Boris Levin

Boris Levin
Russian Academy of Sciences | RAS · Papanin Institute of the Biology of Inland Waters

PhD in biology

About

210
Publications
36,024
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956
Citations
Citations since 2016
79 Research Items
694 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120140
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120140
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120140
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120140
Introduction
I have broad interest to evolutionary biology of fishes. Main directions of my research are: i) phenotypic plasticity and factors determining plasticity; ii) evolution of adaptive radiation (currently working with large African barbs, small cyprinid Garra, and Caucasian Salmo from Lake Sevan); iii) phylogeny and phylogeography of cyprinid fishes and lampreys.
Additional affiliations
June 2015 - present
Russian Academy of Sciences
Position
  • Head of Department
February 2006 - present
Russian Academy of Sciences
Position
  • Researcher
October 2001 - June 2005
Severtsov Institute of Ecology and Evolution
Position
  • PhD Student

Publications

Publications (210)
Article
Full-text available
Multiple repeated patterns of adaptive radiation were revealed in cyprinid fish inhabiting the compact geographic region of the Ethiopian Highlands. We found four independently evolved radiations in the evolutionary hexaploid (2n = 150) Labeobarbus lineage based on matrilineal relationships of >800 individuals. Each radiation displayed similar patt...
Article
Adaptive radiation of freshwater fishes was long thought to be possible only in lacustrine environments. Recently, several studies have shown that also riverine and stream environments provide the ecological opportunity for adaptive radiation. In this study, we report on a riverine adaptive radiation of six ecomorphs of cyprinid hillstream fishes o...
Article
Previous studies on the phylogenetic relationships between lamprey species relied either on a low number of morphological characters related to the feeding apparatus, or on a low number of molecular mitochondrial DNA markers. Here, we apply a multilocus approach to assess the phylogenetic relationships of northern hemisphere lampreys, with a specia...
Article
Five ecologically and phenotypically divergent ecomorphs of the genus Salmo are known from a landlocked alpine lake in the Caucasus, Lake Sevan. It is an example of sympatric diversification within a species-rich lineage with predominate mode of speciation being allopatric. The diversification of Sevan trouts was accompanied by spawning resource pa...
Article
Full-text available
A highly productive coastal zone plays an important role in various stages of fish life cycles, e.g., spawning migrations, fish reproduction, larval development, juveniles growing, etc. Therefore, coastal biotopes significantly contribute to commercial fish species recruitment. Although the eastern Gulf of Finland is rich in shallow coastal water,...
Article
Full-text available
The eastern-most members of the Salmo trutta species complex in the Aralo-Caspian Sea region were studied to infer their population genetic structure and biogeographic origin. A total of 68 individuals collected from Iranian endorheic inland basins (Namak and Urmia lakes), tributaries of the Caspian (Haraz, Kura, Samur, Volga, and Ural river draina...
Article
Full-text available
Dataset contains information on fish occurrences in the Kama River Basin (Russian Federation). The Kama River is the largest tributary (1805 km) of the Volga River and is geographically often considered the main river due to the larger volume of water at their confluence. Dataset is based on our own field studies conducted during 2008-2021. It incl...
Article
Full-text available
Trophic resource partitioning is one of the main ecological mechanisms of adaptive radiation. The Garra is a highly specialized periphyton feeder that has widened jaws equipped with a horny cutting scraper. In a river located in the Ethiopian Highlands in East Africa, a diversification of Garra composed of six sympatric ecomorphs which were strikin...
Article
Full-text available
Caucasian barbels of the genus Barbus are a genetically poorly studied group of cyprinids. This article presents the first detailed study of the phylogeography of the Kura barbel B. cyri (229 specimens from 52 locations) using two molecular markers of mtDNA, the cytochrome b gene and the control region. By analyzing haplotype networks, the complex...
Book
Full-text available
Rivers of Europe, Second Edition, presents the latest update on the only primary source of complete and comparative baseline data on the biological and hydrological characteristics of more than 180 of the highest profile rivers in Europe. With even more full-color photographs and maps, the book includes conservation information on current patterns...
Article
Full-text available
Представлено первое подробное исследование филогеографии куринского усача B. cyri (229 особей из 52 локальностей) с использованием двух молекулярных маркеров мтДНК – гена цитохрома b и контрольного региона. С помощью анализа сетей гаплотипов выявлена сложная генетическая структура популяций куринского усача, слабо коррелирующая с географией распрос...
Article
Full-text available
Background This publication describes a dataset containing information on 1328 occurrences of fishes in the Kuban River Basin, the longest river of Northern Caucasus and representing its own freshwater ecoregion (428 Kuban Ecoregion). All observations have precise geo-referencing with the names of water bodies (rivers, lakes etc.). The dataset is b...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter contains a comprehensive description of the Volga River, the largest river in Europe, and its main tributaries, the Kama, Oka, Sheksna. It starts with a review of human history and biogeographical setting including paleogeography of the basin, as well as description of physiography and climate, and features of hydrological and biogeoch...
Article
Full-text available
A new species, Enteromius baleensis, is described from the Weyb River basin, Juba River system, Bale Mountain Region in southeastern Ethiopia. It differs from all other Enteromius in having the last unbranched dorsal-fin ray soft and flexible, scales moderately small (34-37 in lateral series), and incomplete lateral line. Molecular data (cytochrome...
Article
Full-text available
Trophic resource partitioning is one of the main drivers of adaptive radiation. The evolutionary diversification of large African barbs, the genus Labeobarbus, seems to be related to mouth polymorphism. The chisel-mouthed or scraping phenotype has repeatedly evolved within Labeobarbus. At least five ecomorphs with a scraping mouth morphology were d...
Preprint
Full-text available
Adaptive radiation of fishes was long thought to be possible only in lacustrine environments. Recently, several studies have shown that also riverine and stream environments provide the ecological opportunity for adaptive radiation. In this study, we report on a riverine adaptive radiation of six ecomorphs of cyprinid hillstream fishes of the genus...
Preprint
Full-text available
Adaptive radiation of fishes was long thought to be possible only in lacustrine environments. Recently, several studies have shown that also riverine and stream environments provide the ecological opportunity for adaptive radiation. In this study, we report on a riverine adaptive radiation of six ecomorphs of cyprinid hillstream fishes of the genus...
Article
Full-text available
There are particular challenges in defining the taxonomic status of recently radiated groups due to the low level of phylogenetic signal. Members of the Salmo trutta species-complex, which mostly evolved during and following the Pleistocene, show high morphological and ecological diversity that, along with their very wide geographic distribution, h...
Article
Full-text available
We investigated the distribution of mitochondrial lineages of two species-the common roach Rutilus rutilus and Ponto-Caspian roach R. lacustris-in the broadest zone of their secondary contact, the Volga basin. For the purpose of species identification, we applied the approach of multiplex PCR based on species-specific divergences in sequences of th...
Article
Full-text available
1141 bp mtDNA fragment containing cytochrome b sequence was analyzed. Samples from the Caspian (53 individuals-marine, 57-Volga, 6-Kura and Arax), Baltic (36-Lake Chudskoye), Azov (9-Don), Aral (5-Syr Darya), Aegean (31-Kardzhali, Pyasachnik, Zhrebchevo) basins were analyzed. All identified haplotypes belonged to haplogroup A. Haplotype A (Slucb2)...
Article
Full-text available
The phenomenon of a massive vertebral deformity was recorded in the radiating Labeobarbus assemblage from the middle reaches of the Genale River (south-eastern Ethiopia, East Africa). Within this sympatric assemblage, five trophic morphs—generalized, lipped, piscivorous and two scraping feeders—were reported between 1993 and 2019. In 2009, a new mo...
Chapter
Full-text available
Introduction All together 162 species of freshwater fish and four species of lampreys are known from the Caucasus Ecoregion, of which 51 are endemic and 11 alien to the region. The fauna is biogeographically close to the adjacent faunas of the Caspian and Black Seas and many species occur beyond the Caucasus or are closely related to species outsid...
Preprint
Full-text available
The phenomenon of a massive vertebral deformity was recorded in the radiating Labeobarbus assemblage from the middle reaches of the Genale River (south-eastern Ethiopia, East Africa). Within this sympatric assemblage, five trophic morphs – generalized, lipped, piscivorous and two scraping feeders – were reported between 1993 and 2019. In 2009, a ne...
Article
Four sympatric ecomorphs - detritivorous, predator, benthivorous, and phytophagous - of the cyprinid fish Schizopygopsis stolickai were recorded in a young Pamir lake, Lake Yashilkul, located at > 3,700 m above sea level. Some ecomorphs are divergent in diet, gut length, and stable isotopes of δ 13 C and δ 15 N. The predator ecomorph has a shorter...
Article
We present a critical checklist of freshwater fish species found so far in the countries of Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia. In total 119 freshwater fishes are recorded. There are 40, 86 and 96 species currently known for Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia respectively. From these 119 species, seven are endemic and seven species are alien. From the al...
Article
Full-text available
The study of spined loaches from the southwestern Caspian Sea basin revealed one new species. Cobitis derzhavini sp. nova is described from the lower Kura River drainage in the Ganja-Qazakh region of Azerbaijan. It is distinguished from the most of its congeners distributed in the Caucasus and in the Caspian Sea basin (C. saniae, C. faridpaki, C. s...
Article
Full-text available
The influence of thyroid hormones (THs) on the organization of the exploratory behavior in fish was studied using the example of a three-spined stickleback. Strategies of fish behavior in plus maze were changed under impact of triiodothyronine. The fish treated by the hormone solution, in contrast to those of the control group, prefer shuttle movem...
Article
Full-text available
Large African barbs of the genus Labeobarbus constitute a hexaploid lineage (2n = 150). This group is widely distributed in African freshwaters, and exhibits profound phenotypic variation that could be a prerequisite for adaptive radiation. Using morphological, molecular, and stable isotope analyses, we investigated whether an adaptive radiation ha...
Conference Paper
The genus Garra is species-rich (more than a hundred species) lineage of cyprinids distributed from Southeast Asia to West Africa. Garra are mostly moderate-sized fish (usually less than 20 cm in length) with sucking mental disc that inhabiting the rhithron zone of river systems. The Ethiopian Highlands are the area of greatest Garra diversity in A...
Article
Full-text available
Alburnoides holciki was described from the Hari River basin, which was the only basin it was known from. Populations from the Amu Darya basin were previously recognized as A. eichwaldii or Alburnoides sp. Our study recognized specimens of Alburnoides from the Amu Darya basin as A. holciki based on morphological data and the COI barcode gene. The po...
Article
Full-text available
A new species of Capoeta is described from the Araxes River basin in Armenia based on morphological characters and mtDNA COI sequences. Capoeta kaput sp. n. can be distinguished by a combination of the following characters: usually 9 branched rays in the dorsal fin, shape of the denticles on the last unbranched ray of the dorsal fin, shape of the p...
Article
Full-text available
Phylogenetic relationships and phylogeography of six species of Caucasian barbels, the genus Barbus s. str., were studied based on extended geographic coverage and using mtDNA and nDNA markers. Based on 27 species studied, matrilineal phylogeny of the genus Barbus is composed of two clades – (a) West European clade, (b) Central and East European cl...
Preprint
Full-text available
Large African barbs of the genus Labeobarbus are widely distributed in African freshwaters, and exhibit profound phenotypic plasticity that could be a prerequisite for adaptive radiation. Using morphological, molecular, and stable isotope analyses, we investigated whether an adaptive radiation has occurred in a riverine assemblage of the L. gananen...
Preprint
Full-text available
The phylogenetic relationships and the phylogeography of seven species of Caucasian barbels of the genus Barbus s. str. were studied based on extended geographic coverage and the use of mtDNA and nDNA markers. Based on the 26 species studied, matrilineal phylogeny of the genus Barbus is composed of two clades: a) West European clade, and b) Central...
Article
Full-text available
Three-spined sticklebacks of different ages use various simple strategies of exploratory behavior in an unfamiliar plus maze. These strategies involve a specific order of visits to the maze arms and they alternate during maze exploration. One of the strategies (touring) involves sequential visits to the arms during movement in a clockwise or counte...
Article
Full-text available
Sevan trout, Salmo ischchan, dwelling in the mountain Lake Sevan (Caucasus) is a unique species complex. Four sympatric forms of Sevan trout were divergent in both their phenotypes and ecologies. Three forms were lacustrine spawners but were unique in their spawning times and the type of substrate. The fish community of Lake Sevan was strongly impa...
Conference Paper
The whole animal diversity is unknown and the process of describing new species is ongoing to date. Meanwhile, increase of human activities leads to the ecosystem degradation, destruction of native habitats and direct extinction of many animal species. Museum specimens are increasingly attracted in evolutionary and conservation biology for solving...
Article
Full-text available
Azerbaijani Spring Roach Pseudophoxinus atropatenus is critically endangered Caucasian endemic species with very narrow range. This species belong to the evolutionary lineage of pseudo-minnows that inhabits the freshwaters of the Mediterranean basin. The Azerbaijani Spring Roach, the only species inhabiting Transcaucasus, is considered to be a Mioc...
Article
Full-text available
The two complete mitochondrial genomes of endangered form of the Sevan trout Salmo ischchan aestivalis are published in this paper. The mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) is 16,677 base pairs (bp) in length and contained 13 protein-coding genes, 2 rRNA genes, and 22 tRNA genes. The overall base composition of the genome in descending order was 29.4% – C, 27...
Article
Full-text available
The three-spined stickleback Gasterosteus aculeatus is an important model for studying microevolution and parallel adaptation to freshwater environments. Marine and freshwater forms differ markedly in their phenotype, especially in the number of lateral plates, which are serially repeated elements of the exoskeleton. In fishes, thyroid hormones are...
Data
PCR genotyping of MF and FF parents using endogenous Eda locus polymorphism shows that MF parents are either homozygous for the 218-bp fully-plated allele (lanes 2–9) or heterozygous for the 218-bp allele and the 150-bp low-plated allele (lane 10). In contrast, all FF parents were homozygous for the 150-bp low-plated allele (lanes 11–14, 16–19). (D...
Data
Additional bony plates detected in wild-caught sticklebacks from the Russian coast of the Gulf of Finland (population code PET. See "Sample collection" in DeFaveri & Merilä [48] for further details on collection). (DOCX)
Data
T3 concentrations in the wild caught three-spined sticklebacks and in the laboratory-raised three-spined sticklebacks. (XLS)
Data
Values of meristic traits in different experimental groups for FF fish. (XLS)
Data
Development of lateral pates in different experimental groups for MF fish. (XLS)
Data
Values of meristic traits in different experimental groups for MF fish. (XLS)
Article
Previous studies revealed that thyroid hormones (TH) are crucial regulators of fish development and that manipulation of the thyroid gland function can induce developmental heterochronies. These heterochronies are known to be responsible for changes in the number of serially repeating skeletal elements, such as scales, fin rays and pharyngeal teeth...
Article
Full-text available
The mitochondrial genomes from two individuals of the extinct subspecies of the Sevan trout Salmo ischchan danilewskii are published in this paper. The mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) is 16,665 base pairs (bp) in length and contained 13 protein-coding genes, 2 rRNA genes, and 22 tRNA genes. The overall base composition of the genome in descending order w...
Article
Full-text available
Indexed and abstracted by CABI AJOL Ethiop. J. Biol. Sci. 16(Suppl.): 45-60, 2017 ABSTRACT: Analyses of nucleotide sequences of mitochondrial DNA (cytochrome b fragment) in 30 common barbs (Labeobarbus intermedius) from Lake Langano in the Ethiopian Rift Valley revealed the genetic heterogeneity of the samples. Whereas 29 individuals shared the sam...