Brendan Daisley

Brendan Daisley
University of Guelph | UOGuelph · Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology

PhD - Microbiology & Immunology
Microbiologist / Molecular Biologist - Postdoctoral Fellow @UofG

About

27
Publications
4,958
Reads
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516
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 2020 - May 2020
The University of Western Ontario
Position
  • Research Assistant
Description
  • General Biology II (Tutorial) - BIO 1202B
September 2019 - January 2020
The University of Western Ontario
Position
  • Research Assistant
Description
  • Microbiological Techniques - MICROIMM 3610F
September 2018 - January 2019
The University of Western Ontario
Position
  • Research Assistant
Description
  • Microbiological Techniques - MICROIMM 3610F
Education
September 2016 - August 2021
The University of Western Ontario
Field of study
  • Microbiology and Immunology
September 2012 - April 2016

Publications

Publications (27)
Article
Full-text available
American foulbrood (AFB) is a highly virulent disease afflicting honey bees (Apis mellifera). The causative organism, Paenibacillus larvae, attacks honey bee brood and renders entire hives dysfunctional during active disease states, but more commonly resides in hives asymptomatically as inactive spores that elude even vigilant beekeepers. The mecha...
Article
Full-text available
There is emerging concern regarding the unintentional and often unrecognized antimicrobial properties of “non-antimicrobial” pesticides. This includes insecticides, herbicides, and fungicides commonly used in agriculture that are known to produce broad ranging, off-target effects on beneficial wildlife, even at seemingly non-toxic low dose exposure...
Article
Full-text available
The conventional viewpoint of single-celled microbial metabolism fails to adequately depict energy flow at the systems level in host-adapted microbial communities. Emerging paradigms instead support that distinct microbiomes develop interconnected and interdependent electron transport chains that rely on cooperative production and sharing of bioene...
Article
Full-text available
Recent studies suggest histamine and d -lactate may negatively impact host health. As excess histamine is deleterious to the host, the identification of bacterial producers has contributed to concerns over the consumption of probiotics or live microorganisms in fermented food items. Some probiotic products have been suspected of inducing d -lactic-...
Article
Full-text available
The failure of current universal taxonomic databases to support the rapidly expanding field of bee microbiota research has led to many investigators relying on “in-house” reference sets or manual classification of sequence reads (usually based on BLAST searches), often with vague identity thresholds and subjective taxonomy choices. This time expens...
Article
Background: The high-density lipoprotein (HDL) hypothesis of atherosclerosis has been challenged by clinical trials of cholesteryl ester transfer protein (CETP) inhibitors which failed to show significant reductions in cardiovascular events. Plasma levels of HDL-cholesterol (HDL-C) decline drastically during sepsis and this phenomenon is explained,...
Article
Full-text available
Widespread antibiotic usage in apiculture contributes substantially to the global dissemination of antimicrobial resistance and has the potential to negatively influence bacterial symbionts of honey bees (Apis mellifera). Here, we show that routine antibiotic administration with oxytetracycline selectively increased tetB (efflux pump resistance gen...
Article
Full-text available
Abiraterone acetate (AA) is an inhibitor of androgen biosynthesis, though this cannot fully explain its efficacy against androgen-independent prostate cancer. Here, we demonstrate that androgen deprivation therapy depletes androgen-utilizing Corynebacterium spp. in pros-tate cancer patients and that oral AA further enriches for the health-associate...
Article
Full-text available
Ureteral stents are commonly used to prevent urinary obstruction but can become colonized by bacteria and encrusted, leading to clinical complications. Despite recent discovery and characterization of the healthy urinary microbiota, stent-associated bacteria and their impact on encrustation are largely underexplored. We profile the microbiota of pa...
Article
Full-text available
Kidney stone disease is a morbid condition that is increasing in prevalence, with few nonsurgical treatment options. The majority of stones are composed of calcium oxalate. Unlike humans, some microbes can break down oxalate, suggesting that microbial therapeutics may provide a novel treatment for kidney stone patients. This study demonstrated that...
Article
Pesticide exposure, infectious disease, and nutritional stress contribute to honey bee mortality and a high rate of colony loss. This realization has fueled a decades-long investigation into the single and combined effects of each stressor and their overall bearing on insect physiology. However, one element largely missing from this research effort...
Article
Full-text available
Managed populations of the European honey bee (Apis mellifera) support the production of a global food supply. This important role in modern agriculture has rendered honey bees vulnerable to the noxious effects of anthropogenic stressors such as pesticides. Although the deleterious outcomes of lethal pesticide exposure on honey bee health and perfo...
Article
Full-text available
Sublethal exposure to certain pesticides (e.g., neonicotinoid insecticides) is suspected to contribute to honey bee ( Apis mellifera ) population decline in North America. Neonicotinoids are known to interfere with immune pathways in the gut of insects, but the underlying mechanisms remain elusive. We used a Drosophila melanogaster model to underst...
Article
Full-text available
Heavy metals are highly toxic elements that contaminate the global food supply and affect human and wildlife health. Purification technologies are often too expensive or not practically applicable for large-scale implementation, especially in impoverished nations where heavy metal contamination is widespread. Lactobacillus rhamnosus GR-1 (LGR-1) wa...
Article
Despite the benefits to the global food supply and agricultural economies, pesticides are believed to pose a threat to the health of both humans and wildlife. Chlorpyrifos (CP), a commonly used organophosphate insecticide, has poor target specificity and causes acute neurotoxicity in a wide range of species via the suppression of acetylcholinestera...
Article
Full-text available
Pesticides are used extensively in food production to maximize crop yields. However, neonicotinoid insecticides exert unintentional toxicity to honey bees (Apis mellifera) that may partially be associated with massive population declines referred to as colony collapse disorder. We hypothesized that imidacloprid (common neonicotinoid; IMI) exposure...
Article
Full-text available
Microbiota research often assumes that differences in abundance and identity of microorganisms have unique influences on host physiology. To test this concept mechanistically, germ-free mice are colonized with microbial communities to assess causation. Due to the cost, infrastructure challenges, and time-consuming nature of germ-free mouse models,...
Article
Full-text available
Importance: The consequences of environmental pesticide pollution due to widespread usage in agriculture and soil leaching are becoming a major societal concern. Although the long-term effects of low dose pesticide exposure to humans and wildlife remain largely unknown, logic suggests these chemicals are not aligned with ecosystem health. This obs...

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Projects

Project (1)
Project
Elucidate the potential of paratransgenesis approaches with beneficial microbes to mitigate hypothesized contributors to honey bee colony collapse disorder such as pesticides and pathogens.