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Branislav Šprocha

Branislav Šprocha
INFOSTAT Demographic Research Center

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107
Publications
18,343
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338
Citations
Citations since 2017
65 Research Items
309 Citations
20172018201920202021202220230102030405060
20172018201920202021202220230102030405060
20172018201920202021202220230102030405060
20172018201920202021202220230102030405060

Publications

Publications (107)
Article
Full-text available
The model of very low childlessness and the low prevalence of one‐child families was once important for Slovak society. The collapse of the Communist regime, however, led to many changes in reproductive behaviour. This article aims to analyse the development of cohort childlessness and the prevalence of one‐child families in Slovakia. Possible scen...
Article
Full-text available
Shifting childbearing to later reproductive ages is reflected in all European populations. Late motherhood also changes, from the point of view of parity structure, since nowadays, the beginning of reproductive pathways is increasingly realised at the age of 35 and over more often. The regional dimension of this phenomenon is significantly overlook...
Article
Fertility transition is taking place in all post‐communist countries. Not many studies have been conducted at the subnational level to prove the universal nature of this transition or, on the contrary, the diversity of regional trajectories. This study attempts to reveal whether the same explanatory schemes can be applied to fertility transformatio...
Article
The Population Census in Slovakia has a rich history. A total of 16 modern censuses have been carried out in the country, a figure that includes the last one in 2021. In addition to these well-known and long-term planned statistical events, however, some lesser-known and less analysed events in the scientific community have also been implemented in...
Article
The post-war situation in former Czechoslovakia was complicated. Suitable, reliable, and up-to-date data needed to address several urgent social problems were largely lacking. In 1946, more than 15 years had passed since the last population census 1930, and because of the major social changes and mass population transfers that had occurred in that...
Article
The post-war situation in former Czechoslovakia was complicated. Suitable, reliable, and up-to-date data needed to address several urgent social problems were largely lacking. In 1946, more than 15 years had passed since the last population census 1930, and because of the major social changes and mass population transfers that had occurred in that...
Article
Full-text available
We analyse Roma fertility in four neighbouring countries in Central and Eastern Europe with a large Roma minority: in Hungary, Slovakia, Romania and Serbia. The sources of data are the respective national population censuses from 2011. Fertility is measured at the birth cohort level as the average number of children ever born. We make an internatio...
Article
Full-text available
The impact of specific living conditions on the population of geographically and socially segregated Roma settlements in Eastern Slovakia is considerable. They are characterized by high unemployment, lower education, poor housing and sanitary conditions, a poor quality of life, which all affects significantly their higher mortality rates and worse...
Article
Full-text available
Fertility in Slovakia has been undergoing significant, and in many aspects historically unique transformational changes for almost three decades. The main features include a decrease in the intensity of childbearing, changes in the fertility tempo in the context of postponement transition, as well as in the age concentration of reproduction and the...
Article
Full-text available
Changes in the reproductive behaviour of the Czech population occurring after 1989 have significantly affected the age structure. The more significant the changes at national level, the greater the regional change. The fall in the fertility rate, rising life expectancy, and new spatial patterns in migratory behaviour have significantl affected the...
Article
Full-text available
The educational structure of young women in Slovakia is undergoing significant qualitative changes. Its main features include a historically unique inclination to the tertiary degree. Extending the study period and increasing participation rates in education are closely linked to these changes. At the same time, several important changes in the int...
Article
Full-text available
Population ageing in the EU28 is an important twenty-first century phenomenon, affecting virtually every aspect of life in these countries. The results of the latest EUROPOP2018 population forecast indicate that the rate of ageing is accelerating. The aim of this paper is to analyse the current level of population ageing in the EU28, identify spati...
Article
Full-text available
Who is Entering into Marriage in Slovakia? On Some Aspects of the Choice of Spouse in 1992–2018. The study identifies main characteristics of persons entering together into marriage in Slovakia in the period 1992–2018. We focus on the analysis of age, marital status, education and nationality of the engaged couple. The major question of the paper...
Article
Full-text available
The main aim of the paper is to highlight the importance of remaining years of life in relation to demographic ageing. We use the V4 countries as our case study and analyse demographic ageing using the concept of prospective age and the relevant indicators to consider whether statutory retirement age should be readdressed given the rise in remainin...
Article
Full-text available
The paper investigates the transition to second births in Czechia and Slovakia in the context of the development of parental leave policies since the beginning of the 1990s. We focus on two countries that share many similarities in terms of their economic, cultural and institutional settings but differ in their parental leave policies. We analyse t...
Article
Full-text available
We analyse Roma fertility in four neighbouring countries in Central and Eastern Europe with a large Roma minority: in Hungary, Slovakia, Romania and Serbia. The sources of data are the respective national population censuses from 2011. Fertility is measured at the birth cohort level as the average number of children ever born. We make an internatio...
Article
Full-text available
Demographic aging has been one of the most discussed aspects of population development in recent decades. Complex changes in reproductive behaviour and their impact on both age structure and future population development are often the source of concerns about the stability of socioeconomic systems (e.g. pension systems, healthcare and the labour ma...
Article
Full-text available
,e aim of this paper is to analyze the progress of postponement and recuperation of fertility in the context of the differences between functional urban regions and their centers and hinterlands in Slovakia. In addition to the standard indicators for expressing the change in fertility tempo and quantum, we will also analyze the postponement fertili...
Article
Full-text available
The Webb diagram is a method that can be used to compare how much natural change and net migration in a region population contribute to the increase or decrease in the total population. The aim of the article is to evaluate the dynamics of population development in Czechia and Slovakia at the municipal level between 1996 and 2015. By using the Webb...
Article
Full-text available
Religiosity has long been considered one of the most important and most consistent determining factors in fertility schedules. The general view is that religious women tend to have larger families, are less likely to remain childless and that they are more likely to choose a reproductive strategy with an above-average number of children. The aim of...
Article
The paper is concerned with the main changes of direction in population policy in Slovakia in the period 1918-1945. Gradual appearance and deepening of changes in reproductive behaviour in the framework of the demographic revolution was characteristic of this period. The number of births decreased and so did infant mortality. On the other hand, lim...
Article
Full-text available
New approaches to assessing the population ageing process and their application for Slovakia and Europe Population ageing is one of the most important phenomenon of the 21st century. This is especially true for the Slovak population. According to almost all population projections and analyzes, the population ageing process of Slovakia will become m...
Article
Full-text available
Reprodukčné správanie v Českej republice a v Slovenskej republike prešlo v 20. a na začiatku 21. storočia viacerými významnými transformáciami. V priebehu niečo viac ako 100 rokov sa charakter plodnosti a úmrtnosti podstatným spôsobom viackrát zmenil. Cieľom príspevku je analyzovať vývoj pôrodnosti a plodnosti spolu s úmrtnosťou v dlhom časovom asp...
Article
Full-text available
Sobášnosť a rozvodovosť v Českej republike a v Slovenskej republike prešli od začiatku 20. storočia veľkými zmenami, ktoré sa odrážajú nielen na intenzite techto procesov, ale aj na štruktúre obyvateľstva podľa rodinného stavu, charaktere rodín a domácností. Hlavným cieľom príspevku je v hlavných rysoch analyzovať dlhodobý vývoj sobášnosti a rozvod...
Article
Full-text available
Fertility postponement is one of the most important trends in the demographic behavior in Slovakia after collapse of previous political regime. The reproduction model which was primarily characterized by early motherhood began to diminish in late 1960s and with every new generation, it loses further ground. It is manifested in continuous rise in co...
Article
Full-text available
Since 1989, fertility in Czechia and Slovakia has undergone a unique and unprecedented transition. This is most evident in the postponement of conception. Some scholars are now referring to this as the postponement transition. Relatively detailed information is available on this transition at the national level, but the regional picture is often ne...
Article
Full-text available
The past quarter century has brought to Slovakia a number of significant, dynamic, dramatic and, in many ways, historically unique social transformations. Young generations in new social, political and economic conditions have changed several patterns of their behaviour. Transitions in the life cycles of young people have become more complex and le...
Article
Full-text available
The Ruthenian population appeared on the territory of Slovakia during the so-called Wallachian colonization period, which took place from the 14th century to the 16th century. They settled in mountainous and foothill regions suitable for sheep and goat grazing. Their settlement was more distinct in the territory of eastern Slovakia and although the...
Article
Full-text available
Fertility postponement and the concomitant decline in fertility levels are the most prominent trends in the demographic behaviours of the former Eastern Bloc countries in Central Europe. A number of studies have analysed period fertility development but the cohort perspective is often neglected. The postponement transition has evolved over a long t...
Article
Full-text available
The study examines the development of population policy in socialist Slovakia in connection to reproductive behaviour between 1948 and 1989. The paper analyzes the nature and gradual spreading of various types of population measures aimed at pregnant women, the period of childbirth and postnatal care, interruptions, the life of families with childr...
Article
Full-text available
In the last quarter century, women’s reproductive behaviour underwent a marked change in Czechia. The 2011 census showed a fall in cohort fertility below two children per woman by the end of her reproductive span. Factors behind changes in fertility, particularly from a cohort perspective, have not been sufficiently analyzed. The aim of this articl...
Article
The past quarter century has brought to Slovakia a number of significant, dynamic, dramatic and, in many ways, historically unique social transformations. Young generations in new social, political and economic conditions have changed several patterns of their behaviour. Transitions in the life cycles of young people have become more complex and le...
Article
Full-text available
Population development in Slovakia before the First World War receives very little attention for a variety of reasons. The current state of knowledge is somewhat less than satisfactory. In general, it must be said that the nineteenth century was a time of major socio-economic and political changes that had major effects on the life of the populatio...
Article
Since 1989, fertility in Czechia and Slovakia has undergone a unique and unprecedented transition. This is most evident in the postponement of conception. Some scholars are now referring to this as the postponement transition. Relatively detailed information is available on this transition at the national level, but the regional picture is often ne...
Article
Full-text available
The long-term trend in cohort fertility in Czechia and Slovakia has led to a significant decrease to fewer than two children. Significant changes in the structure of the female population by parity are taking place in the background of this decline.This article seeks to analyze the development of completed cohort fertility in Czechia and Slovakia i...
Article
Full-text available
Population development in Czechia and Slovakia after 1989 has in many ways resulted in historically unique changes in the character of demographic reproduction. These are characterised by a dramatic decline in nuptiality, fertility and induced abortion, postponement of childbirth, and delayed entry into first marriage. At the same time, divorce rat...
Article
Full-text available
The article compares the aggregated estimates and results of two current national population forecasts to the year 2060 that were produced in 2012 for Slovakia and in 2018 for Czechia. It comments in detail on the basic irregularities in the age-sex structure that have formed over the past one hundred years and their expected transformation in the...
Article
During the interwar period the development of the population in Czechoslovakia reflected long-term reproductive trends (decreasing fertility and mortality) and the effects of contemporary political and economic developments. The populations of Czechia and Slovakia followed more or less similar paths of development, the difference being that fertili...
Book
Full-text available
Najväčšie mestá predstavujú v mnohých aspektoch kľúčovú zložku fungovania modernej slovenskej spoločnosti. Z pohľadu demografického výskumu a najmä populačných prognóz im však bola doteraz venovaná len obmedzená pozornosť. Vzhľadom na veľký význam a v mnohých ohľadoch špecifickosť populácií najväčších miest sa predkladaná monografia riešiteľského k...
Article
Full-text available
Women in Slovakia and in other countries in Central and Eastern Europe whose reproduc¬tive years overlapped with the previous political regime rarely opted not to have children, and childlessness thus became a marginal phenomenon. This study provides a detailed recon¬struction of long-term childlessness trends among women in Slovakia. In addition,...
Article
Full-text available
In the second half of the nineteenth century, most of the countries in western and northern Europe underwent a transformation in reproductive behaviour. The majority of countries in central and especially Eastern Europe experienced this trend later in both quantitative and qualitative terms. Additionally this transformation did not affect a whole c...
Article
The level of fertility in the majority of European countries is deeply below the replacement level. On the other hand, in the case of some ethnic groups, fertility continues to be on an above-average level. One such example is the Romany population of Slovakia, especially those in very poor, segregated settlements. Very likely, there are strong int...
Article
Full-text available
Before the Second World War Slovakia was ethnically heterogeneous. For several centuries it included a relatively numerous ethnic group of Ruthenians (Rusyns) as its integral part. However, it was not an autochthonous, but a migration population, which came to Eastern and North-Eastern Slovakia mainly during the so-called Wallachian colonisation. D...
Article
Full-text available
Romanies in Slovakia are in many ways specific populations. Owing to their ethnicity and especially a degree of isolation from the majority, it is still possible to identify many differences in reproductive behaviour in the Roma population. Probably the one mentioned most is the fertility of Roma women. The paper analyses fertility from a cohort pe...
Article
Full-text available
Romanies in Slovakia are in many ways specific populations. Owing to their ethnicity and especially a degree of isolation from the majority, it is still possible to identify many differences in reproductive behaviour in the Roma population. Probably the one mentioned most is the fertility of Roma women. The paper analyses fertility from a cohort pe...
Article
The aim of the present paper is to map the changes that took place in family law in Slovakia at the turn of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. The main change was the rise of civil marriage, which became an option for couples wishing to marriage alongside a church marriage. Couples were also permitted to divorce and remarry. The paper also aim...
Article
Full-text available
Who Lives in Cohabitations in Slovakia? The Intensity of Formation and Characteris-tics of Cohabiting Persons According to the Population and Housing Census 2011. The study identifies main characteristics of cohabitations by analyzing population and housing census from 2011. The results of the analysis confirmed existing differences in the structur...
Article
Full-text available
Educational attainment is one of the most important features of differential fertility. The aim of this paper is to analyse the development of cohort fertility in Czechia and Slovakia by level of education, to identify changes in the structure of women by the number of births and education, and to highlight the development of parity progression rat...
Article
Full-text available
The study identifies main characteristics of cohabitations by analyzing population and housing census from 2011. The results of the analysis confirmed existing differences in the structure and intensity of formation of cohabitations, depending on marital status, educational attainment, ethnicity, religion, place of residence, present and the number...
Article
Full-text available
Centres and hinterlands of the functional urban regions in Slovakia through the lens of cohort fertility The fertility of women in the last quarter of a century in Slovakia is undergoing very important changes. It turns out that these transformations have a significant regional dimension, contributing to accommodate a wide regional disparities in...
Article
Full-text available
Importance of cohabitations (as an expression of the Second Demographic Transition) began to grow in the 60s of the 20th century in northern Europe and after that was spread to Western and Southern Europe and other developed countries. Taking into consideration strongly controlled family policy as well as weak society acceptance of cohabitation in...
Article
Full-text available
The fertility of women in the last quarter of a century in Slovakia is undergoing very important changes. It turns out that these transformations have a significant regional dimension, contributing to accommodate a wide regional disparities in the realized fertility and structure of women by the number of children (parity). A very important aspect...
Article
Full-text available
Women in Slovakia and in other countries in Central and Eastern Europe whose reproduc-tive years overlapped with the previous political regime rarely opted not to have children, and childlessness thus became a marginal phenomenon. This study provides a detailed recon-struction of long-term childlessness trends among women in Slovakia. In addition,...
Article
Full-text available
The demographic transition in Slovakia from the point of view of fertility began in the early 20th century. In connection with these changes in fertility in Slovakia in the first half of the 20th century there was a significant and historically unique transformation of the intensity and the character of age-specific fertility rates. The main aim of...
Article
Full-text available
Importance of cohabitations (as an expression of the Second Demographic Transition) began to grow in the 60s of the 20th century in northern Europe and after that was spread to Western and Southern Europe and other developed countries. Taking into consideration strongly controlled family policy as well as weak society acceptance of cohabitation in...
Article
Full-text available
Over the last quarter of a century female fertility in Czechia has undergone dynamic and dramatic change. One of the main indications of this is the postponement of births and associated fertility ageing. This article analyses the spatial differences in the character and intensity of fertility in the early 1990s and the current era and attempts to...
Book
Full-text available
you can download the file at http://www.cspv.sav.sk/fileadmin/user_upload/Aktuality/Publikacia_GMT/Global_Megatrends_from_Slovak_Point_of_View_06.pdf
Conference Paper
Full-text available
After 1989 the process of fertility in Czechia and Slovakia has undergone historic and unique transformation. One of the main sign of these changes is the ageing of the fertility age-profile mainly caused by the postponement of births into higher ages of reproductive age span. The main objective of this paper is to analyse the spatial differences i...
Article
Full-text available
The main objective of this study is interested primarily in the inter-individual diversity in fertility according to the parity distribution of women reproduction in Czech Republic and Slovakia. The authors identify a sharp decline in the concentration of reproduction during the 20th century at very low levels. It was primarily the result of a very...
Article
Full-text available
The concept of prospective age and its application to selected indicators of demographic ageing. Demographic ageing is often called a phenomenon of the 21st century. However, it is a natural process, which we more or less consciously influence. Population ageing is the result of improvements to the health status of the population and the enhancemen...
Article
Full-text available
p>This paper examines fertility and family policies in 15 Central and East European (CEE) countries to establish firstly, likely directions of cohort fertility trends for the coming decade; and secondly, to provide an overview and analysis of family policies in CEE countries, and to assess their impact on cohort fertility trends. Demographic analys...
Article
Full-text available
The main objective of this study is interested primarily in the inter-individual diversity in fertility according to the parity distribution of women reproduction in Czech Republic and Slovakia. The authors identify a sharp decline in the concentration of reproduction during the 20th century at very low levels. It was primarily the result of a very...
Article
Full-text available
The main objective of this paper is to analyse the postponement of women starting families in Slovakia in a regional perspective. Despite the significant changes in the patterns of fertility, childbearing and marriage are still inseparable. The "ageing of nuptiality" is one of the main features of the nuptiality transition in the last quarter of a...
Article
Apart from the large ethnic groups, the multi-ethnic Kingdom of Hungary also included several less numerous historic autochthonous and alochthonous ethnic groups. We can describe the initially nomadic Romany group as relatively late arrivals. Thanks to their ethnic difference they were symbolically and often also really excluded from the majority s...
Article
Full-text available
The apparent decline in first-marriage rates and the dynamic increase in the mean age at first marriage in the Czech Republic and the Slovak Republic has been described as one of the great reproduction changes in the last quarter century. Despite significant changes in matrimonial behaviour and fertility legitimacy, nuptiality is still very importa...
Article
Full-text available
Demographic ageing is often called a phenomenon of the 21st century. However, it is a natural process, which we more or less consciously influence. Population ageing is the result of improvements to the health status of the population and the enhancement of the quality of human life that began in the 18th century as part of the demographic revoluti...
Article
The Roma have been an integral part of the ethnic makeup of Slovakia for several centuries, yet little is known about the population history and population development of this in many aspects unique ethnic group. One of the reasons for that is the general lack of historical sources which could offer at least a partial answer to these questions. The...
Article
Full-text available
Slovak population in the 20th century has undergone significant changes in the character of the reproductive behavior. However, these changes not proceed simultaneously and in the entire population at once. One of the most frequently mentioned factors is the economic activity of women and their related affiliation with one of the economic sectors....
Article
Full-text available
In the last two decades dramatic changes in demographic behaviour in Slovakia and Czechia became evident. One of the major changes is the end of the negative development of mortality and a gradual improvement in mortality conditions. Nevertheless, it is obvious that the position of Czechia and Slovakia, especially compared to most states of the for...
Article
Full-text available
Mortality levels in Slovakia and Czechia in European lcomparative perspective In the last two decades dramatic changes in demographic behaviour in Slovakia and Czechia became evident. One of the major changes is the end of the negative development of mortality and a gradual improvement in mortality conditions. Nevertheless, it is obvious that the p...
Article
The paper is concerned with the extraordinary census of the population of Slovakia, carried out in 1919 with the aim of supporting the Czechoslovak peace delegation in Paris with data on the ethnic structure of the population. The study analyses selected parts of the preparation, course and publication of the data from this preliminary census with...
Article
The paper is concerned with the extraordinary census of the population of Slovakia, carried out in 1919 with the aim of supporting the Czechoslovak peace delegation in Paris with data on the ethnic structure of the population. The study analyses selected parts of the preparation, course and publication of the data from this preliminary census with...
Article
Full-text available
The character and structure of the census households tell much about the social and demographic characteristics of each population. Their structure indicates the virtual atomization of the society and its division into the major family and nonfamily units. The census is the only data source on households. The study analyses recent changes in struct...
Article
Full-text available
fakulta, Katedra humánnej geografie a demografie, Mlynská dolina, 842 15 Bratislava, bleha@fns.uniba.sk ** INFOSTAT – Výskumné demografické centrum, Leškova 16, 817 95 Bratislava, sprocha@infostat.sk Geographical and demographic determinants of regional inequalities with respect to census households in Slovakia: Analysis and forecast until 2030 The...
Article
The aim of this paper is to analyze changes in fertility in Slovakia in interwar period and to describe its overall character in transversal and longitudinal perspective. The article is based on data from vital statistics of Statistical office. Special attention is paid to the level of conscious fertility control and spatial differencies.
Article
The long-term mortality conditions in Slovakia significantly lagged for demographically most advanced european countries. Mortality is one of the two main demographic processes which in the context of demographic transition undergone significant changes. The interbellum period constituted for the population development and reproductive behaviour in...