Bogdan Voicu

Bogdan Voicu
Romanian Academy · Research Institute for Quality of Life (ICCV)

www.bogdanvoicu.ro

About

138
Publications
54,450
Reads
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848
Citations
Additional affiliations
October 2011 - November 2012
Luxembourg Institute of Socio-Economic Research
Position
  • visting scholar
October 2001 - October 2014
Lucian Blaga University of Sibiu
Position
  • Professor
October 1996 - present
Romanian Academy
Position
  • Senior Researcher I

Publications

Publications (138)
Preprint
Full-text available
The paper reports findings from a crowdsourced replication. Eighty-four replicator teams attempted to verify results reported in an original study by running the same models with the same data. The replication involved an experimental condition. A “transparent” group received the original study and code, and an “opaque” group received the same unde...
Preprint
Full-text available
Findings from 162 researchers in 73 teams testing the same hypothesis with the same data reveal a universe of unique analytical possibilities leading to a broad range of results and conclusions. Surprisingly, the outcome variance mostly cannot be explained by variations in researchers’ modeling decisions or prior beliefs. Each of the 1,261 test mod...
Article
Solidarity is core to Europe's societal organisation and was intensively addressed in recent research. Using data collected before and during the lockdown in spring 2020, we examine whether value orientations towards solidarity changed in three countries (Spain, Hungary, and Romania). Before the pandemic, people in Spain expressed higher solidarity...
Book
Full-text available
Volumul de față apare ca efort de analiză academică a procesului sinuos și contradictoriu al schimbărilor structurale și al reformelor sectoriale din România postdecembristă la nivel de politici sociale publice. Autorii volumului, cercetători ai Institutului de Cercetare a Calității Vieții, Academia Română, au surprins momente ale dinamicii strateg...
Article
Full-text available
This paper discusses current challenges of the welfare regime in Romania, from the standpoint of postmodern cultural changes that started to affect society. Acording to the main argument, Romania is intertwined with other societies that have already underwent through fundamental changes due to increasing postmodern cultural orientation. Such proces...
Preprint
Full-text available
In an era of mass migration, social scientists, populist parties and social movements raise concerns over the future of immigration-destination societies. What impacts does this have on policy and social solidarity? Comparative cross-national research, relying mostly on secondary data, has findings in different directions. There is a threat of sele...
Book
This volume documents the life uncertainties revealed by migrants' biographies. For international migrants, life journeys are less conventional or patterned, while their family, work, and educational trajectories are simultaneously more fragmented and intermingled. The authors discuss the challenges faced by migrants and returnees when trying to ma...
Chapter
This book focuses on the uncertainties revealed by migrants’ biographies whose shapes are less conventional or patterned, while their family, work, and educational careers are simultaneously more fragmented and intermingled. As Gardner (Age, Narrative and Migration: The Life Course and Life Histories of Bengali Elders in London. Oxford: Berg Publis...
Chapter
Each chapter in this book documents ways in which migration is intertwined with life pathways, and tells the story on how migration shapes and is shaped by work, family, and educational pathways. Examples come from a variety of migration flows (Poles in Ireland; Romanians and Moroccans in Italy; Spanish, Portuguese, and Italians in Switzerland), de...
Article
Full-text available
This article examines the question whether rejection experiences negatively relate to the social trust of Children Born of War (CBOW) and if this connection is mediated by sense of self-worth. CBOW is a group of people born out of relations during war- and post-war times, involving one parent being a foreign soldier, a para-military officer, rebel...
Article
Full-text available
Our paper starts by portraying our views on social change and on the role that value change plays in the mix of social change. Then, we explain the selection of the four domains – attitudes towards welfare state, attitudes towards democracy, the participative culture, and gender beliefs – and what we expect to see in a post-communist society. We do...
Article
Gender equality has progressed a great deal in recent decades in response to modernisation, industrialisation, and the generally rising level of education. A transformation in gender beliefs has accompanied the progress on gender equality and beliefs about gender roles have mainly changed in countries in North America and Europe, while in Muslim an...
Data
Full-text available
In 2015 more than one million refugees were seeking protection in the EU, the majority fleeing war and violence in the Middle East and heading towards a few EU-member states like Austria, Germany and Sweden. This is a small number compared to the overall prob-lem of persons being forced to leave their homes because of war and persecution. In 2016 t...
Article
Full-text available
This paper considers the case of the international migrants’ confidence in political institutions, from a social embeddedness perspective on political trust. We use country-level aggregates of confidence in institutions as indicators of specific cultures of trust, and by employing data from the European Values Study, we test two competing hypothese...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The present report summary includes the most important conclusions and recommendations presented in each chapter. For further explanations, tables, graphics, data sources, bibliography and complete recommendations see the Extended Report, the main result of the Commission’s activity, available only in Romanian language ( www.presidency.ro/static/CP...
Article
Full-text available
This paper considers two assumptions commonly used in analyzing the formation of social trust. They stress the importance of early socialization, on one hand, and of life events, on the other. We consider birth as a major life event for anyone and focus on the situation of Children Born of War. This group, even if lesser visible in some societies,...
Article
Life satisfaction, as an indicator of subjective well-being, has received increasing attention in the recent decades. It has become a potential indicator of development, to be used complementary to objective measures. However, no clear consensus exists on the relationship between life satisfaction and satisfaction with the various domains of life a...
Article
In times of economic turmoil, do high-skilled immigrants (HSIMs) tremble, or are they better suited than non-immigrants or low-skill immigrants to cope with such instability? This paper sheds some light on HSIMs’ social integration during crisis by considering their life satisfaction, ability to get paid work, and civic participation. European Soci...
Article
Scholars concerned with cultural postmodernization tend to agree on several basic assertions. Among them, at least one directly refers well-being and quality of life. Postmodernization is not only about social and economic change but also about intimate changes at individual level. People start to focus on achieving a better life without focusing p...
Article
Full-text available
This article explains the variation in the life satisfaction of international migrants across Europe using the idea of the cultural embeddedness of subjective well-being, expressed in various approaches such as social comparison theory, the Easterlin paradox and Cummins' (2003) assumption of normativeness. The authors claim that immigrants' levels...
Article
Full-text available
Two explanations, institutionalization and socialization, are generally used to explain the impact of social context on how much one trusts others. This paper uses the case of international immigrants to show that the two assumptions are complementary. Crossclassified multilevel models fitted on EVS 2008-2009 data prove that immigrants’ levels of s...
Article
Full-text available
LISER presented the Growing Inequalities' Impacts (GINI) country report for Luxembourg. Even if the country can still be considered a low inequality country by international standards, this trend is a potential source of concern. Several factors may explain the increase in income inequality. Income source decomposition analysis reveals that the rel...
Article
This paper uses insights from the literature on social capital and from the sociology of values to explain dependency of immigrants’ involvement in associations depend on the norms of participation in their country of origin as well as the norms of their host countries. The argument is that changing the social context should lead to changing partic...
Article
This paper looks at country-average results in surveys of student-achievements like PISA, PIRLS or TIMSS. As other recent papers do (Fensham, 2007; Minkov, 2008), I advance the idea that the between-countries differences are determined by cultural factors. Focusing on the macro-level, I discuss social values as part of the contextual determinants f...
Article
Full-text available
This papers tests for acquiescence effects on the attitudes towards immigrants. We employ the case of Romania, a country with very little incoming migration, but with an important outgoing flow. This makes the respondents less exposed to interaction with immigrants, but with a high probability to know emigrants, and to have emigrants in the immedia...
Article
This paper measures the impact of immigration on migrants' involvement in associations across Europe. Using multilevel analysis on European Social Survey (ESS) data, we address three questions: Are immigrants likely to become members in voluntary associations? Does this likelihood change with the length of stay in the host country? Does the type of...
Article
Full-text available
Large scale comparative studies, such as the value surveys (EVS and WVS) or the Eurobarometer, include measurements for parental/child-rearing values. This reflects a persistent interest for the topic, which produced salient studies starting with the first half of the twentieth century (Lynd and Lund 1929; Duvall 1946). Various scholars report data...
Article
Full-text available
The bulk of the literature investigating the connection between social capital and the welfare state explores the impact of the latter one on various manifestations of the first one. The tested assumption is therefore usually related to the effects of the institutional arrangements on the existing resources. Our paper proposes a different approach,...
Article
Full-text available
The bulk of the literature investigating the connection between social capital and the welfare state explores the impact of the latter one on various manifestations of the first one. The tested assumption is therefore usually related to the effects of the institutional arrangements on the existing resources. Our paper proposes a different approach,...
Article
Writings on international migrations have emphasized the importance of social networks. Most studies have focused on how migration networks contribute to launching and sustaining the flow of immigrants. Less attention has been paid to the persons who, after settling in the destination country, maintain networks and thus help newcomers. This article...
Article
Full-text available
Rural-urban inequalities of access to higher education occasionally come on the top of the Romanian agenda of education debate. However, there are few attempts to estimate these differences, both in quantitative (access to university) and qualitative terms (differences between fields of study). Our paper focuses on the quantitative inequalities. Ou...
Article
Writings on international migrations have emphasized the importance of social networks. Most studies have focused on how migration networks contribute to launching and sustaining the flow of immigrants. Less attention has been paid to the persons who after settling in the destination country, maintain networks and thus help newcomers. This article...
Article
Studying community is very common in current Romanian academic and non-academic research. For instance, assessing the impact of most development projects requires the study of the potentially affected communities, both before, during and after the implementation of the project. Community studies suppose the manipulation of both qualitative and quan...
Book
Full-text available
the book is in Romanian. An English version of chapter four is available
Technical Report
Full-text available
Raportul de faţă îşi propune să discute despre absolvenţii recenţi de învăţământ superior din România. În centrul atenţiei stau traiectoriile pe care aceştia le au pe piaţa muncii, tipul de munci pe care le prestează, legătura dintre activitatea profesională și cele studiate în facultate, atât din punct de vedere al nivelului de calificare necesar,...
Article
The article focuses on the impact of religion and technological developments on the sharing of domestic work in European countries. Religious beliefs and practices have a significant impact on gender roles, as those who are more religious are more likely to support traditional gender work division. Some religions are more likely to encourage tradit...
Article
Full-text available
Volunteers and volunteering in Central and Eastern Europe. This paper focuses on volunteering behaviour, as an expression of a participative culture. We are interested in the cultural and social determinants of volunteering, both at individual level, but mainly at the aggregate (country) level. We note that the phenomenon has a lower incidence in t...
Article
Full-text available
The paper considers the existing balance between the bonding and the bridging social capital in Romania, focusing on the risks which might occur for the community development projects. Firstly, a brief review of the literature discuss the bonding/ bridging distinction, its liquidity, the positive and the negative consequences of the existing social...
Book
Full-text available
The volume present an analysis of the Romanian university system from the perspective of its main actors: students and professors.
Article
Full-text available
Division of the housework within the couple is the topic of this paper. We are specifically interested if the gender is still salient in the sharing of the domestic works, and which is its relative importance when controlling for various factors such as education, income, spouses’ occupational status, the type of social policies within the respecti...
Article
Full-text available
The paper focuses on the factors influencing sharing of the domestic work in the European countries. Many of the previous studies have offered the individual level explanations, taking into account only the individual characteristic when predicting the spouses’ contribution to the chores. Using multilevel regression models, we try to combine the in...
Article
This paper presents the main results of a recent survey of private higher education institutions from twelve selected European countries (Austria, Germany, Italy, Spain, Portugal, Poland, Estonia, Bulgaria, Romania, Turkey, Ukraine, Russia) [in the framework of the UNESCO‐CEPES project on “Private Higher Education in Europe and Quality Assurance an...
Book
Full-text available
This report examines quality of life from the unique perspective of the two acceding countries, Bulgaria and Romania. The historical, political, socioeconomic and cultural contexts of these two countries have meant that their experiences are often quite different to those of the EU Member States. In an attempt to identify the similarities and diffe...
Article
Full-text available
xistă o lungă istorie a dezbaterilor din jurul măsurării consensuale şi subiective a sărăciei, asupra semnificaţiei măsurilor de acest tip. În articolul de faţă, caut să contribui la dezbaterea respectivă, aducând în prim plan câteva date culese în România între 1990 şi 2005. Mai întâi trec în revistă literatura existentă în domeniu, apoi prezint d...
Article
A written survey about perceived radiation risks was conducted among three groups of a total of 400 individuals. Seventy-seven (26%) of the respondents were radiation workers, 35 (12%) were medical doctors without professional exposure, and 177 (68%) belonged to the general population. Even if the sample is not representative of the Romanian popula...