Bodo Ahrens

Bodo Ahrens
Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main · Institute for Atmospheric and Environmental Sciences

About

190
Publications
40,412
Reads
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4,413
Citations
Citations since 2017
71 Research Items
3145 Citations
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20172018201920202021202220230200400600
Introduction
Bodo Ahrens currently works at the Institute for Atmospheric and Environmental Sciences, Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main.
Additional affiliations
October 2006 - present
Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main
Position
  • Staff
October 2006 - October 2016
Goethe-Universität Frankfurt am Main
Position
  • Staff

Publications

Publications (190)
Preprint
The total meridional heat transport (MHT) is relatively stable across different climates. Nevertheless, the strength of individual processes contributing to the total transport are not stable. Here we investigate the MHT and its main components especially in the atmosphere, in five coupled climate model simulations from the Deep-Time Model Intercom...
Preprint
The total meridional heat transport (MHT) is relatively stable across different climates. Nevertheless, the strength of individual processes contributing to the total transport are not stable. Here we investigate the MHT and its main components especially in the atmosphere, in five coupled climate model simulations from the Deep-Time Model Intercom...
Preprint
Full-text available
Maritime Transport is a vital sector for global trade and the world economy. Particularly for islands, there is also an important social dimension introduced since island communities strongly rely on the sector for connection with the mainland and transportation of goods and passengers. Furthermore, islands are exceptionally vulnerable to climate c...
Article
Full-text available
The Tibetan Plateau and its surrounding mountains have an average elevation of 4,400 m and a glaciated area of \(\sim \)100,000 \(\hbox {km}^{2}\) giving it the name “Third Pole (TP) region”. The TP is the headwater of many major rivers in Asia that provide fresh water to hundreds of millions of people. Climate change is altering the energy and wat...
Article
Driven by globalization, urbanization and climate change, the distribution range of invasive vector species has expanded to previously colder ecoregions. To reduce health‐threatening impacts on humans, insect vectors are extensively studied. Population genomics can reveal the genomic basis of adaptation and help to identify emerging trends of vecto...
Article
Full-text available
The collaboration between the Coordinated Regional Climate Downscaling Experiment (CORDEX) and the Earth System Grid Federation (ESGF) provides open access to an unprecedented ensemble of Regional Climate Model (RCM) simulations, across the 14 CORDEX continental-scale domains, with global coverage. These simulations have been used as a new line of...
Preprint
Full-text available
Vb-cyclones propagating from the North-Western Mediterranean Sea (NWMS) into central Europe are often associated with extreme precipitation. This study explores the state and process chain linking the NWMS state and the Vb-cyclone precipitation in the Danube, Elbe, and Odra catchments in regional coupled atmosphere-ocean climate simulations with CO...
Article
Full-text available
Seasonal forecasting systems still have difficulties predicting temperature over continental regions, while their performance is better over some maritime regions. On the other hand, the land surface is a substantial source of (sub-)seasonal predictability. A crucial land surface component in focus here is the snow cover, which stores water and mod...
Article
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In some catchments, the distribution of annual maximum streamflow shows heavy tail behavior, meaning the occurrence probability of extreme events is higher than if the upper tail decayed exponentially. Neglecting heavy tail behavior can lead to an underestimation of the likelihood of extreme floods and the associated risk. Partly contradictory resu...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Recently, an increase in forecast skill of the seasonal climate forecast for winter in Europe has been achieved through an ensemble subsampling approach by way of predicting the mean winter North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) index through linear regression (based on the autumn state of the four predictors sea surface temperature, Arctic sea ice volum...
Article
Full-text available
During the past century, several extreme summer floods in Central Europe were associated with so-called Vb-cyclones propagating from the Mediterranean Sea north-eastward to Central Europe. The processes intensifying the precipitation in synoptic situations with Vb-cyclones in the Danube, Elbe, and Odra catchments are only partially understood. Our...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Driven by globalization, urbanization and climate change, the distribution range of invasive vector species has expanded to previously colder ecoregions. To reduce health-threatening impacts on humans, insect vectors are extensively studied. Population genomics can reveal the genomic basis of adaptation and help to identify emerging tren...
Article
Full-text available
Convective precipitation events have been shown to intensify at rates exceeding the Clausius‐Clapeyron rate (CC‐rate) of ca. 7 %/K under current climate conditions. In this study, we relate atmospheric variables (low‐level dew point temperature, convective available potential energy, and vertical wind shear), which are regarded as ingredients for s...
Preprint
Full-text available
Vb-cyclones propagating from the North-Western Mediterranean Sea into Central Europe are often associated with extreme precipitation. This study explores the state & process chains linking the North-Western Mediterranean Sea and the Vb-event precipitation in Danube, Elbe, and Odra catchments in regional coupled atmosphere-ocean climate simulations...
Article
Full-text available
Limited‐area convection‐permitting climate models (CPMs) with horizontal grid‐spacing less than 4 km and not relying on deep convection parameterisations (CPs) are being used more and more frequently. CPMs represent small‐scale features such as deep convection more realistically than coarser regional climate models (RCMs) with deep CPs. Because of...
Article
Full-text available
Lightning climate change projections show large uncertainties caused by limited empirical knowledge and strong assumptions inherent to coarse-grid climate modeling. This study addresses the latter issue by implementing and applying the lightning potential index parameterization (LPI) into a fine-grid convection-permitting regional climate model (CP...
Article
Full-text available
In the last decade, the Climate Limited-area Modeling Community (CLM-Community) has contributed to the Coordinated Regional Climate Downscaling Experiment (CORDEX) with an extensive set of regional climate simulations. Using several versions of the COSMO-CLM-Community model, ERA-Interim reanalysis and eight global climate models from phase 5 of the...
Article
Full-text available
Several past summer floods in Central Europe were associated with so-called Vb‑cyclones propagating from the Mediterranean Sea north-eastward to Central Europe. This study illustrates the usefulness of the parametric transfer entropy measure TE‑linear in investigating heavy Vb‑cyclone precipitation events in the Odra catchment (Poland). With the ap...
Article
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Observed weather and projected climate change suggest increases in the transmission of vector-borne diseases (VBDs) in the Hindu Kush Himalayan (HKH) region. In this study, we systematically explore the literature for empiric associations between the climate variables and specific mosquito-borne diseases and their vectors in the Himalaya Hindukush...
Article
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Here we present the first multi-model ensemble of regional climate simulations at kilometer-scale horizontal grid spacing over a decade long period. A total of 23 simulations run with a horizontal grid spacing of $$\sim $$ ∼ 3 km, driven by ERA-Interim reanalysis, and performed by 22 European research groups are analysed. Six different regional cli...
Article
Warming amplification over the Arctic Pole (AP hereafter) and Third Pole (Tibetan Plateau, TP hereafter) can trigger a series of climate responses and have global consequences. Arctic amplification (AA) and Tibetan amplification (TA) are the most significant characteristics of climate change patterns over the two Poles. In this study, trends, mecha...
Preprint
Full-text available
Lightning climate change projections show large uncertainties caused by limited empirical knowledge and strong assumptions inherent to coarse-grid climate modeling. This study addresses the latter issue by implementing and applying the lightning potential index parameterization (LPI) into a fine-grid convection-permitting regional climate model (CP...
Article
Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus transmit diseases such as dengue, and are of major public health concern. Driven by climate change and global trade/travel both species have recently spread to new tropic/subtropic regions and Ae. albopictus also to temperate ecoregions. The capacity of both species to adapt to new environments depends on their ec...
Preprint
Full-text available
In the last decade, the Climate Limited-area Modeling (CLM) Community has contributed to the Coordinated Re- gional Climate Downscaling Experiment (CORDEX) with an extensive set of regional climate simulations. Using several versions of the COSMO-CLM community model, ERA-Interim reanalysis and eight Global Climate Models from phase 5 of the Coupled...
Article
Full-text available
Solar and wind energy play an important role in current and future energy supply in Germany and Europe. The production of renewable energy highly depends on weather conditions resulting in an increasing impact of meteorological fluctuations on energy production. Here, climatological data of solar radiation and wind speed are used to simulate hourly...
Article
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Container‐breeding Aedes spp. (Diptera: Culicidae) mosquitoes can be surveilled at low cost using ovitraps. Hence, this method is a preferred monitoring approach of dengue vectors in low‐resource settings. The ovitraps consist of a cup filled with water and an oviposition substrate for female mosquitoes. The attractiveness of the substrates for fem...
Article
Full-text available
Extreme convective precipitation is expected to increase with global warming. However, the rate of increase and the understanding of contributing processes remain highly uncertain. We investigated characteristics of convective rain cells like area, intensity, and lifetime as simulated by a convection‐permitting climate model in the area of Germany...
Raw Data
The database contains two files: one with all cyclone trajectories from 1901 to 2010, and another one only with the so-called Vb-cyclones that propagate from the Mediterranean Sea north-eastward to Central Europe. We detected the cyclone trajectories with the method of Wernli and Schwierz (2006) and Sprenger et al. (2017) and classified all cyclon...
Article
Full-text available
The El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD) are two well-known temporal oscillations in sea surface temperature (SST), which are both thought to influence the interannual variability of Indian summer monsoon rainfall (ISMR). Until now, there has been no measure to assess the simultaneous information exchange (IE) from both...
Article
Full-text available
Nearly all regions in the world are projected to become dryer in a warming climate. Here, we investigate the Mediterranean region, often referred to as a climate change “hot spot”. From regional climate simulations, it is shown that although enhanced warming and drying over land is projected, the spatial pattern displays high variability. Indeed, d...
Article
The Tibetan Plateau (TP) is also known as the “Third Pole”. Elevation dependent warming (EDW), the phenomenon that warming rate changes systematically with elevation, is of high significance for realistically estimating warming rates and their impacts over the TP. This review summarizes studies of characteristics and mechanisms behind EDW over the...
Article
Satellite-based cloud, radiation flux, and sea ice records covering 34 years are used 1) to investigate autumn cloud cover trends over the Arctic, 2) to assess its relation with declining sea ice using Granger causality (GC) analysis, and 3) to discuss the contribution of the cloud–sea ice (CSI) feedback to Arctic amplification. This paper provides...
Preprint
Full-text available
We explore the synergy between the Indian Monsoon rainfall and the Indian, Pacific ocean with methods from information theory.
Article
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A recently launched project under the auspices of the World Climate Research Program’s (WCRP) Coordinated Regional Downscaling Experiments Flagship Pilot Studies program (CORDEX-FPS) is presented. This initiative aims to build first-of-its-kind ensemble climate experiments of convection permitting models to investigate present and future convective...
Article
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Background: Aedes aegypti is a potential vector for several arboviruses including dengue and Zika viruses. The species seems to be restricted to subtropical/tropical habitats and has difficulties in establishing permanent populations in southern Europe, probably due to constraints during the winter season. The aim of this study was to systematical...
Article
Full-text available
Floods which affect several macro-scale river basins simultaneously can cause devastating damage. Future flood-risk assessment depends significantly on the knowledge about the atmospheric conditions leading to floods and external climate drivers. Nonetheless, only a few studies have investigated widespread floods, their occurrence frequency, and th...
Chapter
The interplay of the Indian Monsoon and the Himalayas is vital to many climatological aspects of the Himalayan foothill and foreland regions. A unique climate feature in the Himalayan foothill and foreland regions is a bi-modal diurnal cycle of precipitation with high rainfall amounts in the afternoon and around midnight. The reason for this night-...
Article
Full-text available
This paper evaluates convective precipitation as simulated by the convection-permitting climate model (CPM) Consortium for Small-Scale Modeling in climate mode (COSMO-CLM) (with 2.8 km grid-spacing) over Germany in the period 2001-2015. Characteristics of simulated convective precipitation objects like lifetime, area, mean intensity, and total prec...
Article
Full-text available
The frequency of extreme events has changed, having a direct impact on human lives. Regional climate models help us to predict these regional climate changes. This work presents an atmosphere–ocean coupled regional climate system model (RCSM; with the atmospheric component COSMO-CLM and the ocean component NEMO) over the European domain, including...
Article
Full-text available
Often in climate system studies, linear and symmetric statistical measures are applied to quantify interactions among subsystems or variables. However, they do not allow identification of the driving and responding subsystems. Therefore, in this study, we aimed to apply asymmetric measures from information theory: the axiomatically proposed transfe...
Article
Full-text available
Vb-cyclones are extratropical cyclones propagating from the Western Mediterranean Sea and traveling across the Eastern Alps into the Baltic region. With these cyclones, extreme precipitation over Central Europe potentially triggers significant flood events. Understanding the prediction ability of Vb-cyclones would lower risks from adverse impacts....
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The North Atlantic, the Mediterranean Sea, the North, and the Baltic Sea are important sources of water vapour and thus precipitation in Europe. Furthermore, during summer, evaporation over the continent plays an important role. For example, during Vb-events the water vapour is transported not only from the Mediterranean Sea to the eastern part of...
Article
Full-text available
A twentieth century-long coupled atmosphere-ocean regional climate simulation with COSMO-CLM (Consortium for Small-Scale Modeling, Climate Limited-area Model) and NEMO (Nucleus for European Modelling of the Ocean) is studied here to evaluate the added value of coupled marginal seas over continental regions. The interactive coupling of the marginal...
Article
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Abstract The goal of limited area models (LAMs) is to downscale coarse‐gridded general circulation model output to represent small‐scale features of weather and climate. The LAM needs information from the driving coarse‐gridded model passing through its lateral boundaries. The treatment of this information transfer causes inconsistencies between dr...
Article
Full-text available
The frequency of extreme events has changed, having a direct impact on human lives. Regional climate models help us to predict these regional climate changes. This work presents an atmosphere-ocean coupled regional climate system model (RCSM, with the atmospheric component COSMO-CLM and the ocean component NEMO) over the European domain, including...
Article
Full-text available
A wide variety of processes controls the time of occurrence, duration, extent, and severity of river floods. Classifying flood events by their causative processes may assist in enhancing the accuracy of local and regional flood frequency estimates and support the detection and interpretation of any changes in flood occurrence and magnitudes. This p...
Article
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The current state of development and the prospects of the regional MiKlip decadal prediction system for Europe are analysed. The MiKlip regional system consists of two 10-member hindcast ensembles computed with the global coupled model MPI-ESM-LR downscaled for the European region with COSMO-CLM to a horizontal resolution of 0.22∘ (∼25 km). Predict...
Article
Full-text available
Near-surface wind over the Adriatic region is examined in present-day and future climate conditions for two greenhouse gas scenarios (RCP4.5 and RCP8.5) in an ensemble of high-resolution (0.11 ̊) CORDEX simulations. The influence of particular combination of regional climate model (RCM) and global climate model (GCM) and emission scenario on the fu...
Article
Bora, a mesoscale wind system on the eastern Adriatic coast, profoundly impacts the local weather conditions. During easterly inflow, wave breaking generates heavy downslope winds in the lee of the Dinaric Alps. Additionally, gap winds emerge in canyons like the Vratnik Pass near Senj and enhance the Bora to a jet-like flow. The representation of t...
Article
The data refers to the output of a centennial simulation of a regional atmosphere-ocean coupled climate model. The atmospheric component is given by the model COSMO-CLM over Europe and it is coupled an ocean components given by the NEMO model and representing three marginal Seas: the Baltic Sea, the North Sea and the Mediterranean Sea. The data cor...
Article
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Mistral and tramontane are mesoscale winds in southern France. Both winds emerge in valleys and cause deep water formation in the Mediterranean Sea, which makes them interesting phenomena for studying several orographic effects and relevant for Earth system models. However, climate simulations are performed on a finite numerical grid with a coarse‐...
Article
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In this study we investigate the scaling of precipitation extremes with temperature in the Mediterranean region by assessing against observations the present day and future regional climate simulations performed in the frame of the HyMeX and MED-CORDEX programs. Over the 1979–2008 period, despite differences in quantitative precipitation simulation...
Article
Full-text available
The Mistral and Tramontane are important wind phenomena that occur over southern France and the northwestern Mediterranean Sea. Both winds travel through constricting valleys before flowing out towards the Mediterranean Sea. The Mistral and Tramontane are thus interesting phenomena, and represent an opportunity to study channeling effects, as well...
Article
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Exploiting the added value of the ensemble of high-resolution model simulations provided by the Med-CORDEX coordinated initiative, an updated assessment of Mediterranean extreme precipitation events as represented in different observational, reanalysis and modelling datasets is presented. A spatiotemporal characterisation of the long-term statistic...
Article
Full-text available
Medicanes are cyclones over the Mediterranean Sea having a tropical-like structure but a rather small size, that can produce significant damage due to the combination of intense winds and heavy precipitation. Future climate projections, performed generally with individual atmospheric climate models, indicate that the intensity of the medicanes coul...
Article
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We assess the statistics of different daily precipitation indices in ensembles of Med-CORDEX and EURO-CORDEX experiments at high resolution (grid spacing of ~0.11°, or RCM11) and medium resolution (grid spacing of ~0.44°, or RCM44) with regional climate models (RCMs) driven by the ERA-Interim reanalysis of observations for the period 1989–2008. The...
Article
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Feedback between the Mediterranean Sea and the atmosphere on various temporal and spatial scales plays a major role in the regional climate system. We studied the impact of horizontal atmospheric grid resolution (grid-spacing of ~9 vs. ~50 km) and dynamic ocean coupling (the ocean model NEMOMED12) in simulations with the regional climate model COSM...