Boqiang Lin

Boqiang Lin
Xiamen University | XMU · China Institute for Studies in Energy Policy

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429
Publications
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20,114
Citations

Publications

Publications (429)
Article
This paper presents a time-of-use (TOU) pricing model of the electricity market that can capture the interaction between power plants, generation ramping, storage devices, electric vehicle loading, and electricity prices. Even though the model is calibrated to Chinese Fujian electricity market, it can be used to predict efficient equilibrium tariff...
Article
The energy rebound effect may weaken the impact of energy efficiency improvement on energy consumption. Therefore, the rebound effect is an important consideration in energy and environmental policies. This study takes the iron and steel industry as the research object, which is a large energy consumption sector in China, and the improved technique...
Article
Industrial transformation is the key to urban transformation. Despite extensive studies on the topic of resource curse, limited studies have analyzed the impact of resource dependence on industrial transformation, especially taking into account the role of institutional quality. This paper attempts to fill such research gap. Based on a panel datase...
Article
Under the background of carbon neutrality, the carbon sequestration of forest ecosystems is an important way to mitigate climate change. Forest could not only protect the environment but also an important industry for economic development. As an international climate policy that first recognized the role of forest carbon sinks on climate change, th...
Article
Full-text available
The role of information in energy and environmental policies is receiving extensive attention. This paper examines the impact of pollution information on residents’ life satisfaction and its channels in China. A difference-in-difference (DID) approach is used to match China Family Panel Studies (CFPS) data with information disclosure data to find t...
Article
Existing research does not provide enough knowledge support for Chinese investors to adjust their investment portfolio to integrate green bonds. Given this background, this paper identifies how green bonds transmit information with other assets from three aspects return, volatility, and tail risks. We apply the time-frequency generalized spillover...
Article
Carbon emission is inevitable, and changes with energy consumption and economic development, presents policy options toward sustainable development path. Currently, there is little assurance from policymakers in committing to climate change pledges: taking the Middle-East and North African (MENA) region as a specific case with using 2019 as a cut-o...
Article
Upstream petroleum externality determinations may provide policymakers with appropriate natural resource management options and significantly contribute to sustainable development in petroleum-producing countries. This study investigates the above topic with novelty in contributing new knowledge and updating the existing literature gap in the upstr...
Article
India is the world's third-biggest carbon-emitter after China and the United States. Most of the mixed energy has been dominated by oil, coal, electricity, and gas. This study has attempted to investigate the output elasticities, the possibility of factors substitution, and technological progress between energy and non-energy factors. Ridge regress...
Article
With the substantial increase in resource consumption in China, garbage recycling plays a vital role in reducing waste and protecting natural resources. This paper designed and conducted a random survey of four first-tier cities in China to identify the variables influencing residents' willingness to pay for garbage classification. Based on the ord...
Article
The computable general equilibrium (CGE) model is a good instrument for counterfactual analysis. This kind of model is widely used in energy and environmental economics. However, the CGE models used in different studies vary greatly. As the construction of the model is a massive project, and some model settings may be wrong, it is easy to get unrea...
Article
Investigating the energy consumption behavior of the elderly is of great significance in improving welfare and energy conservation in the context of aging. This paper uses the regression discontinuity design to investigate the effect of retirement on the electricity consumption of the elderly using data from China family panel studies (CFPS) over t...
Article
There is a growing recognition that local electricity markets (LEMs) for distributed power resources are technically and economically feasible. However, the conditions under which these markets can create value for prosumers and consumers (P&C) and ensure overall welfare for society are insufficiently understood. To help address this literature gap...
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Motivated by a lack of studies related to macro risk‐driven green bond markets, this paper detects the tail dependence of the USA and China green bond markets on three uncertainty indicators. We applied a novel cross‐quantilogram method to address this issue and utilised the quantile causality test for robustness, as well as to capture predictive c...
Article
Energy poverty leads to several household consequences, including health condition deteriorations. As such, the association between energy poverty and health cannot be overemphasized. Due to these dampening health conditions, households engage in higher health expenses which could be catastrophic relative to the households’ income or expenditures....
Article
An understanding of how storage technologies coordinate with other power resources to deliver value for electricity market participants in compliance with climate policy will be vital as policy makers seek to decarbonize electricity generation in a cost-effective way. This paper adopts a game-theoretic electricity market model to evaluate the inter...
Article
Electricity consumption plays an imperative role in the rising economy and carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2eq) emissions in Pakistan. This study employs the decomposition and decoupling methods in driving factors of CO2es from electricity generation for the years 1990–2019. The study investigates the key driving factors in three ways: first, the stud...
Article
Almost 87.8% use of fossil fuel in its mixed energy, with only 12.1% coming from electricity, which has taken submerge environmental risk from CO2 emissions (CO2Es). Like many countries, Pakistan has set ambitious goals for a feasible transition towards clean energy sources. In this study, a trans-log production function is adopted to investigate t...
Article
Kenya is classified among the fastest developing economies in Sub Saharan Africa. To sustain this growth, energy is seen as key ‘enabler’ to oil its new long-term development blueprint, Vision 2030, with the goal of reaching a middle income country status and turning the nation into a newly industrialized economy. Yet, the recent energy generation...
Article
This paper empirically explores the impact of oil price uncertainty on the strategic investment of China's renewable energy enterprises from the perspective of certain substitution relationships between renewable energy enterprises and traditional energy enterprises by using the systematic GMM method. In addition, we propose three specific influenc...
Article
Renewable energy plays a crucial role in clean energy transformation and emission mitigation. It's, therefore, necessary to understand the trend and factors affecting renewable energy distribution and disparity across countries. This paper investigates the development pattern of renewable energy worldwide. It depicted a distributional picture of th...
Article
China's solar photovoltaic industry has developed by leaps and bounds with the support of government funds and policies over the past decade. Some studies indicate that the supporting effect of government subsidies is not invariable. With the decline or even cancellation of photovoltaic subsidies, the difference in the influence of different subsid...
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More than two-thirds of electricity in Africa is generated from fossil fuels which pose a significant threat to the continent's sustainable growth trajectory. Considering technology heterogeneity, this study employs Shephard CO2 distance function to estimate dynamic carbon efficiency, carbon efficiency under Meta production frontier (MECF) and Grou...
Article
Full-text available
As the world’s largest energy consumer, China’s CO2 emissions have significantly risen, owing to its rapid economic growth. Hence, levying a carbon tax has become essential in accelerating China’s carbon neutralization process. This paper employs the two-stage translog cost function to calculate the price elasticity of the mining industry’s energy...
Article
In response to the national air pollution, China implemented the Clean Air Action policy from 2013 to 2017. The vigorous implementation of the policy has ensured that the policy targets have been achieved, and the haze problem has been effectively controlled. To evaluate the policy effect of environmental regulation on labor demand, this paper cond...
Article
Energy is the engine of China's rapid economic growth. Whereas, under the requirements of economic transition, energy productivity is in urgent need of improvement. To curb air pollutant emission, the Chinese government promulgated the Clean Air Action Plan in 2013, and the policy puts forward specific measures on energy utilization. How does energ...
Article
Economic growth target management has been a typical feature of Chinese governments at all levels for a long time in the past decades. Based on a panel data of 188 Chinese cities, this paper examines the impact of pressure brought by economic growth target on energy efficiency improvement. The results suggest that economic growth pressure has hinde...
Article
Energy efficiency shows tremendous potential for enhancing economic growth while also conquering the emissions of greenhouse gases. It is generally acknowledged that Pakistan's decarbonization has to be escorted by energy efficiency developments. This study analyzes key factors behind the energy consumption variations at the sectorial level, such a...
Article
The paper innovatively divides technological progress's actual emission mitigation effect into technical emission mitigation effect, rebound effect, and substitution effect. Then, taking the power sector as an example, the paper applies a dynamic recursive multi-sector computable general equilibrium model to simulate technological progress and expl...
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Analyzing the Nigerian oil and gas industry network system from May 5th, 2014 to January 23rd, 2020, this paper presents empirical evidence of the connectedness in a network of the six leading oil and gas companies in Nigeria with the WTI crude oil market. The results show that Forte oil is a safe-haven for the Nigerian oil & gas investment market....
Article
Agricultural greenhouse gas emissions (methane and nitrous oxide) contribute substantially to global warming. This article explores and develops roadmaps towards mitigating these emissions in developing economies. Nonetheless, mitigating the impacts of global warming on humanity entails curtailing the greenhouse emissions which is very challenging...
Article
Environmental regulation is a critical instrument for achieving sustainable economic and social development in the context of carbon neutrality. The iron and steel industry is highly polluting and energy-consuming, posing a significant threat to China's environmental sustainability. Based on the panel of Chinese provincial-level data from 2000 to 2...
Article
This paper finds that informed residents are more willing to support renewable energy development. Respondents with a higher level of participation in renewable energy planning, satisfaction with the implementation of renewable energy policies, as well as recognition of the high cost of renewable energy are more willing to use renewable energy. The...
Article
Oil is the second largest primary source of energy supply in Pakistan, which is linked to numerous sectors. The existing study aims to calculate the crude oil import demand in Pakistan as a function of real income and the real price of crude oil from 1986 to 2018. We carried out the autoregressive distributive lag method to measure the robustness o...
Article
The tiered gas pricing (TGP) policy has been implemented nationwide in the residential sector in China since Jan. 2016. However, knowledge about China’s TGP performance and its influencing factors are limited, particularly the heterogeneous impact of income effect. Using a household-level survey, we attempt to investigate China’s TGP policy perform...
Article
Understanding the heterogeneity and influencing factors of renewable energy investment between enterprises can help to evaluate existing policies and provide guidance for future subsidy policies. This paper investigates how the relationship between government subsidies and renewable energy investment depends on enterprise size and relaxes the linea...
Article
The rebound effect is a potential threat to energy efficiency related policies to save energy. Based on data from China family panel studies over the period 2010–2018, this paper measures the energy efficiency and direct rebound effect of residential electricity consumption by using the stochastic energy demand frontier model. The result shows that...
Article
Urban residents’ travel is an important component of carbon emissions and is becoming a hot topic in discussions on how to achieve carbon neutrality by 2060. Existing studies mainly focus on low-carbon travel behaviours and intentions independently, ignoring the inconsistency between the two. This paper uses a bivariate probit model based on questi...
Article
Natural gas consumption gradually rises in all sectors for being a relatively economical and clean fuel compared to other substitutes. In a step towards adopting environmentally friendly fuel and to save foreign exchange, as the domestic gas reserves could be utilized. Under policies, Pakistan's natural gas consumption is expected to commensurately...
Article
It is presumed that energy storage will play an important role in absorbing variable renewable energy into power systems and may therefore be critical for decarbonizing the electricity sector. However, the conditions under which storage devices can successfully interact with other schemes of competing objectives are still poorly understood. Taking...
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Amidst the variant energy poverty eradication strategies, little to no attention has been given to the behavioral-energy poverty nexus regardless of its potential. Using household data from Ghana, this paper examined the impact of acting prosocial on multidimensional energy deprivation. Instrumenting prosocial behavior with perceived social solidar...
Article
Climate change is a global environmental issue that would damage the natural and biological systems. Although there are many controversies about climate change, the temperature rise has become more and more obvious in the world since the 1990s. It is worthwhile to understand whether the public supports the government's policy on climate change and...
Article
Energy cooperation is a major part of China's Belt & Road Initiative (BRI). In particular, power generation projects play a significant role, especially coal power projects. In spite of its substantial impacts on China and the world, research on the BRI coal power projects is scarce. To provide a better picture of the BRI coal power cooperation, we...
Article
Carbon trading scheme is an instrument adopted in many countries of the world to reduce CO2 emissions. As an important way of environmental regulation, whether it can reduce the emissions and promote the economic development at the same time needs further investigation. This paper tests whether the Porter Hypothesis is true in China's carbon emissi...
Article
How to balance resources, environment, and economic growth to achieve sustainable development is a challenge for developing countries. In 2013, China implemented a high-stringency environmental regulation—the Clean Air Action, which has effectively controlled air pollution. To explore the economic cost of environmental regulation, this paper invest...
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In 2020, the world experienced several significant events, including the COVID-19 pandemic and the collapse of international crude oil prices. Both have a great impact on a sustainable economy. Taking China as an example, we use a computable general equilibrium model with multi-sectors and multi-households and consider six different scenarios to si...
Article
The greenhouse effect related to CO2 emissions has become the focus of extensive attention in China and elsewhere in the world. Thus, it is of great significance to identify the determinants of China's CO2 emissions (CCEs). Using an extended logarithmic mean Divisia index (LMDI), this study focused on investigating the roles of R&D (research and de...
Article
Since the level of markets’ information efficiency is key to profiteering by strategic players, Shocks; such as the COVID-19 pandemic, can play a role in the nature of markets’ information efficiency. The martingale difference and conditional heteroscedasticity tests are used to evaluate the Adaptive form of market efficiency for four (4) major sto...
Article
Renewable energy is one of the key policies of many developing countries to strengthen rural people's access to electricity and not connect to the national grid. However, the determination of the decision to accept renewable energy technologies still lacks a clear understanding. Estimating a cross-sectional survey, this study analyzed the impact of...
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Energy poverty is a crucial challenge for poverty alleviation in rural China. However, in recent years, off-farm work has begun to play an increasingly important role in improving the well-being of rural households. Considering the accessibility and affordability of energy consumption, this study explored the impacts of off-farm work on energy pove...
Article
The mining industry is one of the basic industries in China that ensures energy security. However, the mining industry's energy consumption is huge. It is, therefore, significant to improve the mining industry's energy and carbon performance. This paper adopts the non-radial directional distance function (NDDF) to measure the energy and carbon perf...
Article
Deemed as a multifaceted problem, energy poverty results in multiple forms of vulnerabilities. Using data on Ghana, we test the social vulnerability aspect of energy poverty by estimating its effect on subjective social status. Instrumenting energy poverty with energy prices, we observe a quadratic (U-shaped) relationship between multidimensional e...
Article
China is undergoing an energy-market reform while the residential sector remains the most prudent for its close relationship with livelihood. Based on the Chinese household energy consumption survey, a demand function is established to estimate the determinants of residential electricity consumption. With a micro-model, the changes in welfare and r...
Article
Nowadays, coal consumption is still dominated in China's energy structure, while China aggressively wants to achieve the goal of carbon neutrality in 2060. The substitution of coal consumption will be the first step to the goal. This paper simulates the scenarios of coal resource tax and investment in renewables by applying China Energy-Environment...
Article
Energy mix in Pakistan's agriculture sector is dominated by oil and electricity, which has created serious environmental issues, contributing enormously to CO2 emissions and economic growth. Existing research has tried to analyze the potential of fuel substitution possibilities and technical progress between labor, capital, and energy consumption b...
Article
This paper investigates the volatility spillovers across precious and industrial metal markets over the period 1993–2019 based on the DY and BK methods. Results are summarized as follows: (1) while volatility spillovers across industrial metals are higher than across precious metals, the opposite occurs during crisis periods where precious metals c...
Article
Carbon label is an important tool for countries to achieve green economy in the context of global climate change. Since the public is the end consumer of carbon-labeled products, understanding their attitudes towards carbon label is crucial for the future development of carbon labeling system. Under this background, we conduct a survey on consumers...
Article
Marginal emission abatement costs play an important role in the emission trading market and in the allocation of emission reduction allowances. The traditional methods for estimating marginal emission abatement costs do not account for technological heterogeneity, which leads to biased results. To solve this problem, an improved method that combine...
Article
We develop a heterogeneous autoregressive model of downside volatility (HAR‐DV) model with structural changes (HAR‐DV‐SC) model to investigate the effects of structural changes on predicting downside volatility. Then we employ HAR‐DV and HAR‐DV‐SC models to forecast downside volatilities in S&P 500 index, crude oil, gold, copper, and soybean future...
Article
Energy consumption in different sectors in Pakistan has risen from the last two decades, which has brought immerse ecological risk from carbon dioxide (CO2) emission. This research tried to examine potential substitutability of energy (fossil fuel and electricity) and non-energy (labor and capital) input factors by applying the trans-log production...
Article
The new-type urbanization strategy proposed by the Chinese government is human-centered urbanization, which emphasizes the coordination of population, economy, society, and ecological environment. Despite extensive research on the impact of traditional urbanization, the impact of the new-type urbanization on energy efficiency is largely unknown. Ba...
Article
The carbon market is closely related to fossil energy markets, but few studies focus on the intensity and direction of the time-varying spillover effects, the time delaying and periodicity between the two classes of markets. This paper uses the time-varying vector parameter autoregressive model with stochastic volatility (TVP-VAR-SV model) and impu...
Article
Rail transportation plays a very important role in China's economic development. China’s train system has experienced the evolution of steam locomotives, diesel locomotives, and electric locomotives, which correspond to the consumption of coal, diesel and electricity respectively. Environmental protection has put forward requirements for energy con...
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Mitigating global warming is the responsibility of all countries. Moreso, the role of forests in sequestrating carbon is very crucial. Most environmental organizations are active in protecting the environment according to their objectives. This paper investigates the relationship between institutional freedom and forest carbon sinks by using a pane...
Article
Residential solar photovoltaic (PV) installations have boomed in China over recent years. However, knowledge about the economic performance of residential PV investments is still limited. Therefore, this study attempts to make a complete economic assessment of residential PV systems at the county-level. After a brief description of China’s incentiv...
Article
China's natural gas consumption has grown rapidly over the years, but the price mechanism was distorted by cross-subsidy and price inversion for a long time. In June 2013, nationwide pricing reform was implemented in the non-residential sector. To explore the effect of the reform on price distortion, this paper uses monthly data from 27 key cities...
Article
Electricity consumption plays a significant role in increasing the share of total energy consumption worldwide and has a close association with the economy. This research analyzes the factors in two ways. First, this study estimates the electricity consumption in Pakistan during 1989–2018 using Index Decomposition Analysis between share of electric...
Article
There are cross subsidies in China's power industry and there is a gap between supply cost and the sales price of electricity to residents and enterprises. Enterprises pay for part of residents' electricity bills. As cross subsidies always have been criticized, this paper simulates counterfactual scenarios of removing cross subsidy by applying a dy...
Article
This paper proposed a novel meta-frontier multi-tier approach which can reveal the impacts of industrial structure reorganization, regional equilibrium development, and management efficiency on energy intensity change. China’s energy intensity was used to demonstrate the proposed approach. Based on the empirical results, this study found that durin...
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Industrial structure change can affect aggregate energy intensity through sector transfer effect. There are still obvious structural distortions in the process of China's industrial structure change. This structural distortion will inevitably have an adverse impact on the allocation efficiency of resources (including energy), which may hinder the d...
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The information industry leads the digital revolution and innovation. With regards to what economic impact the development of the industry will bring about, there has been minimal focus from literature. This paper fills the knowledge gap by using a dynamic computable general equilibrium model. The results show the development will rapidly promote e...
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According to classical economics, the substitution of production factors could be used to reduce a specific input factor, but it is restricted by the irreplaceability of factors. As an essential production factor of production, can energy be substituted by other factors such as capital or labor? How significant is the substitution effect between fa...
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As the most populous country with huge fossil energy consumption, China's employment and environmental problems have attracted worldwide attention. This paper contributes to the existing research by measuring both employment and environmental problems using a two-layer nested dixit-Stiglitz model and taking the skill premium as a mediator to analyz...
Article
China is now the world's largest carbon dioxide (CO2) emitter, and the government is under tremendous pressure to reduce CO2 emissions. The heavy industry sector is the largest contributor to the growth of CO2 emissions. Investigating the driving factors of this industry's CO2 emissions has important practical value. This paper applies the geograph...
Article
Traditionally, improving the energy efficiency is considered to be essential to energy saving. However, it may not be as effective as expected due to the rebound effect. Focusing on China’s metallurgical industry, this study is targeted to measure the energy rebound effect and investigate whether improving energy efficiency can promote energy savin...
Article
With huge natural gas(NG) reserves and current low (1%) share of non-hydro renewables in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), can natural gas offer SSA a low-carbon energy transition? Employing data from 1980 to 2017, this paper investigates the impact of NG consumption on SSA's CO2 emissions using data-driven nonparametric additive regression(NPAR) which can...
Article
Democracy and freedom of information can raise public awareness and encourage environmental protection. Forest carbon sink is an important ecosystem to sequestrate carbon for mitigating climate change which is a supplementary measure in addition to the strategies of energy saving and emission reduction. The role of institutional freedom playing in...
Article
Full-text available
Regardless of growing interest and awareness of the effect of energy poverty on mental health, studies on this linkage have mainly relied on unidimensional measures of energy poverty with much concentration on advanced economies. Employing a two-wave socioeconomic survey, we analyzed the impact of multidimensional energy poverty on mental health in...
Article
The chemical industry is one of the highest energy-consuming and CO2 (carbon dioxide) emitting sectors in Pakistan. It is important to understand and identify ways to improve the sustainability features of the input factors. This research has attempted to examine the potential of input factors (capital, labor and energy consumption), output elastic...
Article
This paper investigates whether leverage effects and structural changes have positive effects on the volatility prediction of crude oil futures. On the basis of existing HAR models, this paper proposes three classes of new HAR models by considering leverage effects, structural changes, or both. The in‐sample and out‐of‐sample results show that leve...
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Full-text available
Carbon tax and some other policies are designed to reduce emissions; resource tax can raise the energy price from the supply side to achieve the purpose of emission mitigation. Based on previous studies, this paper abstracts mitigation policies into supply-control (resource tax as an example) and demand-control (carbon tax as an example). The effec...
Article
Under the background of removing the subsidies for the new energy vehicles step by step and increasing the subsidies for the charging facilities in China, getting a comprehensive understanding on public's perception and attitudes towards new energy vehicles and charging facilities is significant to the policymakers. To fulfil these goals, we design...
Article
Civil nuclear cooperation is a part of China's Belt & Road Initiative (BRI). Although the complex nature of nuclear technology and scale of the BRI program are likely to have substantial influences on the global nuclear landscape, research regarding the BRI nuclear cooperation is scarce. Given that paucity, our article aims at providing a fuller un...
Article
In this research, the logarithmic mean Divisia index (LMDI) and the Input-Output (I–O) models were used to explore the determinants of coal consumption change during 1999–2018 in Pakistan. Some novel factors industrial structure, energy intensity (EI), economic scale, energy mix, and personified coal consumption were chosen and added to the LMDI an...
Article
One major drawback of climate change agreements including the recent 21st Conference of the Parties is focusing mainly on countries or regions with very high contribution to global emission rise but neglecting potential emitters. With Sub-Saharan Africa(SSA) been one such potential region, this paper applies the extended Kaya Identity Decomposition...

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Project
Develop a model of the electricity market that i) decides upon investments, ii) calculates the market dispatch for a whole year, and iii) evaluates the extent to which different nexus would affect costs and feasibility.
Project
Develop a model of the electricity market that i) decides upon investments, ii) calculates the market dispatch for a whole year, and iii) evaluates the extent to which different nexus would affect costs and feasibility.