Boris M van Breukelen

Boris M van Breukelen
Delft University of Technology | TU · Department of Water management

PhD

About

92
Publications
10,852
Reads
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2,468
Citations
Additional affiliations
March 1997 - present
Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)

Publications

Publications (92)
Article
Full-text available
Eutrophication of water bodies has been a problem causing severe degradation of water quality in cities. To gain mechanistic understanding of the temporal dynamics of nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) in a groundwater-fed low-lying urban polder, we applied high-frequency monitoring in Geuzenveld, a polder in the city of Amsterdam. The high-frequency...
Preprint
Full-text available
Abstract. Eutrophication of water bodies has been a problem causing severe degradation of water quality in cities. To gain mechanistic understanding of the temporal dynamics of nitrogen and phosphorus in a groundwater fed low-lying urban polder, we applied high frequency monitoring in Geuzenveld, a polder in the city of Amsterdam. The high frequenc...
Article
Urban areas in coastal lowlands host a significant part of the world's population. In these areas, cities have often expanded to unfavorable locations that have to be drained or where excess rain water and groundwater need to be pumped away in order to maintain dry feet for its citizens. As a result, groundwater seepage influences surface water qua...
Article
Full-text available
Compound-specific stable isotope analysis (CSIA) has proven beneficial in the characterization of contaminant degradation in groundwater, but it has never been used to assess pesticide transformation on catchment scale. This study presents concentration and carbon CSIA data of the herbicides S-metolachlor and acetochlor from three locations (plot,...
Article
The hydrochemistry of landfill leachate and groundwater is affected by not only waste degradation processes, but also by external factors such as the geography of the landfilling site. Knowledge on the fate of landfill leachate in tropical countries will be beneficial for monitoring and regulatory purposes. We studied the Keputih landfill close to...
Article
Enhanced In situ Biodenitrification (EIB) is a capable technology for nitrate removal in subsurface water resources. Optimizing the performance of EIB implies devising an appropriate feeding strategy involving two design parameters: carbon injection frequency and C:N ratio of the organic substrate nitrate mixture. Here we model data on the spatial...
Article
Enhanced in situ biodenitrification (EIB) is a feasible technology to clean nitrate-polluted groundwater and reach drinking water standards. Aimed at enabling a better monitoring and management of the technology at the field scale, we developed a two-dimensional reactive transport model (RTM) of a cross section (26.5 × 4 m) of a fractured aquifer c...
Article
Biodegradation is one of the most favored and sustainable means of removing organic pollutants from contaminated aquifers but the major steering factors are still surprisingly poorly understood. Growing evidence questions some of the established concepts for control of biodegradation. Here, we critically discuss classical concepts such as the therm...
Article
Full-text available
Water quality deterioration is a common phenomenon that may limit the recovery of injected water during aquifer storage and recovery (ASR). Quality deterioration is often caused by the oxidation of reduced aquifer components by oxygenated source water, the subsequent pH decline, and induced dissolution of carbonate minerals. We use a previously cal...
Article
Subsurface removal of arsenic by injection with oxygenated groundwater has been proposed as a viable technology for obtaining "safe" drinking water in Bangladesh. While the oxidation of ferrous iron to solid ferric iron minerals, to which arsenic adsorbs, is assumed to be driven by abiotic reactions, metal-cycling microorganisms may potentially aff...
Article
Full-text available
Water quality deterioration is a common occurrence that may limit the recovery of injected water during aquifer storage and recovery (ASR) operations. This limitation is often induced by the oxidation of the reduced aquifer components by the oxygenated injection water. This study explores the potential of aquifer pre-oxidation using permanganate to...
Article
Full-text available
Aquifer Thermal Energy Storage (ATES) systems are increasingly being used to acclimatize buildings and are often constructed in aquifers used for drinking water supply. This raises the question of potential groundwater quality impact. Here, we use laboratory column experiments to develop and calibrate a reactive transport model (PHREEQC) simulating...
Article
Full-text available
The principle of subsurface arsenic (As) remov-al (SAR) is to extract anoxic groundwater, aerate it and re-inject it. Oxygen in the injected water reacts with iron in the resident groundwater to form hydrous ferric oxide (HFO). Dissolved As sorbs onto the HFO, which allows for the extraction of groundwater with lower As concen-trations. SAR was app...
Article
Compound-specific stable isotope analysis (CSIA) serves as a tool for source apportionment (SA) and for the quantification of the extent of degradation (QED) of organic pollutants. However, simultaneous occurrence of mixing of sources and degradation is generally believed to hamper both SA and QED. On the basis of the linear stable isotope mixing m...
Article
Compound-specific stable isotope analysis (CSIA) has proven a useful tool for the quantification of the extent of degradation (QED), and for source identification and source apportionment (SA) in contaminated environmental systems. However, the simultaneous occurrence of degradation processes and mixing of emission sources complicates the use of CS...
Article
Full-text available
Shallow geothermal systems are increasingly being used to store or harvest thermal energy for heating or cooling purposes. This technology causes temperature perturbations exceeding the natural variations in aquifers, which may impact groundwater quality. Here, we report the results of laboratory experiments on the effect of temperature variations...
Article
Full-text available
Compound-specific stable isotope analysis (CSIA) has, in combination with model-assisted interpretation, proven to be a valuable approach to quantify the extent of organic contaminant degradation in groundwater systems. CSIA data may also provide insights into the origin and transformation of diffuse pollutants, such as pesticides and nitrate, at t...
Article
Clogging of water wells by iron-hydroxide incrustations due to mixing of anoxic and oxic groundwater is a common well-ageing problem. The relation between well operation (on and off), the spatial and temporal variations in hydrochemistry outside and inside a supply well, and the distribution of clogging iron-hydroxides were studied in an artificial...
Article
We examined the spatiotemporal changes of microbial communities in relation to hydrochemistry variation over time and space in an aquifer polluted by landfill leachate (Banisveld, The Netherlands). Sampling in 1998, 1999, and 2004 at the same time of the year revealed that the center of the pollution plume was hydrochemically rather stable, but its...
Article
Full-text available
This reactive transport modeling study presents a follow up to the mass balance-based identification and quantification of the main hydrogeochemical processes that occurred during an aquifer storage and recovery (ASR) trial in an anoxic sandy aquifer (Herten, the Netherlands). Kinetic rate expressions were used to simulate oxidation of pyrite, soil...
Article
Carbon (C), chlorine (Cl) and hydrogen (H) isotope effects were determined during dechlorination of TCE to ethene, by a mixed Dehalococcoides (Dhc) culture. The C isotope effects for the dechlorination steps were consistent with data published in the past for reductive dechlorination (RD) by Dhc. The Cl effects (combined with an inverse H effect in...
Article
Full-text available
Aquifers used for the production of drinking water are increasingly being used for the generation of shallow geothermal energy. This causes temperature perturbations far beyond the natural variations in aquifers and the effects of these temperature variations on groundwater quality, in particular trace elements, have not been investigated. Here, we...
Article
Full-text available
Aquifer thermal energy storage (ATES) uses groundwater to store energy for heating or cooling purposes in the built environment. This paper presents field and laboratory results aiming to elucidate the effects that ATES operation may have on chemical groundwater quality. Field data from an ATES site in the south of the Netherlands show that ATES re...
Article
Full-text available
Groundwater systems are increasingly used for seasonal aquifer thermal energy storage (SATES) for periodic heating and cooling of buildings. Its use is hampered in contaminated aquifers because of the potential environmental risks associated with the spreading of contaminated groundwater, but positive side effects, such as enhanced contaminant reme...
Article
Full-text available
The hydrogeochemical processes that took place during an aquifer storage and recovery (ASR) trial in a confined anoxic sandy aquifer (Herten, the Netherlands) were identified and quantified, using observation wells at 0.1, 8 and 25 m distance from the ASR well. Oxic drinking water was injected in 14 ASR cycles in the period 2000–2009. The main reac...
Article
Highlights ► We performed a post audit of a reactive transport model on artificial recharge. ► Revision of conceptual model and parameter estimation improve predictions. ► Cation exchange capacity estimates systematically lower than observed. ► Lower pollution in the Rhine reverses exchange reactions on the long term.
Article
The effects of transverse hydrodynamic dispersion on altering transformation-induced compound-specific isotope analysis (CSIA) signals within groundwater pollution plumes have been assessed with reactive transport modeling accommodating diffusion-induced isotope fractionation (DIF) and implementing different parameterizations of local transverse di...
Presentation
While compound-specific isotope analysis has been used successfully to demonstrate in situ degradation of chlorinated solvents, it suffers from uncertainty resulting from geological heterogeneity and variability in redox conditions. The primary objective of this project was to create an Isotope Fractionation - Reactive Transport Model (IF-RTM) capa...
Article
There is increasing interest in combined carbon-chlorine compound-specific isotope analysis (CSIA)to differentiate between contaminant sources and to assess transformation processes. However, the significant abundance of polychlorinated molecules with several heavy chlorine isotopes complicates the evaluation of chlorine isotope trends. Therefore,...
Article
Open waste dump systems are still widely used in Indonesia. The Jatibarang landfill receives 650-700 tons of municipal waste per day from the city of Semarang, Central Java. Some of the leachate from the landfill flows via several natural and collection ponds to a nearby river. The objectives of the study were to identify seasonal landfill leachate...
Article
Heterogeneity in eukaryotic and bacteria community structure in surface and subsurface sediment samples downgradient of the Banisveld landfill (The Netherlands) was studied using a culturing-independent molecular approach. Along a transect covering the part of the aquifer most polluted by landfill leachate, sediment was sampled at 1-m depth interva...
Article
Full-text available
Eukaryotes may influence pollutant degradation processes in groundwater ecosystems by activities such as predation on bacteria and recycling of nutrients. Culture-independent community profiling and phylogenetic analysis of 18S rRNA gene fragments, as well as culturing, were employed to obtain insight into the sediment-associated eukaryotic communi...
Article
The Rayleigh equation is commonly applied to evaluate the extent of degradation at contaminated sites for which compound-specific isotope analysis (CSIA) data are available. However, it was shown recently that (i) the Rayleigh equation systematically underestimates the extent of biodegradation in physically heterogeneous systems, while (ii) it over...
Article
Quantifying the share of destructive and nondestructive processes to natural attenuation (NA) of groundwater pollution plumes is of high importance to the evaluation and acceptance of NA as remediation strategy. Dilution as consequence of hydrodynamic dispersion may contribute considerably to NA, however, without reducing the mass of pollution. Unf...
Article
Using culture-independent 16S rRNA gene-based methods, we previously observed that Geobacteraceae were a major component of the microbial communities in the iron-reducing aquifer polluted by the Banisveld landfill, The Netherlands. However, phylogenetic information does not tell about the functional potential of the detected Geobacteraceae, nor can...
Article
The Rayleigh equation relates the change in isotope ratio of an element in a substrate to the extent of substrate consumption via a single kinetic isotopic fractionation factor (alpha). Substrate consumption is, however, commonly distributed over several metabolic pathways each potentially having a different alpha. Therefore, extended Rayleigh-type...
Article
Identification of the functional groups of microorganisms that are predominantly in control of fluxes through, and concentrations in, microbial networks would benefit microbial ecology and environmental biotechnology: the properties of those controlling microorganisms could be studied or monitored specifically or their activity could be modulated i...
Article
Managers of landfill sites are faced with enormous challenges when attempting to detect and delineate leachate plumes with a limited number of monitoring wells, assess spatial and temporal trends for hundreds of contaminants, and design long-term monitoring (LTM) strategies. Subsurface microbial ecology is a unique source of data that has been hist...
Article
Full-text available
Relationships between community composition of the iron-reducing Geobacteraceae, pollution levels, and the occurrence of biodegradation were established for an iron-reducing aquifer polluted with landfill leachate by using cultivation-independent Geobacteraceae 16S rRNA gene-targeting techniques. Numerical analysis of denaturing gradient gel electr...
Article
Compound-specific isotope analysis (CSIA) enables quantification of biodegradation by use of the Rayleigh equation. The Rayleigh equation fails, however, to describe the sequential degradation of chlorinated aliphatic hydrocarbons (CAHs) involving various intermediates that are controlled by simultaneous degradation and production. This paper shows...
Article
Various redox reactions may occur at the fringe of a landfill leachate plume, involving oxidation of dissolved organic carbon (DOC), CH4, Fe(II), Mn(II), and NH4 from leachate and reduction of O2, NO3 and SO4 from pristine groundwater. Knowledge on the relevance of these processes is essential for the simulation and evaluation of natural attenuatio...