Brian David Fisher

Brian David Fisher
Simon Fraser University · School of Interactive Arts and Technology

Ph.D. Cognitive Psychology, University of California at Santa Cruz

About

136
Publications
33,140
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
2,107
Citations
Citations since 2017
24 Research Items
881 Citations
2017201820192020202120222023050100150
2017201820192020202120222023050100150
2017201820192020202120222023050100150
2017201820192020202120222023050100150
Introduction
Visualization and visual analytics, cognitive engineering, collaborative knowledge work. Methods include cognitive ethnography based on Joint Action Theory, and perceptual cognition in complex and immersive interface environments.
Additional affiliations
November 2011 - November 2012
University of California, San Diego
Position
  • Professor
August 2004 - May 2016
Simon Fraser University
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
September 2000 - present
University of British Columbia - Vancouver
Position
  • Affiliate Professor
Education
September 1983 - December 1991
University of California, Santa Cruz
Field of study
  • Cognitive Psychology

Publications

Publications (136)
Article
Full-text available
Advancements in extended reality (XR) have inspired new uses and users of advanced visualization interfaces, transforming geospatial data visualization and consumption by enabling interactive 3D geospatial data experiences in 3D. Conventional metrics (e.g., mental rotations test (MRT)) are often used to assess and predict the appropriateness of the...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this work in progress paper, we share novel conceptual display design ideas (pending validation and testing) to aid users with their spatial assessment in either two or three-dimensional spaces such as Virtual Reality (VR) environments. The example scenario used is to help a remote human team player (2 nd user) to work with an asset Unmanned Aer...
Chapter
Since the advent of scholarly recommender systems (SRSs), more than 200 papers in the related area have been published. Many of these papers focus on proposing new and more accurate algorithms, or to enhance existing ones. Recently we have seen growing interest in embedding recommending methods into User Experience (UX), to enhance the value of RSs...
Article
The growth of the field of visual analytics reflects a sustained, long-term commitment to applying convergent research principles to computer science research. Charting the future research directions that the field of visual analytics will evolve toward requires an understanding of the field's rich, productive history of collaboration and a discuss...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Outdoor risky play, such as climbing, racing, and independent exploration, is an important part of childhood and is associated with various positive physical, mental, and developmental outcomes for children. Parental attitudes and fears, particularly mothers', are a major deterrent to children's opportunities for outdoor risky play. O...
Chapter
Full-text available
Interface design and interaction testing is not a completely robust or scientific process. Rather, it is an artful, iterative, social process regulated by inter- or multi-disciplinary design teams. Lamentably, the design trajectory and iterations are often left out or partially communicated in the description of a published design. We offer display...
Chapter
Full-text available
The use of augmented or virtual reality (AR/VR) wearables is becoming popular in command-and-control tasks such as location markup on a virtual map for remote training or collaboration purposes. Studies in this domain capitalize personalization through unique technological features to improve the situation awareness and performance of users, withou...
Preprint
BACKGROUND Outdoor risky play, such as climbing, racing and independent exploration, is an important part of childhood and is associated with various positive physical, mental and developmental outcomes for children. Parental attitudes and fears, particularly mothers’, are a major deterrent to children’s opportunities for outdoor risky play. OBJEC...
Chapter
Since the advent of Recommender Systems (RSs), many papers have been published with the majority focusing on creating more accurate algorithms. The more accurate the algorithm is, the better the recommendation is predicted to be for users. Recently, RSs researchers pointed out that the embedding of the recommendation methods in the User Experience...
Chapter
Scholarly recommender systems attempt to reduce the number of research resources or papers presented to scholars and predict the utility of resources for their scholarly tasks. Industry practitioners and academic researchers agree that the interface of a recommender system may have as profound an effect on users’ experience as the recommender’s alg...
Preprint
Full-text available
Empirical studies form an integral part of visualization research. Not only can they facilitate the evaluation of various designs, techniques, systems, and practices in visualization, but they can also enable the discovery of the causalities explaining why and how visualization works. This state-of-the-art report focuses on controlled and semi-cont...
Chapter
This chapter introduces information processing perspectives from cognitive psychology, providing historical background content where it might prove useful. The hope is that this will provide readers enough of an understanding of psychology perspectives, theories, and methods that they can better apply crowdsourcing methods to understand the cogniti...
Article
Full-text available
Background : Accurate understanding of complex health data is critical in order to deal with wicked health problems and make timely decisions. Wicked problems refer to ill-structured and dynamic problems that combine multidimensional elements, which often preclude the conventional problem solving approach. This pilot study introduces visual analyti...
Article
Application-oriented papers provide an important way to invigorate and cross-pollinate the visualization field, but the exact criteria for judging an application paper's merit remain an open question. This article builds on a panel at the 2016 IEEE Visualization Conference entitled "Application Papers: What Are They, and How Should They Be Evaluate...
Chapter
Full-text available
Crowdsourcing solutions are increasingly being adopted across a variety of domains these days. An important consequence of the flourishing crowdsourcing markets is that experiments which were traditionally carried out in laboratories on a much smaller scale can now tap into the immense potential of online labor. Researchers in different fields have...
Book
This book discusses research, methods, and recent developments in the interdisciplinary field that spans research in visualization, eye tracking, human-computer interaction, and psychology. It presents extended versions of papers from the First Workshop on Eye Tracking and Visualization (ETVIS), which was organized as a workshop of the IEEE VIS Con...
Article
The application of eye tracking for the evaluation of humans’ viewing behavior is a common approach in psychological research. So far, the use of this technique for the evaluation of visual analytics and visualization is less prominent. We investigate recent scientific publications from the main visualization and visual analytics conferences and jo...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper describes a qualitative research methodology developed for experimental studies of collaborative visual analysis. In much of this work we build upon Herbert H. Clark's Joint Activity Theory to infer cognitive processes from field experiments testing collaborative decision making over data. As is true of any methodology, it provides the u...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The application of eye tracking for the evaluation of humans' viewing behavior is a common approach in psychological research. So far, the use of this technique for the evaluation of visual analytics and visualization is less prominent. We investigate recent scientific publications from the main visualization and visual analytics conferences and jo...
Article
Full-text available
The Emergency Management Information System (EMIS) field has an established tradition of user-centered methodological approaches for design and evaluation research. However, visual analytics, a new field that is starting to intersect with EMIS, is barely using such approaches. Thus an opportunity has emerged to expand these user-centered approaches...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Domains such as emergency management have a need for real-time change monitoring and pattern analysis, but interface design principles for real-time visual analysis situations are still under development. In this paper, we present early results from a design study in social media visual analytics for emergency management. Our motivation is a main i...
Chapter
In this chapter, we discuss a research framework borrowed from medicine, called translational science, and how it may be used to develop more useful research protocols for the study of user interface cognition and visual analytical reasoning. Translational science incorporates laboratory research, field studies, and other empirical protocols into a...
Article
Full-text available
With the advancement in information technologies, complex and multidimensional data are generated at an unprecedented rate. The public health sector is challenged with complex and dynamic health data that are produced and housed in health information systems. These data impose a challenge on data analysts and decision makers to understand and make...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Preliminary fieldwork conducted in three Emergency Operations Centers (EOCs) in Canada and two in the United States has highlighted the relevance of a phenomenon that is affecting negatively collaborative work and shared situational awareness at EOCs. Namely, the observation that, in technologically dense EOCs, emergency management staff are affect...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this article, we present a qualitative methodology for design research in the domain of visual analytics for emergency management. This specific methodology is characterized by using non-participant observation and interviews as methods and by being theoretically informed by the multidisciplinary framework of visual analytics. The methodology co...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Massive and complex data impose a challenge on the public health community to explore, analyze, and synthesize valuable information to make timely informed decisions. This study exploits the use of Visual Analytics (VA) to enable health professionals to understand heterogeneous injury data and decide about dynamic health situations. Visual Analytic...
Conference Paper
Taken in isolation, algorithmic "data sciences" approaches and human-centred "visual analytics" methods hold great promise for operationalizing archival datasets and streaming real-time data in support of strategic and operational decision-making across a broad range of human activities.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this position paper we propose a performance science approach to evaluation of visual analytics systems.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Within the Visual Analytics research agenda there is an interest on studying the applicability of multimodal information representation and interaction techniques for the analytical reasoning process. The present study summarizes a pilot experiment conducted to understand the effects of augmenting visualizations of affectively-charged information u...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We introduce translational science, a research discipline from medicine, and show how adapting it for visual analytics can improve the design and evaluation of visual analytics interfaces. Translational science “translates” knowledge from the lab to the real-world to “ground truth” by incorporating a 3 phase program of research. Phase 1 & 2 include...
Article
Full-text available
Massive and complex data impose a challenge on the medical community. This study explores the use of Visual Analytics in a collaborative Paired and Group Analytics sessions to enable medical professionals to efficiently explore complex data to synthesize valuable information and make informed decisions about dynamic medical events and situations. B...
Article
Full-text available
These current comparative studies explore the impact of individual differences in personality factors on interface interaction and learning performance behaviors in both an interactive visualization and a menu-driven web table in two studies. Participants were administered three psychometric measures designed to assess Locus of Control, Big Five Ex...
Article
In the living cell, biochemical reactions catalyzed by enzymes are the drivers for metabolic processes like growth, energy production, and replication. Metabolic networks are the representation of these processes describing the complex interactions of ...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Facilitating the reuse process and enabling unanticipated reuse can improve efficiency of distributed collaboration. However, supporting the reuse process in complex and dynamic contexts, where future use of information is difficult to predict, is challenging. Collaborative analytics exemplifies such a context. We employed distributed cognition the...
Article
Full-text available
The most salient ways in which data visualization and interactive techniques have been understood as the material basis of cognition in the emergent field of visual analytics are discussed. Three main dominant understandings have captured the imagination and theorizations of researchers and technicians in this field: data visualizations and interac...
Article
Full-text available
The latest high throughput technologies produce massive amount of medical data. Analyzing and understanding these data impose a great challenge on the medical community. The Centre for Understanding and Preventing Infection in Children, British Columbia Children's Hospital is faced with the challenge of evaluating and assessing complex immunologica...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We have observed increasing interest in visual analytics tools and their applications in investigative analysis. Despite the growing interest and substantial studies regarding the topic, understanding the major roadblocks of using such tools from novice users' perspectives is still limited. Therefore, we attempted to identify such “visual analytic...
Article
Full-text available
Visual analytics is a new interdisciplinary field of study that calls for a more structured scientific approach to understanding the effects of interaction with complex graphical displays on human cog-nitive processes. Its primary goal is to support the design and evaluation of graphical information systems that better support cognitive processes i...
Conference Paper
Discussions during lecture can clarify lecture points for audience members and help them deepen their understanding. However, the fast-pace of lectures and the large number of attendees can make these discussions impossible. Although digital backchannels have been used to address this problem, they present some drawbacks such as increasing distract...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This chapter considers the need for a better understanding of complex human cognition in the design of interactive visual interfaces by surveying the availability of pertinent cognitive models and applicable research in the behavioral sciences, and finds that there are no operational models or useful precedent to effectively guide the design of vis...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We investigate the decision process as applied to the practical task of choosing a financial portfolio. We developed PortfolioCompare, an interactive visual analytic decision support tool that helps the consumer quickly create, compare and choose among several portfolios consisting of different financial instruments. PortfolioCompare facilitates th...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Studying how humans interact with abstract, visual representations of massive amounts of data provides knowledge about how cognition works in visual analytics. This knowledge provides guidelines for cognitive-aware design and evaluation of visual analytic tools. Different methods have been used to capture and conceptualize these processes including...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
These current studies explored the impact of individual differences in personality factors on interface interaction and learning performance behaviors in both an interactive visualization and a menu-driven web table in two studies. Participants were administered 3 psychometric measures designed to assess Locus of Control, Extraversion, and Neurotic...
Article
Computer graphics has long benefited from an understanding of human vision. Basic perceptual phenomena such as trichromacy, opponent colors, and color JNDs have enabled the design of graphics hardware and software. More complex stimuli such as human movements are also important for graphics but are not so well understood. We present an investigatio...
Article
Multiple object tracking (MOT) is the ability to individuate a moving object based solely on its spatial-temporal history. We examined whether MOT is based on a scene-based (allocentric) or image-based (egocentric) representation. Observers viewed 16 objects moving in a depicted 3D wireframe box. On each trial, 2, 4, or 6 objects were briefly tagge...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This current study explored the impact of individual differences in personality factors on interface interaction and learning performance in both an interactive visualization and a menu-driven web application. Participants were administered 6 psychometric measures designed to assess trait anxiety, locus of control, and other personality traits. Par...
Article
Full-text available
HCI practitioners and researchers need to expand their collaboration with cognitive scientists and visualization and computation researchers in order to address challenges posed by visual analytics. The combination of cognitive complexity, broad range of applications, large data sets, and new display and interaction technologies has led to the deve...
Article
Full-text available
There has been progress in the science of analytical reasoning and in meeting the recommendations for future research that were laid out when the field of visual analytics was established. Researchers have also developed a group of visual analytics tools and methods that embody visual analytics prin- ciples and attack important and challenging real...
Article
Full-text available
Principle Component Analysis (PCA) is a widely used mathematical technique in many fields for factor and trend analysis, dimension reduction, etc. However, it is often considered to be a "black box" operation whose results are difficult to interpret and sometimes counter-intuitive to the user. In order to assist the user in better understanding and...
Article
Full-text available
As the field of informatics matures, the range of disciplines that contribute to our understanding of information systems and their use must increase. The International Symposium on Smart Graphics is one of the pioneers of this interdisciplinary scholarship of computation. The highly interactive workshop format includes participants from cognitive...
Conference Paper
This paper addresses a challenge for the design of visual analytics software, managing placement of multiple windows while accomplishing a cognitively challenging analysis task. We are designing an adaptive windows layout manager that will support the user's creativity by facilitating concentration on the task at hand.
Article
Full-text available
It is well known that visual analytics addresses the difficulty of evaluating and processing large quantities of information. Less often discussed are the increasingly complex analytic and reasoning processes that must be applied in order to accomplish that goal. Success of the visual analytics approach will require us to develop new visualization...
Article
Full-text available
The 15 revised full papers together with 8 short papers and 2 demonstrations presented were carefully reviewed and selected. The papers are organized in topical sections on visual analytics, user studies, human computer interaction, computer graphics and artificial intelligence, as well as virtual and mixed reality.
Book
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 10th International Symposium on Smart Graphics, SG 2009, held in Salamanca, Spain in May 2009. The 15 revised full papers together with 8 short papers and 2 demonstrations presented were carefully reviewed and selected. The papers are organized in topical sections on visual analytics, user studi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
As the information being visualized and the process of understanding it both become increasingly complex, it is necessary to develop new visualization approaches that facilitate the flow of human reasoning. In this paper, we endeavor to push visualization design a step beyond current user models by discussing a modeling framework of human "higher c...
Article
Full-text available
Everyday tasks often require us to keep track of multiple objects in dynamic scenes. Past studies show that tracking becomes more difficult as objects move faster. In the present study, we show that this trade-off may not be due to increased speed itself but may, instead, be due to the increased crowding that usually accompanies increases in speed....