Brad D. Carter

Brad D. Carter
University of Southern Queensland  · Centre for Astronomy and Atmospheric Research

About

96
Publications
6,782
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4,191
Citations
Citations since 2017
27 Research Items
1577 Citations
20172018201920202021202220230100200300
20172018201920202021202220230100200300
20172018201920202021202220230100200300
20172018201920202021202220230100200300

Publications

Publications (96)
Article
Full-text available
We analyze 5108 AFGKM stars with at least five high-precision radial velocity points, as well as Gaia and Hipparcos astrometric data, utilizing a novel pipeline developed in previous work. We find 914 radial velocity signals with periods longer than 1000 days. Around these signals, 167 cold giants and 68 other types of companions are identified, th...
Article
Full-text available
We report the discovery of a highly eccentric long-period Jovian planet orbiting the hot-Jupiter host HD 83443. By combining radial velocity data from four instruments (AAT/UCLES, Keck/HIRES, HARPS, Minerva-Australis) spanning more than two decades, we find evidence for a planet with m sin i = 1.35 − 0.06 + 0.07 M J , moving on an orbit with a = 8....
Article
Full-text available
The study of magnetism in stars close to the transition from fossil to dynamo magnetic fields is important for understanding the nature of the stellar dynamo, and dynamics of the outer atmosphere. We present surface magnetic maps for two stars which are located on opposites side of the suspected transition zone; the chemically peculiar late A-star...
Preprint
Full-text available
We report the discovery of a highly eccentric long-period Jovian planet orbiting the hot-Jupiter host HD\,83443. By combining radial velocity data from four instruments (AAT/UCLES, Keck/HIRES, HARPS, Minerva-Australis) spanning more than two decades, we find evidence for a planet with m~sin~$i=1.35^{+0.07}_{-0.06}$\,\mj, moving on an orbit with $a=...
Article
The Kepler mission target star KOI-883 is notable in being a low-mass K2V dwarf with moderately fast 8.99 d rotation and hosting a single transiting hot Jupiter in a 2.69 d orbit. This combination thus presents a particular opportunity to study starspot activity by using the many deep planetary transits apparent in the light curve to map the stella...
Article
We present wind models of ten young Solar-type stars in the Hercules-Lyra association and the Coma Berenices cluster aged around ∼0.26 Gyr and ∼0.58 Gyr respectively. Combined with five previously modelled stars in the Hyades cluster, aged ∼0.63 Gyr, we obtain a large atlas of fifteen observationally based wind models. We find varied geometries, mu...
Article
Pioneering photometric, astrometric, and spectroscopic surveys are helping exoplanetary scientists better constrain the fundamental properties of stars within our galaxy, and the planets these stars host. In this study, we use the third data release from the stellar spectroscopic GALAH Survey, coupled with astrometric data of eDR3 from the Gaia sat...
Preprint
Pioneering photometric, astrometric, and spectroscopic surveys are helping exoplanetary scientists better constrain the fundamental properties of stars within our galaxy, and the planets these stars host. In this study, we use the third data release from the stellar spectroscopic GALAH Survey, coupled with astrometric data of eDR3 from the \textit{...
Article
Mapping the large-scale magnetic field in late F-type stars is important for understanding the nature of the stellar dynamo and the dynamics of thin outer convection zones. We use Zeeman Doppler Imaging to produce multi-epoch maps of the surface magnetic field for two mature late F-type stars: β Virginis (F9V) and θ Draconis (F8IV). We also provide...
Article
Stellar winds govern the spin-down of Solar-type stars as they age, and play an important role in determining planetary habitability, as powerful winds can lead to atmospheric erosion. We calculate three-dimensional stellar wind models for five young Solar-type stars in the Hyades cluster, using TOUPIES survey stellar magnetograms and state-of-the-...
Article
Full-text available
We present an analysis of spectropolarimetric observations of the low-mass weak-line T Tauri stars TWA 25 and TWA 7. The large-scale surface magnetic fields have been reconstructed for both stars using the technique of Zeeman Doppler imaging. Our surface maps reveal predominantly toroidal and non-axisymmetric fields for both stars. These maps reinf...
Article
The Jovian Trojans are two swarms of small objects that share Jupiter’s orbit, clustered around the leading and trailing Lagrange points, L4 and L5. In this work, we investigate the Jovian Trojan population using the technique of astrocladistics, an adaptation of the ‘tree of life’ approach used in biology. We combine colour data from WISE, SDSS, G...
Preprint
We present an analysis of spectropolarimetric observations of the low-mass weak-line T Tauri stars TWA 25 and TWA 7. The large-scale surface magnetic fields have been reconstructed for both stars using the technique of Zeeman Doppler imaging. Our surface maps reveal predominantly toroidal and non-axisymmetric fields for both stars. These maps reinf...
Preprint
The Jovian Trojans are two swarms of small objects that share Jupiter's orbit, clustered around the leading and trailing Lagrange points, L$_4$ and L$_5$. In this work, we investigate the Jovian Trojan population using the technique of astrocladistics, an adaptation of the `tree of life' approach used in biology. We combine colour data from WISE, S...
Article
Full-text available
Some of the most scientifically valuable transiting planets are those that were already known from radial velocity (RV) surveys. This is primarily because their orbits are well characterized and they preferentially orbit bright stars that are the targets of RV surveys. The Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) provides an opportunity to surv...
Article
Full-text available
Some of the most scientifically valuable transiting planets are those that were already known from radial velocity (RV) surveys. This is primarily because their orbits are well characterized and they preferentially orbit bright stars that are the targets of RV surveys. The Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) provides an opportunity to surv...
Preprint
Some of the most scientifically valuable transiting planets are those that were already known from radial velocity (RV) surveys. This is primarily because their orbits are well characterized and they preferentially orbit bright stars that are the targets of RV surveys. The Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite ({\it TESS}) provides an opportunity t...
Article
A nearby multiplanet system Exoplanets can interact gravitationally with other objects orbiting the same star, affecting their evolution and stability. Studying these effects requires locating systems with multiple planets. Monitoring the nearby red dwarf star GJ 887, Jeffers et al. detected periodic radial velocity signals, indicating the presence...
Article
We present a spectropolarimetric magnetic snapshot survey of 55 stars which includes 53 F-type stars ranging from spectral types F0 to F9 plus 2 chemically peculiar stars β CrB, and δ Cap. We look for magnetic fields in stars spanning a range of effective temperatures where the transition from fossil to dynamo magnetic fields is believed to occur....
Article
Our understanding of planetary systems different to our own has grown dramatically in the past 30 yr. However, our efforts to ascertain the degree to which the Solar system is abnormal or unique have been hindered by the observational biases inherent to the methods that have yielded the greatest exoplanet hauls. On the basis of such surveys, one mi...
Article
Our knowledge of the populations and occurrence rates of planets orbiting evolved intermediate-mass stars lags behind that for solar-type stars by at least a decade. Some radial velocity surveys have targeted these low-luminosity giant stars, providing some insights into the properties of their planetary systems. Here, we present the final data rel...
Preprint
Our understanding of planetary systems different to our own has grown dramatically in the past 30 years. However, our efforts to ascertain the degree to which the Solar system is abnormal or unique have been hindered by the observational biases inherent to the methods that have yielded the greatest exoplanet hauls. On the basis of such surveys, one...
Preprint
Our knowledge of the populations and occurrence rates of planets orbiting evolved intermediate-mass stars lags behind that for solar-type stars by at least a decade. Some radial velocity surveys have targeted these low-luminosity giant stars, providing some insights into the properties of their planetary systems. Here we present the final data rele...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Of the six recognized collisional families in the Jovian Trojan swarms, the Eurybates family is the largest, with over 200 recognized members. Located around the Jovian L4 Lagrange point, librations of the members make this family an interesting study in orbital dynamics. The Jovian Trojans are thought to have been captured during an early period o...
Article
Knowledge of dynamo evolution in solar-type stars is limited by the difficulty of using active region monitoring to measure stellar differential rotation, a key probe of stellar dynamo physics. This paper addresses the problem by presenting the first ever measurement of stellar differential rotation for a main-sequence solar-type star using starspo...
Article
We present a detailed analysis of high-resolution spectropolarimetric observations of the weak-line T Tauri stars (wTTSs) TWA 9A and V1095 Sco as part of a wider survey of magnetic properties and activity in weak-line T Tauri stars, called MaTYSSE (Magnetic Topologies of Young Stars and the Survival of close-in giant Exoplanets). Our targets have s...
Preprint
We present a detailed analysis of high-resolution spectropolarimetric observations of the weak-line T Tauri stars (wTTSs) TWA 9A and V1095 Sco as part of a wider sur- vey of magnetic properties and activity in weak-line T Tauri stars, called MaTYSSE (Magnetic Topologies of Young Stars and the Survival of close-in giant Exoplanets). Our targets have...
Article
We report the discovery of a second long-period giant planet orbiting HD 30177, a star previously known to host a massive Jupiter analog (HD 30177b: a=3.8$\pm$0.1 au, m sin $i=9.7\pm$0.5 Mjup). HD 30177c can be regarded as a massive Saturn analog in this system, with a=9.9$\pm$1.0 au and m sin $i=7.6\pm$3.1 Mjup. The formal best fit solution slight...
Article
Full-text available
We present a spectropolarimetric snapshot survey of solar-type planet hosting stars. In addition to 14 planet-hosting stars observed as part of the BCool magnetic snapshot survey, we obtained magnetic observations of a further 19 planet-hosting solar-type stars in order to see if the presence of close-in planets had an effect on the measured surfac...
Article
We present six epochs of spectropolarimetric observations of the hot-Jupiter-hosting star τ Boötis that extend the exceptional previous multi-year data set of its large-scale magnetic field. Our results confirm that the large-scale magnetic field of τ Boötis varies cyclicly, with the observation of two further magnetic reversals; between December 2...
Article
We present new wind models for τ Boötis (τ Boo), a hot-Jupiter-host-star whose observable magnetic cycles makes it a uniquely useful target for our goal of monitoring the temporal variability of stellar winds and their exoplanetary impacts. Using spectropolarimetric observations from May 2009 to January 2015, the most extensive information of this...
Article
Full-text available
We present new wind models for {\tau} Bo\"otis ({\tau} Boo), a hot-Jupiter-host-star whose observable magnetic cycles makes it a uniquely useful target for our goal of monitoring the temporal variability of stellar winds and their exoplanetary impacts. Using spectropolarimetric observations from May 2009 to January 2015, the most extensive informat...
Article
Full-text available
The field of exoplanetary science is one of the most rapidly growing areas of astrophysical research. As more planets are discovered around other stars, new techniques have been developed that have allowed astronomers to begin to characterise them. Two of the most important factors in understanding the evolution of these planets, and potentially de...
Article
Precise radial velocities from the Anglo-Australian Telescope confirm the presence of a rare short-period planet around the K0 giant HD 121056. An independent two-planet solution using the AAT data shows that the inner planet has P=89.1+/-0.1 days, and m sin i=1.35+/-0.17 Mjup. These data also confirm the planetary nature of the outer companion, wi...
Article
Full-text available
We report the detection of GJ 832c, a super-Earth orbiting near the inner edge of the habitable zone of GJ 832, an M dwarf previously known to host a Jupiter analog in a nearly-circular 9.4-year orbit. The combination of precise radial-velocity measurements from three telescopes reveals the presence of a planet with a period of 35.68+/-0.03 days an...
Article
Full-text available
We report the discovery of two long-period giant planets from the Anglo-Australian Planet Search. HD 154857c is in a multiple-planet system, while HD 114613b appears to be solitary. HD 114613b has an orbital period P=10.5 years, and a minimum mass m sin i of 0.48 Jupiter masses; HD 154857c has P=9.5 years and m sin i=2.6 Jupiter masses. These new d...
Article
Full-text available
We present six years of new radial-velocity data from the Anglo-Australian and Magellan Telescopes on the HD 73526 2:1 resonant planetary system. We investigate both Keplerian and dynamical (interacting) fits to these data, yielding four possible configurations for the system. The new data now show that both resonance angles are librating, with amp...
Article
Full-text available
We present the results of a major high-resolution spectropolarimetric BCool project magnetic survey of 170 solar-type stars. Surface magnetic fields were detected on 67 stars, with 21 classified as mature solar-type stars, a result that increases by a factor of 4 the number of mature solar-type stars on which magnetic fields have been observed. In...
Article
To understand the frequency, and thus the formation and evolution, of planetary systems like our own solar system, it is critical to detect Jupiter-like planets in Jupiter-like orbits. For long-term radial-velocity monitoring, it is useful to estimate the observational effort required to reliably detect such objects, particularly in light of severe...
Article
Full-text available
The abilities of radial velocity exoplanet surveys to detect the lowest-mass extra-solar planets are currently limited by a combination of instrument precision, lack of data, and "jitter". Jitter is a general term for any unknown features in the noise, and reflects a lack of detailed knowledge of stellar physics (asteroseismology, starspots, magnet...
Article
The radial velocities of HD 10700 as observed using the HARPS, HIRES, and UCLES instruments. (3 data files).
Article
Full-text available
We re-analyze 4 years of HARPS spectra of the nearby M1.5 dwarf GJ 667C available through the ESO public archive. The new radial velocity (RV) measurements were obtained using a new data analysis technique that derives the Doppler measurement and other instrumental effects using a least-squares approach. Combining these new 143 measurements with 41...
Article
Spectropolarimetric observations of the pre-main sequence early-G star HD 141943 were made at three observing epochs (2007, 2009 and 2010). The observations were made using the 3.9-m Anglo-Australian Telescope with the UCLES echelle spectrograph and the SEMPOL spectropolarimeter visitor instrument. The brightness and surface magnetic field topologi...
Article
Full-text available
We have detected the Doppler signature of a gas-giant exoplanet orbiting the star HD 38283, in an eccentric orbit with a period of almost exactly one year (P = 363.2 ± 1.6 d, m sin i = 0.34 ± 0.02 M Jup, e = 0.41 ± 0.16). The detection of a planet with period very close to one year critically relied on year-round observation of this circumpolar sta...
Article
We present the photometry and spectropolarimetry of the pre-main-sequence star HD 106506. A photometric rotational period of ∼1.416 ± 0.133 d has been derived using observations at Mount Kent Observatory (MKO). Spectropolarimetric data obtained with the 3.9-m Anglo-Australian Telescope (AAT) were used to derive spot occupancy and magnetic maps of t...
Article
Spectroscopic and spectropolarimetric observations of the pre-main sequence early-G star HD 141943 were obtained at four observing epochs (in 2006, 2007, 2009 and 2010). The observations were undertaken at the 3.9-m Anglo-Australian Telescope using the UCLES echelle spectrograph and the SEMPOL spectropolarimeter visitor instrument. Brightness and s...
Article
Full-text available
We present 12 years of precision Doppler data for the very nearby G3 star HD 102365, which reveals the presence of a Neptune-like planet with a 16.0 M Earth minimum mass in a 122.1 day orbit. Very few "Super Earth" planets have been discovered to date in orbits this large and those that have been found reside in multiple systems of between three an...
Article
Full-text available
A key part of the modern-day regenerative solar magnetic dynamo is the reversal of the Sun's global magnetic field every eleven years. However, recent theoretical models indicate that young-rapidly rotating Sun-like stars may not always undergo full magnetic reversals, but instead may sometimes undergo ``attempted'' reversals where the magnetic fie...
Article
Full-text available
We present precision radial velocity (RV) data that reveal a multiple exoplanet system orbiting the bright nearby G5V star 61 Virginis. Our 4.6 years of combined Keck/HIRES and Anglo-Australian Telescope precision RVs indicate the hitherto unknown presence of at least three planets orbiting this well-studied star. These planets are all on low-eccen...
Article
The Doppler wobble induced by the extra-solar planet HD 134987b was first detected by data from the Keck Telescope nearly a decade ago, and was subsequently confirmed by data from the Anglo-Australian Telescope. However, as more data have been acquired for this star over the years since, the quality of a single Keplerian fit to that data has been g...
Article
In this paper we present chromospheric emission levels of the solar-type stars in the young open clusters IC 2391 and IC 2602. High-resolution spectroscopic data were obtained for over 50 F, G and K stars from these clusters over several observing campaigns using the University College London Echelle Spectrograph on the 3.9-m Anglo-Australian Teles...
Article
Full-text available
Solar magnetic activity is generated through dynamo action operating at the base of the solar convection zone. However, for rapidly rotating solar-type stars this might not be the case with magnetic images showing regions of near-surface azimuthal field indicating that the operation of dynamo may in fact be distributed throughout the entire convect...
Article
Full-text available
Precision Doppler measurements from an intensive 48 night "Rocky Planet Search" observing campaign on the Anglo-Australian Telescope (AAT) have revealed the presence of a low-mass exoplanet orbiting the G1 dwarf HD 16417. Subsequent Doppler observations with the AAT, as well as independent observations obtained by the Keck Planet Search, have confi...
Article
Full-text available
We have produced brightness and magnetic field maps of the surfaces of CV Cha and CR Cha: two actively accreting G and K-type T Tauri stars in the Chamaeleon I star-forming cloud with ages of 3-5 Myr. Our magnetic field maps show evidence for strong, complex multi-polar fields similar to those obtained for young rapidly rotating main sequence stars...
Article
Full-text available
We report the detection of three new low-mass planets from the Anglo-Australian Planet Search. The three parent stars of these planets are chromospherically quiet main-sequence G dwarfs with metallicities ranging from roughly solar (HD 117618 and HD 208487) to metal enriched (HD 102117). The orbital periods range from 20.8 to 130 days, the minimum...
Article
Full-text available
We report the detection of two new extrasolar planets from the Anglo-Australian Planet Search around the stars HD 142 and HD 23079. The planet orbiting HD 142 has an orbital period of just under 1 yr, while that orbiting HD 23079 has a period of just under 2 yr. HD 142 falls into the class of "eccentric" gas giants. HD 23079 joins the group of " Re...
Article
Full-text available
The Geneva group has reported two Saturn-mass planets orbiting HD 83443 (K0 V) with periods of 2.98 and 29.8 days. The two planets have raised interest in their dynamics because of the possible 10 : 1 orbital resonance and the strong gravitational interactions. We report precise Doppler measurements of HD 83443 obtained with the Keck/HIRES and the...
Article
Full-text available
We report the detection of a second exoplanet orbiting the G6 V dwarf HD 73526. This second planet has an orbital period of 377 days, putting it in a 2 : 1 resonance with the previously known exoplanet, the orbital period for which is updated to 188 days. Dynamical modeling of the combined system allows solution for a self-consistent set of orbital...
Article
Full-text available
Precision Doppler velocity measurements from the 3.9 m Anglo-Australian Telescope reveal a planet with a 6 yr period orbiting the G5 dwarf HD 70642. The a = 3.3 AU orbit has a low eccentricity (e = 0.1), and the minimum (M sin i) mass of the planet is 2.0MJUP. The host star is metal-rich relative to the Sun, similar to most stars with known planets...
Article
Full-text available
Precision Doppler velocity measurements from the Anglo-Australian Telescope reveal a planet with a 9.4 ± 0.4 year period orbiting the M1.5 dwarf GJ 832. Within measurement uncertainty the orbit is circular, and the minimum mass (msin i) of the planet is 0.64 ± 0.06 M JUP. GJ 832 appears to be depleted in metals by at least 50% relative to the Sun,...
Article
Full-text available
We present evidence to show that changes in the Sun's equatorial rotation rate are synchronized with changes in its orbital motion about the barycentre of the Solar System. We propose that this synchronization is indicative of a spin-orbit coupling mechanism operating between the Jovian planets and the Sun. However, we are unable to suggest a plaus...
Article
We present Doppler imaging and Balmer line analysis of the weak-line T Tauri star TWA 6. Using these data we have made one of the first attempts to measure differential rotation in a T Tauri star, and the first detection of a slingshot prominence in such a star. We also show the most direct evidence to date of the existence of solar-type plages in...
Chapter
We report on our online catalogue (http://exoplanets.org/planet.shtml) which contains all the known exoplanets with masses and orbits established by the Doppler measurements of stars with 200pc. It contains updated information including many whose orbits have not been revised since their announcement. Both the new and previously published velocitie...
Article
Full-text available
From spectropolarimetric observations of the young, single early G-dwarf HD 171488, we have used Zeeman Doppler imaging to reconstruct brightness and magnetic maps of the star. The inclusion of a solar-like differential rotation law into the imaging process has enabled the measurement of the star's surface differential rotation from the brightness...
Article
Full-text available
Maps of magnetic field topologies for rapidly rotating, solar-type stars have been produced for the past decade, and offer a unique insight into the operation of the stellar dynamo. The creation of these maps uses the combined techniques of Least-Squares Deconvolution (LSD) to increase the signal-to-noise of the Stokes-V profiles, and Zeeman Dopple...
Article
The surface differential rotation of a star can be measured mainly in two ways, through the analysis of the Fourier transforms of a star's line profiles or through spot evolution from Doppler imaging maps. Measurements of differential rotation on early-G and later type stars, using the Doppler imaging technique, shows an increase in differential ro...
Article
Full-text available
We present spectropolarimetric observations of the young, single early G-dwarf HD 171488. These observations were obtained over a five-night period in 2004 September at the 3.9-m Anglo-Australian Telescope using the SEMPOL spectropolarimeter visitor instrument. Using the technique of least-squares deconvolution to increase the signal-to-noise ratio...
Article
We report Doppler measurements of the stars HD187085 and HD20782 which indicate two high eccentricity low-mass companions to the stars. We find HD187085 has a Jupiter-mass companion with a ~1000d orbit. Our formal `best fit' solution suggests an eccentricity of 0.47, however, it does not sample the periastron passage of the companion and we find th...
Article
New data acquired on the active, cool binary CC Eri ranged across the spectrum from Chandra X-ray to broadband photometry and microwave observations using the VLA and ATCA. Also, high-dispersion spectropolarimetry using the AAT enabled Zeeman-Doppler imaging to be performed. Our interpretations infer strong localised concentrations of the stellar m...
Chapter
New data acquired on the active, cool binary CC Eri ranged across the spectrum from Chandra X-ray to broadband photometry and microwave observations using the VLA and ATCA. Also, high-dispersion spectropolarimetry using the AAT enabled Zeeman-Doppler imaging to be performed. Our interpretations infer strong localised concentrations of the stellar m...
Article
In this paper we present Doppler images of a young active G dwarf (HD 307938) in the southern open cluster IC 2602. Spectroscopic data were obtained over a four-night period in 2000 January at the 3.9-m Anglo-Australian Telescope using the University College London Echelle Spectrograph. Simultaneous photometric observations (in the V and R bands) w...