Brady Wagoner

Brady Wagoner
Aalborg University · Department of Communication and Psychology

Ph.D. University of Cambridge

About

121
Publications
134,597
Reads
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Introduction
Brady Wagoner is Professor of Psychology and co-Director of the Centre for Cultural Psychology at Aalborg University. His research aims to develop a culturally sensitive psychology that highlights unfolding processes over static outcomes. He has investigated this in relation to memory studies, social change, the public understanding of science, and the history of psychology. Most recently he has been researching developmental psychology's 'romantic roots' in German philosophy.
Education
August 2005 - October 2009
University of Cambridge
Field of study
  • Psychology

Publications

Publications (121)
Article
Full-text available
The concept of schema was advanced by Frederic Bartlett to provide the basis for a radical temporal alternative to traditional spatial storage theories of memory. Bartlett took remembering out of the head and situated it at the enfolding relation between organism and environment. Through an activity of "turning around upon schemata," humans can cre...
Book
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The Constructive Mind is an integrative study of the psychologist Frederic Bartlett's (1886–1969) life, work and legacy. Bartlett is most famous for the idea that remembering is constructive and the concept of schema; for him, 'constructive' meant that human beings are future-oriented and flexibly adaptive to new circumstances. This book shows how...
Article
Full-text available
This chapter explores principles for an organismic approach, which provides a unifying framework to conceptualize development and integrate diverse findings from the field. In contrast to a mechanistic approach, an organismic approach gives primacy to the whole over its parts and processes over products. Moreover, rather than seeing development as...
Book
This book is the first to discuss in detail the different sides of Jaan Valsiner’s thought, including developmental science, semiotic mediation, cultural transmission, aesthetics, globalization of science, epistemology, methodology and the history of ideas. The book provides an overview, evaluation and extension of Valsiner’s key ideas for the cons...
Chapter
Full-text available
Within the course of a day people perform innumerable feats of memory. They are involved in remembering when they search for their keys, find their way through a city, reminisce on episodes from their past, or join in commemorations such as independence days and religious rituals. Culture plays a crucial role in all of these mnemonic activities. Me...
Article
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In this article, we present a dataset collected within a longitudinal interview study that has been conducted as part of a larger project (i.e., Viral Communication), exploring (changing) public attitudes and behaviors through the course of the pandemic in Germany. From a nationally representative survey, forty participants were purposively sampled...
Chapter
This chapter describes our use of subjective cameras (subcams) to explore how people experience and relate to different kinds of memorial sites. Whereas previous research on this area has mainly focused either on architectural features or observations of people on-site, our focus is on the situated, ongoing interaction between individuals and memor...
Article
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Memorials are increasingly used to encourage people to reflect on the past and work through both individual and collective wounds. While much has been written on the history, architectural forms and controversies surrounding memorials, surprisingly little has been done to explore how visitors experience and appropriate them. This paper aims to anal...
Chapter
Full-text available
Mercier, P., Kalampalikis, N., & Wagoner, B. (2022). Raconter l’histoire d’un évènement in the making : le cas du mouvement des Gilets Jaunes. In E. Salès-Wuillemin & M.-F. Agnoletti (Eds.), Communications réelles et virtuelles : nouvelles perspectives en psychologie sociale de la communication (pp. 75-96). Dijon, Éditions Universitaires de Dijon.
Article
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Building on Burkitt’s (2014) esthetic and relational theory of emotions, this article presents a study that explores how and when shame is experienced, focusing on the role of social and cultural factors in it. People were asked to describe in detail an occasion in which they experienced shame and an occasion in which they observed someone else exp...
Data
This booklet presents a sample of the interviews conducted as part of the 'viral communication' project, which explored people's understanding of the COVID-19 pandemic through time in Germany. Interviews with 38 participants were conducted at three time points (Round 1: December 2020, Round 2: April 2021, Round 3: September 2021). Participants were...
Article
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Vaccination willingness is a critical factor in pandemics, including the COVID-19 crisis. Therefore, investigating underlying drivers of vaccination willingness/hesitancy is an essential social science contribution. The present study of German residents investigates the mental shortcuts people are using to make sense of unfamiliar vaccine options b...
Chapter
Death ruptures the social bonds that hold society together by tearing away its members. Various rituals must be performed and material artifacts constructed to re-integrate the deceased and bereaved into the social order. From the perspective of collective life, grief is experienced not only as an individual’s emotional reaction to loss but also pu...
Article
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The COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted social and cultural issues relevant to public health and the fundamental relationship between science and society. The pandemic has necessitated decision-making for individuals that can have life-or-death consequences. An understanding of these micro-level decisions can have social and ethical implications. For...
Article
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Jaan Valsiner (JV) has been the foremost cultural psychologist in the world for the last 30 years. In 2021 professor Valsiner turned seventy, and he agreed to do an interview with colleagues and students on his understanding of cultural psychology, its potential for innovation and its connection to his many interesting experiences from around the w...
Chapter
Full-text available
Jaan Valsiner (2010) once described developmental theorist James Mark Baldwin as “a persistent innovator,” a motto that can equally be applied to himself. In Jaan’s publications, lectures, and discussions with students and colleagues, he has always emphasized the need to push ideas forward beyond what has already been established. Building on an im...
Article
The study explores how the structural conditions are perceived as barriers and enablers for the adaptation and integration of international students from the Global South into the host universities in the Global North. In this paper, Global South is represented by countries from Sub-Saharan Africa, henceforth (SSA), and Global North is represented...
Article
Full-text available
To analyse the different appropriations of the ‘Reconquest’ narrative schema in Spanish collective memory, this paper proposes a study following Bartlett’s method of repeated reproduction. Students from different backgrounds, within and outside of Spain, were presented historical narratives from less familiar perspectives than the traditional natio...
Article
Full-text available
In the midst of a pandemic, the efficacy of official measures to mitigate the COVID-19 crisis largely depends on public attitudes towards them, where conspiracy beliefs represent potential threats to the efficacy of measures such as vaccination. Here, we present predictors and outcomes associated with a COVID-19 vaccination conspiracy belief. In a...
Chapter
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Article
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Attracting the best students into universities is a policy agenda driven by the state and universities in Estonia and Denmark. While the policy of internationalization of higher education (IoHE) in Estonia and Denmark is well crafted in the policy and academic domains, the value additions international graduates add to the learning environments and...
Preprint
This chapter explores principles for an organismic approach, which provides a unifying framework to conceptualize development and integrate diverse findings from the field. In contrast to a mechanistic approach, an organismic approach gives primacy to the whole over its parts and processes over products. Moreover, rather than seeing development as...
Book
Liminality has become a key concept within the social sciences, with a growing number of publications devoted to it in recent years. The concept is needed to address those aspects of human experience and social life that fall outside of ordered structures. In contrast to the clearly defined roles and routines that define so much of industrial work...
Article
Recent research on social movements have shown the significant role protest symbols play in mobilizing action and constructing a shared identity for a group pressing for social change. The present article gives an overview of crowd and social movement theories that focus on how symbols form and maintain groups. Borrowing from cultural psychology an...
Chapter
This chapter explores the role of remembering and imagining in analyzing the microgenetic process of learning scientific concepts. We intend to amplify our understanding of the integrated and holistic nature of human functioning focusing on learning processes. We also intend to focus on how through the use of images remembering and imagining develo...
Chapter
We introduce memory and imagination as conceived by cultural psychology as related processes of meaning construction. Memory is a reconstructive process that brings the past into the present for the purposes of action. Imagination is the quintessence of meaning creation in that it enables us to distance ourselves from the here and now and reconfigu...
Book
This book takes a sociocultural, developmental and dialogical perspective to explore the constructive and interconnected nature of remembering and imagining. Conceived as cognitive-affective processes, both emerge at the border of the person and his or her socio-cultural world. Memory is approached as a functional adaption to the environment using...
Article
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The return to experience in psychology involves recognising the limitations of traditional mono-modal approaches based on verbal data, detached from activity and context. This paper describes our use of subcams to explore how people experience and engage with the Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe in Berlin. Participants first walked around th...
Chapter
Conflict and dialogicality go hand in hand, in that every conflict calls for at least two possible and competing positions. This dialogical relationship takes place within an argumentative context characterized by the presence of different voices and storylines which ultimately compete to impose their own form of defining the conflict according to...
Chapter
This chapter describes an extension of Bartlett’s method of repeated reproduction, using War of the Ghosts, into a conversation task. In order to force participants to naturalistically externalize their process of remembering (i.e., think aloud), they were asked to recall the story with another person. Analysis shows the processes that lead to many...
Chapter
Bartlett’s method of repeated reproduction is used to study the mediation of two different narrative forms of the same story about Northern Ireland (reading condition as independent variable, pro-British version vs. pro-Irish version) on the subsequent recall of its contents (dependent variable), paying particular attention to those events prioriti...
Chapter
Different social actors produce urban images to represent and propagate particular versions of social reality. These images are in turn interpreted, transformed, reconstructed, and destroyed by other social actors in a continuous process of negotiating collective memory and the power of representing it in the public space. The study in this chapter...
Chapter
Memorials are public sites that promote memory of the collective past. Over the last century, a new “counter-memorial” form has emerged that focused on victims and trauma through a minimalist and immersive architecture that many have claimed opens up for a diversity of ways of experiencing and interacting with them. This idea is then tested at the...
Chapter
The idea that memory is constructive is now widely accepted in psychology as well as across the different disciplines within memory studies. However, what precisely this means is not always clear and has often been used to save the storage metaphor of memory. This chapter reviews the theories of Vygotsky and Bartlett, and the lines of research that...
Chapter
All human knowledge is ultimately rooted in metaphorical (or analogical) modes of perception and thought, wherein one thing is used to understand another. Thus, metaphors permeate our everyday language structuring and our understanding of life, relationships, communication, politics, and even science. Scientists use metaphors to construct theoretic...
Article
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This article analyzes the negotiation of taboo surrounding grief after the suicide of a loved one. It draws on ethnographic fieldwork with a support group and individual interviews with its members. While the topic of taboo was prominent at group meetings, the same group members tended to claim in the interviews that they had not experienced it. To...
Chapter
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Social creativity involves the weaving together of successive contributions of many people through time. The end result of this process is rarely predictable by any single individual in the group—in other words, novelty emergences at the level of a group or groups. This chapter introduces the method of serial reproduction as a research strategy to...
Article
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This paper explores collective memory and grief as they are experienced and expressed at modern memorial sites. What makes them collective is the way they are interpreted and felt as a ‘we’, in first-person plural. From a cultural psychological perspective, we conceptualize memorials as cultural and historical artefacts that mediate these processes...
Book
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This brief charts out principles for a cultural psychology of remembering. The idea at its core is a conceptualization of remembering as a constructive process--something that occurs at the intersection of a person and their social-cultural world. To do this, it moves away from the traditional metaphor of memory as storage and develops the alternat...
Article
Protests and social upheavals are complex phenomena that are hard to predict in advance but, in hindsight, lead us to ask what factors led people to protest. Even in stable authoritarian re- gimes with no visible opposition, there are always hidden, ev- eryday forms of resistance to power that can, under the right conditions, transform into open re...
Book
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Las personas viven inmersas en un entorno social estructurado simbólicamente que dan por supuesto. Lo piensan del mismo modo que al mundo natural y solo lo cuestionan ante situaciones específicas. Sin embargo, ese entorno es una construcción colectiva que, así como se transmite, puede reconstruirse. Representaciones sociales, prejuicio y relaciones...
Article
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Psychologists have typically narrated their discipline’s history so as to glorify an experimental method, which analyzes the mind independently of cultural and historical factors. In line with Jahoda’s sociocultural sensitivity to psychology, this article critically interrogates the plausibility for this vision of psychology as cut off from wider s...
Article
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The authors involved in the creation of this text collaborate on a research project called The Culture of Grief, which explores the current conditions and implications of grief. The authors mostly employ conventional forms of qualitative inquiry, but the present text represents an attempt to reach a level of understanding not easily obtained throug...
Article
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The concept of Avenues of Directive Meaning is proposed as a notion for understanding the development of trajectories that map psychological phenomenon in their temporal unfolding. This notion aims to include personal constructed meanings as they interact with the directions offered by the sociocultural environment. Focusing on the notion of equipo...
Book
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Since 2011 the world has experienced an explosion of popular uprisings that began in the Middle East and quickly spread to other regions. What are the different social-psychological conditions for these events to emerge, what different trajectories do they take, and how are they are represented to the public? To answer these questions, this book ap...
Book
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Democracy is the worst form of government, except for all the others" once remarked Winston Churchill. In this day and age this quotation resonates more than ever. This book explores democracy from the perspective of social and cultural psychology, highlighting the importance of the everyday basis of democratic practices. This approach takes us bey...
Chapter
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This chapter focuses on the interrelation between resistance, novelty and social change. We will consider resistance as both a social and individual phenomenon, as a constructive process that articulates continuity and change and as an act oriented towards an imagined future of different communities. In this account, resistance is thus a creative a...
Article
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Open access: http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/1354067X17695769
Article
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The claim that memory is constructive or reconstructive is no longer controversial in psychology. However, in the last decades it has generally been taken to mean that our memories are inaccurate or distorted. In the locus classicus of the constructive memory idea—Bartlett’s Remembering—we find a different meaning: Constructive is there understood...
Article
Exaggerated claims about inaccuracy and downplaying veracity can also be found in research on memory. This commentary on Jussim's 2012 book analyzes these developments in connection with schema and the misinformation effect's purported role in memory distortion. It concludes by looking back to the locus classicus of memory distortion (viz. Bartlett...
Chapter
Full-text available
Frederic Bartlett is widely credited with the insight that remembering is a reconstructive process, and that social factors play a principle role in it. These arguments were forcefully advanced in his classic book Remembering: A study in experimental and social psychology (1932/1995). In this work, he set his approach in contrast to that of Hermann...
Book
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This volume is essential reading for anyone interested in the role of culture in human memory. Ranging across world history, cultural variations in contemporary societies, and human development from early childhood to old age, the authors have provided a treasure trove of information that is artfully woven together by this sure-handed editorial cur...
Chapter
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The world we live in today is defined more by borders and walls than by common spaces. Mental and physical barriers separate us from them. They divide those in power from the masses, and separate people by nationality, ideology, and identity, thus marginalizing all those who do not conform to the societal norm. But these barriers, no matter how con...
Book
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‘Street Art of Resistance’ … is a definitive collection of essays; it has case studies from Belfast to Egypt, art forms ranging from murals to tattoos, and insights that are both theoretical and practical. Street art is a way for suppressed voices to gain representation in the public sphere. These voices combine the power of art to challenge assump...
Chapter
This chapter explores the issue of constructiveness in the history of psychology through the work of Frederic Bartlett and his legacy. First, key themes of Bartlett’s constructionist approach are outlined, showing how they apply to both individual and group processes. Second, the chapter looks at how Bartlett’s ideas have been reconstructed by othe...
Chapter
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Many domains within the social sciences have become counting disciplines. In these fields, to understand a phenomenon is to quantify it, to represent both observed and latent qualities through numerical quantities. Yet the process of quantification is not easy or simple: It requires careful thought, planning, and a skeptical mind-set.This entry out...
Article
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This introduction to the special issue on conflict and memory aims to underscore the importance of memory (whether individual and collective) in relation to intergroup conflicts. We argue that the way in which societies reconstruct and bring the past into the present—especially, the historical past—is crucial when it comes to the study of intergrou...
Chapter
Creativity and memory are typically considered opposite processes in psychology and contemporary culture. Memory is often conceptualized as simply a register of the past and is evaluated based on accuracy. Conversely, creativity is seen as a future-oriented process, typically breaking with the past and generating new and useful products. However, i...
Chapter
When we think of memory, some kind of container for storing things or surface for inscribing information usually comes to mind. It is thought that experiences are put into or written on these surfaces as memories and then taken out when remembered in roughly the same form as they were put in. This conception dates back to Plato, who first described...
Book
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Cultural Psychology offers a new approach to imagination which brings its emotional, social, cultural, contextual and existential characteristics to the fore. In this approach, fantasy and imagination are understood as the human capacity to distance oneself from the here-and-now situation in order to return to it with new possibilities. To do this...
Article
The twentieth anniversary of Culture & Psychology offers an occasion for us to reflect on the development of ideas within the journal and the discipline of cultural psychology at large, as part of a look towards their future. In other words, we aimed in this special issue to create a prospective retrospective'. This introduction to the special issu...
Article
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This article asks the question how do we interpret the role of metaphors in human life, from the perspective of cultural psychology. Taking inspiration from two articles by Carlos Cornejo, which outline a holistical-developmental theory of metaphor in contrast to the dominant cognitive-linguistic paradigm, we provide a case study of metaphor use in...
Article
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The present chapter explores agency as a process of group creativity where individuals collaborate using signs with the aim of changing social reality. This is illustrated with a case study of the Egyptian street graffiti that emerged in the first year after protestors took to the streets on 25 January 2011 and on the artwork centered around Tahrir...
Article
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In this article, I explore the meaning of experiments in early twentieth century psychology, focusing on the qualitative experimental methodology of psychologist Frederic BARTLETT. I begin by contextualizing BARTLETT's experiments within the continental research tradition of his time, which was in a state of transition from a focus on elements (the...
Article
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The present paper argues that crisis talk has been rampant in psychology since its beginning. This is so because it serves a powerful rhetorical function – ‘if we are in crisis we must do x to get out of it’. In fact, being in crisis is the state of any progressive discipline, where new evidence is brought to light and new ideas are put on offer. T...
Chapter
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Introduction The aim of this paper is to explicate a new method for conducting impact evaluation that is idiographic and sensitive to the details of changes in feeling and thinking through time. Impact evaluation methodology in informal settings (i.e. outside of schools or universities) typically only focuses on average outcomes or at best, average...
Chapter
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Social representations are carriers of collective memory; through them past experience shapes the present. Thus, social representations ensure for social groups a degree of continuity through time. This is done by flexibly using the past to meet the demands of the present and move towards a future desirable to the group. This notion is different fr...
Chapter
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The term 'physiognomic' was used by the psychologist Heinz Werner to describe the perceived dynamic and expressive qualities of objects, which could not be accounted for by merely attending to an object's objective form. An exploration of these qualities and their role in psychological processes is sorely missing in contemporary psychology with its...
Poster
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Chapter
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This chapter explores the conditions and processes through which culture is reconstructed and diffused within and between social groups. It revisits the ideas of early diffusionist anthropology, in particular, the framework developed by Frederic Bartlett in his unjustly neglected book Psychology and Primitive Culture. In his framework, culture is c...
Article
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Conflict is ubiquitous in the social world from the level of interpersonal relations to nations. To make sense of these conflicts, the authors explore the unique social and historically situated perspectives of these different social groups and how they guide the action of their members toward others. This is one of the basic starting places of soc...
Chapter
Research in cultural psychology, like any other discipline, is developing norms and models of how best to conduct research consistent with its guiding theories. In Jaan Valsiner's inaugural lecture, he advocated the "Tra-jectory Equifinality Model" (TEM) as a framework for conducting social research with high validity, in line with the guiding theo...