Bojlul Bahar

Bojlul Bahar
University of Central Lancashire | UCLAN · International Institute of Nutritional Sciences and Applied Food Safety Studies (IINSAFSS)

MSc (Biotech), PhD

About

87
Publications
18,390
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1,923
Citations
Citations since 2016
28 Research Items
1258 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200

Publications

Publications (87)
Article
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The efficacy of chemotherapy depends on the tumor microenvironment. This microenvironment consists of a complex cellular network that can exert both stimulatory and inhibitory effects on tumor genesis. Given the increasing interest in the effectiveness of cannabis, cannabinoids have gained much attention as a potential chemotherapy drug. Cannabinoi...
Article
Neuropsychiatric disorders that affect the central nervous system cause considerable pressures on the health care system and have a substantial economic burden on modern societies. The present treatments based on available drugs are mostly ineffective and often costly. The molecular process of neuropsychiatric disorders is closely connected to modi...
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Introduction Vitamin C has been reported to have beneficial effects on patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). This study aimed to investigate the effect of vitamin C supplementation on pathological parameters and survival duration of critically ill patients with COVID-19. Methods This clinical trial was conducted on 120 hospitalized cr...
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The preventive effect of vitamin D against breast cancer can be influenced by gene polymorphisms. This study aimed to investigate the association between serum level of 25(OH) vitamin D and FTO genotype in breast cancer patients. A cross-sectional study was carried out on 180 newly diagnosed patients with breast cancer in Tehran, Iran. The blood sa...
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Background and AimThe association between the rs9939609 polymorphism of fat mass and obesity-associated gene (FTO) and risk of colorectal cancer is controversial. This study aims to evaluate the relationship between FTO rs9939609 polymorphism and colorectal cancer (CRC) in Iranian people.MethodsA case-control study was conducted on 125 patients wit...
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The mortality and morbidity rates for prostate cancer have recently increased to alarming levels, rising higher than lung cancer. Due to a lack of drug targets and molecular probes, existing theranostic techniques are limited. Human LIN28A and its paralog LIN28B overexpression are associated with a number of tumors resulting in a remarkable increas...
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The purpose of this review is to highlight recent scientific developments and provide an overview of virus self-assembly and viral particle dynamics. Viruses are organized supramolecular structures with distinct yet related features and functions. Plant viruses are extensively used in biotechnology, and virus-like particulate matter is generated by...
Article
Background: Periodontal disease(s) and metabolic illnesses negatively impact the quality of life and, eventually mental health. Objective: This study investigated the effect of Porphyromonas gingivalis (W83) oral infection on the development of Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathophysiology in a wild-type obese, diabetic (db/db) mouse model. Methods:...
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Diabetes epidemiological quantities are demonstrating one of the most important communities' health worries. The essential diabetic difficulties are including cardiomyopathy, nephropathy, inflammation, and retinopathy. Despite developments in glucose decreasing treatments and drugs, these diabetic complications are still ineffectively reversed or p...
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Grass-based milk production is a major contributor to Irish agricultural output. The study characterized the Irish milk pool using stable isotope ratio analysis of carbon, nitrogen, oxygen and sulphur. Authentic raw milk samples were collected from 50 farms on five occasions over 13 months. Mean values of − 27.11, 6.79, − 3.27 and 6.16‰ were obtain...
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Porphyromonas gingivalis triggers a range of innate immune responses in the host that may contribute to the development of periodontitis and dementing diseases including Alzheimer’s disease (AD). This study aimed to assess the mode of action of trans-resveratrol in modulating the P. gingivalis lipopolysaccharide (PgLPS) induced metabolic inflammati...
Article
Sumac (Rhus coriaria L.) is a plant species belong to Anacardiaceous family that is worldwide diffused. In this study, SSP was included in broilers basal-diet to investigate the comparative effects of different levels of SSP on performance, carcass characteristics, blood parameters, immune system and ileal microorganisms. A total of 225, day-old ma...
Article
Background: Potassium bromate (KBrO3), a food additive, has been used in many bakery products as an oxidizing agent. It has been shown to induce renal cancer in many in-vitro and in-vivo experimental models Objectives: This study evaluated the carcinogenic potential of potassium bromate (KBrO3) and the chemopreventive mechanisms of the anti-oxidant...
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Full-text available
Background: Potassium bromate (KBrO3), a food additive, has been used in many bakery products as an oxidizing agent. It has been shown to induce renal cancer in many in-vitro and in-vivo experimental models Objectives: This study evaluated the carcinogenic potential of potassium bromate (KBrO3) and the chemopreventive mechanisms of the anti-oxidan...
Article
This experiment was conducted to evaluate the effect of feeding regimens for the breeder broiler hen on the performance of broiler chickens. Breeder broiler hens (196 hens and 28 roosters; age between 31 to 38 wk) were randomly assigned to 7 dietary treatments that differ in the proportion of daily allowance served at different times with 1 (100% a...
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Dysregulation of inflammatory responses is a hallmark of multiple diseases such as atherosclerosis and rheumatoid arthritis. As constitutively active transcription factors, NR4A nuclear receptors function to control the magnitude of inflammatory responses and in chronic inflammatory disease can be protective or pathogenic. Within this study, we dem...
Article
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Background: Chronic inflammation and oxidative stress are hallmarks of chagasic cardiomyopathy (CCM). In this study, we determined if microparticles (MPs) generated during Trypanosoma cruzi (Tc) infection carry the host's signature of the inflammatory/oxidative state and provide information regarding the progression of clinical disease. Methods:...
Article
The technique of challenging post-mortem tissue explant with inflammation inducer such as LPS followed by gene expression analysis is widely used for evaluating the immune suppressing effect of bioactives. Using porcine colonic tissue as an ex-vivo model of mammalian intestinal gut, this study evaluated the effect of incubation time on the integrit...
Article
The anti-inflammatory bioactivities of three crude extracts of Ascophyllum nodosum (cold water, hot water and 80% ethanol extract (EE)) were initially evaluated. Following from this, the immune modulatory efficacy of EE and its MW fractions (< 3.5, 3.5–100, > 100 kDa) were compared. In TNF-α challenged Caco-2 cells, the crude extracts reduced IL-8...
Data
Background: Chronic inflammation and oxidative stress are hallmarks of chagasic cardiomyopathy (CCM). In this study, we determined if microparticles (MPs) generated during Trypanosoma cruzi (Tc) infection carry the host's signature of the inflammatory/oxidative state and provide information regarding the progression of clinical disease. Methods: MP...
Data
Background: Chronic inflammation and oxidative stress are hallmarks of chagasic cardiomyopathy (CCM). In this study, we determined if microparticles (MPs) generated during Trypanosoma cruzi (Tc) infection carry the host's signature of the inflammatory/oxidative state and provide information regarding the progression of clinical disease. Methods: MP...
Article
Full-text available
Algae contain a number of anti-inflammatory bioactive compounds such as omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFA) and chlorophyll a, hence as dietary ingredients, their extracts may be effective in chronic inflammation-linked metabolic diseases such as cardiovascular disease. In this study, anti-inflammatory potential of lipid extracts from th...
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Purpose Palmaria palmata (P. Palmata) is reported to contain anti-inflammatory and antioxidant compounds albeit no study has investigated these effects in humans. Methods A randomised parallel placebo-controlled human intervention study was carried out to investigate the effect of consuming P. Palmata (5 g/day) incorporated into a bread on serum ma...
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Adenosine receptor-mediated regulation of monocyte/macrophage inflammatory responses is critical in the maintenance of tissue homeostasis. In this study, we reveal that adenosine potently modulates the expression of NR4A1, 2, and 3 orphan nuclear receptors in myeloid cells, and this modulation is primarily through the adenosine A2a receptor subtype...
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Epithelial damage caused by intestinal permeation enhancers is a source of debate over their safety. The medium chain fatty acid, sodium caprate (C10), causes reversible membrane perturbation at high dose levels required for efficacy in vivo, so the aim was to model it in vitro. Exposure of Caco-2 monolayers to 8.5mM C10 for 60 min followed by incu...
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Texel lambs are known to be more resistant to gastrointestinal nematode (GIN) infection than Suffolk lambs, with a greater ability to limit infection. The objectives of this study were to: 1) profile the whole transcriptome of abomasal lymph node tissue of GIN-free Texel and Suffolk lambs; 2) identify differentially expressed genes and characterize...
Article
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Bioactive peptides from milk can impart a wide range of physiological benefits without the allergies and intolerance associated with the consumption of whole milk. The objective of this study was to characterise the anti-inflammatory properties of intact sodium caseinate (NaCAS), a moderately hydrolysed NaCAS enzyme hydrolysate (EH) and its 5-kDa f...
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Bioactive milk peptides are reported to illicit a range of physiological benefits and have been proposed as potential functional food ingredients. The objective of this study was to characterize the anti-inflammatory properties of sodium caseinate (NaCAS), its enzyme hydrolysate (EH) and peptide-enriched fractions (5 kDa retentate [R], 1 kDaR and 1...
Article
Citrus peel, a by-product of citrus processing is a rich source of numerous bioactive nutrients. This experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of dietary supplementation of Citrus sinensis peel extract (CSPE) on few production and quality traits of broiler chickens. Four hundred broiler chicks (one-day-old) were assigned to any of the five...
Article
RATIONALEIsotope ratio analysis of bovine tissues is a tool for inferring aspects of the dietary history of cattle. The objective of this experiment was to quantify the carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) isotopic turnover in blood (serum and residue) and inner organs (liver, kidney, heart and brain) of beef cattle.METHODS Growing beef cattle (n = 70 in to...
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Chito-oligosaccharide (COS) is a natural bioactive compound, which has been shown to suppress lipid metabolic genes and lipid accumulation in differentiating adipocytes. Leptin has been identified as a key regulator of energy homeostasis and is known to be under epigenetic regulation during adipogenesis. Hence, the first objective of this experimen...
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Chitosan, a natural polysaccharide comprising copolymers of glucosamine and N-acetylglucosamine, has been shown to have anti-obesity properties. Two experiments (Exp. 1 and Exp. 2) were performed to determine the role of chitosan on dietary intake, body weight gain, and fat deposition in a pig model, as well as identifying potential mechanisms unde...
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Surgical removal of porcine intestinal tissue followed by an ex vivo challenge is an alternative technique of testing the anti-inflammatory effect of bioactive compounds in the intestine of live pigs. We investigated the effects of ex vivo incubation of porcine colonic tissue on the quantity and quality of total RNA over a 12-h time period. Colonic...
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Seaweeds and seaweed extract (SWE) possess antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, prebiotic, and growth-promoting properties. Extracts can be prepared in different ways including wet, spray-dried, and freeze-dried forms. The aim of this study was to determine if spray drying of laminarin and fucoidan derived from Laminaria digitata had an effect on the...
Article
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Bioactive compound-rich brown seaweeds are demonstrated to have numerous health benefits including anti-microbial and immunomodulatory bioactivities in the pig intestine. In this study, the immunomodulating effects of extracts of brown seaweed (Ascophyllum nodosum and Fucus serratus) were evaluated on the porcine colon using a bacterial lipopolysac...
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An experiment (complete randomised design) was conducted to investigate the effects of supplementing different molecular weights (MW) of chitooligosaccharide (COS) on pig performance, selected microbial populations and nutrient digestibility post-weaning. A total of 396 weaned piglets (24 days of age, 7.3 kg ± (s.d.) 1.7 kg live weight) were assign...
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An experiment (complete randomised design) was conducted to investigate the effects of supplementing different molecular weights (MW) of chitooligosaccharide (COS) on intestinal morphology, selected microbial populations, volatile fatty acid (VFA) concentrations and the immune status of the weaned pig. A total of 28 piglets (24 days of age, 9.1 kg...
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Conventional dietary strategies to reduce pig manure odor may be either costly or impede nutrient digestibility. Additionally, the response of manure odor to such measures may be variable, indicating a complex relationship between environmental pollutant and diet. We hypothesized that dietary Lactobacillus plantarum (LP), with or without the inclus...
Article
Chitooligosaccharides (COSs) are bioactive carbohydrate derivatives that have numerous health benefits, including stimulation of the immune system. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the effect of chitooligosaccharide (COS) on expression of a specific panel of cytokine genes involved in inflammation and to delineate the signal transducti...
Data
). The phylogenetic relationship is presented in (b). Amino acids altered by the non-synonymous SNPs are shown in bold.
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Conventional and molecular techniques were applied to detect and characterize drug resistance of mycobacteria in the sputum samples of clinically confirmed tuberculosis. The sensitivities of mycobacterium detection by ZN staining, culture, multiplex PCR, and restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) were 27.7%, 19.9%, 92.9%, and 95.7%, respec...
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The neuropeptide Y 5 receptor (NPY5R) plays an important role in the regulation of appetite and feeding behaviour in mammals by modulating the effect of the neurotransmitter neuropeptide Y. As single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) variation in the bovine NPY5R gene is likely to influence the expression and/or function of this gene, the objectives of...
Article
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The present study was conducted to investigate the effect of maternal dietary supplementation (n = 10 sows/treatment) with seaweed extract (SWE: 0 vs. 10.0 g/d) from d 107 of gestation until weaning (d 26) on neonatal piglet growth, humoral immunity, intestinal morphology, selected intestinal microflora, and VFA concentrations. Furthermore, this st...
Article
Genetic polymorphisms present in the bovine lactoferrin (LTF) gene promoter have the potential to affect milk lactoferrin concentrations. The objectives were: (1) to identify, in silico, SNPs in the promoter region of the LTF gene that could affect transcription factor binding activity, (2) to investigate the effects of these SNPs in vitro by measu...
Article
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Recent studies have suggested that chito-oligosaccharides can have anti-adipogenic properties. The objectives of the present study were to evaluate the anti-adipogenic potential of four different chito-oligosaccharides (molecular weight (MW) < 1000, 1000-3000, 3000-5000 and 5000-10,000 Da) and to identify molecular mechanisms underlying the chito-o...
Article
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Neuropeptide Y (NPY) is a potent orexigenic agent. The molecular mechanisms underlying the regulation of bovine NPY gene expression by its promoter region is currently unknown. The objectives of this research were to: (i) identify the SNPs in the promoter region of the bovine NPY gene, (ii) investigate the effects of these SNPs by measuring promote...
Article
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The present study investigated the effects of dietary supplementation of a seaweed extract (SWE) to sows and weaned pigs on post-weaning growth performance, intestinal morphology, intestinal microflora, volatile fatty acid concentrations and immune status of pigs at days 11 and 117 post-weaning. Gestating sows (n 20) were supplemented with a SWE (0...
Article
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The aim of the present study was to establish the optimum inclusion level of laminarin derived from Laminaria digitata on selected microbial populations, intestinal fermentation, cytokine and mucin gene expression in the porcine ileum and colon. A total of twenty-one pigs (mean body weight 17·9 kg) were randomly assigned to one of three dietary tre...
Article
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A 2x2 factorial experiment (ten sows per treatment) was conducted to investigate the effect of maternal dietary supplementation with a seaweed extract (SWE; 0 v. 10·0 g/d) and fish oil (FO; 0 v. 100 g/d) inclusion from day 109 of gestation until weaning (day 26) on pig performance post-weaning (PW) and intestinal morphology, selected microflora and...
Article
Mucins play an important role in protecting the mucosal epithelium from both enzymatic and microbial damage and act as a selective barrier for absorption in the small intestine. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of nutrient supplementation with laminarin derived from the macroalgal species Laminara hyperborea and Laminara digitat...
Article
Mucins, the main components of the mucus gel layer, are large multifunctional glycoproteins, with a protective gut barrier function. Cereal-derived β-glucans have been shown to directly affect mucosal architecture, mucin synthesis and secretion in the porcine intestine. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the effects of seaweed-deri...
Article
A 2 × 2 factorial study (n = 10 sows/treatment) was performed to investigate the effects of maternal dietary supplementation with seaweed extract (SWE) (yes vs. no) and fish oil (FO) inclusion (0 vs. 100 g/day) from day 109 of gestation until weaning (24 days) on piglet performance and intestinal microflora, intestinal morphology and inflammatory g...
Article
A 2 x 2 factorial experiment (n = 10 sows/treatment) was performed to investigate the effects of maternal dietary supplementation with seaweed extract (SWE) (yes vs. no) and fish oil (FO) inclusion (0 vs. 100 g/day) from day 109 of gestation on colostrum composition, colostrum immunoglobulin concentrations, humoral immunity and growth of the suckli...
Article
Full-text available
An experiment with a 2 x 2 factorial arrangement of treatments (n = 10 sows/treatment) was conducted to investigate the effect of maternal dietary supplementation with seaweed extract (SWE: 0 vs. 10.0 g/d) and fish oil (FO) inclusion (0 vs. 100 g/d) from d 109 of gestation until weaning (d 26) on sow colostrum and milk composition, humoral immune r...
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Single nucleotide polymorphisms in the bovine Neuropeptide Y5 Receptor gene and their predicted role in physico-chemical characteristics of the receptor protein - Volume 1 Issue 1 - T Alam, B Bahar, S Waters, M McGee, T Sweeney
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Functional characterization of the promoter region of bovine Neuropeptide Y (NPY) gene - Volume 1 Issue 1 - T Alam, B Bahar, S Waters, M McGee, T Sweeney
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Bovine lactoferrin promoter polymorphisms associate with reproductive performance and somatic cell count in Holstein-Friesian cattle in Ireland - Volume 1 Issue 1 - F. O'Halloran, D.P. Berry, B. Bahar, D.J. Howard, T. Sweeney, L. Giblin
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Transcriptional activities of bovine lactoferrin (LTF) gene promoter haplotypes - Volume 1 Issue 1 - B Bahar, F O'Halloran, L Giblin, T Sweeney
Article
Lactoferrin plays an important role in the innate immune system, with well-characterized antibacterial, antiviral, and immune modulatory properties. The objective of this study was to determine the allele and haplotype frequency of polymorphisms at positions -586, -190, and -28 of the bovine lactoferrin promoter in Holstein-Friesians and to quantif...
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Stable isotope ratio analysis of light elements (including C, N, and S) is a powerful tool for inferring the production and geographic origins of animals. The objectives of this research were to quantify experimentally the isotopic turnover of C, N, and S in bovine skeletal muscle (LM and psoas major) and to assess the implications of the turnover...
Article
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Neuropeptide Y is a key neurotransmitter of the central nervous system which plays a vital role in the feed energy homeostasis in mammals. Mutations in the regulatory and coding regions of the bovine NPY gene can potentially affect the neuronal regulation of appetite and feeding behaviour in cattle. The objectives of this experiment were to: a) ful...