Bob Walrave

Bob Walrave
Eindhoven University of Technology | TUE · Department of Industrial Engineering and Innovation Sciences

dr.ir.

About

55
Publications
23,186
Reads
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651
Citations
Introduction
My main research interest is centered on strategic decision-making in dynamically complex situations, specifically in innovation management. I’m particularly interested in modeling innovation systems within and across public and private organizations. I typically draw on longitudinal research approaches—aiming to answer ‘how’ questions—to develop process theories and intervention mechanisms using systems thinking and system dynamics modeling.
Additional affiliations
April 2019 - present
Eindhoven University of Technology
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
April 2012 - March 2019
Eindhoven University of Technology
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
Education
May 2008 - March 2012
Eindhoven University of Technology
Field of study
  • Strategic Management
February 2005 - April 2008
Eindhoven University of Technology
Field of study
  • Innovation Management
September 1999 - October 2004
Hogeschool Midden Brabant
Field of study
  • Architecture

Publications

Publications (55)
Article
abstractThe benefits of strategically balancing exploitation and exploration are well documented in the literature. Nonetheless, many firms tend to overemphasize exploitation efforts, a situation commonly referred to as the ‘success trap’. Previous studies have attributed this behaviour to managerial incompetence or myopia. However, some management...
Article
Currently there is no formal model describing the dynamics of technological innovation systems. This paper develops a system dynamics model that integrates the concept of ‘motors of innovation’, following the literature on emerging technological innovation systems, with the notion of ‘transition pathways’ that was developed as part of the multi-lev...
Article
Full-text available
Path-breaking innovations are increasingly developed and commercialized by networks of co-creating actors, called innovation ecosystems. Previous work in this area demonstrates that the ‘internal’ alignment of actors is critical to value creation in the innovation ecosystem. However, the literature has largely overlooked that the success of an inno...
Article
Full-text available
The domain of transition studies has been drawing more and more scholarly attention and, as a result, its body of knowledge is rapidly growing. This raises new challenges as well as opportunities, not the least regarding the methodological and philosophical underpinnings of research in this domain. In this respect, transition research, as a relativ...
Article
Full-text available
To achieve a complex value proposition, innovating firms often need to rely on other actors in their innovation ecosystem. This raises many new challenges for the managers of these firms. However, there is not yet a comprehensive approach that would support managers in the process of analysis and decision making on ecosystem strategy. In this paper...
Article
Full-text available
This paper describes a systematic literature review of how market-based instruments can influence the development of sustainable innovation. Our analysis of empirical papers published in selected peer-reviewed journals from 1992 to 2021 shows that contextual factors such as geography and industrial sector impact whether market-based instruments suc...
Article
Full-text available
Transition intermediaries are actors that support socio-technical transition processes by bridging structural deficiencies in a transitioning domain. Previous research has identified what roles transition intermediaries perform and how. However, while transitioning domains are by definition in a state of change, the dynamics of transition intermedi...
Article
Full-text available
Increasingly, the development of today’s “smart” products requires the integration of both software and hardware in embedded systems. To develop these, hardware firms typically enlist the expertise of software development firms to offer integrated solutions. While hardware firms often work according to a plan-driven approach, software development f...
Article
Full-text available
Research on academic engagement and technology transfer or commercialization offers important insights into the relationship between characteristics, activities and abilities of individual academic researchers, with outcomes such as successful technology transfer and commercialization. In particular, the activity of boundary spanning proves central...
Article
Full-text available
The development of a suitable public charging system for electric vehicles relies on inputs from many complementary organizations that need to synchronize interdependencies across different activities, organizations, and industries. Research on temporal fit has focused on synchronizing activities within or external to the organization, rather than...
Preprint
Full-text available
Research on academic engagement and technology transfer or commercialization offers important insights into the relationship between characteristics, activities and abilities of individual academic researchers, with outcomes such as successful technology transfer and commercialization. In particular, the activity of boundary spanning proves central...
Article
Full-text available
Transportation systems are transitioning to e-mobility, but scholars and policymakers are struggling to understand how to accomplish this transition effectively. In response, we draw on the technological innovation systems perspective and the unified theory of acceptance and use of technology to develop a theory-guided and entity-based simulation m...
Article
This introduction reviews analysis of the dynamics of Technological Innovation Systems and introduces four papers that extend the analysis of dynamic processes in TIS. All four papers employ a system analysis for explaining TIS dynamics: Walrave & Raven and Markard consider the dynamics of the whole TIS. Musiolik et al. and Kieft et al. consider in...
Article
Full-text available
This study develops and tests a comprehensive framework that explains what, when, and how CEO characteristics influence firms’ innovation outcomes in R&D‐intensive industries. Empirical evidence from 109 CEOs from 87 U.S.‐based pharmaceutical firms over the period 2001–2013 reveals that research‐oriented CEOs – those with ability and motivation for...
Article
Full-text available
The need for challenge-led innovation policies to address grand societal challenges is increasingly recognised at various policy levels. This raises questions how to overcome a variety of ‘failures’ prohibiting innovations to flourish. A key-line of thought in theory and policy emerged since the late 1990s on the role of system failures, next to mo...
Article
Full-text available
To achieve a complex value proposition, innovating firms often need to rely on other actors in their innovation ecosystem. This raises many new challenges for the managers of these firms. However, there is not yet a comprehensive approach that would support managers in the process of analysis and decision making on ecosystem strategy. In this paper,...
Article
Full-text available
Combining system dynamics (SD) modelling with other research methods serves to articulate complex problems and explore potential solutions and policies. A growing number of studies draw on SD in combination with at least one other method, but there is hardly any knowledge about why, when, and how to make such combinations. We address this gap by co...
Article
Full-text available
Managerial attention to exploitation and exploration has a strong influence on organizational performance. However, there is hardly any knowledge about whether senior managers need to adjust their distribution of attention to exploitation and exploration in response to major changes in demand patterns in their industry. Drawing on the analysis of a...
Data
Data appendix to the article "Managerial attention to exploitation versus exploration"
Article
Full-text available
This paper details a semi-automated method that can calculate intervention thresholds—that is, the minimum required intervention sizes, over a given time frame, that result in a desired change in a system's output behavior pattern. The method exploits key differences in atomic behavior profiles that exist between classifiable pre-and post-intervent...
Chapter
Full-text available
Despite the noted potential for ‘team flow’ to enhance a team’s effectiveness, productivity, performance, and capabilities, studies on the construct are scarce. Most research on flow has been conducted either at the individual level, which generally constitutes the experience of complete absorption while working on a task, or at the artistic ensemb...
Article
Top management teams frequently overemphasize efforts to exploit the current product portfolio, even in the face of the strong need to step up exploration activities. This mismanagement of the balance between explorative R&D activities and exploitation of the current product portfolio can result in the so-called ‘success trap’, the situation where...
Data
Full-text available
This is the model appendix of the paper published in R&D Management.
Conference Paper
The field of sustainability transitions has attracted much attention in the past decade. Two conceptual frameworks have continued to structure debates and analyses in this field. These are Technological Innovation Systems (TIS) and the Multi-level Perspective (MLP). Currently the application and development of these analytical frameworks and relate...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Although a significant number of system dynamics (SD) studies draw on multi-method approaches, there is not much knowledge on when and how SD is combined with other methods. Yet, combining SD with other methods allows both researchers and practitioners to enhance the contribution of their modeling work. For a comprehensive review of current SD mult...
Conference Paper
Why some small and medium sized grow, while others do not, is a key question that largely remains unanswered in entrepreneurship research. In this paper, we develop a new opportunity-centric framework explaining the growth, stagnation and collapse of SMEs as well as the processes by which these changes occur. The framework is grounded in three in-d...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Why some SMEs grow, and others do not is one of the key questions that largely remains unanswered in entrepreneurship research. We develop a new opportunity-centric process theory that seeks to explain the growth, stagnation and collapse of a firm as well as the processes by which these changes occur. We draw on case studies of three fast-growing S...
Conference Paper
Many SD studies draw on multi-method approaches in order to demonstrate more profound articulation of complex problems and more robust policy analysis. However, there is not much knowledge on when and how to combine SD with other methods. Adopting an evidence-based systematic approach, we assess 45 studies that use SD modeling along with at least o...
Conference Paper
Path-breaking innovations are increasingly developed and commercialized by networks of co-creating actors, so-called innovation ecosystems. Previous work in this area has demonstrated that, to create and appropriate value, ecosystem actors should align their activities. The effort of a focal venture to bring its ecosystem actors to alignment can be...
Conference Paper
This conference paper was later revised and published in R&D Management (2015). See: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/264701665_How_to_counteract_the_suppression_of_exploration_in_publicly_traded_corporations
Conference Paper
Notably, a revised version of this paper is published as: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/316240226_A_multi-level_perspective_on_innovation_ecosystems_for_path-breaking_innovation
Conference Paper
The performance implications of the managerial ability to balance exploitation and exploration are becoming increasingly understood. That is, environmental characteristics varying mainly between industries require specific exploitation–exploration distributions for optimal performance. However, less attention has been given to uncovering whether th...
Article
The performance implications of the managerial ability to balance exploitation and exploration in times of economic recession and recovery are not well understood. In this paper, a longitudinal research approach serves to establish an inverted U-shaped relationship between the managerial attention given to exploitation-exploration and firm performa...
Thesis
Full-text available
Schumpeter, often claimed to be the first author who wrote about the importance of innovation and exploration, stated that: “The process of Creative Destruction is the essential fact about capitalism. […] It is not [price] competition which counts but the competition from the new commodity, the new technology, the new source of supply, the new type...
Article
Full-text available
Deze bedrijfskundige studie gaat na hoe ondernemingen ten tijde van hevige economische turbulentie de exploitatie-exploratie balans orkestreren ten behoeve van een optimaal bedrijfsresultaat. Op basis van een empirische studie van 105 bedrijven in de IT industrie, tonen we aan dat een zeer turbulente conjunctuurcyclus een significant effect heeft o...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The benefits of strategically balancing exploitation and exploration are well documented in the literature. However, many firms tend to overemphasize exploitation efforts, even in the face of the strong need to step up their exploration activities. We draw on system dynamics modeling and a case study to address this gap in the literature, and devel...
Conference Paper
The benefits of a strategically balanced product portfolio, as a key driver of long-term business success, are well documented. In this respect, many firms have been unable to achieve a balanced product portfolio. An important cause is the failure to develop dynamic capabilities, that is, the capabilities to reconfigure internal and external compet...
Conference Paper
The benefits of a strategically balanced product portfolio, as a key driver of long-term business success, are well documented. In this respect, many firms have been unable to achieve a balanced product portfolio. An important cause is the failure to develop dynamic capabilities, that is, the capabilities to reconfigure internal and external compet...

Network

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Projects

Projects (3)
Project
We seek to understand and inform (the design of) transition processes and innovation ecosystems.
Archived project
We seek to understand, explain and model the (lack of) growth of SMEs.