Brian Cluer

Brian Cluer
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration | NOAA · NMFS West Coast Region

PhD

About

36
Publications
13,600
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618
Citations
Additional affiliations
September 2000 - April 2015
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
Position
  • Fluvial Geomorphologist
September 2000 - November 2016
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
Position
  • Fluvial Geomorphologist

Publications

Publications (36)
Article
Full-text available
Degraded floodplains and valley floors are restored with the goal of enhancing habitat for native fish and aquatic-riparian biota and the protection or improvement of water quality. Recent years have seen a shift toward "process-based restoration" that is intended to reestablish compromised ecogeomorphic processes resulting from site-or watershed-s...
Article
Full-text available
A maturing body of evidence suggests that anthropogenic impacts on river-wetland corridors (RWCs) are greater and more widespread than previously recognized. Partly, this stems from the difficulty of differentiating between legacy anthropogenic impacts and channel evolution resulting from natural disturbances. Here, we apply the geomorphic grade li...
Article
Full-text available
North American salmon once ranged from ocean waters near the Arctic Circle southward to southern New England on the Atlantic and Mexico on the Pacific. The colonial and industrial transformation of rivers and oceans have led to extirpation or endangered status of many southern populations. Today, chronic anthropogenic stressors interact with climat...
Preprint
A maturing body of evidence suggests that anthropogenic impacts on river-wetland corridors may be greater and more widespread than previously recognized. We applied the Geomorphic Grade Line (GGL) method to define pre-Anthropocene valley surfaces within segments of the 42-kilometer Entiat River Valley (ERV) of the North Cascade Mountains, USA. We d...
Article
Full-text available
River-wetland corridors form where a high degree of connectivity between the surface (rheic) and subsurface (hyporheic) components of streamflow creates an interconnected system of channels, wetlands, ponds, and lakes. River-wetland corridors occur where the valley floor is sufficiently wide to accommodate a laterally unconfined river planform that...
Article
Diel shifts in habitat selection of newly emerged Steelhead Oncorhynchus mykiss and Coho Salmon Oncorhynchus kisutch fry were investigated in three Northern California coastal watersheds. Steelhead and Coho Salmon fry occupied shallow water near stream margins both day and night, however the proportion of fry within 0.5 m of the stream margin incre...
Article
Large quantities of fine sediment can be accumulated in reservoirs, and the potential impact of their downstream release is often a great concern if the dams are to be removed. Currently there are no reliable numerical models to simulate the dynamics of the release of these fine sediments, mostly because their release following dam removal is often...
Article
Full-text available
The ‘project risk screening matrix’ derives from a broader effort to assist US government agency staff in reviewing proposed stream management and restoration projects more efficiently and effectively. The River Restoration Analysis Tool (RiverRAT) developed through this effort provides a thorough, comprehensive and auditable approach to review and...
Article
Full-text available
For decades, Channel Evolution Models have provided useful templates for understanding morphological responses to disturbance associated with lowering base level, channelization or alterations to the flow and/or sediment regimes. In this paper, two well‐established Channel Evolution Models are revisited and updated in light of recent research and p...
Chapter
Introduction Identify the problem Assess project context Define project goals and objectives Investigative analysis Evaluate alternatives Project design Implementation Monitoring Case studies Summary References
Article
Full-text available
Stream restoration, stabilization, or enhancement projects typically employ site-specific designs and site- scale habitat improvement projects have become the default solution to many habitat problems and constraints. Such projects are often planned and implemented without thorough consideration of the broader scale problems that may be contributin...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Provides tools for evaluating river restoration proposals technical merit and potential impact. Emphasis is on salmon-bearing rivers, but principles and tools have universal applicability.
Conference Paper
Stream management activities, even well intentioned restoration efforts, all too often degrade aquatic ecosystems. Site- and reach-scale habitat improvement projects have become the default solution to many habitat deficiencies and constraints, and are often planned and implemented without proper consideration of their landscape context, process dr...
Article
A multi-agency study is currently underway to determine whether the removal of four dams on the Klamath River will advance restoration of the salmonid fisheries of the Klamath Basin and is in the public interest. To assist in this decision, multi-disciplinary scientific assistance is being provided to review existing information and complete additi...
Article
Many dams have been removed in the recent decades in the U.S. for reasons including economics, safety, and ecological rehabilitation. More dams are under consideration for removal; some of them are medium to large-sized dams filled with millions of cubic meters of sediment. Reaching a decision to remove a dam and deciding as how the dam should be r...
Article
Full-text available
Many dams have been removed in the recent decades in the U.S. for reasons including economics, safety, and ecological rehabilitation. More dams are under consideration for removal; some of them are medium to large-sized dams filled with millions of cubic meters of sediment. Reaching a decision to remove a dam and deciding as how the dam should be r...
Article
This paper presents sample runs of the Dam Removal Express Assessment Models (DREAM) presented in the companion paper, Cui et al. (2006): DREAM-1 for simulation of sediment transport following the removal of a dam behind which the reservoir deposit is composed primarily of non-cohesive sand and silt, and DREAM-2 for simulation of sediment transport...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Instream gravel mining includes various excavation methods within a stream's boundaries as well as pits located within the meander belt on floodplains. Instream mining and stream restoration are often perceived to be mutually exclusive; however, careful planning, design, and implementation of a reclamation plan can allow restoration activities to o...
Article
The study and management of regulated rivers have become important issues. A prime example is Glen Canyon Dam and its operational impacts on the downstream environment in Grand Canyon National Park, Arizona. We present an overview of the Glen Canyon Dam environmental issue, a novel methodology for monitoring dam impacts on alluvial sediments, and t...
Conference Paper
The last self sustaining riverine population of endangered razorback sucker occurs on the middle Green River, Utah. Since 1962, operations at Flaming Gorge Dam have reduced flow variability and altered timing and duration of flood peaks. These alterations in flow have resulted in poor production of young because of sedimentation at the primary spaw...
Conference Paper
The phenomenon of hysteresis in sediment transport explains cycles of scour and fill as floodwaves pass fine grained deposits along the margins of incised river channels. Increased sediment load on the rising limb of floods modifies channel shape and can transform normally depositional eddy recirculation cells into scouring zones. This process was...
Article
Coarse-grained deposits produced by a rare, extreme flood in the Mt. Everest region of Nepal and fine-grained deposits produced by frequent, moderate floods along the Colorado River in and near the Grand Canyon, U.S.A. illustrate a wide range of depositional patterns, processes, and mechanics along resistant-boundary channels. Deposition processes...
Article
Numerical models have become popular tools for exploring flow patterns in rivers. These include step-backwater models based on the one-dimensional energy equation, but two- and three-dimensional models based on the Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes equations are also becoming more widely available with advances in computer technology and in software...
Article
Full-text available
Recent results from remote daily monitoring show that it is common for large areas of fluvial sand deposits to be eroded in less than one day, followed by redeposition of the area within a few weeks or months. These remote observations were confirmed directly. Findings show that monitoring environmental changes downstream of a peaking power dam suc...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We report on the development of a method used to monitor characteristics of subaerial alluvial sediment storage using automatic, time-lapse, 35-mm cameras. The cameras are fixed to bedrock in a protective canister, aimed at low-oblique angles toward alluvial deposits of interest, and set to trigger once every 24 h. Presently 43 sandbars are monitor...
Article
ABSTRACTA recent tectonic model and subsequent gravity survey and basement modeling have raised questions concerning the size of the Camas Prairie ground-water storage basin and the hydrodynamic properties of the Camas Creek drainage basin. This paper addresses storage basin dimensions using an anomalous mass determination from a plot of residual g...
Article
Thesis (M.S.)--Northern Arizona University, 1987. Includes bibliographical references.
Article
A new structural interpretation of the Camas Prairie in S-central Idaho is described and the name 'Camas Prairie Rift' is proposed for this prominent topographic feature. Evidence of rifting is prevalent and several geological phenomena are described, each of which independently suggests that N-S extensional tectonics deominated the late Cenozoic s...
Article
Full-text available
The two Dam Removal Express Assessment Models, DREAM-1 and -2 (Cui et al. 2006a,b), were developed for simulation of pulsed sediment transport in rivers and are equipped with modules that address issues following dam removal. DREAM-1 simulates fine sediment transport and can be used where reservoir deposits are composed primarily of non-cohesive fi...
Article
"Spring 1997." Thesis (Ph. D.)--Colorado State University, 1997. Includes bibliographical references (leaves 119-128). Introduction -- Methods -- Computer flow modeling -- Mapping -- Results -- Discussion -- Conclusions.

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