestic buildings in northern India are very substantial, while building costs (compared with northern Europe) are low. A co...
Article
Full-text available
The applicability of Passive Downdraught Evaporative Cooling (PDEC) for reducing energy consumption in hot dry climates is reviewed. A new EC Joule project explaining the application of PDEC in non-domestic buildings is described. The building performance assessment methodology which employs dynamic thermal simulation programs for thermal analysis,...
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Full-text available
This paper describes the results of measurements taken in a number of step wells, well houses, and bath houses in northern India, between March and April 1995. There is a discussion of the combination of thermally massive structures and evaporative cooling effects which characterise the buildings (some of which are over 500 years old). All of the s...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents a summary of the results of a field survey investigating occupants' perception of four US buildings employing various forms of Passive Downdraught Evaporative Cooling (misting devices and cellulose mats). The buildings were surveyed as part of a European supported dissemination project which seeks to promote the use of Passive D...
Article
Full-text available
This paper explores the integration of sustainability in the architectural design process with particular emphasis on the role of design-assisting tools. The methodology was based on five case studies of contemporary architectural practices in Europe that are considered to be leaders in the field of sustainable design: Edward Cullinan, Michael Hopk...

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