Branka Cuca

Branka Cuca
Politecnico di Milano | Polimi · Department of Architecture, Built Environment and Construction Engineering

PhD

About

67
Publications
26,777
Reads
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924
Citations
Additional affiliations
December 2014 - June 2015
Cyprus University of Technology
Position
  • Research Associate

Publications

Publications (67)
Conference Paper
Over the last decades, the long-term trend of risks and damages to the archaeological heritage has received an increasing interest among scholars. This paper provides an updated overview at the long-term evolution of the indexed scientific literature regarding the threats and damages to archaeological heritage, using geospatial technologies. The re...
Article
Full-text available
Among the environmental threats, the intensification of natural hazards, such as soil erosion may threaten the integrity and value of cultural heritage sites. In this framework, the present study’s main objective was to identify archaeological sites susceptible by soil erosion, taking the case study of Chania prefecture in Crete Island. Remotely se...
Article
Full-text available
The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) of the United Nations state that cities and human settlements need to be more inclusive, safe and resilient. In Europe cities have experienced dramatic physical, social and economic changes during the last decades while historic centres of European cities, among the most important assets of the European cult...
Poster
Full-text available
Cultural heritage monuments and sites, as an integral part of the human-built environment, are completely exposed to natural hazards' adverse actions. Hence, the identification of the sites being exposed to soil erosion can be considered as a crucial need. In this framework, this study's main objective was to identify archaeological sites susceptib...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
NEREUS is a Network of Regions Using Space Technologies established in Brussels in 2007. The need of this network emerged out of conviction that the regions are the key users and procurers of space-based applications, products and services. Since more than decade, the mission of the Network has been to raise awareness of the benefits that space tec...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This article summarises the contribution of the European Union's Earth Observation Copernicus Programme, and other satellite-based platforms for cultural heritage applications and highlights the results of some national and European projects conducted in this domain. Even though the Copernicus Programme has recently been introduced for cultural her...
Article
Full-text available
Earth observation (EO) technologies and products are traditionally providing an extremely important contribution to a more efficient management of built areas and people during emergencies. Their employment could be extremely useful in monitoring and risk assessment of protected monument and sites situated in potentially vulnerable areas such as co...
Chapter
In recent decades the global effects of climate change have requested for a more sustainable approach in thinking and planning of our cities, making them more inclusive, safe and resilient. In terms of consumption of natural resources and pollution, cities are seen as entities with most significant impact to the natural environment. Strategic polic...
Chapter
Full-text available
Surveying a historic building means to measure, to detect and to analyse its geometries, its structural elements, the connections still existing between the different parts, in order to define its state of conservation, to make structural analysis and finally to plan a proper project of conservation, consolidation and reuse. The survey represents t...
Book
Full-text available
This book investigates the added value that satellite technologies and remote sensing could provide for a more sustainable mapping, monitoring and management of heritage sites, be it for purposes of regular maintenance or for risk mitigation in case of natural or man-caused hazards. One of the major goals of this book is to provide a clear overview...
Chapter
Earth observation technologies are becoming increasingly important not only in monitoring practice in environmental domain, but also for detecting changes in urban areas caused by natural hazards such as earthquakes, floods or landslides. A range of high- and very high-resolution sensors useful for this purpose have been implemented as equipment of...
Article
Full-text available
The innovation in Digital Cultural Heritage (DCH) shows an emergence of innovative methods and initiatives for the generation of complex historical models to which are linked useful information for specialists of architecture, construction and engineering, but also user community interested in cultural heritage. This paper presents an improvement i...
Article
Full-text available
The monitoring of hazardous events through change detection has an important role in the emergency management. Such actions can be performed shortly after the hazardous event for first rapid mapping but also over longer periods of time for recovery purposes and risk mapping. The use of medium resolution free-of-charge multi-spectral satellite image...
Article
Soil loss has been long characterized as one of the main threats of climate change with possible impact to natural and cultural heritage (UNESCO report 2006). This study illustrates how applied geomatics integrating earth observation and geographical information systems (GIS) can be used to quantify this threat in an UNESCO protected archeological...
Article
Full-text available
Coupling of Climate change effects with management and protection of cultural and natural heritage has been brought to the attention of policy makers since several years. On the worldwide level, UNESCO has identified several phenomena as the major geo-hazards possibly induced by climate change and their possible hazardous impact to natural and cult...
Article
A wide range of satellite sensors that provide potentially useful imagery for digital documentation, mapping and monitoring of archaeological sites and cultural landscapes. Although some satellites have stopped acquiring new data, their archived satellite imagery can still be accessed, downloaded and exploited for monitoring of changes and therefor...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Full citation: Cuca B., Antoninetti M., De Zorzi S., Geist T., Gil A., Fontan E., Manunta P., Pergola N., Zolotikova S. & Tramutoli V. (2016) - How Can Space Make a Difference for the Agriculture Sector. 52p. Working Group on Earth Observation/Copernicus. NEREUS - Network of European Regions Using Space Technologies. Brussels, Belgium. Available on...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
ATHENA H2020 Twinning project is a three-year duration project and its main objective is to strengthen the Cyprus University of Technology (CUT) Remote Sensing Science and Geo-Environment Research Laboratory in the field of “Remote Sensing Archaeology” by creating a unique link between two internationally-leading research institutions: National Res...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Examining natural hazards responsible for cultural heritage damages all over Europe, especially over large or remote areas is extremely difficult, expensive and time consuming. There is a need identify and respond to natural hazards before they create irreparable damage to cultural heritage sites. The PROTHEGO project uses radar interferometry to m...
Conference Paper
In 1980s a significant boom in construction industry was witnessed in Cyprus. This paper explores the changes of land use that have occurred over the past 30 years around the historical capital of Nicosia, in particular around the core of the historic city defined by the Venetian walls. Further to some Open geospatial Data available within the nati...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A large development of downstream services is expected to be stimulated starting from earth observations (EO) datasets acquired by Copernicus satellites. An important challenge connected with the availability of downstream services is the possibility for their integration in order to create innovative applications with added values for users of dif...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Starting from June 2015, Sentinel-2A is delivering high resolution optical images (ground resolution up to 10 meters) to provide a global coverage of the Earth’s land surface every 10 days. The planned launch of Sentinel-2B along with the integration of Landsat images will provide time series with an unprecedented revisit time indispensable for num...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Cultural landscapes are witnesses of “the creative genius, social development and the imaginative and spiritual vitality of humanity. They are part of our collective identity”, as it is internationally defined and accepted (ICOMOSUNESCO). The need for their protection, management and inclusion in the territorial policies has already been widely...
Conference Paper
Thirty five years ahead of the beginning of Open Data initiative, it is appropriate to evaluate the added value of such data and to reflect on how these can be exploited according to citizens’ needs. This paper illustrates some first findings and lessons learnt during a research conducted on the use and re-use of geospatial Open Data by means of Vi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Climate change is one of the main factors with a significant impact on changes of cultural heritage and landscapes. Exposed and buried archaeological remains are particularly endangered by effects of climate change processes hence it is of great importance to understand the type of risks and the degree of their impact on such assets. Some of the po...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Cultural Heritage (CH) sector, especially those of monuments and sites has always been facing a number of challenges from environmental pressure, pollution, human intervention from tourism to destruction by terrorism. Within this context, CH professionals are seeking to improve currently used methodologies, in order to better understand, protec...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Cultural heritage sites are continuously impacted by several environmental and anthropogenic factors, including climate change, precipitation, natural hazards, wars, etc. However, there is limited data available regarding the effects of geo-hazards on cultural heritage sites. This paper presents the methodology of the PROTHEGO project, which uses r...
Article
This paper presents the use of an Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) platform for the inspection and documentation of historical buried structures, starting from the landscape scale up to the local and detailed scale. The combined use of RGB and thermal images acquired from this kind of platforms, along with algorithms and procedures for data registrati...
Article
Full-text available
The use of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) is a cost-effective technique that can be used to survey large archaeological areas and landscapes compared to traditional methods. Since UAVs are capable of surveying archaeological areas from above, datasets derived on this platform can be used to generate accurate orthophotos, digital surface models (DS...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Marine Spatial Planning (MSP) involves several steps which were supported by using Geographical Information Systems (GIS) such as spatial and temporal analysis, 3D analysis, multi-criteria analysis, Analytical Hierarchal Process (AHP) etc. GIS is used in identifying overlapping sea and land uses and mapping conflict hotspots in the coastal zones of...
Article
The paper illustrates the potentials of geospatial data to access a historical digital atlas for landscape analysis and territorial government. The experience of a historical geo-portal, the "Atl@nte dei Catasti Storici," in the management of geo-referenced and non-geo-referenced maps-ancient cadastral and topographic maps of the Lombardy Region-ca...
Article
Remote sensing and space technologies are increasingly called to offer innovative solutions for current challenges induced by climatic and global change. One of the main priorities of the European Space Policy regards the economic independence of the old continent in this sector. In terms of research and innovation this inevitably leads to numerous...
Article
Very high resolution (VHR) satellite images have the potential for revealing changes occurred overtime with a superior level of detail. However, their use for metric purposes requires accurate geo-localization with ancillary DEMs and GCPs to achieve sub-pixel terrain correction, in order to obtain images useful for mapping applications. Change dete...
Article
Full-text available
Remote sensing has open up new dimensions in archaeological research. Although there has been significant progress in increasing the resolution of space/aerial sensors and image processing, the detection of the crop (and soil marks) formations, which relate to buried archaeological remains, are difficult to detect since these marks may not be visib...
Article
Energy efficiency in buildings will play a major role in responding to EU climate change and energy-saving policies, if sustainable actions are to be trigged at large scale involving EU, all Member States and their regional and local authorities. The objective of this paper is to explain the Geocluster methodology developed within the European “GE2...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Marine Spatial Planning (MSP), in concept similar to land-use planning, is a public process by which the relevant Member State’s authorities analyse and organise human activities in marine areas to achieve ecological, economic and social objectives. MSP aims at promoting the sustainable growth of maritime economies, the sustainable development of m...
Article
Full-text available
Urbanisation processes as a result of population growth, migration and infrastructure initiatives have a direct impact to cultural heritage sites. This paper aims to monitor growth dynamics of the urbanisation process that took place in the Paphos district, southwest Cyprus during the last decades, and evaluate its impact to monuments and archaeolo...
Conference Paper
The integration of socio-economic aspects of heritage with innovative technologies for its documentation is progressively bringing the recording activities closer to heritage management and valorisation. This paper investigates the surveying and documentation phases of one of the most important monuments in Cyprus – the Monastery of St. Herakleidio...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper presents a complete methodology for HBIM generation based on NURBS derived from a set of point clouds. NURBS combined with profiles and anchor points allow one to model the shape of complex historical objects surveyed with laser scanning techniques. As NURBS are mathematical functions defined through mathematical vectors, they can be con...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In this study, a low cost UAV was used to create an external three-dimensional model of the Fabrica Hills caverns. A laser scanner was also used in addition to create a 3D model of the interior of the main cavern. This paper will examine how UAVs and laser scanner technologies can be used in order to document cultural heritage sites with relative l...
Conference Paper
The issue of energy efficient refurbishment asks for advanced tools supporting decision-making processes that balance multiple requirements and multiple goals. It’s based on the assumption that the management of both prescriptive and performance-based requirements on existing buildings should also encompass social, environmental and cultural respon...
Article
Energy-efficient retrofitting of existing buildings is a key aspect for reaching the proposed energy consumption reduction targets fixed by public authorities in different countries. For this task, the availability of as-built building models is of primary importance for both diagnosis of thermal dispersion and designing of retrofitting. In this pa...
Article
The paper illustrates the possibility to shift from a 3D content model to a Historic Building Information Modelling (HBIM) in order to support conservation and management of built heritage. This three-dimensional solution is based on parametric models, suitable for industrial elements and modern architecture, that can be usefully applied to heritag...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
An Erasmus intensive programme has been successfully funded to run a Europe-lead summer school in Earth Observation for the years 2013 and 2014. The summer school, FORMAT-EO (FORmation of Multi-disciplinary Approaches to Training in Earth Observation) has been proposed and implemented by a consortium of eight partner institutions from five European...
Article
Full-text available
The research is part of a larger project, within an international cooperation, supported by UNESCO, for the study, restoration, and revitalization of Byzantine and Ottoman monuments in Southern Albania. The project was carried out on the Saint Nicholas monastic complex located in the Mesopotam area (Albania) by a multidisciplinary group of research...
Article
Full-text available
Steady technological progress has led to a noticeable advancement in disciplines associated with Earth observation. This has enabled information transition regarding changing scenarios, both natural and urban, to occur in (almost) real time. In particular, the need for integration on a local scale with the wider territorial framework has occurred i...
Conference Paper
The importance of visible built heritage and archeolandscapes for preservation of collective memory and identity is widely acknowledged across disciplines regarding heritage protection and valorisation. The complex analysis of archaeolandscape transformations through time needs multilevel geospatial information. To this purpose, it is necessary to...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The paper illustrates the possibility to move from a 3D content model to an Historic Building Information Modelling (HBIM) to support conservation and management of built heritage. This three dimensional solution is based on simplified parametric models, suitable for industrial elements and modern architecture, that can be useful applied to heritag...
Article
In the moment of global change, the "monitoring of change" is identified as one of the key challenges. The analysis of the territorial transformations increasingly rely upon integrated services based on geospatial information, creating thus a progressive demand of data sets and service providers and aiming at an extensive availability of these info...
Conference Paper
The paper illustrates the potentials of geospatial information (GI) and related services that can enable structuring, access and sharing information regarding energy efficiency in buildings. This work refers on one side to European initiative that foresees a creation of macro-regions that are defined by their similarities in terms of climate, cultu...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper we present an automated method to derive highly detailed 3D vector models of modern building façades from terrestrial laser scanning data. The developed procedure can be divided into two main steps: firstly the main elements constituting the façade are identified by means of a segmentation process, then the 3D vector model is generate...
Article
Full-text available
Analysis of landscape heritage and territorial transformations dedicated to its protection and preservation rely increasingly upon the contribution of integrated disciplines. In 2000 the European Landscape Convention established the necessity 'to integrate landscape into its regional and town planning policies and in its cultural, environmental, ag...
Conference Paper
The paper discusses the use of innovative surveying technologies and modelling techniques not only in terms of digitalization and documentation of cultural architectonic heritage but in function of management and monitoring of buildings and their behaviour over time. The final aim is to identify elements that can contribute to elaborate a shared me...
Conference Paper
The aim of this paper is to identify elements that can contribute to elaborate a proper methodology for 3D content model generation: the availability of advanced surveying technologies (Terrestrial Laser Scanner, Photogrammetry, Multispectral data integration) can have a great potential in generating knowledge, especially if integrated by historica...
Conference Paper
The paper describes the results of the project “Atl@nte dei Catasti Storici e delle carte Topografiche della Lombardia” (Atlas of historical cadastre and topographic maps of Lombardy) and in particular the potentials of an open source platform for cartographic heritage, developed as one of the main deliverables. The value of this research is of two...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The paper illustrates the potentials of geospatial data and services to access historical digital atlas for landscape analysis and territorial government. The experience of a historical geo-portal, the ‘Atl@nte dei Catasti Storici', in the management of geo-referenced and non-geo-referenced maps - ancient cadastral and topographic maps of Lombardy...
Article
Full-text available
This research focuses on the exploitation of real-time navigation of territory over time. This allows one to extract and compare multi-scale maps in order to verify spatial data management potentials of temporal map series. This paper discusses contributions to the knowledge, conservation, valorisation, awareness rising, and divulgence of cultural...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The paper describes a complete workflow for the 3-D photogrammetric surveying and modeling of complex architectonical objects. The application is focused to the major spire of the Dome of Milan, that is characterized by the well known striking vertical geometry and a high level of complexity. Because no positions from which capturing images and sca...

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