Brett Smith

Brett Smith
Durham University | DU · Sport and Exercise Sciences

Professor
Project: Moving Social Work @MovingSW http://www.getyourselfactive.org/resources/social-work/

About

213
Publications
221,276
Reads
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12,553
Citations
Introduction
Research interests: 1) disability, physical activity, sport, health, and well-being 2) qualitative research and narrative inquiry.

Publications

Publications (213)
Article
Objectives: Little attention has been given to how Para athletes use their platforms for disability activism. This paper fills this gap by examining how Irish Para athletes take actions to create social change around disability. Methods: A qualitative methodology was adopted. 28 elite-level Irish Para athletes were recruited and participated in int...
Method
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This co-produced infographic is based on an academic article entitled “Co-production: A resource to guide co-producing research in the sport, exercise, and health sciences”. Such article is open access and can be read via: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/2159676X.2022.2052946 A co-produced ANIMATION based on the article is also avail...
Article
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There is growing interest in co-production in the sport, exercise, and health sciences. That includes from researchers in sport and exercise physiology, public health, sports medicine, sport sociology, sport and exercise psychology, sport management, physical education, sport coach- ing, leisure studies, geography, and occupational therapy. Despite...
Article
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The paper communicates the new UK Chief Medical Officers' Physical Activity Guidelines for Disabled Children and Disabled Young People. It provides a reference to the report that provides the evidence base underpinning the infographic. Rationales for why certain messages - which were co-produced - were created by the disabled children and young can...
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Recently, social workers have been identified as a key messenger group for promoting physical activity (PA) to disabled people. Also identified is the need to train social workers in PA promotion. In response, the purpose of this article is to inform the design of a training programme prototype aiming to support social workers to become active PA m...
Article
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Effective physical activity messaging plays an important role in the pathway towards changing physical activity behaviour at a population level. The Physical Activity Messaging Framework (PAMF) and Checklist (PAMC) are outputs from a recent modified Delphi study. This sought consensus from an international expert panel on how to aid the creation an...
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Humour appears to be an important aspect of health-promoting efforts for some men. A better understanding of the role humour plays in men’s health contexts may provide insight into the optimal design of health interventions for men. In this study, we explored the role banter, humour that blurs the line between playfulness and aggression, plays for...
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Golf can have a positive impact upon physical and psychosocial health. However, it is not widely promoted to and for disabled people. In response, this review explores the benefits, barriers, and facilitators to golf participation among this population. 18 empirical studies, research reports, or other forms of grey literature documenting golf in re...
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The purpose of the current article is to define critical appraisal, identify its benefits, discuss conceptual issues influencing the adequacy of a critical appraisal, and detail procedures to help reviewers undertake critical appraisals. A critical appraisal involves a careful and systematic assessment of a study’s trustworthiness or methodological...
Article
Approximately 1·5 billion people worldwide live with a physical, mental, sensory, or intellectual disability, about 80% of which are in low-income and middle-income countries. This Series paper provides a global overview of the prevalence, benefits, and promotion policies for physical activity for people living with disabilities (PLWD). PLWD are 16...
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What physical activity (PA) training do current and future healthcare professionals (HCPs) receive in the UK? How is PA training delivered to them? The present scoping review looks at existing evidence to respond these questions. Seven databases were searched: Medline, SportDISCUS, PsycINFO, EMBASE, CINAHL, Cochrane Review Database, and Web of Scie...
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Descriptive reviews of qualitative research across two decades – 1990–1999 (Culver, D., Gilbert, W., & Trudel, P. (2003). A decade of qualitative research published in sport psychology journals: 1990–1999. The Sport Psychologist, 17, 1–15) and 2000–2009 (Culver, D., Gilbert, W., & Sparkes, A. C. (2012). Qualitative research in sport psychology jour...
Article
Objective Despite a growing body of literature on cultural transitions, little is known regarding how emigrant elite athletes experience and intra-act with the non-human environment in the host country, and how this affects their sense of home. This study explores the relationships between the material world and the embodied narratives, both person...
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There is currently little guidance that exists for researchers in the sport and exercise sciences on open qualitative research practices. The purpose of paper is to provide researchers with guidance regarding the considerations necessary for making informed decisions about engaging in open research practices within qualitative inquiry. The guidance...
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In recent years, qualitative research has gained popularity and legitimacy in sport and exercise psychology. However, this scientific discipline has not yet paid attention to postqualitative inquiry (PQI), despite the possibilities it offers for producing different knowledge and producing knowledge differently. The present article is the first atte...
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The full text is open access and available at https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/16138171.2021.1899969
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Within the cultural sport psychology (CSP) genre, researchers have considered multiple and intersecting athlete identity expression, in order to enhance sport participation, inclusion and performance. The aim with the present paper was to build upon, and expand a CSP research agenda that focuses on socially constructed identities, through exploring...
Article
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Humans are story-telling creatures, and our qualitative research needs to reflect this. In this paper we openly discuss our struggles, progress, and experiences with thematic narrative analysis and creative non-fictions from an interdisciplinary team’s perspective. This messy text is aimed at researchers new to and experienced with creative non-fic...
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This article explores a question that was left mostly unanswered in a recent special issue of Qualitative Inquiry surveying the field of postqualitative research: How can conventional and post qualitative research coexist within the qualitative community? The importance of addressing this key question is first highlighted. Then, a possible answer i...
Preprint
ABSTRACT: Humans are story-telling creatures, and our qualitative research needs to reflect this. In this paper we openly discuss our struggles, progress, and experiences with thematic narrative analysis and creative non-fictions from an interdisciplinary team’s perspective. This messy text is aimed at researchers new to and experienced with creati...
Article
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Academics and sport organizations have recently recognized Para-sport as a powerful platform for disability activism. However, little attention has been given to Para-sport activism in non-Western cultures. This study explored the influence of Confucianism on South Korean Para-sport activism. Data were collected through interviews conducted with fo...
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The growth of, and importance attached to, qualitative research in sport and exercise psychology is evident in the increasing number of qualitative journal research articles published. This chapter provides a flavor of the current qualitative research landscape by addressing in some depth "what is qualitative research." In a modest attempt to advan...
Article
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In Western countries, such as Australia and the UK, a significantly greater proportion of men (relative to women) are overweight and obese, yet relatively few weight loss interventions have been developed that sufficiently target men. This lack of male-focused programming may be in part because ‘traditional’ weight loss programs are unappealing for...
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In 2019, the International Paralympic Committee produced a new strategy that highlighted the need to promote disability activism through Para sport. The purpose of this study is to understand what promoting disability activism through Para sport means to key stakeholders within an Irish national-level sociopolitical and Para sport context. Three gr...
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This article introduces narrative analysis as a way of engaging with storied data. Some key assumptions are first unpacked, highlighting the philosophical underpinnings of narrative research. The approach to narrative described in this article derives from narrative constructionism. This assumes that stories do more than simply reflect or recount e...
Article
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Aim: The purpose of this paper is to share insights from an ongoing project that seeks to promote physical activity to disabled people. Method: Narrative commentary. Results: An overlooked yet important group of messengers for promoting physical activity is first highlighted. These are social workers. Second, the process of developing guidelines fo...
Chapter
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Since we wrote the chapter for the first edition of this Handbook (Smith and Sparkes 2012), research on disability, sport and physical activity has grown considerably. Our aspirations remain modest in terms of what can covered in this second edition. This chapter does build on the first edition, though, by offering new insights in three sections. T...
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Purpose: Many people who experience spinal cord injury become long-term wheelchair users. This article addresses the process of becoming en-wheeled through the case example of a disabled man called Patrick. Design: An intrinsic case study informed by posthumanist developments was used. Within this design, Patrick and his manual wheelchair were the...
Preprint
Objectives Little attention has been given to how Para athletes use their platforms for disability activism. This paper fills this gap by examining how Irish Para athletes take actions to create social change around disability. Methods A qualitative methodology was adopted. 28 elite-level Irish Para athletes were recruited and participated in inte...
Book
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Research has recently begun to focus on disability sport as a context for disability activism. In this chapter, we review the emerging developments and suggest some ways forward. First, we provide a brief historical overview of activism in sporting and academic contexts. After this, we discuss the potential of Paralympic sport as a context for disa...
Book
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How we view disability is important. In this chapter, we evaluate the various ways that those interested in adapted physical education (APE) can explain and understand disability. First, two traditional conceptualizations of disability are critically examined; the medical and the social models of disability. Having highlighted their limitations, tw...
Article
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Activism is defined as problem-solving action to bring about political or social change. While research on disabled athlete activism is emerging in Western cultures, no research has been conducted in a non-Western culture. The aim of this study is to fill this gap by examining social activism engagement amongst disabled elite athletes from South Ko...
Article
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Objective: People with disabilities are amongst the most inactive people in the community. In addition their high levels of inactivity, their sedentary time is also rising. Previous research has acknowledged that intention to change their current behaviour is a key element to promote physical activity for inactive people with disabilities. The main...
Article
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Descriptive reviews of qualitative research across two decades–1990-1999 (Culver, Gilbert & Trudel, 2003) and 2000-2009 (Culver, Gilbert & Sparkes, 2012)—outlined qualitative research trends in three North American sport psychology journals (The Sport Psychologist, Journal of Applied Sport Psychology and Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology). T...
Article
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The present study investigated athletes’ and coaches’ beliefs about the role of athletes’ entourage in deterring or promoting doping. Competitive athletes and coaches in Greece and Australia took part in semi-structured interviews. Our analysis of the interviews produced five main themes: coach influence, peer influence, doping stance, doping stigm...
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This is a translation of the first evidence-based and co-produced physical activity infographics for disabled adults published in BJSM
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Disability is often portrayed as a one-dimensional category devoid of further intersections. Work which has addressed the intersection of disability and male gender has rarely considered different types of disability or impairment, or foregrounded the experiences of disabled men themselves. This article is based on empirical work carried out in Eng...
Article
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One significant barrier to physical activity (PA) for people with disabilities is the lack of access to PA information. The purpose of this study was to explore how access to PA information can be improved for people with disabilities, their carers, and PA-session facilitators. To investigate the flow of PA information within a communication networ...
Article
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The purpose of this study was to explore the implicit beliefs and underlying motivational processes of para-athletes, and how these beliefs influenced perceptions of sport performance, as well as challenge the dominant social stereotypes that misconstrue disability as inability. Utilising a qualitative research design, semi-structured interviews we...
Article
In this article, we apply narrative dialogism and new materialism to health research. We examine how material↔semiotic environments (MSEs) affect the rehabilitation process of Patrick, a man who exercised with the aim to recover from spinal cord injury. The MSEs are considered embedded subcases within the overall holistic case of Patrick. Three MSE...
Article
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Generalisation in relation to qualitative research has rarely been discussed in-depth in sport and exercise psychology, the sociology of sport, sport coaching, or sport management journals. Often there is no mention of generalizability in qualitative studies. When generalizability is mentioned in sport and exercise science journals it is often talk...
Article
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Authors Victoria L. Goosey-Tolfrey and Karen M. Smith were listed under the incorrect affiliations at the time of publication.
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Public Health England exists to protect and improve the nation's health and wellbeing, and reduce health inequalities. We do this through world-leading science, knowledge and intelligence, advocacy, partnerships and the delivery of specialist public health services. We are an executive agency of the Department of Health and Social Care, and a disti...
Poster
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The purpose of this study was to explore the implicit beliefs and underlying motivational processes of para-athletes, and how these beliefs influenced perceptions of sport performance, as well as challenge the dominant social stereotypes that misconstrue disability as inability. Utilising a qualitative research design, semi-structured interviews we...
Article
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OBJECTIVE: To explore the retirement experiences of elite para-athletes. Athletic retirement has long been of interest to sport psychologists. With a few exceptions, little attention has been paid to the retirements of elite athletes with disabilities. The research that has been done on para-sport was conducted in the late 1990s and the context of...
Article
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Based on extensive research on the relationship between exercise and health, exercise as a form of medicine is a powerful concept of growing popularity within health care, academia and policy. Proponents of this exercise is medicine (EiM) movement frame exercise as a panacea for a variety of health issues and uncritically promote exercise as good f...
Article
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The purpose of this research was to analyse a mode of coach education provided by a major disability charity. The course was designed for sports coaches and physical activity professionals and focused on coaching people with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). The subsequent analysis drew on data obtained over two years, including participation observ...
Article
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Purpose: It is vital that people with spinal cord injury (SCI) lead a physically active lifestyle to promote long term health and well-being. Yet within rehabilitation and upon discharge into the community, people with SCI are largely inactive. Physiotherapists are well placed to promote a physically active lifestyle and are valued and trusted mess...
Chapter
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How we explain and understand disability matters. In this chapter, we examine one way of explaining and understanding disability through a models approach. Two traditional models are first critically attended to. These are the medical model and then the social model. Having problematised these models, the next two more recent models are described,...
Article
Objectives Efforts to promote full participation in parasport are vital not only for the potential physical and psychosocial benefits, but also as a means of enacting social justice. Until recently, there has been little empirical consideration of the experiential aspects that make participation satisfying or meaningful throughout the life-course....
Article
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Objectives: To describe the process and outcomes of using a new evidence base to develop scientific guidelines that specify the type and minimum dose of exercise necessary to improve fitness and cardiometabolic health in adults with spinal cord injury (SCI). Setting: International. Methods: Using Appraisal of Guidelines, Research and Evaluatio...
Article
Objective: To provide an overview of which psychosocial factors are related to physical activity participation for disabled people who intend to be active, to determine which interventions effectively improved physical activity and to identify how participants were described as intenders. Design: A systematic review was conducted using PRISMA guide...
Article
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Qualitative research has grown within sport and exercise psychology and is now widely conducted. The purpose of this review is to discuss three commonly used ways to demonstrate rigor when conducting or judging qualitative research in sport and exercise psychology. These are the method of member checking, the method of inter-rater reliability, and...
Article
This paper provides a series of critical reflections on the tensions involved in researching the lives of military veterans. In particular, tensions arising when civilian researchers attempt to speak on behalf of veterans, combined with problematic attempts to achieve an academic ‘understanding’ of veterans’ lives, generate concerns regarding the p...
Article
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Using a dialogical narrative approach, we explored how disabled people made sense of their gym experiences as part of a peer group. Interviews were conducted with 18 disabled people (10 men and 8 women, aged 23–60) who had experience exercising in the gym as part of a group. Data were rigorously analyzed using a dialogical narrative analysis. Withi...
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Background The prominence of sedentary behavior research in health science has grown rapidly. With this growth there is increasing urgency for clear, common and accepted terminology and definitions. Such standardization is difficult to achieve, especially across multi-disciplinary researchers, practitioners, and industries. The Sedentary Behavior R...
Article
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Different approaches to treatment for mental health problems in military veterans continue to attract research attention. In addition to the NICE-approved treatments for post-traumatic stress disorder such as trauma-focused cognitive behavioural therapy and eye-movement desensitisation and reprocessing, a number of novel and innovative approaches h...
Article
Full-text available
Qualitative research has grown within sport and exercise psychology and is now widely conducted. The purpose of this review is to discuss three commonly used ways to demonstrate rigor when conducting or judging qualitative research in sport and exercise psychology. These are the method of member checking, the method of inter-rater reliability, and...
Article
Usamos a investigação narrativa para ilustrar as vidas complexas e experiências de veteranos de combate que vão surfar para lidar com as conseqüências traumáticas da guerra. As histórias que coletamos revelam as qualidades ricas e variadas das experiências de surf dos veteranos. Essas histórias são várias coisas ao mesmo tempo. Eles são pessoais, r...
Article
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Smith, B. (2016). Narrative analysis. In E. Lyons & A. Coyle (Eds.). Analysing qualitative data in psychology (2nd ed) (pp. 202-221). London: Sage. In recent years, a growing number of psychologists have turned to narrative analysis as a useful way to understand human life. But, what are the philosophical and methodological commitments that are fou...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: It is vital that people with spinal cord injury (SCI) lead a physically active lifestyle to promote long term health and well-being. Yet within rehabilitation and upon discharge into the community, people with SCI are largely inactive. Physiotherapists are well placed to promote a physically active lifestyle and are valued and trusted mess...
Article
Research question: To which extent do Disabled Supporter Associations (DSAs) contribute to improve access of fans with disabilities to football? This research question addresses two interrelated gaps: the lack of attention to supporters in European policies on inclusion in and through sport, and the excessive focus on physical barriers over other d...
Article
Objectives: An important consideration for physical activity (PA) participation for individuals with a physical disability, including veterans, is that opportunities exist for full participation. Full participation can be understood as both the quantity and quality of participation. The objective of this study is to explore perceptions of a quality...
Article
This article reflects on the use of a smartphone application (‘app’) in qualitative research following the experience of the FREE (Football Research in an Enlarged Europe) project, which investigated the lives of football fans in the UK. To meet this aim, a participant-focused audiovisual methodology was designed, featuring the use of an app to col...
Chapter
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Qualitative research is a craft skill that to master takes time, practice and intellectual engagement (Demuth, 2015). It is, as Denzin and Lincoln (2011) point out, a field of inquiry in its own right that cross-cuts disciplines, fields and subject matter. They note that a complex, interconnected family of concepts and assumptions surround the term...
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Purpose: Individuals with physical disabilities are among the most inactive population in society, arguably due to the lack of suitable environments to exercise. The gym is a space dedicated to improving physical fitness in a controlled environment with specialized equipment and qualified instructors. The feasibility of using this space to promote...