Bocco Gerardo

Bocco Gerardo
Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México | UNAM · Centre of Research in Environmental Geography

PhD

About

225
Publications
136,809
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5,468
Citations
Additional affiliations
August 2007 - present
Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
Position
  • Senior Researcher
Description
  • Integrated human and physical geography as applied to landscape and land use planning

Publications

Publications (225)
Article
Most studies on hazards to smallholder farmers focus on the impact of climate variability on their livelihoods. However, climate variability does not exist in isolation; rather, it manifests in combination with a multiplicity of stressors. This paper examines the perceptions of the influence of climate variability on multiple stressors affecting th...
Article
There is extensive research on smallholder farmers’ strategies to minimize the effects of extreme weather on their production. This research has proved crucial in revealing opportunities to adapt small farms to future climate change. However, it is common for this type of work to focus exclusively on successful strategies, framing adaptation as alw...
Article
Full-text available
En este artículo se presenta un relato etnográfico sobre el viaje de un equipo transdisciplinario por las rutas del noreste de la Patagonia. Se describen las huellas recorridas por la costa atlántica y los caminos esteparios que bordean la meseta del Somuncurá, a partir de una hipótesis que vincula ambas regiones a través de las trayectorias de los...
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This work evaluated the Science-Policy Interface (spi) promoted by the political instrument Agenda Local 21 in its Mexican version (called Agenda Desde lo Local) which articulated state officials (so), municipal officials (mo), and academic experts (ex) on local management for sustainable development and were implemented in Michoacan (Mexico) betwe...
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La Mixteca Alta es una región natural y cultural de importancia mundial. La agricultura en la región reconoce serias limitantes ambientales, como lluvias escasas e irregulares, estación de crecimiento corta, y poca extensión de suelos con buena calidad en términos de profundidad, fertilidad y pendiente, estos factores han influido para que las comu...
Article
Drought is one of the most disruptive climatic extremes in Mexico. The country is particularly exposed to this phenomenon given its location in the tropics and subtropics. Furthermore, much of the population is highly vulnerable to drought effects. Enhancing drought preparedness in Mexico demands a holistic understanding of this climatic extreme. H...
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El estudio del impacto de la sequía en pequeñas comunidades rurales de México (Resumen) La sequía afecta severamente a sociedades campesinas, dedicadas a la agricultura de temporal o pequeña ganadería, en países intertropicales, de economías emergentes. En comparación con otros fenómenos extremos de índole climática, tales como las inundaciones, la...
Chapter
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This chapter of the 2020 Report of the FABLE Consortium Pathways to Sustainable Land-Use and Food Systems outlines how sustainable food and land-use systems can contribute to raising climate ambition, aligning climate mitigation and biodiversity protection policies, and achieving other sustainable development priorities in Mexico. It presents two p...
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La importancia de la innovación como clave para el crecimiento económico impulsó una sólida teoría de la innovación de corte neo-schumpeteriano. Esta teoría, sin embargo, es inapropiada para abordar procesos de innovación en áreas rurales rezagadas. Este trabajo presenta bases para construir una Teoría de la Innovación Rural(TIR) a partir de: 1) de...
Article
Full-text available
La importancia de la innovación como clave para el crecimiento económico impulsó una sólida teoría de la innovación de corte neo-schumpeteriano. Esta teoría, sin embargo, es inapropiada para abordar procesos de innovación en áreas rurales rezagadas. Este trabajo presenta bases para construir una Teoría de la Innovación Rural (TIR) a partir de: 1) d...
Article
En México, la geografía latinoamericanista, aquella que abreva de las propuestas teóricas y metodológicas emanadas de las universidades de los Estados Unidos de América, tiene una historia que se remonta a la década de los veinte de la centuria pasada. Los cincuenta años de CLAG es un momento oportuno para reconocer aspectos que han definido a la g...
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Durante las dos últimas décadas, se ha producido una gran cantidad de trabajos que, al calor del esfuerzo interdisciplinario desde la ecología y la economía, han propuesto el enfoque socio-ecológico para explicar, en su marco, la vulnerabilidad, adaptación y resiliencia sociales frente al cambio climático y al aumento de desastres vinculados. Esta...
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Por sus condiciones de vulnerabilidad, la etno-región nahua en la Sierra Costa de Michoacán está expuesta al riesgo ante amenazas hidrometereológicas. El impacto de las amenazas de manera recurrente ha provocado daños y pérdidas económicas a un grupo social marginado, con un elevado índice de pobreza y rezago educativo, con opciones restringidas de...
Article
Cajete maize is a group of traditional varieties, combined with a specific cultivation technique, which has been used in the Mixteca Alta region of Oaxaca, since pre-Hispanic times. It has been fundamental for the agricultural and cultural development of the region for millennia. Cajete maize is planted before the start of the rainy season. By plan...
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Despite the assessment of Water Security (WS) being key for land-use planning and territorial development, available methodological approaches are controversial. As an alternative to the use of indicators for WS, this paper proposes the use of descriptors at a watershed level. The approach was tested in two rural watersheds in Aguascalientes and Mi...
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El objetivo del trabajo es analizar cómo recolectores de pulpo (pulperos) construyeron lugar, y dieron sentido de lugar a un camino de terracería en un tramo paralelo y lindero a la costa atlántica patagónica de 1950 a 1970. Se utilizó una metodología cualitativa y participativa, basada en estas técnicas etnográficas: entrevistas, entrevistas en pr...
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In the framework of a landslide inventory map of the Sierra Costa Region, we identified and classified landslides on the basis of extensive field-verified aerial photo interpretation. Geological and geomorphological data were gathered to assess the spatial distribution of the landslides, occurrence characteristics and possible associated risk. Of t...
Article
Terrace agriculture in Latin America has existed for millennia. It is the result of local, traditional knowledge on slope management, and has adapted to social and environmental change. Agriculture is being affected by climate variability, i.e. random changes of inter-annual variation of temperature and precipitation. This variability has increased...
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This paper presents a cultural geographic approach for understanding local social processes of territorial re-appropriation taking place in response to non-local forces and interests. This approach is applied to the small rural locality of La Niña, in Buenos Aires Province, Argentina. The small village of La Niña is currently in a locally-led proce...
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La llamada Ruta de Cíbola es el resultado de una serie de expediciones emprendidas desde el siglo XVI – aprovechando antiguos caminos y senderos prehispánicos–, que permitió la incursión y expansión colonial hacia el septentrión noroccidental novohispano. La ruta fue estudiada, entre otros, por Carl O. Sauer, dándola a conocer a nivel internacional...
Article
Environmental history studies have focused on the negative environmental and equal rights access to natural resources, more recently scholars becoming interested in the study of successful cases of natural resources management. We present a successful co-management fisheries case that is product of a century of environmental history in the Mexican...
Article
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In the semi-arid Mixteca Alta, Mexico, complex societies developed sophisticated terrace systems to control erosion and improve rain-fed agriculture. Knowledge regarding the agricultural systems has been crucial in understanding landscape construction through cultivation and social complexity. In this study six sequences on terrace systems were inv...
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The proposed Anthropocene epoch related to the control of geosistems by human activity is analyzed on the basis of environmental vs. anthropical conditions of soil development on agricultural terraces (known locally as lamabordos) at Mixteca Alta, Oaxaca, Mexico. The complex relationships between landscape development, changes in environmental cond...
Chapter
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El “camino de los pulperos” se ubica a lo largo de 180 km de la costa atlántica patagónica. En épocas coloniales fue el “Camino Real”, que se transformó en eje conductor de la pesquería de pulpo en la zona (Octopus tehuelchus) desde la década de 1920 aproximadamente. La actividad construyó un paisaje relacionado a la dinámica de la pesca relacionad...
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One of the primary objectives of physical geography is to determine how natural phenomena produce specific territorial patterns. Therefore, physical geography offers substantial scientific input into territorial planning for sustainability. A key area where physical geography can contribute to land management is in the delimitation of landscape uni...
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This paper analyzes slope management through terrace agriculture in Latin America's hilly to mountainous terrain to assess the practice's potential role in climate-change adaptation in the region. We review the historical geography of slope management in variable climates and highlight the role of social, rural innovation, and hybrid knowledge in t...
Book
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La historia ambiental es un campo emergente que, como otras disciplinas híbridas, cobra notoriedad en la necesaria búsqueda de enfoques y procesos metodológicos que contribuyen a un abordaje menos parcial de las problemáticas de deterioro ambiental. debido a sus objetivos, basados en la indagación referente a los cambios ecológicos y territoriales...
Article
Con base en el análisis de parámetros morfométricos, asi como de cartografía base, topográfica y geológica, se presenta la carta geomorfológica de la región en estudio. Tras grandes grupos de formas del relieve resultan del mencionado análisis: planicies de nivel de base regionales, por lo general antiguas cuencas lacustres, donde dominan los proce...
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Las políticas públicas (PP) se definen como aquellas acciones diseñadas, implementadas y evaluadas por el gobierno, que operan a través de programas, cuyo n último es mejorar o solucionar problemas sociales a corto y largo plazo. Una de ciencia recurrente en el diseño de las políticas públicas es la falta de análisis de la complejidad del contexto...
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Geomorphological inquiry has addressed the relation of cultural landscape features, such as land use, with landforms in different environments and under different land use regimes. Usually, these complex relationships have been pursuit by simple map overlaying in a geographic information system (GIS). This research argues that the results of map ov...
Article
Remoteness is a complex notion. A remote place implies a distant site with reference to where the one person positing such a qualification is located. However, it would be difficult to indicate how distant or how far a place would be, in order for it to be labeled as remote. The goal of this article is to contribute to the understanding of two comp...
Article
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p>Mediante un estudio de la historiografía contemporánea y a partir de una revisión estructurada de revistas especializadas y de centros de investigación y docencia, se propone analizar sintéticamente el pensamiento geográfico en América Latina, reconociendo temas transnacionales vinculados a procesos y patrones globales. Subrayamos la importancia...
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Gebhardt et al. (2014) presented the Monitoring Activity Data for the Mexican REDD+ program (MAD-MEX), an automatic nation-wide land cover monitoring system for the Mexican REDD+ MRV. Though MAD-MEX represents a valuable first effort toward establishing a national reference emissions level for the implementation of REDD+ in Mexico, in this paper, w...
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p>En Comachuén, una comunidad indígena de la Sierra Purépecha, Michoacán, occidente de México, los productores agrícolas tienen un amplio conocimiento sobre sus paisajes y tierras los cuales clasifican con diversos criterios y en diferentes niveles. Los paisajes son unidades territoriales de gran significancia en la vida cotidiana de la comunidad....
Chapter
Full-text available
The book contains a preface and 33 chapters that cover a large array of subjects including the basics of geopedology, implementation methods and techniques, and applications in land degradation and land use planning. Subjects addressed by the contributing authors are diverse but complementary. This shows that geopedology can be seen as a far-reachi...
Chapter
Geopedology aims at integrating geomorphology and pedology to analyze soil-landscape relationships and map soils as they occur on the landscape. This book on geopedology fi lls a knowledge gap, presenting a proven approach for reliable mapping of soil-landscape relationships to derive value-added information for policy making, planning, and managem...
Chapter
The book contains a preface and 33 chapters that cover a large array of subjects including the basics of geopedology, implementation methods and techniques , and applications in land degradation and land use planning. Subjects addressed by the contributing authors are diverse but complementary. This shows that geopedology can be seen as a far-reach...
Chapter
Gully erosion dynamics is a complex phenomenon, usually man-induced, which cannot be described nor predicted using conventional soil erosion models such as USLE or similar. In the early 1980s it was stated that gully initiation and growth could be studied from a purely empirical perspective, because no deductive approach could serve the purpose. In...
Book
Full-text available
La publicación contiene catorce ensayos sobre diversos campos temáticos que, seleccionados y reunidos en un único volumen, ofrecen una visión integrada del quehacer de los investigadores para estudiar y entender la historia y actualidad de la región patagónica. La construcción social del paisaje, los territorios urbanos, la construcción histórica,...
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La idea fundamental en los modelos de innovación en México, adoptados por ejemplo por la UNAM, tienden a impulsar relaciones entre la academia y la empresa, con el fin de generar avances tecnológicos, por lo general avalados por patentes, como producto final. Sin embargo, hay espacio para visiones alternas, heterodoxas, que incluyan otras modalidad...
Article
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The dynamic oceanic and coastal regionalization of the Mexican North Pacific in front of the Baja California Peninsula was proposed based on a temperature and new primary production model (Pnew). Pnew was calculated based on AVHRR temperature images, and chlorophyll and PAR images using the SeaWiFS sensor; these calculations were multiplied by the...
Article
Traditional environmental knowledge (TEK) has become a widely used concept in theory and practice. TEK encompasses environmental knowledge acquired by people native to, or long-term inhabitants of, specific places, over long periods of time; knowledge which is then assumed to apply only to those local areas. TEK has indeed been particularly charact...
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The study of rural communities is a key element in understanding economic activities and conserving successful methods of resource management and social organisation. The conceptual and operational research axes were interdisciplinary environmental geography and integrative concept landscape. A participatory geographic information system (PGIS) was...
Book
Full-text available
El nuevo milenio se caracteriza por presentar una aceleración sorprendente de los procesos a escala planetaria. La diseminación de las tecnologías de la comunicación y el incremento de la conectividad están propiciando flujos de información que activan las interacciones sociales, la toma de decisiones y los procesos económicos. Así, la capacidad tr...
Chapter
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This chapter provides a thorough description of an on-going case study of forest community management, Nuevo San Juan Parangaricutiro. This indigenous community has undergone a number of natural and cultural catastrophes, which served to re-invent their indigenous and communal identity needed to engage into sound forest management in the long term....
Article
This research illustrates, in the frame of social vulnerability, the consequences of the impact of hurricane ‘Manuel’ in a Pacific coastal landscape of Mexico. The paper discusses the following topics: the spatial incidence of hurricanes in the Mexican rural areas, the previous events in the study area, and the approaches to prevention, mitigation...
Article
Bonilla-Moheno et al. published an interesting paper on land tenure as a determinant of deforestation in Mexico, in Land Use Policy in 2013. In this review, we focus critically on the methodology used by the authors to reach two key conclusions. Firstly, we suggest that their use of coarse resolution MODIS EVI data to assess deforestation rates may...
Article
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Land use and cover changes trigger multi-factorial responses with tangible and intangible effects. Driving forces governing changes are scale-, place- and time-dependent; because of their complexity, a multi-scalar analysis is required to determine conjoint causation. Studies using multi-scalar approach in semiarid scrubland ecosystems are scanty....
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The paper analyzes the development of Mexican geomorphology and specially its contribution to environmental issues. To this end, a thorough literature review was carried out; papers were differentiated according to the type of journal (Mexican and international). Special emphasis was placed on analyzing whether the interest on environment was deriv...
Article
Full-text available
En Comachuén, una comunidad indígena de la Sierra Purépecha, Michoacán, occidente de México, los productores agrícolas tienen un amplio conocimiento sobre sus paisajes y tierras los cuales clasifican con diversos criterios y en diferentes niveles. Los paisajes son unidades territoriales de gran significancia en la vida cotidiana de la comunidad. El...
Article
Full-text available
Programs addressing land conservation are not succeeding where they are most needed. Understanding, preventing and mitigating land degradation (LD) at the local scale seem to require more than technical knowledge and perception by external agents such as agricultural advisors and government officials. The main purpose of this paper is to identify t...
Article
The present study aims to use landscape heterogeneity as a predictor of plant species richness in a tropical dry landscape area in the coast of Michoacán, Mexico. To understand the relationship between species richness and landscape, a three-step approach was followed: first, landscape spatial heterogeneity was measured by classifying landscape typ...
Article
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In Mexico, geomorphology is a science established only recently. Once it had become institutionalized, from 1986 national geomorphology meetings were held and organized by academic institutions and, since 1994, by the Sociedad Mexicana de Geomorfología. To date, there have been eight meetings, in which 511 papers have been presented. The present st...
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This article analyzes crucial patterns of current research on geography and its relationship to environmental issues. Our key question addresses the institutional presence of a field that is presumed to be emerging: environmental geography. We also review the basic concepts of geography and its historical relationship to the notion of environment,...
Article
Landscape changes are driven by a combination of physical, ecological and socio-cultural factors. Hence, a large amount of information is necessary to monitor these changes and to develop effective strategies for management and conservation. For this, novel strategies for combining social and environmental data need to be developed. The purpose of...