Brent Lovelock

Brent Lovelock
University of Otago · Department of Tourism

About

87
Publications
19,451
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
1,197
Citations

Publications

Publications (87)
Article
Full-text available
Tourism has been implicated in the spread of invasive species, not only through physical means but through invasive species being perpetuated in destinations as part of the tourism landscape. This study reports on a survey of 238 domestic and international tourists visiting the south of New Zealand, with a focus on their knowledge of and attitudes...
Article
The COVID-19 pandemic has seriously impacted the global tourism industry, effecting the livelihoods of millions of tourism workers and disrupting host communities. Current research in tourism management has focused on understanding the economic, social and political impacts of the pandemic. This professional perspective aims to examine operational...
Article
This paper responds to calls for greater focus on societal (macro) and community (meso) levels of influence on hunter recruitment and retention. Based upon interviews and focus groups undertaken in two prefectures in Japan, this exploratory study identifies a range of factors that may contribute to Japan’s declining hunting participation. While som...
Article
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to identify pathways to improve the performance and competitiveness of Ethiopia's tourism sector using coffee as one essential tourism experience, thereby improving the socio-economic conditions of the local communities who depend on coffee for their livelihoods. Design/methodology/approach Based upon qualitati...
Article
Underpinned by sustainable livelihood thinking, this study investigated community stakeholders' perspectives on the impacts of tourism on food security in two rural tourism destinations: Debarq and Meket in Ethiopia. Semi-structured interviews and focus group discussions were conducted with a range of stakeholders to solicit their perspectives, rev...
Article
In cases of donor-funded community-based tourism (CBT) initiatives, sustainability indicators are often developed and used by donors or NGOs for progress reporting purposes, and the voice of the local community is often ignored. In cases where bottom-up participatory approaches have been employed, local communities may be involved in the process of...
Article
This study conceptualizes labour mobility in the tourism and hospitality industry within the context of a developing country. Previous conceptualizations of labour mobility in the tourism and hospitality industry are unable to adequately represent specific economic and socio-cultural settings that may shape the mobility of tourism and hospitality l...
Chapter
This book on visitor experiences in nature-based tourism destinations demonstrates current knowledge using empirical evidence covering six continents. It provides insights into conceptual issues as well as case studies. Content is presented in three main parts: 'Nature-based Experiences in Tourism', 'Managing the Nature-based Tourism Experience' an...
Chapter
This book on visitor experiences in nature-based tourism destinations demonstrates current knowledge using empirical evidence covering six continents. It provides insights into conceptual issues as well as case studies. Content is presented in three main parts: 'Nature-based Experiences in Tourism', 'Managing the Nature-based Tourism Experience' an...
Article
Tourism is acknowledged as a tool through which communities can achieve the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), with non-governmental organisations (NGOs) highlighted as important development partners in this regard. This paper examines the role of NGOs in tourism-related poverty alleviation in the context of a rural Indigenous co...
Chapter
The MICE (Meetings, Incentives, Conferences and Exhibitions) tourism segment is increasingly recognised as a sector relevant to tourism development particularly for countries such as Ethiopia, where tourism forms a key developmental strategy. The capital city of Ethiopia, Addis Ababa, serves as a regional and international hub for many meetings, wi...
Article
Destination management processes continue to undergo substantial change, and managers now need to demonstrate a social presence and balance the interests of businesses, host communities, and a wide range of other stakeholders. Advocacy and community leadership have become increasingly important, but little is known about the implementation of these...
Conference Paper
In most cases of community-based tourism, sustainability indicators are usually developed and used by donors, NGOs or academics for their own purposes, but such indicator systems are very rarely designed for local communities to operate or use independently by themselves. However, for long-term sustainability, local communities must be able to eval...
Article
With growing numbers of tourist-angler arrivals globally it is increasingly important to understand how factors such as licence price may impact anglers’ destination choice, and how this may differ among different source markets. Little research has focused on the impacts of discriminatory licencing systems where non-resident anglers are charged a...
Article
This empirically based paper addresses the knowledge gap on destination leadership practices in destination management in the context of strategy implementation. The research focuses on tourism management and strategy implementation as an upper level competence at the national level of destination management in Estonia. In-depth interviews with nat...
Article
We explored how academic departments, university teachers and students in one research-led university in New Zealand identified and addressed challenges in achieving three particular graduate attributes. These attributes (global perspective, environmental literacy and those aspect of ethics that involve personal social responsibility) are distincti...
Article
Water use in the tourism industry is a vital sustainability issue in destination development. Achieving sustainable water demand management (WDM) is challenging and requires destination stakeholder collaboration for effective participatory policymaking. Taking the WDM of Singapore’s hotel sector as a case, this article applies a policy network anal...
Article
Stakeholder collaboration has become a critical issue in sustainable tourism policy due to the increasing complexity and interdisciplinary nature of the domain. Policymaking should reflect tourism values through a dynamic system in which stakeholders come to a consensus on sustainability issues via ongoing interactive engagement. Taking Singapore's...
Article
Full-text available
The participation of local communities in benefits sharing is a prerequisite for the long-term sustainability of World Heritage Sites (WHS). However, the rhetoric surrounding this assumption in many contexts may outweigh the empirical evidence for the role of WHS in improving the wellbeing and livelihoods of communities. Drawing insights from the N...
Article
The debate over ‘medical tourism’ versus ‘travel for medical treatment’ largely centres on the role of the voluntary leisure or touristic component. This study provides empirical evidence regarding the nature of leisure tourism occurring during medical travel, drawing on interviews with individuals who have returned from travel overseas for medical...
Article
It has been suggested that the food insecurity situation prevalent in many parts of the developing world could be alleviated through the creation of tourism-based alternative livelihoods. However, while tourism has been framed as a tool for poverty reduction and livelihood improvement, less attention has been paid to the direct tourism food securit...
Book
This book is the first of a series that will highlight the multidisciplinary interests and research output of Catchments Otago researchers. The sub-themes allow some grouping of common interests, but they are not intended to be too specifically defined within any disciplinary boundaries. It may be that to some degree the "social’ sub-theme can pro...
Article
Commitment to nature-based recreation is important for health outcomes, to support the conservation of the natural environment, and for economic reasons. Committed participants are likely to continue to support the activity with their subscriptions and memberships, and to make other activity-related purchases. However, the relationship between the...
Article
The tourism-food security relationship is one of the most critical yet overlooked areas of sustainable tourism development policy, particularly for developing countries. With a view to casting light on the tourism-food security relationship, this paper presents an analysis of Ethiopia’s tourism development, with a focus on tourism policies and stra...
Article
This paper reports on research undertaken in the tourism sector in Tanzania, the goals of which were to document and interpret corporate social responsibility (CSR) practices within an African setting, and to explore the ways in which foreign and local tourism businesses employ responsible practices. Qualitative interviews with 40 tourism company (...
Article
While many characteristics of tourism products are well known, relatively little work has explored elements of uncertainty and risk. Little is known about how tourism operators communicate aspects of uncertainty. This qualitative study uses content analysis to explore the language used in promotional material of tour operators and destination manag...
Article
Full-text available
This study explores the institutional forces behind the uptake of corporate social responsibility in the Tanzanian tourism industry. Semi-structured interviews were undertaken with 40 managers of tourism businesses. We identify six main motivations for businesses’ engaging in corporate social responsibility: maintaining social legitimacy; influence...
Article
This paper explores the effects of political instability on trade union practices in the tourism industry by examining how the roles of trade unions alter in relation to changes in the causes of political instability. The data on which this paper is based were collected through unstructured interviews with 22 trade union officials and members emplo...
Article
Though sustainability is increasingly being incorporated into dietetic internships, there is a lack of literature documenting the teaching of environmental literacy in undergraduate nutrition. We report on how the implementation of a 2-week food sustainability module as part of an undergraduate second-year course in human nutrition affected student...
Article
Full-text available
Hollinshead’s definition of ‘worldmaking’ highlights the complex processes involved in the projection of places, processes that are affected variously by the existence of dominant and counter projections. New Zealand’s ‘100% Pure’ reputation is largely built upon the questionable and often contested merits of its natural environment – the clean and...
Article
An approach to tourism development that emphasises the need for community participation in tourism planning is advocated as a pathway to sustainable tourism and poverty alleviation. However, it is argued that the community participation concept originated in the developed world and faces different and context-specific limitations when applied in de...
Article
The study draws upon the leisure narratives of a sample of outdoor recreationists who had abandoned their chosen activity of tramping (hiking), freshwater angling, mountaineering, or hunting. Abandonment, even when only temporary, was a traumatic experience for study participants associated with feelings of loss and guilt. The distinction between p...
Article
Most studies on community participation in tourism planning only advocate the importance of the concept and/or identify barriers without articulating the required actions or strategies to actually promote community participation. Based on a study in two protected areas in Malawi, this paper identifies and discusses possible strategies that can enha...
Article
Full-text available
This investigation considers the participation of children, adolescents and young adults in nature-based recreation. We draw upon the recreation narratives of forty-seven adult recreationists in the activities of tramping, angling, hunting and mountaineering, obtained from in-depth interviews. In particular, the study considers the transitions from...
Article
Protected area-based tourism is being used both as a local development and conservation tool in many countries. It has been argued that the benefits local communities receive from protected area-based tourism and support for conservation can be enhanced when local people are actively involved in the tourism planning and protected area management ac...
Article
Full-text available
This article shares and extends research-based developments at the University of Otago, New Zealand, that seek to explore how students’ worldviews change as they experience higher education with us. We emphasise that sustainability attributes may be described in terms of knowledge, skills and competencies but that these are underpinned by affective...
Article
Full-text available
This article addresses the important questions that higher education institutions ask concerning their impact on their students’ sustainability-related attributes ‘How do our students’ worldviews change as they experience higher education with us?’ The process of monitoring such a dynamic entity is fraught with statistical complexity but may not be...
Article
Full-text available
This study, undertaken in rural New Zealand, discusses issues involved in enhancing linkages between an existing rail tourism product and a cycle tourism product. The article assesses demand for such a development and gauges current and potential future connectivity between the two products. The article draws on a survey of train passengers and rai...
Article
We report the development and piloting of an evaluative instrument and process for monitoring the environmental literacy (EL) of undergraduate students in one large research-led university in New Zealand. The instrument addresses knowledge, affect and competencies in the general area of EL in line with this institution’s adoption of EL as a graduat...
Article
The potential for tourism development in many African nations remains largely untapped because of a range of destination management and image issues. This is the case for Rwanda, which, despite successful development of gorilla viewing tourism, needs to diversify its tourism offerings in order to grow the industry. Rwanda is a known for its high qu...
Article
Higher education is increasingly interested in its impact on the sustainability attributes of its students, so we wanted to explore how our students’ environmental concern changed during their higher education experiences. We used the Revised New Ecological Paradigm Scale (NEP) with 505 students and developed and tested a multinomial regression mod...
Book
There are increasingly strident calls from many sectors of society for the tourism industry, the world’s largest industry, to adopt a more ethical approach to the way it does business. In particular there has been an emphasis placed on the need for a more ethical approach to the way the tourism industry interacts with consumers, the environment, wi...
Article
Full-text available
Families face real challenges when engaging in active forms of leisure. Apart from issues of time and money, other barriers often prevent families from engaging in leisure activities outside the home. One particular form of active leisure that has been shown to provide benefits for family life is outdoor recreation. However, outdoor recreation acti...
Article
Full-text available
This study addresses recreational behaviours of immigrants and ethnic minorities, with a focus on nature-based recreation in national and regional parks. The study comprised a survey questionnaire that compared immigrants with New Zealandborn citizens. The study was motivated in part by research undertaken internationally that demonstrates differen...
Article
Full-text available
The potential negative environmental impact of immigration has been raised in a number of receiving countries. In New Zealand there has been a debate questioning whether or not immigrants share the same environmental values as native-born residents. This article reports on a study of the environmental values of immigrants and native-born residents...
Article
In response to calls for a more ethical approach to tourism, this article investigates how travel patterns would appear in the world if travel sanctions were applied to destinations that have well-documented serious human rights abuses. A discussion of travel boycotts and travel sanctions builds the case for considering the potential of travel sanc...
Article
Full-text available
Outdoor nature-based recreation practices provide a window on human/non-human relationships in New Zealand society and for some new immigrants these relationships metaphorically parallel their settlement experiences. This paper draws on the qualitative component of a mixed method study conducted in New Zealand, which focused on participation in out...
Article
Full-text available
Peripheral island communities face challenges emanating from changes to their traditional fishing industries. Stewart Island and Chatham Island in New Zealand provide examples of such communities, their economies and communities supported by the extractive industries of crayfishing and codfishing for many years. However, increasingly depleted fish...
Article
Managers of remote and wilderness environments have been among the last to accommodate the needs of tourists with mobility-disabilities – partly because of the physical difficulties and expense of doing so, but also due to a wider desire and mandate to preserve the natural and wilderness character of such areas. This research explores the extent to...
Article
Some studies have suggested that socially excluded groups exhibit different environmental values and behaviours from mainstream society. To consider this in the context of disability, a survey was implemented to investigate environmental values and ecological behaviour. A high percentage of participants considered themselves to have a disability, l...
Article
A considerable body of work suggests that sustainable tourism development may only be achieved when sectoral fragmentation is overcome and collaborative planning achieved. This paper describes the findings from research that identifies obstacles to and opportunities for collaboration between two key stakeholders in a tourism policy domain. Specific...
Article
This article reports upon an empirical study that compares and contrasts the perceptions of authenticity of visitors and residents within a migrant urban ethnic district—Leichhardt, or the Little Italy of Sydney, Australia. The research comprised a quantitative personally administered questionnaire, administered on site to domestic and internationa...
Article
Full-text available
This article discusses the findings of research conducted in protected natural areas in the South Island of New Zealand over three consecutive summers between December 2005 and May 2008. The primary purpose of the research was to gather perspectives and data about local community members’ and visitors’ recreational experiences and aspirations for f...
Article
This paper explores the ethics of selling tourism products for destinations that have known major human rights issues. The study uses the moral intensity framework to analyze the ethical decisionmaking of New Zealand travel agents. Qualitative interviews reveal support for all aspects of the framework. In particular, agents’ judgements are strongly...
Article
Small and medium tourism enterprises (SMTEs) dominate New Zealand's tourism industry. They are important vehicles of economic development in rural areas and have a sizeable influence upon a tourist's experience. Literature has reported that SMTEs do not plan strategically, have an under-appreciation of planning and are disinclined to seek external...
Article
This article examines the attitudes and behaviors of New Zealand travel agents in relation to providing travel advice for destinations that have known human rights abuses. A postal survey was undertaken of travel agencies throughout New Zealand. Generally, while supportive in principle of ethical travel, travel agents do not operationalize this con...
Article
Tourism Planning and Policy, by Dianne Dredge and John Jenkins. Milton, Australia, John Wiley & Sons, 2007. pp.xvii+485. ISBN 9 7804 7080 7767
Article
Increasing visitor numbers have been identified as a contributor to the financial stress experienced by many protected area management agencies. This research note reports on a study of the income and expenditure of the Department of Conservation in New Zealand - the country's protected area manager and arguably its largest tourist operator. Income...
Chapter
This book reviews the theory of the role of peripheries in tourism, identifies the core obstacles to tourism in high latitudes, and presents recent case studies from North America, Scandinavia, Scotland, New Zealand and the polar areas. The book's 14 chapters are presented under five headings: (i) introduction; (ii) tourism and regional development...
Article
This paper examines the obstacles and opportunities for cross-border (north–south) collaboration in the development of tourism in the Catlins – a peripheral destination in New Zealand. A macro–meso–micro framework is proposed for considering collaboration. At the macro-level central government policies of retreat and devolution are important in the...
Article
Environmental non-governmental organisations (ENGOs) adopt a range of positions on the issue of tourism development within protected areas. While many ENGOs perceive tourism development as being extremely undesirable within protected areas, the forms of action that ENGOs actually take in response to such development vary. This paper discusses and a...
Article
While there is considerable diversity in the way that tourist attractions are categorized and described, little or no attention has been paid to attractions that tourists physically create themselves. This paper examines three roadside examples of tourist-created attractions in southern New Zealand: a shoe fence, a bra fence and rock art. The possi...
Article
Travel agents are one of the most important influencing factors in the travel decision-making process. In terms of safety, there is a growing expectation that travel agents should, as do tour operators, assess destination safety even more critically than a member of the general travelling public. However, the provision of safety advice by travel ag...
Article
This paper presents the results of an exploratory study into the role and functioning of environmental non‐governmental organisations (ENGOs) within tourism planning domains in the South and South‐East Asia and Oceania regions. Forty‐six ENGOs were surveyed in order to describe their organisational characteristics, their perceptions of the tourism...
Article
This paper examines the historic and contemporary role of one Canadian environmental non-governmental organisation (ENGO) in the operationalisation of sustainable tourism. In particular, the extent to which the ENGO has contributed to coordinated, cooperative policy development and implementation within this policy domain is examined. While coordin...
Technical Report
An assessment of a forest remnant in the Rangitikei district, New Zealand, showed serious weed problems, most obvious being Tradescantia fluminensis; the conservation of the forest is evaluated against the efforts needed to control the weeds. NZMS260/S23/195202

Network

Cited By

Projects

Projects (4)
Project
This research project explores the current and future management of invasive species, particularly peoples' values associated with contentious species. We seek to further understandings of how attitudes to invasive species are formed, and consequently how to generate support for their current and future management. Refer https://www.otago.ac.nz/tourism/research/bad-nature.html
Project
To develop and implement a grass-roots level sustainability indicator system for the local indigenous community in Boga Lake, Bangladesh.