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Citations since 2016
7 Research Items
Over time archaeologists interested in pottery combustion structures mainly focused on analysing the ability of particular kilns to meet certain pyrotechnological criteria. Thus, their research was based on testing multiple firing techniques for achieving different combustion atmoshperes, recording and examining thermal data (maximum temperatures/h...
The current paper aims to reveal the potential of combining multiple approaches (techno-functional analysis, experimental archaeology, and X-ray Computed Tomography) when it comes to studying unique earthenware artefacts, such as the prehistoric human-shaped pot discovered within the tell settlement from Sultana-Malu Rosu (Romania), that belongs to...
The tell settlement from “Măgura Gumelnița” is the eponymous site of the Eneolithic civilization with the same name. It is probably the most significant tell settlement north of the Danube, and it belonged to the Kodjadermen ‐ Gumelnița ‐ Karanovo VI cultural complex that occupied the Balkan area in the second half of 5th millennium BC. During 2018...
In this paper we analyzed a batch of 64 clay weights from three archaeological sites located in Romania (Gumelniţa, Măgura-Jilava, and Sultana) that belong to Kodjadermen-Gumelniţa-Karanovo VI cultural complex (4600-3900 cal. BC). Our approach includes an interdisciplinary investigation based on technological analysis, experimental archaeology , an...
The tell settlement from “Măgura Gumelnița” is the eponymous site of the Eneolithic civilization with the same name. It is probably the biggest tell settlement North of the Danube, and it belonged to the Kodjadermen ‐ Gumelnița ‐ Karanovo VI civilization that occupied in the Balkan area in the second half of 5th millennium BC. In 2017, a complex in...
Investigations of the water in an archaeological context and searches for connections between natural water supply, natural hydrological conditions, and socio-cultural developments of human societies in the past is a real challenge for contemporary research. However, despite the apparent simplicity of water notion when we talk about human civilizations of the past, it had multidimensional connotations, which are transposed into various and differentiated elements of analysis (economic impact, hazards, human resilience, mobility, palaeoecologically niches, etc.). Thus, approaching a topic like the one proposed by the current project is difficult and challenging, involving complex multidisciplinary analyses, at the border of several disciplines (archaeology, geography, biology, etc.). The project aim is to identify the complex interface between water and the human communities from Southern Romania for a period of 4000 years (7000-3000 BC). It will focus on the natural water availability, carrying capacity of environments, and aspects of variability in the hydrological system in correlation with human settlements location. We will take in consideration the adaptation and management strategies of different past societies, and the resilience or vulnerability of certain societies to hydrological hazards. Moreover, the project will address some side issues as the role of diet based on aquatic resources in life of the humans, and their palaeoeconomical impact in the target time span.
The project "Interdisciplinary Institutional Platform for Excellence in Research, Development, Innovation and Professional Training in Archaeological Sciences (ArchaeoScience # RO)" aims at introducing a field of research unmatched yet at the university level in our country – Archaeological Sciences. The project will be run during the 2018-2020 period, through the Research Institute of the University of Bucharest (ICUB). The ICUB will provide the implementation of the project affiliated research group bringing together specialists from several departments – Biology, Chemistry, Physics, Geography, History, Geology and Geophysics, in collaboration with the Department of Psychology and Educational Sciences and with the logistic support offered by The IT & C Directorate and the Research Program Management Division. The implementation of the project "Interdisciplinary Institutional Platform of Excellence in Research, Development, Innovation and Professional Training in the Field of Archaeological Sciences" implies the development of a common platform, facilitating the complex, interdisciplinary and integrative approach of the archaeological cultural heritage, by means of conducting research and training in archaeological and material immaterial cultural heritage (mobile and immobile). Following the implementation of this project, the University of Bucharest will be the first university in Romania to address the field of Archaeological Sciences. This approach represents an excellent opportunity to connect Romania to the existing research directions and programs in other European Union countries and around the world, in the context of the 2018 European Year of Cultural Heritage. The platform proposed for development will integrate a systematic, inter-, multi- and trans-disciplinary scientific research direction, organized by the Departments of History, Biology, Chemistry, Physics, Geography, Geology and Geophysics of the University of Bucharest, in order to meet the current Romanian and European needs, in line with the international trends. The research teams in the field of Archaeological Sciences from the departments mentioned above will be organised as five Research, Development, Innovation and Educational Training Units, grouped under the following sub-disciplines: i). Bioarchaeology – will address research directions such as archaeobotany, zooarchaeology, palaeoanthropology, palaeomicrobiology and paleoparasitology; ii). Geoarchaeology – will address research directions such as geomorphology, sedimentology, palaeohidrography, palaeogeography, palaeoenvironmental reconstructions, palaeorelief and landscape; iii). The Material Culture Studies – will address the research directions related to virtually all of the archaeometric analyses of monuments, archaeological artefacts and ecofacts (e.g. petrography, mineralogy, chromatography, XRF, XRD, FTIR, SEM-EDX, RAMAN, PIXE, etc.); iv). Digital Archaeology – will address research directions such as GIS analyses, statistical approaches, mathematical models, 3D modelling and reconstruction, non-intrusive prospects; v). Molecular Archaeology – will address the research directions related to the isotopic study of ecofacts and artefacts, paleogenetic analyses (aDNA) and residual analyses.
The current project represents an original inter-, pluri-, multi-, and transdisciplinary approach of the Domain 6 problematics – Cultural identity and heritage. Through its structure and management, the goals put forth by the component projects, its synergies and complementarities, the project has, undoubtedly, a high degree of accomplishment, being a complex, integrative and exhaustive approach for Romania. Its results will have a great deal of impact within both national and international scientific communities and the general audience, contributing through the anticipated activities to strengthening, developing and perfecting the CDI system in our country, as well as, to the professional formation of the future Romanian researchers. Projects final goal is to provide a complex multidisciplinary inter-institutional platform for integrative and systematic research of the identities and tangible and non-tangible cultural heritage in Romania. The Consortium that will implement this complex project is coordinated by the University of Bucharest (CO-UB), in joint partnership with the Institute of Archaeology “Vasile Pîrvan” of the Romanian Academy (P1-IAB), National Research-Development Institute for Physics and Nuclear Engineering” Horai Hulubei” (P2-IFIN-HH), University” Al. I. Cuza” Iași (P3-UAIC), West University Timișoara (P4-UVT), National Institute of Materials Physics (P5-INCDFM), National Institute for Research and Development in Informatics – ICI Bucrești (P6-ICI), University ”Ovidius” Constanța (P7-UOC) and University of Oradea (P8-UO). The geographical distribution Romanian wise ensures, without a doubt, a good regional representation of the juridical entities extant in the consortium. This partnership between 5 universities and 3 national research institutes signifies an ideal combination for the sustainability and the implementation of such a complex project.